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100 Newest Standards and Packages


AGMA 916-A19

Face Gears with Intersecting Perpendicular Axes

ABSTRACT This information sheet describes design calculations for spur pinions and face gears that intersect with perpendicular axes. The procedure described in this document will result in a face gear tooth geometry that is defined by the generating action of a reciprocating spur gear cutter which incorporates certain essential features of the mating pinion. The method described applies to all modules and profile angles. SCOPE This document describes design calculations for spur pinions and face gears that intersect with perpendicular axes. Face gears can also be designed in non-right-angled arrangements, helical arrangements or offset axis configurations. These methods go beyond the scope of this document. The procedure described in this document will result in a face gear tooth geometry that is defined by the generating action of a reciprocating spur gear cutter which incorporates certain essential features of the mating pinion. The manufacturing approach described by this procedure is outlined in Clause 4.


AIAG B-4:2018

B-4: Parts Identification and Tracking Application Standard (Secured file - cannot be printed)

Outlines the symbologies recommended for automotive part identification & tracking. Recommends the use of the linear symbologies, Code 39 or Code 128, or the 2D symbologies, Data Matrix or QR Code. Version3 adds Code 128 & QR symbologies. Version 3- 02/2003


AIAG CQI-15:2020

Special Process: Welding System Assessment (Secured file - cannot be printed)

The goal of the publication is the development of a weld management system that provides for continual improvement, emphasizing defect prevention and the reduction of variation and waste in the supply chain. This manual includes an excel file which contains the welding system assessment worksheets.


ANSI O5.2-2020

Structural Glued Laminated Timber for Utility Structures

This standard covers requirements for manufacturing and quality control of structural glued laminated timber of Southern Pine (longleaf, slash, shortleaf, loblolly), Coast Douglas-fir, Hem-Fir and other species of similar treatability for electric power and communication structures. The requirements are based on those in American National Standard for Structural Glued Laminated Timber, ANSI A190.1. This standard is supplemental to ANSI A190.1 and provides descriptions of the special manufacturing and design requirements for glued laminated utility structures. The term, structural glued laminated timber, as used in this standard, refers to an engineered,stress-rated product of a timber laminating plant comprising assemblies of specially selected and prepared wood laminations securely bonded together with adhesives. The grain of all laminations is approximately parallel longitudinally. They may comprise pieces end joined to form any length, or pieces placed or glued edge-to-edge to make wider ones or of pieces bent to curved form during gluing. Timbers manufactured in accordance with this standard can be stressed in axial tension or axial compression, loaded in bending parallel to or perpendicular to the wide face of the laminations, or any combination of the above. Members that are normally loaded in bending about one axis of a laminated timber may, under other loading conditions, be stressed about the other axis, or about both axes and shall be designed accordingly. See Standard Specifications for Structural Glued Laminated Timber of Softwood Species, ANSI 117, for descriptions of various arrangements of laminations within a laminated member. Other combinations of grades of lumber are available that may be more desirable and economical, depending upon the design and loading requirements of the timber and availability of various grades. All timbers produced in accordance with the requirements of this standard are intended for use in exterior construction and, therefore, will be exposed to both wet and dry conditions of use.


ANSI/ANS-19.6.1-2019

Reload Startup Physics Tests for Pressurized Water Reactors

This standard applies to the reactor physics tests that are performed following a refueling or other core alteration of a pressurized water reactor (PWR) for which nuclear design calculations are required. This standard does not address the physics test program for the initial core of a commercial PWR. This standard specifies the minimum acceptable startup reactor physics test program to determine if the operating characteristics of the core are consistent with the design predictions, which provides assurance that the core can be operated as designed. This standard does not address surveillance of reactor physics parameters during operation or other required tests, such as mechanical tests of system components (for example, the rod drop time test), visual verification requirements for fuel assembly loading, or the calibration of instrumentation or control systems (even though these tests are an integral part of an overall program to ensure that the core behaves as designed).


AORN MAN-835F-2020

Guideline for Surgical Attire

Guidelines for surgical attire including jewelry, clothing, shoes, head coverings, masks, jackets, and other accessories worn in the semirestricted and restricted areas of the surgical or invasive procedure setting.


AORN MAN-836E-2020

Guideline for Hand Hygiene

Guidelines for hand hygiene, hand washing, and surgical hand scrubs for surgical and other invasive procedures. Hand hygiene is a primary method of decreasing healthcare-associated infections. Hand hygiene, hand washing, and surgical hand scrubs are the most effective way to prevent and control infections and represent the least expensive means of achieving both.


AORN MAN-840E-2020

Guideline for Minimally Invasive Surgery

Guidelines for perioperative personnel to reduce risks to patients and the perioperative team during minimally invasive surgery and computer-assisted technology procedures; to perioperative registered nurses to assist in managing distention media (eg, gas, fluid) and irrigation fluid; and to health care administrators to identify considerations, including workplace safety and ergonomics, that need to be addressed when expanding services to accommodate new trends. These recommended practices also address how to establish safe practices for preventing potential hazards associated with surgical smoke.


AORN MAN-843E-2020

Guideline for Care of Patients Undergoing Pneumatic Tourniquet-Assisted Procedures

Guidelines for perioperative team members on the use of pneumatic tourniquets. These guidelines provide information about testing, applying, and cleaning pneumatic tourniquet equipment, and the patient care associated with the safe use of this equipment. Pneumatic tourniquet equipment consists of a pressure regulator with display, connective tubing, and an inflatable cuff. These recommended practices provide general guidelines for developing policies and procedures for safe use of a pneumatic tourniquet in the practice setting.


AORN MAN-844D-2020

Guideline for Medical Device and Product Evaluation

These are guidelines for selecting medical devices and other products used in perioperative settings. Many facilities belong to purchasing organizations and may be limited to selecting products from contract vendors. As new medical devices and products are introduced, choices continue to exist, and perioperative nurses continue to have an integral role in evaluating and selecting products that may affect the quality and safety of perioperative patient care.


AORN MAN-845D-2020

Guideline for Autologous Tissue Management

Surgical tissue banking encompasses procuring, processing, preserving, and/or storing selected human cells and tissue. Human tissue includes, but is not limited to, bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, fascia, dura mater, sclera, corneas, heart valves/conduits, bone marrow, vessels, and skin. It is beyond the scope of these guidelines to address all areas of tissue banking, solid organ transplantation, or nonhuman tissue. These recommended practices provide guidance for developing organizational policies and procedures that are specific to the needs of surgical patients and address the perioperative practice setting and expertise required of personnel.


AORN MAN-847H-2020

Guideline for a Safe Environment of Care

These guidelines provide guidance for providing a safe environment of care related to patients and perioperative personnel and the equipment used in the perioperative environment. They include information on musculoskeletal injury, fire safety, electrical equipment, clinical and alert alarms, blanket- and solution-warming cabinets, medical gas cylinders, waste anesthesia gases, latex, chemicals including methyl methacrylate bone cement, and hazardous waste.


AORN MAN-848E-2020

Guideline for Environmental Cleaning

These guidelines provide guidance for environmental cleaning and disinfection in the surgical practice setting.


AORN MAN-849E-2020

Guideline for Radiation Safety

Radiological procedures are an invaluable medical diagnostic and treatment tool and, if proper safety procedures are followed, create only minimal risks to both the patient and healthcare personnel. These guidelines provide guidance for the protection of patients and personnel from unsafe levels of radiation during surgical and other invasive procedures which require the use of ionizing radiation.


AORN MAN-850E-2020

Guideline for Specimen Management

These guidelines provide guidance for management of surgical specimens in the perioperative practice setting, including guidance for the handling of body parts being reattached to the patient, forensic and radioactive specimens, and explanted medical devices and orthopedic hardware. Surgical techniques for resection of specimens is outside the scope of this recommended practices document. This document does not address clinical laboratory specimens obtained for diagnostic or other screening procedures performed on blood, body fluids, or other potentially infectious materials.


AORN MAN-851F-2020

Guideline for Transmission-Based Precautions

Protecting patients and health care practitioners from potentially infectious agent transmission continues to be a primary focus of perioperative registered nurses. The prevention and control of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) requires that all health care organizations implement, evaluate, and adjust efforts to decrease the risk of transmission. These recommended practices are intended to guide perioperative RNs in implementing standard precautions and transmission-based precautions (ie, contact, droplet, airborne) to prevent infection in the perioperative practice setting. Additional guidance is provided for bloodborne pathogens; personal protective equipment (PPE); health care-associated infections and multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs); immunization; and activities of health care workers with infections, exudative lesions, and nonintact skin.


AORN MAN-853D-2020

Guideline for Prevention of Hypothermia

These recommended practices provide guidance to perioperative registered nurses in optimizing patient care practices to maintain normothermia and prevent unplanned hypothermia.


AORN MAN-854C-2020

Guideline for Care of the Patient Receiving Local Anesthesia

These are guidelines for perioperative registered nurses managing patients receiving local infiltration or topical anesthesia, without the use of sedation or regional anesthesia.


AORN MAN-855C-2020

Guideline for Care of the Patient Receiving Moderate Sedation/Analgesia

Moderate sedation/analgesia is a drug-induced,mild depression of consciousness achieved by the administration of sedatives or the combination of sedatives and analgesic medications, most often administered intravenously, and titrated to achieve a desired effect. These guidelines provide guidelines for perioperative registered nursed administering moderate sedation.


AORN MAN-856C-2020

Guideline for Positioning the Patient

Prevention of positioning injury requires anticipation of the positioning equipment necessary based on the patient s identified needs and the planned operative or invasive procedure, application of the principles of body mechanics and ergonomics, ongoing assessment throughout the perioperative period, and coordination with the entire perioperative team. These recommended practices provide guidelines for positioning the patient in the perioperative setting.


AORN MAN-857D-2020

Guideline for Preoperative Patient Skin Antisepsis

The goal of preoperative preparation of the patient s skin is to reduce the risk of postoperative surgical site infection by removing soil and transient microorganisms from the skin; reduce the resident microbial count to subpathogenic levels in a short period of time and with the least amount of tissue irritation; and inhibit rapid, rebound growth of microorganisms.These recommended practices provide guidance for achieving skin preparation of the surgical site.


AORN MAN-859E-2020

Guideline for High-Level Disinfection

These guidelines provide guidance for achieving high-level disinfection of instruments and equipment.


AORN MAN-860D-2020

Guideline for Processing Flexible Endoscopes

These guidelines assist personnel in the care, cleaning, decontamination, maintenance, handling, storage, and sterilization and/or disinfection of flexible and rigid endoscopes and related accessories.


AORN MAN-861D-2020

Guideline for Cleaning and Care of Surgical Instruments

These are guidelines to assist perioperative registered nurses in decontaminating and preparing surgical instruments and powered equipment for terminal sterilization and disinfection.These recommended practices complement AORN s Guideline for sterilization and Guidelines for high-level disinfection.


AORN MAN-862E-2020

Guideline for Sterilization Packaging Systems

Guidelines for the evaluation, selection, and use of packaging systems for items to be sterilized.


AORN MAN-864G-2020

Guideline for Sterilization

One of the measures for preventing surgical site infections is to provide surgical items that are free of contamination at the time of use. This can be accomplished by subjecting them to cleaning and decontamination, followed by a sterilization process. Sterilization provides the highest level of assurance that surgical items are free of viable microbes. These recommended practices provide guidance for sterilizing items to be used in the surgical environment. Steam, ethylene oxide (EO), low-temperature hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, peracetic acid, ozone, and dry heat sterilization methods are addressed.


AORN MAN-875E-2020

Guideline for Prevention of Retained Surgical Items

Guidelines for perioperative registered nurses in preventing retained surgical items in patients undergoing surgical and other invasive procedures.


AORN MAN-877C-2020

Guideline for Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism

The purpose of these guidelines is to guide perioperative RNs by providing a framework for developing a protocol for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prevention. These guidelines provide guidance for administering pharmacologic and/or mechanical DVT prophylaxis and patient and health care personnel education. Although the prevention of DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE) should be a priority of the entire health care organization, the particular risks facing perioperative patients makes it imperative that perioperative RNs take an active role in DVT prevention.


AORN MAN-878C-2020

Guideline for Patient Information Management

This guideline provides guidance to assist perioperative nurses in documenting and managing patient care information within the perioperative practice setting. This document should be viewed as a conceptual outline that can be used to create a comprehensive documentation platform.


AORN MAN-879D-2020

Guideline for Medication Safety

These guidelines are intended to provide guidance to perioperative RNs to develop, implement, and evaluate safe medication management practices specific to the perioperative setting. The recommendations are consistent with the six phases of the medication use process, including procuring, prescribing, transcribing, dispensing, administering, and monitoring. In addition, these recommendations provide guidance for the comprehensive planning required for managing medication inventory across the medication use process.


AORN MAN-881E-2020

Guidelines for Design and Maintenance of the Surgical Suite

These guidelines provide guidance for the design of the building structure; movement of patients, personnel, supplies, and equipment through the suite; safety during construction; environmental controls (eg, heating, ventilation, air conditioning [HVAC]); maintenance of structural surfaces; power failure response planning; security; and control of noise and distractions. Disaster response and recovery are outside the scope of this document.


AORN MAN-889E-2020

Guideline for Sterile Technique

Sterile technique involves the use of specific actions and activities to prevent contamination and maintain sterility of identified areas during operative and other invasive procedures. Implementing sterile technique when preparing, performing, or assisting with surgical and other invasive procedures is the cornerstone of maintaining sterility and preventing microbial contamination. The creation and maintenance of a sterile field can directly influence patient outcomes. Perioperative team members must be vigilant in safeguarding the sterility of the field and ensuring that the principles and processes of sterile technique are followed and implemented. Perioperative team members should understand the professional responsibility to ensure that contamination of the sterile field is remedied immediately, and to make certain that any item for which sterility is in question is not used.


AORN MAN-890D-2020

Guideline for Sharps Safety

These guidelines assist perioperative registered nurses (RNs) in identifying potential sharps hazards and developing and implementing best practices to prevent sharps injuries and reduce bloodborne pathogen exposure to perioperative patients and personnel.


AORN MAN-891D-2020

Guideline for Complementary Care Interventions

This document provides guidance for perioperative registered nurses (RNs) when complementary care interventions are implemented in the perioperative setting. This document includes guidance for music therapy, hypnosis, massage, acupuncture and acupressure, aromatherapy, Reiki, and guided imagery for patients before, during, or after surgery. The goal of complementary care interventions is to minimize the anxiety and pain of the perioperative patient.


AORN MAN-892B-2020

Guideline for Safe Use of Energy-Generating Devices

Guidelines for perioperative nurses in the use and care of electrosurgical and laser equipment, including high frequency, ultrasound, and argon beam modalities, as well as establishing safe practices for preventing potential hazards associated with surgical smoke.


AORN MAN-895A-2020

Guidelines for Safe Patient Handling and Movement

This guideline provides guidance to assist perioperative nurses in the area of patient handling and movement.


AORN-MAN-893A-2020

Guideline for Surgical Smoke Safety

This document provides guidance on surgical smoke safety precautions to help the perioperative team establish a safe environment for the surgical patient and team members through consistent use of control measures.


AORN-MAN-894A-2020

Guideline for Team Communication

This guideline provides guidance to assist perioperative nurses in the area of team communication.


ANSI X9.122-2020

Financial Services - Secure Customer Authentication for Internet Payments

Whereas the Internet offers a ubiquitous but insecure channel that is susceptible to eavesdropping, phishing, man-in-the-middle, counterfeit web sites, and system intrusions including malware, spyware, screen scraping, key stroke loggers, mouse monitors, and man-in-the-browser attacks, this standard defines requirements for secure authentication methods for Internet-based payment transactions. Where applicable, this standard also provides guidance for using other industry standards on the Internet.


ANSI/ASHRAE/NEMA Standard 201-2016 (R2020)

Facility Smart Grid Information Model

Defines an abstract, object-oriented information model to enable appliances and control systems in homes, buildings, and industrial facilities to manage electrical loads and generation sources in response to communication with a "smart" electrical grid and to communicate information about those electrical loads to utility and other electrical service providers. Dual units of measurement.


ASHRAE Guideline 41-2020

Design, Installation and Commissioning of Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Systems

Provides the procedures and design factors a design engineer should consider; the requirements and installation factors the installing contractor should consider; and the performance, commissioning, and operational factors the contractor and maintenance personnel should consider for a variable refrigerant flow (VRF) system. Intended for use with nonresidential building systems (including, but not limited to, hotels, office buildings, hospitals and other health care facilities, assisted living facilities, schools and universities, commercial buildings, industrial buildings, etc.) and centralized heating/cooling systems in multifamily residential buildings. Not intended for use with low-rise, single-family, residential buildings. Dual units of measurement.


ANSI/ASSP A10.46-2020

Hearing Loss Prevention for Construction and Demolition Workers

This standard applies to all construction and demolition workers with potential noise exposures (continuous, intermittent and impulse) of 85 dBA and above.


ASTM A363-03(2020)e1

Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Overhead Ground Wire Strand

1.1 This specification covers high-strength, extra-high-strength, and utilities grades of concentric lay steel wire strand composed of three wires or seven wires with Class A, Class B, or Class C zinc coatings specifically intended for use as overhead ground wires or static wires for electric power transmission lines. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A463/A463M-15(2020)e1

Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Aluminum-Coated, by the Hot-Dip Process

1.1 This specification covers aluminum-coated steel sheet in coils and cut lengths available with two types of aluminum coating applied by the hot-dip process, with several coating weights [masses]. 1.2 Product furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the latest issue of Specification A924/A924M , unless otherwise provided herein. 1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.4 This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as A463 ) or SI units [as A463M ]. Values in inch-pound and SI units are not necessarily equivalent. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. Each system shall be used independently of the other. 1.5 Unless the order specifies the M designation (SI units), the product shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A488/A488M-18e2

Standard Practice for Steel Castings, Welding, Qualifications of Procedures and Personnel

1.1 This practice covers the qualification of procedures, welders, and operators for the fabrication and repair of steel castings by electric arc welding. 1.1.1 Qualifications of a procedure and either or both the operator or welder under Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code shall automatically qualify the procedure and either or both the operator or welder under this practice. P-number designations in the ASME grouping of base metals for qualification may be different than the category numbers listed in Table 1 . Refer to Appendix X1 for a comparison of ASTM category numbers with the corresponding ASME P-number designations. 1.2 Each manufacturer or contractor is responsible for the welding done by his organization and shall conduct the tests required to qualify his welding procedures, welders, and operators. 1.3 Each manufacturer or contractor shall maintain a record of welding procedure qualification tests ( Fig. 1 ), welder or operator performance qualification tests ( Fig. 2 ), and welding procedure specification ( Fig. 3 ), which shall be made available to the purchaser's representative on request. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4.1 SI Units Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1187-20

Standard Guide for Establishing Surveillance Test Program for Boron-based Neutron Absorbing Material Systems for Use in Nuclear Fuel Storage Racks in Pool Environment

1.1 This guide provides guidance for establishing a surveillance test program to monitor the performance of boron-based neutron absorbing material systems (absorbers) necessary to maintain sub-criticality in nuclear fuel storage racks in a pool environment. The practices presented in this guide, when implemented, will provide a comprehensive surveillance test program to verify the functionality and integrity of the neutron absorbing material within the storage racks. The performance of a surveillance test program provides added assurance of the safe and effective operation of a high-density storage facility for nuclear fuel. There are several different techniques for surveillance testing of boron-based neutron absorbing materials. This guide focuses on coupon monitoring and in-situ testing. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1247-20

Standard Test Method for Durability of Sealants Exposed to Continuous Immersion in Liquids

1.1 This test method covers a laboratory procedure that assists in determining the durability of a sealant and its adhesion to a substrate while continuously immersed in a liquid. This method tests the influence of a liquid on the sealant and its adhesion to a substrate. It does not test the added influence of constant stress from hydrostatic pressure that is often present with sealants used in submerged and below-grade applications, nor does it test the added influence of stress from joint movement while immersed. This method also does not (in its standard form) test the added influence of acids or caustics or other materials that may be in the liquid, in many applications. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound given in parentheses are provided for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C125-20

Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

1.1 This standard is a compilation of definitions of terms as they are used in standards under the jurisdiction of Committee C09. 1.2 Other terminology under the jurisdiction of Committee C09 is included in two specialized standards. Terms relating to constituents of concrete aggregates are defined in Descriptive Nomenclature C294 . Terms relating to constituents of aggregates for radiation-shielding concrete are defined in Descriptive Nomenclature C638 . 1.3 Related terminology for hydraulic cement is included in Terminology C219 . In the event of conflict between definitions in Terminology C125 and definitions in Terminology C219 , definitions in Terminology C125 shall govern for Committee C09 standards. 1.4 When a term is used in an ASTM standard for which Committee C09 is responsible, it is included herein only if used in more than one Committee C09 standard. Note 1: The subcommittee responsible for this standard will review definitions on a five-year basis to determine if the definition is still appropriate as stated. Revisions will be made when determined necessary. The year shown in parentheses at the end of a definition indicates the year the definition or revision to the definition was approved. A letter R and a year indicate when the definition was reviewed. No date indicates the term has not yet been reviewed. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1293-20

Standard Test Method for Determination of Length Change of Concrete Due to Alkali-Silica Reaction

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the susceptibility of an aggregate or combination of an aggregate with pozzolan or slag for participation in expansive alkali-silica reaction by measurement of length change of concrete prisms. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. When combined standards are cited, the selection of measurement system is at the user s discretion subject to the requirements of the referenced standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 ) 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1356-07(2020)

Standard Test Method for Quantitative Determination of Phases in Portland Cement Clinker by Microscopical Point-Count Procedure

1.1 This test method covers a systematic procedure for measuring the percentage volume of the phases in portland cement clinker by microscopy. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1405-20

Standard Specification for Glazed Brick (Single Fired, Brick Units)

1.1 This specification covers brick, having a ceramic glaze finish fused to the body during the same process as the unit body firing, that are intended for use in masonry and supplying structural or facing components, or both, to the structure. This specification does not cover double-fired glazed brick. Some double-fired decorative glazes have physical properties, which vary from those of single-fired glazes due to the lower temperatures used in applying the decorative coating. 1.2 The property requirements of this specification apply at the time of purchase. The use of results from testing of brick extracted from masonry structures for determining conformance or nonconformance to the property requirements of this specification is beyond the scope of this specification. 1.3 Glazed brick are prismatic units available in a variety of sizes, textures, colors, and shapes. Glazed brick are manufactured from clay, shale, or similar naturally occurring earthy substances and subjected to a heat treatment at elevated temperatures (firing). The heat treatment shall develop a fired bond between the particulate constituents to provide the strength and durability requirements of this specification (see Terminology C1232 ). 1.4 Glazed brick are shaped during manufacture by molding, pressing, or extrusion, and the shaping method is a way to describe the brick. 1.5 Glazed brick are classified into one of two grades, one of two types, one of two classes, and one of three divisions. 1.6 Opacity of the glaze is not required unless specified by the purchaser. 1.7 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard. 1.8 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1609/C1609M-19a

Standard Test Method for Flexural Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (Using Beam With Third-Point Loading)

1.1 This test method evaluates the flexural performance of fiber-reinforced concrete using parameters derived from the load-deflection curve obtained by testing a simply supported beam under third-point loading using a closed-loop, servo-controlled testing system. 1.2 This test method provides for the determination of first-peak and peak loads and the corresponding stresses calculated by inserting them in the formula for modulus of rupture given in Eq 1 . It also requires determination of residual loads at specified deflections, the corresponding residual strengths calculated by inserting them in the formula for modulus of rupture given in Eq 1 (see Note 1 ). It provides for determination of specimen toughness based on the area under the load-deflection curve up to a prescribed deflection (see Note 2 ) and the corresponding equivalent flexural strength ratio. Note 1: Residual strength is not a true stress but an engineering stress computed using simple engineering bending theory for linear elastic materials and gross (uncracked) section properties. Note 2: Specimen toughness expressed in terms of the area under the load-deflection curve is an indication of the energy absorption capability of the particular test specimen, and its magnitude depends directly on the geometry of the test specimen and the loading configuration. 1.3 This test method utilizes two preferred specimen sizes of 100 by 100 by 350 mm [4 by 4 by 14 in.] tested on a 300 mm [12 in.] span, or 150 by 150 by 500 mm [6 by 6 by 20 in.] tested on a 450 mm [18 in.] span. A specimen size different from the two preferred specimen sizes is permissible. 1.4 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1778-19b

Standard Guide for Reducing the Risk of Deleterious Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete

1.1 This guide provides guidance on how to address the potential for deleterious alkali aggregate reaction (AAR) in concrete construction. This guide addresses the process of identifying both potentially alkali-silica reactive (ASR) and alkali-carbonate reactive (ACR) aggregates through standardized testing procedures and the selection of mitigation options to minimize the risk of expansion when ASR aggregates are used in concrete construction. Mitigation methods for ASR aggregates are selected using either prescriptive or performance-based alternatives. Preventive measures for ACR aggregates are limited to avoidance of use. Because the potential for deleterious reactions depends not only on the concrete mixture but also the in-service exposure, guidance is provided on the type of structures and exposure environments where AAR may be of concern. 1.2 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1892/C1892M-19e1

Standard Test Methods for Strength of Anchors in Masonry

1.1 These test methods address the tensile and shear strengths of post-installed and placed-during-construction anchors in masonry test specimens made of masonry assemblies. Environmental exposures include freezing and thawing, moisture, decreased and elevated temperatures and corrosion. These test methods provide basic testing procedures for use with product-specific evaluation and acceptance standards and are intended to be performed in a testing laboratory. Product-specific evaluation and acceptance standards may add specific details and appropriate parameters as needed to accomplish the testing. Only those tests required by the specifying authority need to be performed. 1.2 Loadings include quasi-static, dynamic, fatigue and shock. Environmental exposures include freezing and thawing, moisture, decreased and elevated temperatures and corrosion. 1.3 These test methods are intended for use with post-installed and placed-during-construction anchors designed for installation projecting from the surface of a masonry test specimen. 1.4 This standard prescribes separate procedures for static, dynamic, fatigue and shock testing. Nothing in this standard, however, shall preclude combined tests incorporating two or more of these types of loading (such as dynamic, fatigue and shock tests in series). 1.5 Both inch-pound and SI units are provided in this standard. The testing may be performed in either system and reported in that system and the results converted to the other. However, anchor diameters, threads, and related testing equipment shall be in accordance with either inch-pound or SI provisions. 1.6 Units The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C192/C192M-19

Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory

1.1 This practice covers procedures for making and curing test specimens of concrete in the laboratory under accurate control of materials and test conditions using concrete that can be consolidated by rodding or vibration as described herein. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to exposed skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 ) 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C212-20

Standard Specification for Structural Clay Facing Tile

1.1 This specification covers structural clay loadbearing facing tile. Structural facing tile are tile designed for use in interior and exterior unplastered walls and partitions of buildings. 1.2 The property requirements of this specification apply at the time of purchase. The use of results from testing of tile extracted from masonry structures for determining conformance or nonconformance to the property requirements (Section 6 ) of this standard is beyond the scope of this specification. 1.3 Tile covered by this specification are manufactured from clay, shale, or similar naturally occurring substances and subjected to a heat treatment at elevated temperatures (firing). The heat treatment must develop sufficient fired bond between the particulate constituents to provide the strength and durability requirements of this specification. (See firing and fired bond in Terminology C1232 .) 1.4 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C242-20

Standard Terminology of Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products

1.1 This terminology pertains to the terminology used in ceramic whitewares and related products. 1.2 Words adequately defined in standard dictionaries are not included. Included are words that are peculiar to this industry. Double words, hyphenated words, or phrases are listed alphabetically under the first word; additional important words are cross-referenced. 1.3 For definitions of terms relating to surface imperfections on ceramics, refer to Terminology F109 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C31/C31M-19a

Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field

1.1 This practice covers procedures for making and curing cylinder and beam specimens from representative samples of fresh concrete for a construction project. 1.2 The concrete used to make the molded specimens shall be sampled after all on-site adjustments have been made to the mixture proportions, including the addition of mix water and admixtures. This practice is not intended for making specimens from concrete not having measurable slump or requiring other sizes or shapes of specimens. 1.3 1.3 This practice is not applicable to lightweight insulating concrete or controlled low strength material (CLSM). Note 1: Test Method C495/C495M covers the preparation of specimens and the determination of the compressive strength of lightweight insulating concrete. Test Method D4832 covers procedures for the preparation, curing, transporting and testing of cylindrical test specimens of CLSM. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to exposed skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 ) 1.6 The text of this standard references notes which provide explanatory material. These notes shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C637-20

Standard Specification for Aggregates for Radiation-Shielding Concrete

1.1 This specification covers special aggregates and/or high-density aggregates for use in radiation-shielding concretes in which composition or high specific gravity, or both, are of prime consideration. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 The text of this standard refers to notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard. 1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 9 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C638-20

Standard Descriptive Nomenclature of Constituents of Aggregates for Radiation-Shielding Concrete

1.1 This descriptive nomenclature is intended to give accurate descriptions of some common or important naturally occurring and synthetic constituents of aggregates for radiation-shielding concrete, that, at the same time, are not common or important constituents of concrete aggregates in general use. While most of the minerals and rocks discussed below may occur in small quantities in aggregates in general use, they are not major constituents of such aggregates. Common constituents of aggregates in general use are described in Descriptive Nomenclature C294 . Radiation-shielding concrete often contains such aggregates, but other special aggregates are used in some circumstances. 1.2 The synthetic aggregates included are ferrophosphorus and boron frit. 1.3 The descriptions are not adequate to permit the identification of materials, since accurate identification of natural and synthetic aggregate constituents in many cases can only be made by a qualified geologist, mineralogist, or petrographer, using the apparatus and procedures of those sciences. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 The text of this standard refers to notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and gures) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C67/C67M-20

Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and testing of brick and structural clay tile. Although not necessarily applicable to all types of units, tests include modulus of rupture, compressive strength, absorption, saturation coefficient, effect of freezing and thawing, efflorescence, initial rate of absorption and determination of weight, size, warpage, length change, and void area. (Additional methods of test pertinent to ceramic glazes include imperviousness, chemical resistance, opacity, and resistance to crazing. 1.2 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. Note 1: The testing laboratory performing this test method should be evaluated in accordance with Practice C1093 . 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 These test methods include the following sections: 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C900-19

Standard Test Method for Pullout Strength of Hardened Concrete

1.1 This test method covers determination of the pullout strength of hardened concrete by measuring the force required to pull an embedded metal insert and the attached concrete fragment from a concrete test specimen or structure. The insert is either cast into fresh concrete or installed in hardened concrete. This test method does not provide statistical procedures to estimate other strength properties. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this test method. 1.3 The text of this test method refers to notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this test method. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 ) 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C992-20

Standard Specification for Boron-based Neutron Absorbing Material Systems for Use in Nuclear Fuel Storage Racks in Pool Environment

1.1 This specification defines criteria for boron-based neutron absorbing material systems used in racks in a pool environment for storage of nuclear light water reactor (LWR) spent-fuel assemblies or disassembled components to maintain sub-criticality in the storage rack system. 1.2 Boron-based neutron absorbing material systems normally consist of metallic boron or a chemical compound containing boron (for example, boron carbide, B 4 C) supported by a matrix of aluminum, steel, or other materials. 1.3 In a boron-based absorber, neutron absorption occurs primarily by the boron-10 isotope that is present in natural boron to the extent of 18.3 0.2 % by weight (depending upon the geological origin of the boron). Boron enriched in boron-10 could also be used. 1.4 The materials systems described herein shall be functional (that is, always be capable to maintain a boron-10 areal density such that subcriticality is maintained depending on the design specification for the service life in the operating environment of a nuclear spent fuel pool). 1.5 Observance of this specification does not relieve the user of the obligation to conform to all applicable international, national, and local regulations. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1264-18e1

Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases

1.1 This test method covers the evaluation of the resistance of a lubricating grease to washout by water from a bearing, when tested at 38 C and 79 C (100 F and 175 F) under the prescribed laboratory conditions. It is not to be considered the equivalent of service evaluation tests. Precision and bias was determined using grease ranging from NLGI 3 to 0 grades in the research report (see Section 10 ). 1.2 This test method may not be suitable for some greases containing highly volatile components. This test method does not attempt to account for sample evaporation. It is the user's responsibility to determine if evaporation of the sample is a significant contributor to mass loss at the required drying temperature. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 6.3 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D127-19

Standard Test Method for Drop Melting Point of Petroleum Wax, Including Petrolatum

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the drop melting point of petroleum wax. It is used primarily for petrolatums and other microcrystalline wax. Note 1: Additional methods used for petroleum waxes are Test Method D87 and Test Method D938 . Results obtained may differ, depending on the method used. For pharmaceutical petrolatum, Test Method D127 usually is used. 1.1.1 Test Method A The dropping point of wax is determined with a mercury in glass thermometer, as stated below in 6.3 . ( Warning Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.) 1.1.2 Test Method B The dropping point of wax determined in a dropping point cup in an instrument which detects the drop and measures the temperature electronically, with a platinum thermometer instead of with mercury. Mercury has been recognized as a poison and a health hazard. Removing mercury from laboratories is a way of making the measuring process more inherently safe. The instrumental dropping point method has shown to produce results that are close to those determined by the original Test Method D127 , Method A. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1304-99(2020)e1

Standard Test Methods for Adhesives Relative to Their Use as Electrical Insulation

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for testing adhesives in liquid, highly viscous, solid, or set states, that are intended to be cured by electronic heating, or that are intended to provide electrical insulation, or that are intended for use in electrical apparatus. 1.2 The procedures appear in the following order: (1) Procedure for Testing Adhesives Before Use: (2) Procedures for Testing Properties of Adhesives As Used: 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement, see 8.2 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1422/D1422M-13(2020)

Standard Test Method for Twist in Single Spun Yarns by the Untwist-Retwist Method

1.1 This test method 2 describes the determination of twist in single spun yarns when only an approximation of the true twist is required. Note 1: For a more accurate method see Test Method D1423 . 1.2 This test method is applicable to spun single yarns in continuous lengths, and also to spun yarns raveled from fabrics, provided specimens at least 200 mm [8 in.] long can be obtained. 1.3 This test method has been found satisfactory for use in determining the approximate twist content in single ring spun yarns of all types and fiber contents, but not in open-end spun yarns. 1.4 This specification shows the values in both inch-pound units and SI units. The inch-pound units is the technically correct name for the customary units used in the United States. The SI units is the technically corrected name for the system of metric units known as the International System of Units. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1425/D1425M-14(2020)

Standard Test Method for Evenness of Textile Strands Using Capacitance Testing Equipment

1.1 This test method covers the indirect measurement of evenness (mass variation) of non-conductive textile strands, including top, comber lap, sliver, roving, and yarn produced from staple fibers and continuous filament yarns, by means of capacitance testing equipment. 1.2 Strands made from fiber blends can be tested using this test method only if the different fibers are uniformly distributed throughout the strand. 1.3 The test method provides numeric values for the measurement and evaluation of short-, mid-, and long-term mass variations of the tested strand in terms of frequently occurring faults classified as thin places, thick places, and neps and graphical representations of evenness values in the form of diagram charts, spectrograms, length variation curves, and histograms. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1662-19

Standard Test Method for Active Sulfur in Cutting Oils

1.1 This test method covers the determination of active sulfur in cutting oils. This test method applies to sulfur reactive with copper powder at a temperature of 150 C (302 F) in cutting fluids containing both natural and added sulfur. Note 1: It has not been established by ASTM Subcommittee D02.L0 as to how the active sulfur content thus determined may relate to field performance of the cutting fluid. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1929-20

Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics

1.1 This fire test response test method 2 covers a laboratory determination of the flash ignition temperature and spontaneous ignition temperature of plastics using a hot-air furnace. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 Caution During the course of combustion, gases or vapors, or both, are evolved that have the potential to be hazardous to personnel. 1.4 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire-hazard or fire-risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.5 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in 1.3 and 1.4 . Note 1: This test method and ISO 871-1996 are similar in all technical details. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2013/D2013M-20

Standard Practice for Preparing Coal Samples for Analysis

1.1 This practice 2 covers the reduction and division of gross or divided samples, and the preparation of composite samples, up to and including the individual portions for laboratory analysis. 1.2 Reduction and division procedures are prescribed for coals of the following groups: 1.2.1 Group A includes coals that have been cleaned in all sizes. 1.2.2 Group B includes all other coals. Unknown coals are to be considered under Group B. 1.2.3 Group A allows smaller weight laboratory samples to be retained than Group B. These lower weights may be used for particular coals if they have been shown, by using the procedures of A1.2 , to give a sample preparation and analysis variance which is no more than 20 % of the total analysis variance. 1.3 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2014/D2014M-20

Standard Test Method for Expansion or Contraction of Coal by the Sole-Heated Oven

1.1 This test method covers a large-scale laboratory test for obtaining information on the expansion or contraction of coal or coal blends during carbonization under specified conditions. This test method is applicable in the examination of coals or coal blends intended for use in the manufacture of coke. 1.2 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2255/D2255M-09(2020)

Standard Test Method for Grading Spun Yarns for Appearance

1.1 This test method covers the grading of singles spun yarns for appearance. 1.2 This test method does not apply to plied yarns. 1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as the standard. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents, therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2591-07(2020)

Standard Test Method for Linear Density of Elastomeric Yarns (Short Length Specimens)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear density of short lengths of as produced elastomeric yarns made from rubber, spandex or other elastomers. Note 1: For the determination of linear density of elastomeric yarns using skeins, refer to Test Method D6717 . 1.2 This test method is not applicable to covered, wrapped, or core-spun yarns, or yarns spun from elastomeric staple, or elastomeric yarns removed from fabrics. 1.3 This test method is applicable to elastomeric yarns having a range of 40 to 3200 dtex (36 to 2900 denier). 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or U.S. Customary units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the test the US Customary units are in parentheses. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4719-20

Standard Test Methods for Prebored Pressuremeter Testing in Soils

1.1 This test method covers pressuremeter testing of soils at a given depth in the ground within a suitable prebored, open test cavity. The pressuremeter test is an in situ, stress-strain test performed on the wall of a test cavity using a circular cylindrical probe that is expanded radially. To obtain viable test results, disturbance of the test cavity must be minimized with minimal clearance between the diameter of the probe and the test cavity. Alternatively, when preboring does not provide an acceptable test cavity, the probe may be directly inserted into the ground to form the test cavity. 1.2 This test method includes the procedure for test cavity preparation, inserting the probe, and conducting pressuremeter tests in both granular and cohesive soils, but does not include high pressure testing in rock. Knowledge of the type of soil to be tested is necessary for assessment of ( 1 ) the method of preparing the test cavity, ( 2 ) the interpretation of the test data, and ( 3 ) the acceptability of the test results. 1.3 This test method does not cover the self-boring pressuremeter, for which the hole is drilled by a mechanical or jetting tool inside the hollow core of the probe. This test method is limited to the type of pressuremeter that is inserted into predrilled boreholes or, under certain circumstances, is inserted by driving or pushing. 1.4 Two alternative testing procedures are provided as follows: 1.4.1 Procedure A Equal Pressure Increments 1.4.2 Procedure B Equal Volume Increments Note 1: Pressuremeter tests performed in rock or using the self-boring pressuremeter follow similar test procedures to those described herein, but do not fall within the scope of this test method. Note 2: Strain-controlled tests also can be performed, whereby the probe volume is increased at a constant rate and corresponding pressures are measured. Strain-controlled tests may yield different results than the procedures described in this test method. 1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 . 1.6 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that should generally be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design. 1.7 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as non-conformance with this test method. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4752-20

Standard Practice for Measuring MEK Resistance of Ethyl Silicate (Inorganic) Zinc-Rich Primers by Solvent Rub

1.1 This practice describes a solvent rub technique for assessing the MEK resistance of ethyl silicate (inorganic) zinc-rich primers. The MEK resistance of some two-component ethyl silicate zinc-rich primers has been shown to correlate well with the cure of the primer as determined by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy. 2 The technique can be used in the laboratory, field, or in the fabricating shop. Practice D5402 is the preferred method for organic coatings. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 6 . Consult supplier s Safety Data Sheet(s) for specific hazard information relating to the solvent used. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5681-20

Standard Terminology for Waste and Waste Management

1.1 This terminology contains standard definitions of terms used in the general area of waste and waste management. It is intended to promote understanding by providing precise technical definitions of terms used in the standards developed by Committee D34 and its subcommittees. 1.2 Terms used only within an individual standard, and having a meaning unique to that standard, may be defined or explained in the terminology section of that individual standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5787-20

Standard Practice for Monitoring Well Protection At or Near Land Surface

1.1 This practice identifies design and construction considerations to be applied to monitoring wells for protection from events, which may impair the intended purpose of the well such as water level or water quality monitoring data. 1.2 The installation and development of a well is a costly and detailed activity with the goal of providing representative samples and data throughout the design life of the well. Damage to the well at the surface frequently results in the loss of the well or can potentially impact measured water level and/or groundwater quality data. This standard provides for access control so that tampering with the installation should be evident. 1.3 This practice may be applied to other surface or subsurface monitoring devices, such as piezometers, permeameters, temperature or moisture monitors, or seismic devices. 1.4 Units The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch/pound units given in parentheses are for information only. Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 , unless superseded by this standard. 1.6 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D6352-19

Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174 °C to 700 °C by Gas Chromatography

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the boiling range distribution of petroleum distillate fractions. The test method is applicable to petroleum distillate fractions having an initial boiling point greater than 174 C (345 F) and a final boiling point of less than 700 C (1292 F) (C10 to C90) at atmospheric pressure as measured by this test method. 1.2 The test method is not applicable for the analysis of petroleum or petroleum products containing low molecular weight components (for example naphthas, reformates, gasolines, crude oils). Materials containing heterogeneous components (for example alcohols, ethers, acids, or esters) or residue are not to be analyzed by this test method. See Test Methods D3710 , D2887 , or D5307 for possible applicability to analysis of these types of materials. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values stated in inch-pound units are for information only and may be included as parenthetical values. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



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