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OSHA General Industry - 1910


ANSI-ASC A14.1-2017

Ladders - Wood Safety Requirements

This standard prescribes rules and establishes minimum requirements for the construction, testing, care, and use of the common types of portable wood ladders described herein in order to ensure safety under normal conditions of usage.


ANSI ASC A14.2-2017

Ladders - Portable Metal - Safety Requirements

The purpose of this standard is to provide reasonable safety for life, limb, and property. In order to develop an effective safety program, the standard may serve also as a basis for purchase requirements and for instructions in personnel training, and in the preparation of motivational/ instructional material such as safety practices, manuals, posters, and the like. This standard is also intended to provide the manufacturer, purchaser, and user of metal ladders with a set of performance and dimensional requirements against which a product may be compared. It is not the purpose of this standard to specify all the details of construction of portable metal ladders. The limitations imposed are for the purpose of providing adequate general requirements and testing methods needed for consistency.


ANSI ASC A14.3-2008 (R2018)

Ladders - Fixed - Safety Requirements

This standard prescribes minimum requirements for the design, construction, and use of fixed ladders, and sets forth requirements for cages, wells, and ladder safety systems used with fixed ladders, in order to minimize personal injuries. All parts and appurtenances necessary for a safe and efficient ladder shall be considered integral parts of the design.


ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/PART 1 / IEC 61672:1-2013

American National Standard Electroacoustics - Sound Level Meters - Part 1: Specifications (a nationally adopted international standard)

This part of ANSI/ASA S1.4 / IEC 61672 gives electroacoustical performance specifications for three kinds of sound-measuring instruments: a time-weighting sound level meter that measures exponentialtime- weighted, frequency-weighted sound levels; an integrating-averaging sound level meter that measures time-averaged, frequency-weighted sound levels; and an integrating sound level meter that measures frequency-weighted sound exposure levels


ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/Part 2 / IEC 61672:2-2013

American National Standard Electroacoustics - Sound Level Meters - Part 2: Pattern Evaluation Tests (a nationally adopted international standard)

ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/Part 2 / IEC 61672-2:2013 provides details of the tests necessary to verify conformance to all mandatory specifications given in ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/Part 1 / IEC 61672-1:2013 for time-weighting sound level meters, integrating-averaging sound level meters, and integrating sound level meters.


ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/Part 3 / IEC 61672:3-2013

American National Standard Electroacoustics - Sound Level Meters - Part 3: Periodic Tests (a nationally adopted international standard)

ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/Part 3 / IEC 61672-3:2013 describes procedures for periodic testing of time-weighting, integrating-averaging, and integrating sound level meters that were designed to conform to the class 1 or class 2 specifications of ANSI/ASA S1.4-2014/Part 1 / IEC 61672-1. The aim of the standard is to ensure that periodic testing is performed in a consistent manner by all laboratories


ANSI/ASA S1.11-2014/PART 1 / IEC 61260:1-2014

Electroacoustics û Octave-band and Fractional-octave-band Filters û Part 1: Specifications (a nationally adopted international standard)

Specifies performance requirements for analogue, sampled-data, and digital implementations of band-pass filters. The extent of the pass-band region of a filter's relative attenuation characteristic is a constant percentage of the exact mid-band frequency for all filters of a given bandwidth. An instrument conforming to the requirements of this standard may contain any number of contiguous band-pass filters covering any desired frequency range.


ANSI/ASA S12.6-2016

Methods for Measuring the Real-Ear Attenuation of Hearing Protectors

This standard specifies laboratory-based procedures for measuring, analyzing, and reporting the passive noise-reducing capabilities of hearing protectors.


ANSI/ASA S3.6-2018

Specification for Audiometers

The audiometers covered in this specification are devices designed for use in determining the hearing threshold level of an individual in comparison with a chosen standard reference threshold level. This standard provides specifications and tolerances for pure tone, speech, and masking signals and describes the minimum test capabilities of different types of audiometers.


ANSI/ASAE S276.7 W/Corr.1 SEP2010 (R2014)

Slow Moving Vehicle Identification Emblem (SMV Emblem).

Establishes specifications that define a unique identification emblem, the Slow Moving Vehicle Emblem (SMV Emblem), to be used only for slow moving machines (vehicles), when operated or traveling on public roads.




ASME A90.1-2015

Safety Standard for Belt Manlifts

This Standard applies to the manufacture, installation, maintenance, inspection, and operation of manlifts. Manlifts covered by this scope consist of steps (platforms) and accompanying handholds mounted on, or attached to, an endless belt operating vertically in one direction only and being supported by, and driven through, pulleys at the top and bottom.



ASME A17.1-2016

Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators

This Code is one of the numerous codes and standards developed and published by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) under the general auspices of the American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI).  The Code is intended to serve as the basis for the design construction, installation, operation, testing, inspection, maintenance, alteration, and repair of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, moving walks, and material lifts.  Safety codes and standards are intended to enhance public health and safety. Revisions result from committee consideration of factors such as technological advances, new data, and changing environmental and industry needs. Revisions do not imply that previous editions were inadequate.   This Code applies to new installations only, except Part 1, and Sections 5.10, 8.1, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.9, 8.10, and 8.11, which apply to both new and existing installations. Also, see ASME A17.3, Safety Code for Existing Elevators and Escalators, for further requirements.  The following conditions are not addressed in this Code: (a) assignment of the responsibility for compliance to any particular party.  (b) establishment of a frequency for periodic inspections and tests. See Nonmandatory Appendix N for recommended inspections and test intervals.  (c) assignment of responsibility for persons authorized to make and witness inspections and tests.


ASME A17.1/CSA B44 HB-2016

Handbook on Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators

ASME A17.1/CSA B44-2016?one of ASMEÆs most popular safety standards?addresses elevators, escalators, dumbwaiters, moving walks and material lifts. It provides requirements applying to the design, construction, installation, operation, testing, inspection, maintenance, alteration and repair of these conveyances.  This living landmark has been defining safety in elevators, escalators and related equipment since 1921. A17.1 has been harmonized with CSA B44 to provide one comprehensive solution for jurisdictions throughout North America. A17.1 is written by a committee comprised of technically qualified persons who demonstrate a concern and competence in the subject within the A17 CommitteeÆs scope and a willingness to participate in the work of the committee. The Code is written in a form that is suitable for enforcement by state, municipal, and other jurisdictional authorities; and as such, the text is concise, without examples or explanations.  For these reasons, ASME determined that a handbook would be useful to augment the Code by providing a commentary on the Code requirements. This companion Handbook contains the rationale for A17.1 requirements; explanations, examples and illustrations of their implementation; plus excerpts from other nationally recognized standards, which are referenced by the Code. It seeks to provide users with a better understanding for A17.1 requirements, with increased safety for all parties intended as the net result. Commentary in this Handbook was compiled from ASME A17 Committee minutes, correspondence, and interpretations, as well as conversations with past and present ASME A17 and CSA B44 committee members.  Both publications are to be used in conjunction with other volumes of ASMEÆs A17 series of safety standards. Careful application of these A17 safety standards will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed within these volumes.  Intended for anyone engaged in the safety of elevators, escalators and related conveyances, including those responsible for: design, engineering and manufacture; installation, operation, testing, maintenance, alteration and repair; inspection; plans, contracts, administration, insurance and liability; property, facilities and plant management; and emergency response.


ASME B30.2-2016

Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Running Bridge, Single or Multiple Girder, Top Running Trolley Hoist)

B30.2 applies to the construction, installation, operation, inspection, and maintenance of hand-operated and power-driven overhead and gantry cranes that have a top-running single-girder or multiple-girder bridge, with one or more top-running trolley hoists used for vertical lifting and lowering of freely suspended, unguided loads consisting of equipment and materials. The requirements included in this Volume also apply to cranes having the same fundamental characteristics such as cantilever gantry cranes, semi-gantry cranes, and wall cranes. Requirements for a crane used for a special purpose such as, but not limited to, non-vertical lifting service, lifting a guided load, or lifting personnel are not included in this Volume.


ASME B30.5-2018

Mobile and Locomotive Cranes

ASME has been defining crane safety since 1916. ASME B30.5 is one of ASMEÆs most requested safety standardsùwidely respected and applied throughout the building and construction industry. It addresses crawler cranes, locomotive cranes, wheel-mounted cranes, and any variations thereof that retain the same fundamental characteristics and are powered by internal combustion engines or electric motors. The scope of this Safety Standard includes only cranes of the above types that are powered by internal combustion engines or electric motors. Side boom tractors and cranes designed for railway and automobile wreck clearance, digger derricks, cranes manufactured specifically for, or when used for, energized electrical line service, knuckle boom, trolley boom cranes, and cranes having a maximum rated capacity of one ton or less are excluded. This 2018 edition revises the Crane Operation in the Vicinity of Electric Power Lines section entirely, adds a new section on Rigger Responsibilities, and incorporates other miscellaneous revisions. B30.5 offers comprehensive solutions applying to the construction, inspection, testing, maintenance and operation of mobile and locomotive cranes. It is to be used in conjunction with equipment described in other volumes of the ASME B30 series of safety standards. Careful application of these B30 safety standards will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed in these volumes. Intended for manufacturers, owners, employers, users and others concerned with the specification, buying, maintenance, training and safe use of mobile and locomotive cranes with B30 equipment, plus all potential governing entities.



ASME B31.1-2018

Power Piping

ASME has been defining piping safety since 1922. ASME B31.1 prescribes minimum requirements for the design, materials, fabrication, erection, test, inspection, operation, and maintenance of piping systems typically found in electric power generating stations, industrial and institutional plants, geothermal heating systems, and central and district heating and cooling systems. It also covers boiler-external piping for power boilers and high-temperature, high pressure water boilers in which steam or vapor is generated at a pressure of more than 15 psig; and high temperature water is generated at pressures exceeding 160 psig and/or temperatures exceeding 250 degrees F. Key changes to this revision include: - New and updated figures for Code Jurisdictional Limits on Piping - New Mandatory Appendix on Metallic Bellows Expansion Joints - New Mandatory Appendix on Use of Alternative Ultrasonic Acceptance Criteria - Reference to ASME CA-1, Conformity Assessment Requirements ASME B31.1 is one of ASMEÆs most requested codes, widely adopted by jurisdictions worldwide. It is prominently referenced in ASMEÆs Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I. This Code serves as a companion to ASMEÆs B31.3 Code on Process Piping as well as to the other codes in ASMEÆs B31 series. Together, they remain essential references for anyone engaged with piping. Intended for manufacturers, designers, operators and owners of piping systems including, but not limited to, steam, water, oil, gas, and air services, plus all potential governing entities.


ASME B31.2-1968

Fuel Gas Piping

This Code covers the design, fabrication, installation, and testing of piping systems for fuel gases such as natural gas, manufat cured gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)-air mixtures above the upper combustible limit, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in the gaseous phase, or mixtures of these gases. Included within the scope of this Code are fuel gas piping systems both in buildings and between buildings, from the outlet of the consumer's meter set assembly (or point of delivery) to and including the first pressure containing valve upstream of the gas utilization device. Piping systems within the scope of this Code include all components such as pipe, valves, fittings, flanges (except inlet and outlet flanges that are a part of equipment or apparatus described in Par. 200.1.4), bolting and gaskets. Also included are the pressure containing parts of ocher components such as expansion joints, strainers and metering devices and piping supporting fixtures and structural attachments.


ASME B31.3-2016

Process Piping

ASME B31.3 contains requirements for piping typically found in petroleum refineries; chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, paper, semiconductor, and cryogenic plants; and related processing plants and terminals. It covers materials and components, design, fabrication, assembly, erection, examination, inspection, and testing of piping.  This Code applies to piping for all fluids including:  (1) raw, intermediate, and finished chemicals;  (2) petroleum products; (3) gas, steam, air and water;  (4) fluidized solids;  (5) refrigerants; and (6) cryogenic fluids.  Also included is piping that interconnects pieces or stages within a packaged equipment assembly.  Key changes to this revision include: ò Severe Cyclic Conditions ò MPa Allowable Stresses ò Expansion Joints ò Flange Joint Assembly ò Ultrasonic Examination Acceptance Criteria ò Category M Fluid Service Examination ò Leak Testing of Instrument Connections ò Leak Testing of Vacuum Systems ò Leak Testing of Insulated Systems ò Leak Testing of Assembled Piping   B31.3 is one of ASMEÆs most requested codes. It serves as a companion to ASMEÆs B31.1 Code on Power Piping as well as to the other codes in ASMEÆs B31 series. Together, they remain essential references for anyone engaged with piping.  Careful application of these B31 codes will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational, cost and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed within these volumes.  Intended for manufacturers, users, constructors, designers, and others concerned with the design, fabrication, assembly, erection, examination, inspection, and testing of piping, plus all potential governing entities.



ANSI/ASSE Z9.1-2016

Ventilation and Control of Airborne Contaminants During Open-Surface Tank Operations

This standard establishes minimum control requirements and ventilation system design criteria for controlling and removing air contaminants to protect the health of personnel engaged in open-surface tank operations.


ANSI/ASSP Z9.2-2018

Fundamentals Governing the Design and Operation of Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems

Establishes minimum requirements for the commissioning, design, specification, construction and installation of fixed industrial local exhaust ventilation (LEV) systems used for the reduction and prevention of employee exposure to harmful airborne substances in the industrial environment.


ASTM A126-04(2014)

Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings

1.1 This specification covers three classes of gray iron for castings intended for use as valve pressure retaining parts, pipe fittings, and flanges.

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

Note 1The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.


ASTM A391/A391M-07(2012)

Standard Specification for Grade 80 Alloy Steel Chain

1.1 This specification covers Grade 80 heat-treated alloy steel chain for such applications as slings, lifting assemblies, and load binding.

Note 1???This specification does not cover alloy steel chain for pocket wheel applications.

1.2 The Grade designation is 1/10 of the minimum breaking strength in newtons divided by two times the nominal cross-sectional area of the chain in square millimetres.

1.3 The values stated in either SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.


ASTM A395/A395M-99(2018)

Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures

1.1 This specification covers ductile iron castings for pressure-retaining parts for use at elevated temperatures. Castings of all grades are suitable for use up to 450 F. For temperatures above 450 F and up to 650 F, only Grade 60-40-18 castings are suitable ( Note 1 ). 1.2 Valves, flanges, pipe fittings, pumps, and other piping components are generally manufactured in advance and supplied from stock by the manufacturer, jobber, or dealer. 1.3 For supplemental casting requirements, Specification A834 may be utilized. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Note 1: For service other than as specified in this section, reference should be made to Specification A536 for Ductile Iron Castings. 2 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A47/A47M-99(2018)e1

Standard Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings

1.1 This specification 2 covers ferritic malleable castings for general engineering usage at temperatures from normal ambient to approximately 400 C [750 F]. 1.2 No precise quantitative relationship can be stated between the properties of the iron in various locations of the same casting and those of a test specimen cast from the same iron (see Appendix X1 ). 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A53/A53M-18

Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless

1.1 This specification 2 covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipe in NPS 1 / 8 to NPS 26 [DN 6 to DN 650] ( Note 1 ), inclusive, with nominal wall thickness ( Note 2 ) as given in Table X2.2 and Table X2.3 . It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided that such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided and shall apply only when specified by the purchaser. Note 1: The dimensionless designators NPS (nominal pipe size) [DN (diameter nominal)] have been substituted in this specification for such traditional terms as nominal diameter, size, and nominal size. Note 2: The term nominal wall thickness has been assigned for the purpose of convenient designation, existing in name only, and is used to distinguish it from the actual wall thickness, which may vary over or under the nominal wall thickness. 1.2 This specification covers the following types and grades: 1.2.1 Type F Furnace-butt-welded, continuous welded Grade A, 1.2.2 Type E Electric-resistance-welded, Grades A and B, and 1.2.3 Type S Seamless, Grades A and B. Note 3: See Appendix X1 for definitions of types of pipe. 1.3 Pipe ordered under this specification is intended for mechanical and pressure applications and is also acceptable for ordinary uses in steam, water, gas, and air lines. It is suitable for welding, and suitable for forming operations involving coiling, bending, and flanging, subject to the following qualifications: 1.3.1 Type F is not intended for flanging. 1.3.2 If Type S or Type E is required for close coiling or cold bending, Grade A is the preferred grade; however, this is not intended to prohibit the cold bending of Grade B pipe. 1.3.3 Type E is furnished either nonexpanded or cold expanded at the option of the manufacturer. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 7 , 8 , 9 , 13 , 14 , and 15 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use. 1.6 The text of this specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B117-18

Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus

1.1 This practice covers the apparatus, procedure, and conditions required to create and maintain the salt spray (fog) test environment. Suitable apparatus which may be used is described in Appendix X1 . 1.2 This practice does not prescribe the type of test specimen or exposure periods to be used for a specific product, nor the interpretation to be given to the results. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B210/B210M-19

Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes

1.1 This specification 2 covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy drawn seamless tubes in straight lengths and coils for general purpose and pressure applications in alloys ( Note 2 ), tempers, and thicknesses shown in Table 2 [ Table 3 ] . Coiled tubes are generally available only as round tubes with a wall thickness not exceeding 0.083 in. [2.00 mm] and only in non-heat-treatable alloys. 1.2 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1M. The equivalent Unified Numbering System alloy designations are those of Table 1 preceded by A9, for example, A91100 for aluminum designation 1100 in accordance with Practice E527 . Note 1: See Specification B483/B483M for aluminum-alloy drawn tubes for general purpose applications; Specification B234 for aluminum-alloy drawn seamless tubes for condensers and heat exchangers; and Specification B241/B241M for aluminum-alloy seamless pipe and seamless extruded tube. Note 2: Throughout this specification, use of the term alloy in the general sense includes aluminum as well as aluminum alloy. 1.3 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys in this specification, see Annex A2 . 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B241/B241M-16

Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube

1.1 This specification2 covers aluminum and aluminum–alloy seamless pipe in the alloys (Note 1) and tempers shown in Table 1 [Table 2] and seamless extruded round tube in the alloys and tempers shown in Table 3 [Table 4] intended for pressure applications. The standard sizes for seamless pipe are listed in Table 16.7 of ANSI H35.2 and H35.2(M). Nonstandard alloys, tempers, and sizes of pipe are produced as seamless extruded tube. Also included in this standard are seamless extruded pipe and seamless extruded tube for Oil & Gas Transmission previously covered under Specification B345/B345M.

1.2 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1(M). The equivalent Unified Numbering System alloy designations are those of Table 5 preceded by A9, for example, A91100 for aluminum 1100 in accordance with Practice E527.

1.3 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys in this specification, see Annex A2.

1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.


ASTM B88-16

Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless copper water tube suitable for general plumbing, similar applications for the conveyance of fluids, and commonly used with solder, flared, or compression-type fittings. The type of copper water tube suitable for any particular application is determined by the internal or external fluid pressure, by the installation and service conditions, and by local requirements. Means of joining or bending are also factors which affect the selection of the type of tube to be used.2

1.2 The tube shall be produced from the following coppers, and the manufacturer has the option to supply any one of them, unless otherwise specified.

1.3 The assembly of copper plumbing or fire sprinkler systems by soldering is described in Practice B828.

1.4 Solders for joining copper potable water or fire sprinkler systems are covered by Specification B32. The requirements for acceptable fluxes for these systems are covered by Specification B813.

1.5 Units—This specification is the companion specification to SI Specification B88M; therefore, no SI equivalents are shown in this specification.

1.6 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 16, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


ASTM D1048-14(2019)

Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Blankets

1.1 This specification covers acceptance testing of rubber insulating blankets for protection of workers from accidental contact with live electrical conductors, apparatus, or circuits. 1.2 Two types of blankets are provided and are designated as Type I, not resistant to ozone, and Type II, resistant to ozone. 1.3 Five classes of blankets, differing in electrical characteristics, are provided and are designated as Class 0, Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, and Class 4. 1.4 Two styles of blankets, differing in construction characteristics, are provided and are designated as Style A and Style B. 1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 16 19 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1078-11(2019)

Standard Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the distillation range of liquids boiling between 30 and 350 C, that are chemically stable during the distillation process, by manual or automatic distillation procedures. 1.2 This test method is applicable to organic liquids such as hydrocarbons, oxygenated compounds, chemical intermediates, and blends thereof. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 For purposes of determining conformance of an observed or a calculated value using this test method to relevant specifications, test result(s) shall be rounded off to the nearest unit in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29 . 1.5 For hazard information and guidance, see the supplier's Material Safety Data Sheet. 1.6 Warning Mercury has been designated by EPA and many state agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney, and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA s website (http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, in your state may be prohibited by state law. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 7 . 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D120-14a

Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Gloves

1.1 This specification covers manufacturing and testing of rubber insulating gloves for protection of workers from electrical shock.

1.2 Two types of gloves are provided and are designated as Type I, non-resistant to ozone, and Type II, resistant to ozone.

1.3 Six classes of gloves, differing in electrical characteristics, are provided and are designated as Class 00, Class 0, Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, and Class 4.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. See IEEE/ASTM SI 10.

1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 16, 17, 18, and 19, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precaution statements, see 18.2.


ASTM D2161-19

Standard Practice for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity

1.1 This practice 2 covers the conversion tables and equations for converting kinematic viscosity in mm 2 /s at any temperature to Saybolt Universal viscosity in Saybolt Universal seconds (SUS) at the same temperature and for converting kinematic viscosity in mm 2 /s at 122 F and 210 F (50 C and 98.9 C) to Saybolt Furol viscosity in Saybolt Furol seconds (SFS) at the same temperatures. Kinematic viscosity values are based on water being 1.0034 mm 2 /s (cSt) at 68 F (20 C). 1.2 If a method other than Test Method D445 is used to generate the kinematic viscosity data, apply appropriate relative-bias correction factors as found in the precision section of that method, before performing the calculations of this practice. Note 1: The equations in D2161 were originally empirically derived using data from both D445 and the Saybolt viscometer method. Therefore, it is conceivable that an error could result if the kinematic viscosities used are not bias-corrected to D445 results. It is recommended that kinematic viscosity be reported in millimetres squared per second, instead of Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS) or Saybolt Furol Seconds (SFS). This method is being retained for the purpose of calculation of kinematic viscosities from SUS and SFS data that appear in past literature. One millimetre squared per second (mm 2 /s) equals one centistoke (cSt), which is another unit commonly found in older literature. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for reference information purposes only. The SI unit of kinematic viscosity is mm 2 /s. 1.3.1 Exception Fahrenheit temperature units are used in this practice because they are accepted by industry for the type of legacy conversions described in this practice. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D240-17

Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heat of combustion of liquid hydrocarbon fuels ranging in volatility from that of light distillates to that of residual fuels.

1.2 Under normal conditions, this test method is directly applicable to such fuels as gasolines, kerosines, Nos. 1 and 2 fuel oil, Nos. 1-D and 2-D diesel fuel and Nos. 0-GT, 1-GT, and 2-GT gas turbine fuels.

1.3 This test method is not as repeatable and not as reproducible as Test Method D4809.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Sections 7 and 9 and A1.10 and Annex A3.


ASTM D323-15a

Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

1.1 This test method covers procedures for the determination of vapor pressure (see Note 1) of gasoline, volatile crude oil, and other volatile petroleum products.

1.2 Procedure A is applicable to gasoline and other petroleum products with a vapor pressure of less than 180 kPa (26 psi).

1.3 Procedure B may also be applicable to these other materials, but only gasoline was included in the interlaboratory test program to determine the precision of this test method.

1.4 Procedure C is for materials with a vapor pressure of greater than 180 kPa (26 psi).

1.5 Procedure D for aviation gasoline with a vapor pressure of approximately 50 kPa (7 psi).

1.6 This test method is not applicable to liquefied petroleum gases or fuels containing oxygenated compounds other than methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE). For determination of the vapor pressure of liquefied petroleum gases, refer to Test Method D1267 or Test Method D6897. For determination of the vapor pressure of gasoline-oxygenate blends, refer to Test Method D4953. The precision for crude oil has not been determined since the early 1950s (see Note 3). Test Method D6377 has been approved as a method for determination of vapor pressure of crude oil. IP 481 is a test method for determination of the air-saturated vapor pressure of crude oil.


ASTM D3278-96(2011)

Standard Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for determining whether a material does or does not flash at a specified temperature or for determining the lowest finite temperature at which a material does flash when using a small scale closed-cup apparatus. The test methods are applicable to paints, enamels, lacquers, varnishes, and related products having a flash point between 0 and 110°C (32 and 230°F) and viscosity lower than 150 St at 25°C (77°F).

Note 1—Tests at higher or lower temperatures are possible.

Note 2—More viscous materials may be tested in accordance with Annex A4.

Note 3—Organic peroxides may be tested in accordance with Annex A5, which describes the applicable safety precautions.

Note 4—The U.S. Department of Labor (OSHA, Hazard Communications), the U.S. Department of Transportation (RSPA), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have specified Test Methods D3278 as one of several acceptable methods for the determination of flash point of liquids in their regulations.

Note 5—These test methods are similar to International Standards ISO 3679 and ISO 3680.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard should be used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire-hazard or fire-risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of the test may be used as elements of a fire-hazard or a fire-risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard or fire risk of a particular end use.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 8.1 and 11.2.


ASTM D3828-16a

Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for flash point tests, within the range of –30 °C to 300 °C, of petroleum products and biodiesel liquid fuels, using a small scale closed cup tester. The procedures may be used to determine, whether a product will or will not flash at a specified temperature (flash/no flash Method A) or the flash point of a sample (Method B). When used in conjunction with an electronic thermal flash detector, these test methods are also suitable for flash point tests on biodiesels such as fatty acid methyl esters (FAME).

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Warning statements appear throughout. See also the Material Safety Data Sheets for the product being tested.


ASTM D445-19

Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

1.1 This test method specifies a procedure for the determination of the kinematic viscosity, , of liquid petroleum products, both transparent and opaque, by measuring the time for a volume of liquid to flow under gravity through a calibrated glass capillary viscometer. The dynamic viscosity, , can be obtained by multiplying the kinematic viscosity, , by the density, , of the liquid. Note 1: For the measurement of the kinematic viscosity and viscosity of bitumens, see also Test Methods D2170 and D2171 . Note 2: ISO 3104 corresponds to Test Method D445 03. 1.2 The result obtained from this test method is dependent upon the behavior of the sample and is intended for application to liquids for which primarily the shear stress and shear rates are proportional (Newtonian flow behavior). If, however, the viscosity varies significantly with the rate of shear, different results may be obtained from viscometers of different capillary diameters. The procedure and precision values for residual fuel oils, which under some conditions exhibit non-Newtonian behavior, have been included. 1.3 The range of kinematic viscosities covered by this test method is from 0.2 mm 2 /s to 300 000 mm 2 /s (see Table A1.1 ) at all temperatures (see 6.3 and 6.4 ). The precision has only been determined for those materials, kinematic viscosity ranges and temperatures as shown in the footnotes to the precision section. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The SI unit used in this test method for kinematic viscosity is mm 2 /s, and the SI unit used in this test method for dynamic viscosity is mPa s. For user reference, 1 mm 2 /s = 10 -6 m 2 /s = 1 cSt and 1 mPa s = 1 cP = 0.001 Pa s. 1.5 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney, and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA s website http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury-containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5/D5M-19

Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials

1.1 This test method covers determination of the penetration of semi-solid and solid bituminous materials. 1.2 The needles, containers, and other conditions described in this test method provide for the determinations of penetrations up to 500. Note 1: See the section on Penetration of Test Methods D244 for information and precision and bias on testing emulsion residue. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and gures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D56-16a

Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the flash point, by tag manual and automated closed testers, of liquids with a viscosity below 5.5 mm2/s (cSt) at 40 °C (104 °F), or below 9.5 mm2/s (cSt) at 25 °C (77 °F), and a flash point below 93 °C (200 °F).

1.2 This test method can be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and cannot be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test method can be used as elements of fire risk assessment that takes into account all of the factors that are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.

1.3 Related standards are Test Methods D93, D1310, D3828, D3278, and D3941.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA’s website—http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm—for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements see 8.2, 8.3, 9.5, 12.5, and refer to Material Safety Data Sheets.


ASTM D86-18

Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

1.1 This test method covers the atmospheric distillation of petroleum products and liquid fuels using a laboratory batch distillation unit to determine quantitatively the boiling range characteristics of such products as light and middle distillates, automotive spark-ignition engine fuels with or without oxygenates (see Note 1 ), aviation gasolines, aviation turbine fuels, diesel fuels, biodiesel blends up to 20 %, marine fuels, special petroleum spirits, naphthas, white spirits, kerosines, and Grades 1 and 2 burner fuels. Note 1: An interlaboratory study was conducted in 2008 involving 11 different laboratories submitting 15 data sets and 15 different samples of ethanol-fuel blends containing 25 % volume, 50 % volume, and 75 % volume ethanol. The results indicate that the repeatability limits of these samples are comparable or within the published repeatability of the method (with the exception of FBP of 75 % ethanol-fuel blends). On this basis, it can be concluded that Test Method D86 is applicable to ethanol-fuel blends such as Ed75 and Ed85 (Specification D5798 ) or other ethanol-fuel blends with greater than 10 % volume ethanol. See ASTM RR:D02-1694 for supporting data. 2 1.2 The test method is designed for the analysis of distillate fuels; it is not applicable to products containing appreciable quantities of residual material. 1.3 This test method covers both manual and automated instruments. 1.4 Unless otherwise noted, the values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only. 1.5 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D88/D88M-07(2019)e1

Standard Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity

1.1 This test method covers the empirical procedures for determining the Saybolt Universal or Saybolt Furol viscosities of petroleum products at specified temperatures between 21 and 99 C [70 and 210 F]. A special procedure for waxy products is indicated. Note 1: Test Methods D445 and D2170/D2170M are preferred for the determination of kinematic viscosity. They require smaller samples and less time, and provide greater accuracy. Kinematic viscosities may be converted to Saybolt viscosities by use of the tables in Practice D2161 . It is recommended that viscosity indexes be calculated from kinematic rather than Saybolt viscosities. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D93-18

Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the flash point of petroleum products in the temperature range from 40 C to 370 C by a manual Pensky-Martens closed-cup apparatus or an automated Pensky-Martens closed-cup apparatus, and the determination of the flash point of biodiesel in the temperature range of 60 C to 190 C by an automated Pensky-Martens closed cup apparatus. Note 1: Flash point determinations above 250 C can be performed, however, the precision has not been determined above this temperature. For residual fuels, precision has not been determined for flash points above 100 C. The precision of in-use lubricating oils has not been determined. Some specifications state a D93 minimum flash point below 40 C, however, the precision has not been determined below this temperature. 1.2 Procedure A is applicable to distillate fuels (diesel, biodiesel blends, kerosine, heating oil, turbine fuels), new and in-use lubricating oils, and other homogeneous petroleum liquids not included in the scope of Procedure B or Procedure C. 1.3 Procedure B is applicable to residual fuel oils, cutback residua, used lubricating oils, mixtures of petroleum liquids with solids, petroleum liquids that tend to form a surface film under test conditions, or are petroleum liquids of such kinematic viscosity that they are not uniformly heated under the stirring and heating conditions of Procedure A. 1.4 Procedure C is applicable to biodiesel (B100). Since a flash point of residual alcohol in biodiesel is difficult to observe by manual flash point techniques, automated apparatus with electronic flash point detection have been found suitable. 1.5 These test methods are applicable for the detection of contamination of relatively nonvolatile or nonflammable materials with volatile or flammable materials. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. 1.6.1 Exception The values given in parentheses are for information only. Note 2: It has been common practice in flash point standards for many decades to alternately use a C-scale or an F-scale thermometer for temperature measurement. Although the scales are close in increments, they are not equivalent. Because the F-scale thermometer used in this procedure is graduated in 5 F increments, it is not possible to read it to the 2 C equivalent increment of 3.6 F. Therefore, for the purposes of application of the procedure of the test method for the separate temperature scale thermometers, different increments must be used. In this test method, the following protocol has been adopted: When a temperature is intended to be a converted equivalent, it will appear in parentheses following the SI unit, for example 370 C (698 F). When a temperature is intended to be a rationalized unit for the alternate scale, it will appear after or, for example, 2 C or 5 F. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 6.4 , 7.1 , 9.3 , 9.4 , 11.1.2 , 11.1.4 , 11.1.8 , 11.2.2 , and 12.1.2 . 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F2412-18a

Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection

1.1 These test methods measure the resistance of footwear to a variety of hazards that can potentially result in injury. 1.2 These test methods may be used to test for compliance to minimum performance requirements in established safety standards. 1.2.1 By agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, or as required by established safety standards, these test methods can be used to determine any one, or all of the following: (1) impact resistance (I), (2) compression resistance (C), (3) metatarsal impact resistance (Mt), (4) resistance to electrical conductivity (Cd), (5) resistance to electric hazard (EH), (6) static dissipative performance (SD), and (7) puncture resistance (PR). 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F2413-18

Standard Specification for Performance Requirements for Protective (Safety) Toe Cap Footwear

1.1 This specification covers minimum requirements for the performance of footwear to provide protection against a variety of workplace hazards that can potentially result in injury. 1.2 This specification is not intended to serve as a detailed manufacturing or purchasing specification, but can be referenced in purchase contracts to ensure that minimum performance requirements are met. 1.3 Controlled laboratory tests used to determine compliance with the performance requirements of this specification shall not be deemed as establishing performance levels for all situations to which individuals may be exposed. 1.4 Any changes to the original components of safety toe footwear such as replacing or adding after market footbeds/inserts could cause failure to any or all parts of this standard rendering the ASTM marking invalid. 1.5 This specification is not applicable to overshoes with safety toe caps or strap on devices with safety toes. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


AWS B2.1/B2.1M:2014

Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification

This specification provides requirements for welding procedure and welding performance qualification. It is the intent that this specification be referenced by other documents, such as codes, specifications, contracts, and quality control or quality assurance manuals. Such documents are recognized in this specification as Referencing Documents. Requirements imposed by the Referencing Document supersede the requirements of this specification. The requirements for the qualification of welding procedures are provided in Clause 4, Procedure Qualification. The requirements for the performance qualification of welders and welding operators are provided in Clause 5, Performance Qualification.


AWS D1.1/D1.1M:2015

Structural Welding Code -Steel

This code covers the welding requirements for any type of welded structure made from the commonly used carbon and low-alloy constructional steels. Clauses 1 through 9 constitute a body of rules for the regulation of welding in steel construction. There are nine normative and eleven informative annexes in this code. A Commentary of the code is included with the document


ANSI B11.19-2010

Performance Requirements for Safeguarding

This standard provides performance requirements for the design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance of the safeguarding (guards, safeguarding devices, awareness devices, safeguarding methods). Incorporates some of the requirements of ANSI B15.1-2000 (R2008.)




CGA E-1-2016

Standard for Rubber Welding Hose and Hose Connections for Gas Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes

This standard provides specifications for multi-service rubber hose used for welding, cutting, and allied processes. This standard also describes connections for regulator outlets, torches, and fitted hose for welding and cutting equipment. It provides the dimensions of components (threaded connector, tailpiece, and coupling nut) for 18 different connections (Connection No. 020 through Connection No. 037) that can be used to connect gas hoses with torches and regulator outlets. To promote safety and reliability in service, the performance requirements that shall be met by the completed assemblies at the time of manufacture or rebuilding are specified. This standard does not apply to liquefied petroleum (LP) gas hose covered under Natioanl Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code applicable to the propane industry [4]. This standard describes the performance requirements of the hose that is fitted on the tailpiece with a clamp or ferrule.


CGA E-3-2008 (R2014)

Low Pressure Pipeline Station Outlet/Regulator Inlet Connection Standard

This standard specifies the connections on removable pipeline regulators and station outlets used in the welding, cutting and allied processes where the pipeline pressure does not exceed 200 psi (1380 kPa).1,2 Removable connections are those that are commonly and readily engaged or disengaged in routine use and service. A regulator connected to or in the pipeline by pipe threads, bolted flanges, etc., is not considered removable.









CGA V-1-2013

Standard for Compressed Gas Cylinder Valve Outlet and Inlet Connections

Detailed dimension drawings of 115 valve outlet connections for nearly 270 different products Covers threaded connections yoke outlets and the Pin Index Safety System for flush outlet valves of the yoke type used for medical gases The scope of this standard is to provide connections that minimize the possibility of hazardous misconnections This standard is based on a coordinated plan for the inclusion of future connections as they are required on cylinders that are not permanently manifolded during transport and use Standard outlet connections for respective gases are fully defined and complete in themselves The outlet connections are designed to minimize the possibility of hazardous misconnections


ICC IFC-2018

2018 International Fire Code

The IFC contains regulations to safeguard life and property from fires and explosion hazards. Topics include general precautions, emergency planning and preparedness, fire department access and water supplies, automatic sprinkler systems, fire alarm systems, special hazards, and the storage and use of hazardous materials. For the most current adoptions details go to International Code Adoptions Key changes to the IFC include: New provisions address hazards related to outdoor pallet storage, higher education laboratories, mobile food trucks and plant processing and extraction activities. Required sprinkler protection of Group E occupancies has been expanded through the introduction of a new thresholds related to fire areas. Manual fire alarm systems in Group A occupancies are now required not only when the occupant load is 300 or more but also where the occupant load exceeds 100 above or below the lowest level of exit discharge. A manual fire alarm system and an automatic smoke detection system are no longer required in Group R-4 occupancies. Mass Notification Requirements for college and university buildings have been added to the code. New provisions require illumination for the exit discharge path of travel to the public way or to a safe dispersal area for all occupancies. Sprinkler protection is now required in existing Group A-2 occupancies having an occupant load of 300 or more where alcoholic beverages are consumed. A new chapter has been added to address issues related to Energy Systems. Provisions have been added to address the hazards associated with outdoor assembly events, indoor trade shows and exhibitions. The fire watch requirements for construction and demolition activities have been enhanced. The provisions for the maintenance of fire and smoke protection features in Chapter 7 have been enhanced and reorganized. The applicability of the decorative materials requirements in Chapter 8 have been clarified. Integrated testing requirements for fire protection and life safety systems have been added for high rise buildings and smoke control systems. The requirements for gas detection systems have been revised throughout the code to be more reflective of industry practice.


ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2015

American National Standard for Occupational and Educational Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices

This standard sets forth criteria related to the general requirements, testing, permanent marking, selection, care, and use of protectors to minimize the occurrence and severity or prevention of injuries from such hazards as impact, non-ionizing radiation and liquid splash exposures in occupational and educational environments including, but not limited to, machinery operations, material welding and cutting, chemical handling, and assembly operations. Certain hazardous exposures are not covered in this standard. These include, but are not limited to: Bloodborne pathogens, X-rays, high energy particulate radiation, microwaves, radio-frequency radiation lasers, masers, and sports and recreation.


ANSI/ISEA Z89.1-2014

American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection

This standard describes Types and Classes, testing and performance requirements for protective helmets. These include recommended safety requirements for authorities considering the establishment of regulations or codes concerning the use of protective helmets.


ISO 10156:2017

Gas cylinders - Gases and gas mixtures - Determination of fire potential and oxidizing ability for the selection of cylinder valve outlets

ISO 10156:2017 specifies methods for determining whether or not a gas or gas mixture is flammable in air and whether a gas or gas mixture is more or less oxidizing than air under atmospheric conditions.

ISO 10156:2017 is intended to be used for the classification of gases and gas mixtures including the selection of gas cylinder valve outlets.

ISO 10156:2017 does not cover the safe preparation of these mixtures under pressure and at temperatures other than ambient.


ISO 13943:2017

Fire safety - Vocabulary

ISO 13943:2017 defines terminology relating to fire safety as used in ISO and IEC fire standards.


ISO 3471:2008

Earth-moving machinery - Roll-over protective structures - Laboratory tests and performance requirements

ISO 3471:2008 specifies performance requirements for metallic roll-over protective structures (ROPS) for earth-moving machinery, as well as a consistent and reproducible means of evaluating the compliance with these requirements by laboratory testing using static loading on a representative specimen.

ISO 3471:2008 is applicable to ROPS intended for the following mobile machines with seated operator as defined in ISO 6165 and with a mass greater than or equal to 700 kg: dozer; loader; backhoe loader; dumper; pipelayer; tractor section (prime mover) of a combination machine (e.g. tractor scraper, articulated frame dumper); grader; landfill compactor; roller; trencher.

ISO 3471:2008 is not applicable to training seats or additional seats for operation of an attachment.


ANSI/OPEI B175.1-2012 (AND A1-2014)

Outdoor Power Equipment û Internal Combustion Engine-Powered Hand-Held Chain Saws -Safety and Environmental Requirements

The requirements of this standard apply to internal combustion engine-powered hand-held chain saws and replacement saw chains for use primarily in cutting wood. This standard shall be applied to new products within 2 years of the publication date and manufacturers may apply this standard to existing products


ANSI/PSAI Z4.1-2016

Sanitation - In Places of Employment - Minimum Requirements

This standard applies to minimum requirements for sanitation in all places of employment except where domestic, mining or common carrier transportation work only is performed. It does not apply to temporary employment locations or places where non-sewered waste disposal systems are in use as those are covered in American National Standard: For Sanitation Non-Sewered Waste Disposal Systems: Minimum Requirements, ANSI/PSAI Z4.3-2016. It also does not apply to family housing provided by the employer in one- or two-family dwellings, or to temporary labor camps; these are covered by American National Standard: For Sanitation in Temporary Labor Camps: Minimum Requirements, ANSI/PSAI Z4.4-2016. Measures to control toxic materials are outside the cope of this standard.


ANSI/SAIA A92.2-2015

American National Standard for Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices

This standard applies to the design, manufacture, testing, inspection, installation, maintenance, use, training, and operation of vehicle-mounted aerial devices.


ANSI O1.1-2013

Woodworking Machinery - Safety Requirements

Covers the safety requirements for the design, installation, care and use of woodworking machinery and accessory equipment, used in industrial and commercial applications, having a total connected power of 5 hp (3.7kw) or greater, or having 3-phase wiring.


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