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Chemical Safety Standards Safety standards for chemical production facilities, refineries, petroleum, and related industries are grouped below as an overview of standards commonly used in chemical plants, oil platforms, refineries, and other chemical production and processing sites. Health and safety professionals working in these industries as well as those workers and managers responsible for operations, facility management, testing, and production or R&D as well those providing goods or services to these industries should familiarize themselves with these standards and be operating in accordance with them. In addition, laboratory safety, standards for fall safety, construction safety, safety signs and symbols, general workplace safety, combustible, explosive, or toxic gas detection are offered on separate reference pages. Use the search by document number or keyword to find other standards particular to your needs. Protective clothing standards are also listed separately. DIN, ON, BSI and others may have standards similar to the ones shown here that may apply to your situation.

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NFPA 2-2011

NFPA 2: Hydrogen Technologies Code, 2011 Edition

Protect lives and property with the 2011 NFPA 2's comprehensive fire protection requirements for areas containing hydrogen. The 2011 NFPA 2: Hydrogen Technologies Code is a brand new document that consolidates all the fire and life safety requirements applicable to generation, installation, storage, piping, use, and handling of hydrogen in compressed gas form or cryogenic liquid form into a single comprehensive resource. It includes fundamental requirements for hydrogen in both gaseous and liquid phases and contains additional use-specific categories, such as: Vehicle fueling facilities Systems for fuel cell power and generation Applications involving combustion processes and special atmospheres Operations in the lab Among the key topics that NFPA 2 would apply to are indoor fueling, hydrogen fueling stations, backup power, and electrolytic production of hydrogen. The most advanced commercial applications for hydrogen technologies are backup power using polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells and forklifts. NFPA 2 will benefit enforcing officials when reviewing permits for occupancies storing, handling or using hydrogen or when inspecting existing facilities. Annexes include a sample ordinance adopting NFPA 2, an example of Class C furnace operational and maintenance checklist, and supplementary information on explosion hazards and protection in laboratories. (Softbound, Approx. 212 pp., 2011)

NACE Standard RP0391-2001

Materials for the Handling of Concentrat

This standard practice provides information for use in the design and selection of materials used in the handling and storage of commercial concentrated sulfuric acid (H2SO4) at ambient temperatures. The term ambient is intended to include temperatures up to 50░C (120░F). THis standard is maintained by Task Group 372.

NACE SP0273-2016

Handling and Proper Usage of Inhibited Oilfield Acids

This standard practice outlines methods and procedures for the handling and use of inhibited hydrochloric acid for oilfield applications. This standard presents guidelines for minimizing acid corrosion, including general corrosion, pitting, and stress corrosion cracking (SCC), in the oil field. Topics covered include preparation of the well, preparation of the acid solution, acid solution pumping and injection, and return fluids handling. This standard is maintained by Task Goup 496.

CGA G-14-2010


Because of its widespread use and its potential for mishandling, this publication has been written and is intended for the suppliers, distributors and users of nitrogen trifluoride and its handling equipment

CGA G-15-2010


This publication is for gaseous fluorine and mixtures of fluorine with inert gases where the resulting fluorine concentrations of equal to and greater than 0.5% fluorine are considered to present a risk of reaction due to the oxidizing potential. It is intended for the suppliers, distributors, and users of fluorine and fluorine mixtures and the associated handling equipment. It sets out to provide a good understanding of the potential hazards involved in storage, use and transportation of compressed fluorine and its mixtures with inert gases and the approach to be taken to minimize the risk of incidents. This publication does not cover the manufacture, purification, liquefaction, or analysis of fluorine or its mixtures with inert gases, although the general guidance given is also relevant to these processes. Within Appendix 2 of this publication is an audit checklist.

CGA G-16-2010


This publication is intended for the suppliers, distributors, and users of arsine and its handling equipment.

CGA G-4-2015

Oxygen - 11th edition

This publication provides information regarding the characteristics and safe handling of oxygen. Requests for specialized technical information should be directed to any one of the manufacturers of this gas. This publication is intended primarily for users of oxygen and some of the requirements do not apply to manufacturers or distributors of this gas.

CGA G-6.4-2015

Safe Transfer of Liquefied Carbon Dioxide in Insulated Cargo Tanks, Tank Cars, and Portable Containers - Fourth Edition

The information contained in this publication is provided as a guide for personnel involved in transferring liquid carbon dioxide or in safety and training.

CGA G-6.8-2016

Transfilling and Safe Handling of Small Carbon Dioxide Cylinders

This publication covers the filling of small carbon dioxide cylinders having a maximum capacity of 110 in3 (1.80 L) of water. Its primary purpose is to provide information to personnel engaged in transfilling, handling, and transporting small carbon dioxide cylinders that have been transfilled from another uninsulated cylinder.

CGA G-6-2009

Carbon Dioxide

Includes the physical and chemical properties, physiology, toxicity, special hazards, production, regulations, storage, handling, and applications of carbon dioxide.

CGA P-1-2015

Standard for Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers - 12th Edition

Users of compressed gas shall become familiar with the properties and inherent hazards of the products they use.áValuable information about each specific gas is contained in its product labeling and safety data sheet (SDS). Read this information and inform others of the importance of understanding and applying the precautions established within the available safety literature.

CGA P-12-2017

Safe Handling of Cryogenic Liquids - Sixth Edition

This publication provides general information about the properties, transportation, storage, safe handling, and safe use of the cryogenic liquids commonly used by industry and institutions.

CGA P-9 (fifth edition)

The Inert Gases: Argon, Nitrogen, and Helium

The purpose of this publication is to present information regarding the characteristics and handling of the three major inert gases - argon, nitrogen, and helium.

CGA SB-32-2010

Portable Cylinder Banks

This bulletin provides guidance on the safe handling of portable cylinder banks using sound industry practices. Portable cylinder banks means a grouping of two or more cylinders connected by a manifold. They are filled, transported, and used without disassembly and are supported by a structural support system (see Figure 1).

CGA TB-14-2010

Torque Guidelines for Sealing CGA Valve Outlet Connections

The purpose of this publication is to provide fillers and users of compressed gases with torque guidelines for sealing various CGA cylinder valve outlet connections except for the 630/710 connections covered in CGA TB-9, Guidelines for the Proper Handling and Use of the CGA 630/710 Series Ultra High Integrity Service Connections, medical yoke connections, medical DISS connections, and scuba connections [1]. By following these guidelines, users can expect to reduce leaks and damage to the connections.

CGA G-5-2011


Provides information on the physical and chemical properties of hydrogen and proper handling and use. It is intended to provide background information for personnel involved in the manufacture, distribution, and use of hydrogen. Additional technical information can be obtained from hydrogen gas manufacturers.

CGA G-12-2011

Hydrogen Sulfide

This publication provides information regarding the properties, manufacture, shipping, storage, handling, and use of hydrogen sulfide. It also describes many of the related regulatory requirements and safe practices in the United States and Canada. This information is intended to complement but not supplant national, state, provincial, territorial, municipal, and insurance company codes and requirements.

CGA G-6.9-2011

Dry Ice

This publication provides information on dry ice (including physical and chemical properties, physiology, toxicity, special hazards, production, regulations, storage, handling, and applications) to users, producers, and distributors. More information on the various aspects of dry ice and its transportation and use may be found in the references cited in this publication, which are listed in Section 11.

AGA X08614

Introduction to LNG for Personnel Safety

A guide for operators, supervisors and plant-safety personnel for basic training in safety at LNG plants. Also provides guidance for planning and implementing basic safety programs at LNG facilities. 53 pages. 1986.

AGA X09608

Introduction to LPG Safety for Propane-Air Plant Operators

Offers safety guidelines in LPG storage and handling for propane-air plant owners and operators. Also useful to make safety professionals familiar with LPG safety in propane-air plants. Softbound, 64 pages.

ANSI/ISA 12.27.01-2011

Requirements for Process Sealing Between Electrical Systems and Flammable or Combustible Process Fluids

This document provides specific requirements for process sealing between electrical systems and flammable or combustible process fluids where a failure could allow the migration of process fluids directly into the electrical system. This document contains requirements for construction and testing of single seal equipment, dual seal equipment, and add-on secondary seals.

AS/NZS 2243.10:2004

Safety in laboratories - Storage of chemicals (FOREIGN STANDARD)

Specifies procedures and requirements for the segregation and storage of chemicals in laboratories and stores associated with laboratories.

NFPA 91-2004

NFPA 91: Standard for Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Vapors, Gases, Mists, and Noncombustible Particulate Solids, 2004 Edition

Provides minimum requirements for the design, construction, installation, operation, testing, and maintenance of exhaust systems for air conveying of vapors, gases, mists, and noncombustible particulate solids except as modified or amplified by other applicable NFPA Standards

ASME B20.1-2015

Safety Standard for Conveyors and Related Equipment

This standard for conveyors and related equipment presents certain guides for the design, construction, installation, operation, and maintenance of conveyors and related equipment. The conveyors may be of the bulk material, package, or unit-handling types, where the installation is designed for permanent, temporary, or portable operation. The ultimate goal of this Standard is to help protect public safety, while reflecting industry best-practices. The first edition of the ASME Safety Standard for Conveyors, Cableways, and Related Equipment was approved by the American Standards Association (now known as the A.N.S.I.) as American Standard B20.1-1947. Since then it has been continuously updated to reflect technology advances. B20.1 offers essential guidance for safety to both public and private sectors: ò For public sectors, it serves as the basis for state, municipal, and other jurisdictional authorities in drafting regulations governing the design, constructions, installation, maintenance, inspection and operation of conveyors and related equipment. ò For private sectors, B20.1 provides a standard reference of safety requirements for owners/users, manufacturers, installers, insurance companies, distributors, and designers.

ASME B31.4-2016

Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquids and Slurries

ASME B31.4 prescribes requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, testing, operation, and maintenance of liquid pipeline systems between production fields or facilities, tank farms, above- or belowground storage facilities, natural gas processing plants, refineries, pump stations, ammonia plants, terminals (marine, rail, and truck), and other delivery and receiving points, as well as pipelines transporting liquids within pump stations, tank farms, and terminals associated with liquid pipeline systems. This Code also prescribes requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, testing, operation, and maintenance of piping transporting aqueous slurries of nonhazardous materials such as coal, mineral ores, concentrates, and other solid materials, between a slurry processing plant or terminal and a receiving plant or terminal. Piping here consists of pipe, flanges, bolting, gaskets, valves, relief devices, fittings, and the pressure containing parts of other piping components. It also includes hangers and supports, and other equipment items necessary to prevent overstressing the pressure containing parts. It does not include support structures such as frames of buildings, stanchions, or foundations, or any equipment Also included within the scope of this Code are: (a) primary and associated auxiliary liquid petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia piping at pipeline terminals (marine, rail, and truck), tank farms, pump stations, pressure-reducing stations, and metering stations, including scraper traps, strainers, and prover loops (b) storage and working tanks, including pipe-type storage fabricated from pipe and fittings, and piping interconnecting these facilities (c) liquid petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia piping located on property that has been set aside for such piping within petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing, ammonia, and bulk plants (d) those aspects of operation and maintenance of liquid pipeline systems relating to the safety and protection of the general public, operating company personnel, environment, property, and the piping systems Key changes to this revision include a revised scope and updates to the stress section in Chapter II. A new paragraph has been added in Chapter III for material requirements in low-temperature applications. In addition, changes have been included throughout to reference minimum wall thickness requirements as permitted by manufacturing specifications.

ASTM E50-11(2016)

Standard Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

1.1 These practices cover laboratory apparatus and reagents that are required for the chemical analysis of metals, ores and related materials by standard methods of ASTM. Detailed descriptions of recommended apparatus and detailed instructions for the preparation of standard solutions and certain nonstandardized reagents will be found listed or specified in the individual methods of analysis. Included here are general recommendations on the purity of reagents and protective measures for the use of hazardous reagents. 1.2 These recommendations are intended to apply to the ASTM methods of chemical analysis of metals when definite reference is made to these practices, as covered in Section 4 . 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of whoever uses this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards are given in Section 8 . Note 1: The use of the verb shall (with its obligatory third person meaning) in this standard has been confined to those aspects of laboratory safety where regulatory requirements are known to exist. Such regulations, however, are beyond the scope of these practices.

DIN EN 14470-1:2004

Fire safety storage cabinets - Part 1: Safety storage cabinets for flammable liquids (FOREIGN STANDARD) (FOREIGN STANDARD)

The European Standard specifies classification, safety requirements and their testing, marking and requirements to the user information of safety cupboards up to 1 cubicmeter volume for the storage of flammabe liquids in laboratories and other working rooms.

DIN EN 14470-2:2006

Fire safety storage cabinets - Part 2: Safety cabinets for pressurised gas cylinders; German version EN 14470-2:2006 (FOREIGN STANDARD)

The standard specifies requirements and test methods for fire safe cabinets for the storage of gas cylinders in laboratory and working rooms. Based on a fire test, a classification of the cabinets can be performed.