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Hydroelectric Energy Standards Hydroelectric power standards address the commissioning, design, installation, control, use, and rehabilitation of hydroelectric generating plants and their components. Included as well are standards for fire protection, nomenclature, and identification. Control is a frequently addressed subject, with individual standards covering different aspects of a hydroelectric power plant. Similarly, communication networks for automation are addressed in a series of standards.

Taken together, standards for hydroelectric power generation reflect the scale of the undertaking that is commissioning, building, and operating the interwoven combination of multiple systems that all have to work smoothly for long periods of time with a large amount of civilians depending on its stability.

Download the Hydroelectric Pamphlet published by Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation (PDF link).

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IEEE 1248-1998 (R2007)

IEEE Guide for the Commissioning of Electrical Systems in Hydroelectric Power Plants

Inspection procedures and tests for use following the completion of the installation of components and systems through to commercial operation are provided. This guide is directed to the plant owners, designers, and contractors involved in the commissioning of electrical systems of hydroelectric plants.

IEEE 1095-2012

IEEE Guide for the Installation of Vertical Generators and Generator/Motors for Hydroelectric Applications

The procedures for installation described in this guide apply to all types of synchronous generators and generator/motors rated 5 MVA and above to be coupled to hydraulic turbines or hydraulic pump/turbines having vertical shafts.

IEEE 807-2011

IEEE Recommended Practice for Unique Identification in Hydroelectric Facilities

A unique identification system for hydroelectric facilities that segregates and incorporates plant, unit, system, and component identifiers as a minimum is provided.

IEEE Std 1010-2006

IEEE Guide for Control of Hydroelectric Power Plants

This guide is to serve as a reference document for practicing engineers in the hydroelectric industry. It documents prevailing industry practices in hydroelectric power plant control system logic, control system configurations, and control modes. It describes the control and monitoring requirements for equipment and systems associated with conventional and pumped-storage hydroelectric plants. It includes typical methods of local and remote control, details of the control interfaces for plant equipment, requirements for centralized and off-site control.

IEEE 1249-2013

IEEE Guide for Computer-based Control for Hydroelectric Power Plant Automation

This guide addresses the application, design concepts, and implementation of computer-based control systems for hydroelectric plant automation. It addresses functional capabilities, performance requirements, interface requirements, hardware considerations, and operator training. It includes recommendations for system testing and acceptance. The electrical protective system (generator and step-up transformer) is beyond the scope of this guide.

IEEE 1020-2011

IEEE Guide for Control of Small (100 kVA to 5 MVA) Hydroelectric Power Plants

Description of the electrical control and monitoring requirements for equipment and systems associated with small (100 kVA to 5 MVA) hydroelectric power plants.

IEEE 1147-2005 (R2012)

IEEE Guide for the Rehabilitation of Hydroelectric Power Plants

This guide is intended for the hydroelectric power industry to assist hydroelectric power plant owners, operators, and designers in the economic (feasibility) and technical evaluation (electrical aspects) of existing hydroelectric installations for rehabilitation. It addresses conventional hydropower. Portions of this guide are relevant to pumped storage but the unique features of pumped storage are not covered. Feasibility study results may indicate redevelopment of the site. Redevelopment will not be treated in detail in this guide. This guide covers all generating equipment up to and including the main transformer and typical auxiliary equipment.

IEEE 1207-2011

IEEE Guide for the Application of Turbine Governing Systems for Hydroelectric Generating Units

This guide is intended to complement IEEE Std 125, providing application details and addressing the impact of plant and system features on hydroelectric unit governing performance. It provides guidance for the design and application of hydroelectric turbine governing systems. There is a heightened awareness within the electric utility industry of the importance in the effective application of governing systems for dynamic stability. The need exists to provide guidance in the effective governing system application for a better understanding among users.

NFPA 850-2015

NFPA 850 Recommended Practice for Fire Protection for Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations, 2015 edition

1.1 Scope. (Reserved) 1.2 Purpose. (Reserved) 1.3 Application. 1.3.1* This guide consists of a number of alternative approaches to life safety. Each chapter is a different system independent of the others and is to be used in conjunction with the NFPA 101, Life Safety Code.

ASTM D6439-11

Standard Guide for Cleaning, Flushing, and Purification of Steam, Gas, and Hydroelectric Turbine Lubrication Systems

1.1 This guide covers types of contaminants, oil purification devices, contamination monitoring, contamination control during building or refurbishing of turbine systems, lubrication system flushing, and maintenance of pure lubrication oil. 1.2 To obtain maximum operating life and reliability, or lubricants and system, it is vital that the turbine lubrication system has pure oil. This guide is intended to aid the equipment manufacturer, installer, and turbine operator in coordinating their efforts to obtain and maintain clean lubrication and control systems. These systems may be on land or marine turbine generators and propulsion and mechanical drive equipment. This guide is generalized due to variations in the type of equipment, builder's practices, and operating conditions. 1.3 This guide primarily addresses petroleum based lubricating oil. For systems using nonpetroleum based fluids, this guide may not be appropriate. For nonpetroleum products, consult the equipment and fluid manufacturers. 1.4 This guide is applicable to both large and small lubrication systems. Some equipment specified herein, however, may not be appropriate for all systems. Moreover, in situations where specific guidelines and procedures are provided by the equipment manufacturer, such procedures should take precedence over the recommendations of this guide. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

IEC 61116 Ed. 1.0 b:1992

Electromechanical equipment guide for small hydroelectric installations

Provides the future purchaser with information allowing him to prepare the required documents, from the call for tenders up to acceptance tests and operation of electromechanical equipment. Applies to installations having outputs of less than 5 MW and turbines with diameters less than 3 m.

This standard is also available from: BS

IEC 61850-7-410 Ed. 2.0 b:2012

Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 7-410: Basic communication structure - Hydroelectric power plants - Communication for monitoring and control

IEC 61850-7-410:2012 specifies the additional common data classes, logical nodes and data objects required for the use of IEC 61850 in a hydropower plant. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are as follows: - the logical nodes in IEC 61850-7-410:2007 that were not specific to hydropower plants have been transferred to IEC 61850-7-4:2010; - the definitions of logical nodes in this edition of IEC 61850-7-410 have been updated; - most of the modelling examples and background information included in IEC 61850-7-410:2007 have been transferred to IEC/TR 61850-7-510. This new edition of IEC 61850-7-410 includes additional general-purpose logical nodes that were not included in IEC 61850-7-4:2010, but are required in order to represent the complete control and monitoring system of a hydropower plant.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN

IEC 62006 Ed. 1.0 b:2010

Hydraulic machines - Acceptance tests of small hydroelectric installations

"IEC 62006:2010 defines the test, the measuring methods and the contractual guarantee conditions for field acceptance tests of the generating machinery in small hydroelectric power installations. It applies to installations containing impulse or reaction turbines with unit power up to about 15 MW and reference diameter of about 3 m. The driven generator can be of synchronous or asynchronous type. This International Standard contains information about most of the tests required for acceptance of the hydraulic turbine such as safety approval tests, trial operating and reliability tests, as well for verification of cavitation, noise and vibration conditions, if required. This standard represents the typical methods used on smaller hydroelectric installations, and is divided into three classes as follows: Class A: Default, normal test program (panel measurement), to determine the maximum output of the installation. Class B: Recommended, extended test program, to determine the performance characteristics of the installation. Class C: Optional, comprehensive test program, to determine the absolute efficiency of the installation. All classes contain safety tests, trial operating tests, and reliability tests. This standard gives all necessary references for the contract in order to execute the test, evaluate, calculate and compare the result to the guarantee for all the classes A, B and C. "

This standard is also available from: BS

IEC/TR 61364 Ed. 1.0 b:1999

Nomenclature for hydroelectric powerplant machinery


This standard is also available from: IEC Corrigendum 2000

IEC/TR 61850-7-510 Ed. 1.0 en:2012

Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 7-510: Basic communication structure - Hydroelectric power plants - Modelling concepts and guidelines

"IEC/TR 61850-7-510:2012(E) provides explanations on how to use the Logical Nodes defined in IEC 61850-7-410 as well as other documents in the IEC 61850 series to model complex control functions in power plants, including variable speed pumped storage power plants. This publication is to be used in conjunction with IEC 61850-7-410 which introduced the general modelling concepts of IEC 61850 to hydroelectric power plants. Keywords: power utility, automation, communication, hydroelectric "

This standard is also available from: BS

IEC 62270 Ed. 2.0 b:2013

Guide for computer based control for hydroelectric power plant automation

IEC 62270 2013 addresses the application design concepts and implementation of computer based control systems for hydroelectric plant automation It addresses functional capabilities performance requirements interface requirements hardware considerations and operator training It includes recommendations for system testing and acceptance The electrical protective system generator and step up transformer is beyond the scope of this guide This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2004 This edition constitutes a technical revision This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition br update of system architecture aspects with different process control system configurations br update of communications user and plant interfaces aspects br suppression of case studies because of the quickness of evolution of the technology br complete review of the bibliography making mention of many IEC and IEEE standards as new references and addition of a new informative Annex B on legacy control systems This publication is published as an IEC IEEE Dual Logo standard Key words Hydroelectric Automation Computer Based Control