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Forensic Psychological Detection of Deception Standards Forensic psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) standards deal with the use of polygraphs in investigations. Starting with the standardization of terminology related to forensic psychophysiology, the standards address both the technology and the examiner’s procedures, with the collection as a whole serving as a standard guide for the usage of polygraphs. With regards to the technology, the standards address the instrumentation, sensors, operating systems, as well as calibration and functionality checks. For the examiner, standards outline ethical and continuing education requirements, in addition to addressing standard practices for interpretation and the conduction of research. Special attention is paid to the application of PDD to the examination of sex offenders, with separate standards for the minimum training and continuing education of those examiners.

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ASTM E1954-05(2011)

Standard Practice for Conduct of Research in Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph)

1.1 This practice establishes essential and recommended elements in the design, conduct, and reporting of research on psychophysiological detection of deception (polygraph) (PDD). Analog and field research are addressed separately.


ASTM E2031-99(2016)

Standard Practice for Quality Control of Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Examinations

1.1 This practice establishes essential and recommended procedures for the conduct of quality control for a Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) examination.


ASTM E2035-12

Standard Terminology Relating to Forensic Psychophysiology

1.1 This is a compilation of terms and corresponding definitions used in forensic psychophysiology. Legal or scientific terms that generally are understood or defined adequately in other readily available sources may not be included. 1.2 A definition is a single sentence with additional information included in notes. It is reviewed every five years, and the year of the last review or revision is appended. 1.3 Definitions identical to those published by another standards organization or ASTM committee are identified with the abbreviation of the name of the organization or the identifying document and ASTM committee; for example, ASME is the American Society of Mechanical Engineering. 1.4 Definitions of terms specific to a particular field are identified with an abbreviation.


ASTM E2063-12

Standard Practice for Calibration and Functionality Checks Used in Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Examinations

1.1 This practice provides guidelines for calibration and instrumentation (both analog and computerized systems) actively used in the psychophysiological detection of deception ( verification of truth ). As a minimum, such instrumentation shall simultaneously record an individual s respiratory, exosomatic electrodermal, and cardiovascular activity. 1.2 Analog polygraphs shall be calibrated by the psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examiner, manufacturer, or factory-authorized individual. 1.3 Computerized instrumentation shall be calibrated by the manufacturer or factory-authorized individual. 1.4 The PDD examiner or factory-authorized individual shall perform functionality checks to ensure instrumentation is operating properly. 1.5 This practice does not prohibit additional components which may be offered as supplemental measurements of physiological change. Additional recording components (such as movement sensors) may be used in addition to, but not replace, the required minimum components and these additional components shall meet the manufacturer s specifications for calibration.


ASTM E2064-00(2014)

Standard Guide for Minimum Continuing Education of Individuals Involved in Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD)

1.1 This guide establishes the minimum amount of advanced continuing education required for individuals engaged in psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations.


ASTM E2065-11

Standard Guide for Ethical Requirements for Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Examiners

1.1 The purpose of this guide is to establish requirements for all individuals engaged in forensic psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD). 1.2 All individuals engaged in the practice of conducting PDD examinations shall adhere to this guide.


ASTM E2080-14

Standard Guide for Clinical Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Examinations for Sex Offenders

1.1 This guide establishes procedures for conducting a clinical polygraph examination (CPE), to include, but not limited to, post conviction sex offender testing (PCSOT). This PDD model is specifically intended to assist in the treatment and supervision of sex offenders on probation, parole, or a deferred prosecution alternative. 1.2 This guide also applies to the conduct of clinical polygraph examinations for therapeutic purposes when requested by a presiding legal authority. 1.3 This guide directs that such examiners for this application are specifically trained in issues associated with supervision and treatment of sex offenders.


ASTM E2163-06(2014)

Standard Guide for Minimum Training Requirements for Examiners Conducting Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Testing of Sex Offenders in Treatment, Probation or Other Similar Programs

1.1 This guide establishes the minimum training required for PDD examiners engaged in the psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations for applications with individuals in treatment, or probation or parole for sex offenses.


ASTM E2229-09

Standard Practices for Interpretation of Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Data

1.1 These practices establish procedures for the systematic interpretation and analysis of Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) data. 1.2 Any test data analysis procedure used shall be correctly matched to the PDD examination format. Examiners shall use evaluation methods for which they have been formally trained. 1.2.1 Acceptable test data analysis procedures are those published in refereed or technical journals, and for which published replications of the procedures have confirmed their efficacy.


ASTM E2439-09(2016)

Standard Guide for Instrumentation, Sensors and Operating Software Used in Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Examinations

1.1 This guide covers the minimum requirements for instrumentation (both analog and computerized systems), sensors and operating software used in the forensic psychophysiological detection of deception ( PDD ). As a minimum, such instrumentation shall simultaneously record an individual s respiratory, electrodermal, and cardiovascular activity. 1.2 This guide does not prohibit additional components, which may be offered as supplemental measurements of physiological change. Additional recording components may be used in addition to but not to replace the required minimum components.