Customer Service:
Mon - Fri: 8:30 am - 6 pm EST

 Historical

ISO/IEC 9797-1:1999

Information technology -- Security techniques -- Message Authentication Codes (MACs) -- Part 1: Mechanisms using a block cipher

This part of ISO/IEC 9797 specifies six MAC algorithms that use a secret key and an n-bit block cipher to calculate an m-bit MAC. These mechanisms can be used as data integrity mechanisms to verify that data has not been altered in an unauthorised manner. They can also be used as message authentication mechanisms to provide assurance that a message has been originated by an entity in possession of the secret key. The strength of the data integrity mechanism and message authentication mechanism is dependent on the length (in bits) k* and secrecy of the key, on the block length (in bits) n and strength of the block cipher, on the length (in bits) m of the MAC, and on the specific mechanism.

The first three mechanisms specified in this part of ISO/IEC 9797 are commonly known as CBC-MAC (CBC is the abbreviation of Cipher Block Chaining). The calculation of a MAC as described in ISO 8731-1 and ANSI X9.9 is a specific case of this part of ISO/IEC 9797 when n = 64, m = 32, MAC Algorithm 1 and Padding Method 1 are used, and the block cipher is DEA (ANSI X3.92: 1981). The calculation of a MAC as described in ANSI X9.19 and ISO 9807 is a specific case of this part of ISO/IEC 9797 when n = 64, m = 32, either MAC Algorithm 1 or MAC Algorithm 3 is used (both with Padding Method 1), and the block cipher is DEA (ANSI X3.92: 1981).

The fourth mechanism is a variant of CBC-MAC with a special initial transformation. It is recommended for applications which require that the key length of the MAC algorithm is twice that of the block cipher.

The fifth and sixth mechanism use two parallel instances of the first and fourth mechanism respectively, and combine the two results with a bitwise exclusive-or operation. They are recommended for applications which require an increased security level against forgery attacks (cf. Annex B). The fifth mechanism uses a single length MAC algorithm key, while the sixth mechanism doubles the MAC algorithm key length.

This part of ISO/IEC 9797 can be applied to the security services of any security architecture, process, or application.


Content Provider
International Organization for Standardization [ISO]


Others Also Bought

ISO/IEC 9797-2:2002
Information technology - Security techniques - Message Authentication Codes (MACs) - Part 2: Mechanisms using a ...
ISO 16609:2004
Banking - Requirements for message authentication using symmetric techniques
ISO/IEC TR 13335-2:1997
Information technology - Guidelines for the management of IT Security - Part 2: Managing and planning IT Secur ...
ANSI Logo

As the voice of the U.S. standards and conformity assessment system, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) empowers its members and constituents to strengthen the U.S. marketplace position in the global economy while helping to assure the safety and health of consumers and the protection of the environment.

CUSTOMER SERVICE
NEW YORK OFFICE
ANSI HEADQUARTERS