Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection
1.1 These test methods measure the resistance of footwear to a variety of hazards that can potentially result in injury. 1.2 These test methods may be used to test for compliance to minimum performance requirements in established safety standards. 1.2.1 By agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, or as required by established safety standards, these test methods can be used to determine any one, or all of the following: (1) impact resistance (I), (2) compression resistance (C), (3) metatarsal impact resistance (Mt), (4) resistance to electrical conductivity (Cd), (5) resistance to electric hazard (EH), (6) static dissipative performance (SD), and (7) puncture resistance (PR). 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Standard Specification for Performance Requirements for Protective (Safety) Toe Cap Footwear
1.1 This specification covers minimum requirements for the performance of footwear to provide protection against a variety of workplace hazards that can potentially result in injury. 1.2 This specification is not intended to serve as a detailed manufacturing or purchasing specification, but can be referenced in purchase contracts to ensure that minimum performance requirements are met. 1.3 Controlled laboratory tests used to determine compliance with the performance requirements of this specification shall not be deemed as establishing performance levels for all situations to which individuals may be exposed. 1.4 Any changes to the original components of safety toe footwear such as replacing or adding after market footbeds/inserts could cause failure to any or all parts of this standard rendering the ASTM marking invalid. 1.5 This specification is not applicable to overshoes with safety toe caps or strap on devices with safety toes. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Z96-15 - High-visibility safety apparel
Preface This is the third edition of CSA Z96, High-visibility safety apparel. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2009 and 2002. This edition incorporates advice on selection, use, and care of high-visibility safety material taken from the CSA Z96.1 Guideline (see Annex A). It is designed to be in technical harmony with ANSI/ISEA 107 and ISO 20471. The focus of this Standard is on the performance of retroreflective and background materials incorporated into garments intended to provide the wearer with increased conspicuity under both wellilluminated and low-light or dark work environmental conditions. It sets out levels of retroreflective performance (i.e., light reflected from vehicle headlights as viewed by the vehicle operator), the colours and luminosity of background materials, and the human body coverage of the high-visibility components. Three classes of garments have been defined based on body coverage of bright or fluorescent-coloured materials, and two levels of performance have been specified for retroreflective materials. In addition, special allowances have been made for garments that are primarily intended to provide flame protection. Note: The criteria on special allowances for flame-protective apparel have been moved from Clause 7 in the previous edition to Clause 4.4 in this edition. This Standard recommends that a hazard assessment be carried out on each job to determine the risk to workers of being struck by moving vehicles and the environmental conditions under which work is performed. For this purpose, Annex A provides advice for the application of high-visibility safety apparel (HVSA) to specific risk categories and job types. This guidance material recognizes that the first line of defence against personal injury accidents is to control the design of the workplace and the exposure of workers to moving vehicles (e.g., through the use of physical barriers). Improved conspicuity of workers through the use of HVSA is a second line of defence, providing a greater cushion of warning to vehicle operators so that they might avoid endangering workers on foot. As an aid to users of this Standard, examples of compliant apparel designs are shown in Annex B. Purchasers of HVSA should seek proof that the materials used and the design of the garment meet the requirements of this Standard. As an aid to this process, examples of manufacturersÆ compliance self-declaration forms have been added in Annex C. Scope 1.1 This Standard specifies requirements for occupational apparel that is a) capable of signalling the userÆs presence visually; and b) intended to provide the user with conspicuity in hazardous situations under any light conditions and under illumination by vehicle headlights. 1.2 Performance requirements are included for colour, retroreflection, and minimum areas, as well as for the configuration of the materials. Performance requirements are also provided for the physical properties of background materials used in the construction of high-visibility safety apparel (referred to as HVSA in this Standard). Test methods are provided in the Standard to ensure that a minimum level of visibility is maintained when garments are subjected to ongoing care procedures. 1.3 This Standard provides performance requirements for conspicuous materials to be used in HVSA and specifies classes of garments, minimum areas, and placement of these materials. Note: Conspicuity is enhanced by high contrast between clothing and the work environment against which it is seen. 1.4 This Standard specifies minimum amounts of retroreflective materials, together with colour and requirements for placement of materials, for apparel used to enhance the visibility and safety of workers. Categories of high-visibility garments are identified and appropriate markings for apparel are recommended. 1.5 The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. Where values are given in parentheses, they are for information and comparison only. 1.6 In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.
Protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes
ISO 11611:2015 specifies minimum basic safety requirements and test methods for protective clothing including hoods, aprons, sleeves, and gaiters that are designed to protect the wearer's body including head (hoods) and feet (gaiters) and that are to be worn during welding and allied processes with comparable risks. For the protection of the wearer's head and feet, this International Standard is only applicable to hoods and gaiters. This International Standard does not cover requirements for feet, hand, face, and/or eye protectors. This type of protective clothing is intended to protect the wearer against spatter (small splashes of molten metal), short contact time with flame, radiant heat from an electric arc used for welding and allied processes, and minimizes the possibility of electrical shock by short-term, accidental contact with live electrical conductors at voltages up to approximately 100 V d. c. in normal conditions of welding. Sweat, soiling, or other contaminants can affect the level of protection provided against short-term accidental contact with live electric conductors at these voltages. For adequate overall protection against the risks to which welders are likely to be exposed, personal protective equipment (PPE) covered by other International Standards should additionally be worn to protect the head, face, hands, and feet. Guidance for the selection of the type of welders clothing for different welding activities is detailed in Annex A.
Protective clothing - Clothing to protect against heat and flame - Minimum performance requirements
ISO 11612:2015 specifies performance requirements for protective clothing made from flexible materials, which are designed to protect the wearer's body, except the hands, from heat and/or flame. For protection of the wearer's head and feet, the only items of protective clothing falling within the scope of ISO 11612:2015 are gaiters, hoods, and overboots. However, concerning hoods, requirements for visors and respiratory equipment are not given. The performance requirements set out in ISO 11612:2015 are applicable to protective clothing which could be worn for a wide range of end uses, where there is a need for clothing with limited flame spread properties and where the user can be exposed to radiant or convective or contact heat or to molten metal splashes.
Protective clothing - General requirements
This standard is also available from:
Protective clothing - Protection against flame - Limited flame spread materials, material assemblies and clothing
ISO 14116:2015 specifies the performance requirements for the limited flame spread properties of all materials, all material assemblies, and protective clothing in order to reduce the possibility of the clothing burning when in occasional and brief contact with small flames and thereby constituting a hazard. Additional requirements for clothing are also specified, including design requirements, mechanical requirements, marking, and information supplied by the manufacturer. When protection against heat hazards is necessary, in addition to protection against flame, this International Standard is not appropriate. International Standards such as ISO 11612 are to be used instead. A classification system is given for materials, material assemblies, and garments which are tested according to ISO 15025, Procedure A.
Protective clothing for abrasive blasting operations using granular abrasives
This European Standard specifies minimum requirements and test methods for protective clothing for abrasive blasting operations and for hand protection, for the treatment of surfaces with granular abrasives propelled by compressed air or by mechanical means. The protection against substances that develop during the blasting operation as well as connections between the protective clothing and the respiratory protective device are also covered. This European Standard does not apply to steam blasting, jet blasting and flame blasting operations.
This standard is also available from:
Protective clothing for protection against chemicals - Classification, labelling and performance requirements
ISO 16602:2007 establishes minimum performance classification and labelling requirements for protective clothing designed to provide protection against chemicals. Protective clothing items covered by ISO 16602:2007 include, but may not be limited to, totally encapsulating suits, liquid-tight or spray-tight suits, coveralls, jackets, trousers, aprons, smocks, hoods, sleeves, and shoe and boot covers. Chemical protective clothing for protection against airborne particles is addressed by ISO 13982-1, which is referenced in ISO 16602:2007. ISO 16602:2007 does not address protection against solid chemicals in forms other than airborne solid particulates (e.g. it does not address the challenge of penetration of chemical dust and powders through materials and clothing by rubbing or flexing or by simple direct contact of dust or powders onto the clothing surface). ISO 16602:2007 does not address gloves, boots, eye/face protection devices and respiratory protective devices unless they are an integral part of the protective clothing. ISO 16602:2007 does not address protection against biological or thermal (hot or cold) hazards, ionizing radiation, or radioactive contamination. ISO 16602:2007 also does not address the specialized clothing used in hazardous chemical emergencies. ISO 16602:2007 is intended to provide chemical protective clothing manufacturers with minimum requirements for testing, classifying, and labelling chemical protective clothing. To assist the users of products covered under ISO 16602:2007, this document provides descriptions of referenced test methods, guidelines for conducting hazard and risk assessments and suggested performance levels for certain applications. It is not the intent of ISO 16602:2007 to address all situations.
This standard is also available from:
ISO Amendment 2012
Protective clothing - Vocabulary
ISO/TR 11610:2004 contains a list of terms which are frequently used in the standardization of protective clothing and protective equipment worn on the body, including hand and arm protection and lifejackets, and definitions of these terms. The definitions are intended to support an unambiguous use of the terms listed.
This standard is also available from:
Clothing for protection against heat and flame - General recommendations for selection, care and use of protective clothing
ISO/TR 2801:2007 sets out guidance for the selection, use, care and maintenance of clothing designed to provide protection against heat and flame.
This standard is also available from:
Standard Guide for Selection of Chemicals to Evaluate Protective Clothing Materials
1.1 The purpose of this guide is to provide a recommended list of both liquid and gaseous chemicals for evaluating protective clothing materials in testing programs. 1.2 Results derived from testing programs using these lists of test chemicals are not intended for the definitive characterization of protective clothing materials. 1.3 This list of test chemicals is not inclusive of all chemical challenges; the chemicals were chosen to represent broad ranges of liquid and gaseous chemical classes and properties. Not all chemical classes are represented. Other chemicals, especially those of interest to the manufacturer or user, should be tested in addition to those recommended in this guide. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific hazards statement is given in Section 7.
Standard Performance Specification for Protective Clothing and Materials for Use by Workers Exposed to Specific Molten Substances and Related Thermal Hazards
1.1 This performance specification establishes the minimum design and performance requirements for protective clothing and protective clothing materials for both primary and secondary protection from exposure to molten substances and related thermal hazards. 1.2 This performance specification is not intended to address protection from hot liquids or from specialized forms of heat and flame protection such as any fire fighting application. 1.3 This performance specification describes the properties of specific textile materials in their material or garment composite form as tested by laboratory methods and is not intended to be used to appraise the thermal hazard or risk under actual conditions. However, it is acceptable to use information on the thermal performance of clothing made from textile materials conforming to this specification as an element in thermal risk assessment which takes into account all factors pertinent to the thermal hazard of a particular end use. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 This performance specification does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with the use of compliant protective clothing or protective clothing materials. It is the responsibility of the persons or organizations that use this performance specification to conduct a hazard and risk assessment to determine the applicability of this performance specification to the intended application of the protective clothing or protective clothing materials, and to establish appropriate safety and health practices.
Standard Guide for Evaluating Chemical Protective Clothing
1.1 This guide is intended to aid in the application of standards for the development, specification, and selection of chemical protective clothing with the ultimate goal of maintaining the safety and health of workers who come into contact with hazardous chemicals. 1.2 This guide provides a short description of each referenced standard and then makes specific recommendations for the use of these standards. The referenced standards are organized under the following headings: Material Chemical Resistance, Material Physical Properties, Seam and Closure Performance, and Overall Clothing Performance. 1.3 No protocol can ensure the selection of protective clothing that guarantees worker protection. The purpose of testing is to generate data and information that will allow the selection of the most appropriate clothing. Ultimately, clothing selection is based on technical evaluation of available information and professional assessment of risk. 1.4 The values stated in SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.
Standard Practice for Labeling Chemical Protective Clothing
1.1 This practice covers the informational content of labels in or on chemical protective clothing. 1.2 This practice details the recommended format and minimal content of the information to be included on the labels used for chemical protective clothing. 1.3 Protective clothing is defined as any single item or combination of items used for the purpose of isolating parts of the body from direct contact with a potential hazard. It does not include individual parts of a protective clothing item designed to be worn as part of another item (for example, a faceshield or lens) unless it may be worn independently of the other items and still be used in a protective manner. For example, a glove or boot unless permanently attached would be considered a protective clothing item requiring labeling, while a visor or vent valve would not. In summary, the intent of this practice is to only require labeling of parts of an ensemble that can be used independently for the protection of the user. 1.4 This practice does not cover user information provided by means other than item labeling such as instructions, informational packets, brochures, or other written means. 1.5 This practice excludes those items covered under 16 CFR 303 unless specifically designed for use as chemical protective clothing. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Standard Practice for Chemical Protective Clothing Program
1.1 This practice is intended to promote the proper selection, use, maintenance, and understanding of the limitations of chemical protective clothing (CPC) by users, employers, employees, and other persons involved in programs requiring CPC, thereby limiting potentially harmful and unnecessary skin exposures. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing
1.1 This standard defines the specialized terms used in standards developed by Committee F23 on Protective Clothing. 1.2 Definitions of Terms, which were drafted for use only in a single standard, are also included for convenient reference. Under ASTM rules they may become full definitions in the future, if they are used in additional standards. 1.3 Additional terminology relevant to protective clothing and to the components of protective clothing can be found in Terminology D123 , D1566 , and D4805 .
Standard Practice for Body Measurements and Sizing of Fire and Rescue Services Uniforms and Other Thermal Hazard Protective Clothing
1.1 This practice is intended to assist in size selection of work uniforms for fire and rescue services personnel and workers who may be exposed to thermal hazards. Work uniform ensembles consist of a shirt and trouser apparel combination. 1.2 This practice is applicable to uniforms for both male and female personnel. 1.3 This practice provides a standard means for measuring human body dimensions for the selection and ordering shirts and trousers. 1.4 This practice provides a means for evaluating the fit of selected uniform sizes. 1.5 This practice provides a standard list of textile and apparel terminology specific to the clothing industry which is used in determining size and fit of garments. This vocabulary will be useful in communications between buyers and sellers. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The inch-pound equivalents given in parentheses are for information only and may be approximate. 1.7 This standard is not intended for use in evaluating the fire resistive performance or durability of work uniforms. In addition, this practice does not provide a means to quantify the likelihood of human injuries that may be related to the fit of uniforms or protective clothing. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Note 1 .
Standard Practice for Chemical Protective Clothing: Wearing, Care, and Maintenance Instructions
1.1 This practice describes the recommended minimum information to be conveyed by the sellers to end users for the wearing, care, and maintenance of chemical protective clothing. 1.1.1 This practice does not cover specific instructions for when to use protective clothing or design requirements. 1.1.2 This practice does not apply to protective clothing that is solely for protection against flame and thermal hazards. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This practice recommends the minimum information needed to properly implement Sections 10 and 11 of Practice F1461 .
IEC 61482-1-1 Ed. 1.0 b:2009
Live working - Protective clothing against the thermal hazards of an electric arc - Part 1-1: Test methods - Method 1: Determination of the arc rating (ATPV or EBT50) of flame resistant materials for clothing
"IEC 61482-1-1:2009 specifies test methods to measure the arc thermal performance value of materials intended for use in heat- and flame-resistant clothing for workers exposed to the thermal effects of electric arcs and the function of garments using these materials. These test methods measure the arc thermal performance value of materials which meet the following requirements: less than 100 mm char length and less than 2 s afterflame after removal from flame, when tested in accordance with ISO 15025, procedure B (bottom-edge ignition) on the outer material, and the char length measured using a modified ISO method as described in Annex A. These methods are used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, assemblies or garments, in response to convective and radiant energy generated by an electric arc in open air under controlled laboratory conditions. The materials used in these methods are in the form of flat specimens for method A and garments for method B. Method A is used to determine the arc rating of materials and material assemblies when tested in a flat configuration. Method B is used to measure garment response, not arc rating, to an arc exposure including all the garment findings, sewing thread, fastenings, fabrics and other accessories when tested on a male mannequin torso. Method B is also used for accident replication. "
This standard is also available from:
IEC 61482-1-2 Ed. 2.0 b:2014
Live working - Protective clothing against the thermal hazards of an electric arc - Part 1-2: Test methods - Method 2: Determination of arc protection class of material and clothing by using a constrained and directed arc (box test)
IEC 61482-1-2:2014 specifies procedures to test material and garments intended for use in heat and flame-resistant clothing for workers if there is an electric arc hazard. A directed and constrained electric arc in a test circuit is used to classify material and clothing in two defined arc protection classes. This International Standard is not dedicated toward measuring the arc rating values (ATPV, ELIM, or EBT). Procedures determining these arc rating values are prescribed in IEC 61482-1-1, using an open arc for testing. Other effects than the thermal effects of an electric arc like noise, light emissions, pressure rise, hot oil, electric shock, the consequences of physical and mental shock or toxic influences are not covered by this standard. Protective clothing for work intentionally using an electric arc, e.g. arc welding, plasma torch, is not covered by this standard. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with regard to the previous edition: - new mean values of main control parameters arc energy and incident energy based on an extended statistical database consisting of parameter values measured in four laboratories; - reduction of validity check ranges of main control parameters; - determination of the incident energy by averaging the two sensor values of a test (instead of considering each single sensor value); - determination of the heat curves of transmitted incident energy and an amendment to the heat flux acceptance criterion; - clarification of the scope; - and selection of the arc protection classes (test classes) by the amount of the arc energy and incident energy instead of the short-circuit current.
IEC 61482-2 Ed. 1.0 b:2009
Live working - Protective clothing against the thermal hazards of an electric arc - Part 2: Requirements
"IEC 61482-2:2009 is applicable to protective clothing used in work if there is an electric arc hazard. Specifies requirements and test methods applicable to materials and garments for protective clothing for electrical workers against the thermal hazards of an electric arc based on: - relevant general properties of the textiles, tested with selected textile test methods, and - arc thermal resistance properties, such as: a) the arc rating of materials (ATPV or EBT50), when tested with an open electric arc under defined laboratory conditions according to IEC 61482-1-1, or b) the arc protection class of materials and garments (Class 1 or Class 2), when tested with a directed and constrained electric arc under defined laboratory conditions according to IEC 61482-1-2. Requirements of this standard do not address electric shock hazards. The present standard is applicable in combination with standards covering such hazards."
Personal protective equipment - Footwear protecting against thermal risks and molten metal splashes as found in foundries and welding - Requirements and test method
ISO 20349:2010 specifies requirements and test methods for footwear protecting users against thermal risks and molten iron or aluminium metal splashes such as those encountered in foundries, welding and allied process. Footwear complying with this International Standard also offers other protection as defined in ISO 20345.
This standard is also available from:
Protective clothing for use against solid particulates - Part 1: Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing protection to the full body against airborne solid particulates (type 5 clothing)
ISO 13982-1:2004 specifies the minimum requirements for chemical protective clothing resistant to penetration by airborne solid particles (Type 5). These garments are full-body protective clothing, i.e. covering trunk, arms and legs, such as one-piece coveralls or two piece suits, with or without hood or visors, with or without foot protection. Requirements for component parts, such as hoods, gloves, boots, visors or respiratory protective equipment might be specified in other International and European Standards. ISO 13982-1:2004 is applicable only to airborne solid particulates. It is not applicable to other forms of challenge by solid chemicals, e.g. penetration of chemical dust through materials by rubbing or flexing, which may form the object of separate standards.
This standard is also available from:
ISO Amendment 2010 /
SS Amendment 2010
Protective clothing for use against solid particulates - Part 2: Test method of determination of inward leakage of aerosols of fine particles into suits
ISO 13982-2:2004 specifies a test method to determine the barrier efficiency of chemical protective clothing against aerosols of dry, fine dusts.
This standard is also available from:
American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel and Accessories
ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 provides performance requirements for conspicuous materials to be used in HVSA and specifies minimum amounts of background, retroreflective and combined-performance materials, colors and placement of materials for garments, supplemental items and accessory items used to enhance the visibility and safety of workers. The 2015 edition continues to present three performance classes of garments based on the amount of visible materials and design attributes incorporated into the final configuration and now identifies garment types based on expected use settings and work activities being performed. These are designated as off-road (type O), roadway and temporary traffic control (type R), or public safety activities (type P).
Standard on Liquid Splash-Protective Ensembles and Clothing for Hazardous Materials Emergencies, 2012 Edition
JIS T 8124-1:2010
Protective clothing for use against solid particulates -- Part 1: Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing protection to the full body against airborne solid particulates (type 5 clothing) (Foreign Standard)
BS EN 14605:2005+A1:2009
Protective clothing against liquid chemicals. Performance requirements for clothing with liquid-tight (Type 3) or spray-tight (Type 4) connections, including items providing protection to parts of the body only (Types PB  and PB ) (British Standard)
This document specifies the minimum requirements for the following types of limited use and reusable chemical protective clothing: - Full-body protective clothing with liquid-tight connections between different parts of the clothing (Type 3: liquid-tight clothing) and, if applicable, with liquid-tight connections to component parts, such as hoods, gloves, boots, visors or respiratory protective equipment, which may be specified in other European Standards. Examples of such clothing are one-piece coveralls or two-piece suits, with or without hood or visors, with or without boot-socks or over-boots, with or without gloves; - Full-body protective clothing with spray-tight connections between different parts of the clothing (Type 4: spray-tight clothing) and, if applicable, spray-tight connections to component parts, such as hoods, gloves, boots, visors or respiratory protective equipment, which may be specified in other European Standards. Examples of such clothing are one-piece coveralls or two-piece suits, with or without hood or visors, with or without boot-socks or over-boots, with or without gloves; - Partial body protection garments offering protection to specific parts of the body against permeation of chemical liquids. Examples of such garments are e.g. laboratory coats, jackets, trousers, aprons, sleeves, hoods (not air-supplied) etc. As partial body protection leaves some parts of the body unprotected this document specifies only the performance requirements for the clothing material and the seams. NOTE Partial body chemical protective garments which offer only protection against penetration of chemical liquids are within the scope of EN 13034 (Type PB  clothing).
This standard is also available from:
Selection, use and maintenance of chemical protective clothing. Guidance (British Standard)