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Dispensing Machines Dispensing Machine standards, developed by IEC, address safety and technical guidelines for commercial vending machines and related dispensing appliances. Standards for vending machines are greatly varied and depend on the type of vending machines and the products being dispensed. For example, vending machines carrying food are subject to different requirements than those dispensing small consumer electronics.

In 2012, a detailed report released by the Environmental Working Group and the Environmental Law Foundation claimed that “California’s water vending machines failed to meet state standards for chemicals about one third of the time.” According to the reports, the tested machines exceeded state standard for trihalomethanes content, to which an exposure can lead to low birth weight babies and other health problems. The standardization of vending machines is crucial in protecting the safety of consumers.

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IEC 60335-2-75 Ed. 3.0 b:2012

Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-75: Particular requirements for commercial dispensing appliances and vending machines

IEC 60335-2-75:2012 deals with the safety of electric commercial dispensing appliances and vending machines for preparation or delivery of food, drinks and consumer products, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase appliances and 480 V for other appliances. Examples of appliances that are within the scope of this standard are bulk tea or coffee brewing machines, cigarette vending machines, coffee grinders, commercial liquid heaters, coffee makers with or without integrated coffee grinder, coffee makers with cooling systems, hot and cold beverage vending machines, hot water dispensers, ice cream and whipped cream dispensers, ice dispensers, newspaper, audio or video tape or disc vending machines, packaged food and drink vending machines and refrigerated merchandisers.Appliances can have more than one function. Other standards may be applicable for some functions such as refrigeration (IEC 60335-2-24) and heating by microwaves (IEC 60335-2-25). This standard also deals with the hygiene aspects of appliances. As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by appliances that are encountered by users and maintenance persons. However, in general, it does not take into account young children playing with the appliance. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2002 including its Amendment 1 (2004) and its Amendment 2 (2008). It constitutes a technical revision. The principal changes in this edition as compared with the second edition of IEC 60335-2-75 are as follows: some notes have been deleted or converted to normative text (5.2, 5.6, 5.104, 7.12.1, 7.12.101.1, 11.2, 11.8, 15.2.103, 15.2.104, 15.2.106, 15.2.109, 15.2.111, 19.102, 19.6, 19.13, 19.101, 22.6, 22.7, 22.112, 22.113, 22.114, 24.102, 27.2), added requirements for espresso coffee makers in 3.115, 22.114 and throughout standard, modified 11.4 to address heating appliances with electronic process controls and 11.6 to address combined appliances without electronic process controls, modified Clause 22 to indicate that pressure regulating devices are to be rendered inoperable and deleted ISO 13732-1 from Bibliography.The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or revised tests. It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of publication.Keywords: Vending machines, Dispensers.