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Machine Ergonomics

Machine Ergonomics standards provide a methodology for the application of ergonomics standard considerations in the design and implementation of machinery with the goal of risk reduction and safeguarding. Through analysis of the interaction between operators and machinery when installing, operating, adjusting, maintaining, repairing, or transporting equipment, safety techniques have been carefully reviewed and enhanced, thus minimizing risk for those who adhere to them. Included in the ergonomic design standards are exact dimensions for access openings into machines, specifications of requirements for human body measurement gathered from anthropomorphic data, application of control actuators, and much more.

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ISO 15534-1:2000

Ergonomic design for the safety of machinery - Part 1: Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole-body access into machinery

This part of ISO 15534 specifies the dimensions of openings for whole-body access into machinery as defined in ISO/TR 12100-1. It provides the dimensions to which the values given in ISO 15534-3 are applicable. Values for additional space requirements are given in annex A. This part of ISO 15534 has been prepared primarily for non-mobile machinery; there may be additional specific requirements for mobile machinery. Dimensions for passages are based on the values for either the 95th or the 99th percentiles of the expected user population. Values for the 99th percentile apply to emergency egress routes. The anthropometric data given in ISO 15534-3 originate from static measurements of nude persons and do not take into account body movements, clothing, equipment, machinery-operating conditions or environmental conditions. This part of ISO 15534 shows how to combine the anthropometric data with suitable allowances to take these factors into account. Situations where people are to be prevented from reaching a hazard are dealt with in ISO 13852.


ISO 15534-2:2000

Ergonomic design for the safety of machinery - Part 2: Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings

This part of ISO 15534 specifies the dimensions of openings for access into machinery as defined in ISO/TR 12100-1. It provides the dimensions to which the values given in ISO 15534-3 are applicable. Values for additional space requirements are given in annex A. This part of ISO 15534 has been prepared primarily for non-mobile machinery; there may be additional specific requirements for mobile machinery. Dimensions for access openings are based on the values for the 95th percentile, whereas reach distances are based on the values for the 5th percentile, in each case the least favourable body dimension of the expected user population being used as a basis. The same considerations apply to the location of access openings. The anthropometric data given in ISO 15534-3 originate from static measurements of nude persons and do not take into account body movements, clothing, equipment, machinery-operating conditions or environmental conditions. This part of ISO 15534 shows how to combine the anthropometric data with suitable allowances to take these factors into account. Situations where people are to be prevented from reaching a hazard are dealt with in ISO 13852.


ISO 15534-3:2000

Ergonomic design for the safety of machinery - Part 3: Anthropometric data

This part of ISO 15534 specifies current requirements for human body measurements (anthropometric data) that are required by ISO 15534-1 and ISO 15534-2 for the calculation of access-opening dimensions as applied to machinery. The anthropometric data originate from static measurements of nude persons and do not take into account body movements, clothing, equipment, machinery-operating conditions or environmental conditions. The data are based on information from anthropometric surveys representative of population groups within Europe comprising at least three million people. Both men and women are taken into account. Measurements are given, as required by ISO 15534-1 and ISO 15534-2, for the 5th, 95th and 99th percentiles of the relevant population group within Europe.


BS EN 13861:2011

Safety of machinery. Guidance for the application of ergonomics standards in the design of machinery (British Standard)

This European Standard provides a methodology to achieve a coherent application of various ergonomics standards for the design of machinery. This standard presents a step model calling upon specific standards. To this end, Annex A shows a reference table with relation between hazards as described in EN ISO 12100:2010 and applicable B-standards related to ergonomics. This European Standard can only be used in combination with other relevant ergonomics standards. This European Standard provides guidance where no relevant or suitable ergonomics clauses in C-type standards are available. This European Standard may also be used for incorporating ergonomics in the drafting of C-type standards (see Annex C for further information).


BS EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009

Safety of machinery. Ergonomic design principles. Terminology and general principles (British Standard)

This European Standard establishes the ergonomic principles to be followed during the process of design of machinery. This European Standard applies to the interactions between operators and machinery when installing, operating, adjusting, maintaining, cleaning, dismantling, repairing or transporting equipment, and outlines the principles to be followed in taking the health, safety and well-being of the operator into account. This European Standard provides a framework within which the range of more specific ergonomics standards and other related standards relevant to machinery design should be applied. The ergonomic principles given in this European Standard apply to all ranges of human abilities and characteristics to ensure safety, health and well-being and overall system performance. Information will need to be interpreted to suit the intended use. NOTE Although the principles in this European Standard are orientated towards machinery for occupational use, they are also applicable to equipment and machinery for private use.


BS EN 614-2:2000+A1:2008

Safety of machinery. Ergonomic design principles. Interactions between the design of machinery and work tasks (British Standard)

This European Standard establishes the ergonomics principles and procedures to be followed during the design process of machinery and operator work tasks. This European Standard deals specifically with task design in the context of machinery design, but the principles and methods may also be applied to job design. This European Standard is directed to designers and manufacturers of machinery and other work equipment. It will also be helpful to those who are concerned with the use of machinery and work equipment, e.g. to managers, organizers, operators and supervisors. In this European Standard the designer refers to the person or group of persons responsible for the design.


BS EN 894-1:1997+A1:2008

Safety of machinery. Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators. General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators (British Standard)

This European Standard applies to the design of displays and control actuators on machinery. It specifies general principles for human interaction with displays and control actuators, to minimise operator errors and to ensure an efficient interaction between the operator and the equipment. It is particularly important to observe these principles when an operator error may lead to injury or damage to health.


BS EN 894-2:1997+A1:2008

Safety of machinery. Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators. Displays (British Standard)

This European Standard gives guidance on the selection, design and location of displays to avoid potential ergonomic hazards associated with their use. It specifies ergonomics requirements and covers visual, audible and tactile displays. It applies to displays used in machinery (e.g. devices and installations, control panels, operating and monitoring consoles) for occupational and private use. Specific ergonomics requirements for visual display terminals (VDTs) used for office tasks are given in the standard EN ISO 9241.


BS EN 894-3:2000+A1:2008

Safety of machinery. Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators. Control actuators (British Standard)

This European Standard gives guidance on the selection, design and location of control actuators so that they are adapted to the requirements of the operators, are suitable for the control task in question and take account of the circumstances of their use. It applies to manual control actuators used in equipment for occupational and private use. It is particularly important to observe the recommendations in this European Standard where operating a control actuator may lead to injury or damage to health, either directly or as a result of a human error.


BS EN 894-4:2010

Safety of machinery. Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators. Location and arrangement of displays and control actuators (British Standard)

This European Standard contains ergonomic requirements for the location and arrangement of displays and control actuators in order to avoid hazards associated with their use. This European Standard applies to displays and control actuators for machinery and other interactive equipment (e.g. devices and installations, instrument panels, control and monitoring consoles). This European Standard is not applicable to the location and arrangement of displays and control actuators which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.


B11.TR1-2016

Ergonomic Guidelines for the Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools (NOT AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD)

The purpose of this guideline is to provide a uniform approach to ergonomic considerations for machine tools within the workplace. This document addresses those considerations which will assist in design, installation and use of manufacturing systems, including individual and integrated machine tools and auxiliary components.


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