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100 Newest Standards and Packages


AAMI TIR12:2010 RED LINE

(Red Line Version) Designing, testing, and labeling reusable medical devices for reprocessing in health care facilities: A guide for medical device manufacturers

This technical information report (TIR) covers design considerations that medical device manufacturers should take into account to help ensure that their products can be safely and effectively reprocessed. It also provides information on decontamination, cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization processes commonly used in health care facilities so that manufacturers can validate reprocessing procedures that can be recommended to and performed adequately in health care facilities. Labeling recommendations and information on applicable regulations are also provided in the TIR, as well as a bibliography and other informative annex. Redline version notes changes from 2004 edition.


ANSI/AAMI BP22:1994 (R2016)

Blood Pressure Transducers

This standard provides performance and safety requirements for transducers, including cables, designed for blood pressure measurements through an indwelling catheter or direct puncture, and also provides disclosure requirements to permit the user to determine the compatibility between the transducer and blood pressure monitor. This standard is a combined revision of two American National Standards (ANSI/AAMI BP22-1986 and ANSI/AAMI BP23-1986.


ANSI/AAMI PB70:2012 RED LINE

(Red Line Version) Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities

This standard establishes a system of classification for protective apparel and drapes used in health care facilities based on their liquid barrier performance and specifies related labeling requirements and standardized test methods for determining compliance. By specifying a consistent basis for testing and labeling protective apparel and drapes and providing a common understanding of barrier properties (e.g., efficacy against liquid or liquid-borne microorganism penetration) based on this new classification system, the standard is intended to ultimately assist end-users in determining the type(s) of protective product most appropriate for a particular task or situation.Redline version notes changes from 2003 edition.


ANSI/AAMI/IEC 60601-2-16:2012 RED LINE

(Red Line Version) Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-16: Particular requirements for basic safety and essential performance of hemodialysis, hemodiafiltration and hemofiltration equipment

Specifies the minimum safety requirements for single-patient hemodialysis, hemodiafiltration and hemofiltration equipment. These devices are intended for use either by medical staff or under the supervision of medical expertise, including hemodialysis, hemodiafiltration and hemofiltration equipment operated by the patient. Redline version notes changes from 2008 edition.


ANSI/AAMI/IEC 62304:2006/A1:2016 RED LINE

(Red Line Version) Medical device software - Software life cycle processes - Amendment

This standard applies to the development and maintenance of Medical Device Software when software is itself a medical device or when software is an embedded or integral part of the final Medical Device. This standard describes processes that are intended to be applied to software which executes on a processor or which is executed by other software (for example an interpreter) which executes on a processor. Redline version notes where the document was modified by amendment 1


ANSI/AAMI/ISO 14708-5:2010 (R2015)

Implants for surgery - Active implantable medical devices - Part 5: Circulatory support devices

Specifies requirements for safety and performance of active implantable circulatory support devices. Excluded from this scope are intra-aortic balloon pumps, external corporeal perfusion devices and cardiomyplasty. This standard specifies type tests, animal studies and clinical evaluation requirements that are to be carried out to show compliance with this standard.



ANSI/ANS-5.1-2014 (R2019)

Decay Heat Power in Light Water Reactors

This standard sets forth values for the decay heat power from fission products and actinides following shutdown of light water reactors (LWRs) using nuclear fuel initially containing 235U and 238U. The decay heat power from fission products is presented in tables and equivalent analytical representations. Contributions from the decay of 239U and 239Np, and the contributions from all other actinides, are represented separately. Methods are described that account for the reactor operating history, for the effect of neutron capture in fission products, and for assessing the uncertainty in the resultant decay heat power. The standard applies to decay times up to 1010 s after shutdown.


ANSI/ASABE S516 OCT2014 (R2018)

Terminology for Forest Operations and Equipment

Specifies terminology for operations and equipment commonly used to establish, tend, and harvest forest stands.


ANSI/ASABE S639.2 FEB2019

Safety Standard for Large Row-Crop Flail Mowers

This standard specifies the safety requirements and their verification for the design and construction of large rowcrop flail mowers with a cutting width larger than 3 m and used exclusively in agricultural field applications and which have the rear part that can be opened for these particular field use operations.


ANSI/ASAE S397.4 NOV2013 (R2018)

Electrical Service and Equipment for Irrigation

The purpose of this Standard is to provide a common document for use by all those involved in electrical irrigation systems; such as electricians, power suppliers, well drillers, irrigation dealers and manufacturers, extension specialists and irrigators.


ANSI/ASAE S423.1 MAR2014 (R2018)

Thermal Performance Testing of Open-Loop Solar Ambient Air Heaters with Defined Inlet and Outlet Conditions

The purpose of this Standard is to provide a method for testing the thermal efficiency of open-looped solar air heaters which are used exclusively for heating ambient air. The test data should provide a basis for computing technical performance and for comparing efficiency of collectors of different design and/or construction. Examples of use of solar ambient air heaters are preheating of ventilation air, heating make-up air for all types of environmental control systems, and heating of air to dry agricultural products without recirculation.


ASABE/ISO 12140:2013 JUN2014 (R2018)

Agricultural machinery - Agricultural trailers and trailed equipment - Drawbar jacks

Specifies terms and definitions, establishes test procedures, and creates minimum performance requirements for telescopic mechanical screw-type jacks or hydraulic jacks mounted on agricultural implements as original equipment and/or replacement jacks.


ASABE/ISO 15077:2008 MAY2009 (R2018)

Tractors and self-propelled machinery for agriculture - Operator Controls - Actuating forces, displacement, location, and method of operation

Specifies the preferred method of operation and requirements related to operator controls actuated by hand and foot, installed in agricultural tractors and self-propelled agricultural machinery and used by a seated operator as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It also gives recommendations for the maximum control actuating forces, direction of motion and location of these controls.


ASAE EP258.5 JUN2014 (R2018)

Installation of Electric Infrared Brooding Equipment

This Engineering Practice is intended to promote safety through the proper design and installation of livestock and poultry brooding systems which utilize infrared energy; and to provide guidance for the design and installation of electrical wiring systems and equipment used primarily for brooding purposes.


ASAE EP294.3 SEP2003 (R2018)

Computing Electrical Demands for Farms

This Engineering Practice provides formulas for computing the minimum capacity of feeders supplying farm buildings and the minimum capacity of service conductors and service equipment at the in point of delivery to farms.


ASC X9 TR 2-2019

Understanding, Designing, and Producing Checks

This report presents guidelines for the design and production of a check and describes the proper location of the data elements on the check, along with the rationale for those requirements. Certain elements of check design are specified in American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards or are mandated by the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) and the Federal Reserve Board’s Regulation CC. This report provides a summary of these requirements and other optional elements, with references, where appropriate, to standards and legal documents. Method of check production depends on a user’s specific needs, with benefits coming at the cost of added responsibility. The guidelines contained in this report are intended to promote greater uniformity in the design and production of checks, which will improve processing and handling throughout the check processing system.


ANSI/ASHRAE 139-2019

Method of Testing for Rating Desiccant Dehumidifiers Utilizing Heat for the Regeneration Process

Provides test methods for determining the moisture removal capacity of heat-regenerated desiccant dehumidifiers, as well as the coincident thermal energy performance, so that comparative evaluations of capacity and performance can be made irrespective of the type or make of the device. Dual units of measurement.


ANSI/ASHRAE 20-2019

Method of Laboratory Testing Remote Mechanical-Draft Air-Cooled Refrigerant Condensers

Prescribes methods of laboratory testing remote mechanical-draft air-cooled refrigerant condensers. Provides methods of laboratory testing for obtaining performance data, definitions of terms, specification of data to be recorded, calculation formulas, test limits and tolerances, and apparatus and instrumentation with associated accuracies. Dual units of measurement.


ASHRAE Guideline 1.2-2019

Technical Requirements for the Commissioning Process for Existing HVAC&R Systems and Assemblies

Provides requirements for the application of the Commissioning (Cx) Process described in ASHRAE Guideline 0.2 to existing heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and refrigerating (HVAC&R) systems and assemblies. Dual units of measurement.


ASHRAE Guideline 4-2019

Preparation of Operations and Maintenance Documentation for HVAC&R Systems

Guides those responsible for the design, manufacturing, construction, commissioning, and Operation of building HVAC&R and on-site generation systems in the preparation and delivery of operations and maintenance (O&M) documentation that is a) simple to prepare and update, b) delivered on time, c) easy to use, and d) provides accurate and relevant information. Dual units of measurement.


ASME B1.20.1-2013 (R2018)

Pipe Threads, General Purpose, Inch

ASME’s widely-referenced B1.20.1 Standard on Pipe Threads, General Purpose, Inch covers dimensions and gaging of the world’s most common pipe threads: NPT, NPSC, NPTR, NPSM, and NPSL. From critical applications demanding robustness and precision to common plumbing and hardware, these threads are used everywhere in the United States and abroad. This long awaited revision incorporates both subtle and substantive changes, including: Moving of the gaging point of reference of external threads in certain circumstances; A new acceptability section for instances of gaging disputes; A change to parameters, facilitating the calibration of working gages; Guidance for plated or coated pipe threads; Better explanatory language for the lay-user. This is the foundational Standard for NPT, NPSC, NPSM, and NPSL pipe threads. All companies that manufacture, sell, or use these threads should have this revision in their technical library.


ASME B16.40-2019

Manually Operated Thermoplastic Gas Shutoffs and Valves in Gas Distribution Systems

This Standard covers manually operated thermoplastic valves in nominal valve sizes 1/2 through 12. These valves are intended for use below ground in thermoplastic fuel gas distribution mains and service lines. The maximum operating pressure (MOP) at which such distribution piping systems may be operated is in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) Title 49, Part 192, Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline; Minimum Safety Standards, for temperature ranges of -20°F to 140°F (-29°C to 60°C). This Standard sets qualification requirements for each basic valve design as a necessary condition for demonstrating conformance to this Standard. This Standard sets requirements for newly manufactured valves for use in below ground piping systems for fuel gas [includes synthetic natural gas (SNG)], and liquefied petroleum (LP) gases (distributed as a vapor, with or without the admixture of air) or mixtures thereof.


ASME B31Q-2018

Pipeline Personnel Qualification

This Standard establishes the requirements for developing and implementing an effective Pipeline Personnel Qualification Program (qualification program) utilizing a combination of technically based data, accepted industry practices, and consensus-based decisions. The Standard also offers guidance and examples of a variety of methods that may be used to meet selected requirements. The Standard specifies the requirements for identifying covered tasks that impact the safety or integrity of pipelines, for qualifying individuals to perform those tasks, and for managing the qualifications of pipeline personnel. With the following exceptions, this Standard applies to tasks that impact the safety or integrity of pipelines: (a) design or engineering tasks (b) tasks that are primarily intended to ensure personnel safety The purpose of this Standard is to establish requirements for the qualification and management of qualifications for pipeline personnel. The objective of this Standard is to minimize the impact on safety and integrity of the pipeline due to human error that may result from an individual’s lack of knowledge, skills, or abilities during the performance of certain activities. Individuals who perform covered tasks and those individuals responsible for ensuring a qualified workforce shall meet the applicable requirements of this Standard.


ASSE Standard 1055-2018

Performance Requirements for Chemical Dispensing Systems with Integral Backflow Protection

Chemical dispensing systems with integral backflow protection provide a means of mixing potable water with chemicals to provide the user with a chemical solution that is ready for use. In industrial and institutional cleaning operations, it is desirable and convenient to dispense cleaning solutions derived from potable water and concentrated products; however, a dispensing device connected to potable supply constitutes a cross-connection, which could be a source of contamination to the potable water. ASSE 1055 identifies accepted methods of backflow protection, as well as test methods for evaluating backflow systems incorporated into a chemical dispensing system


ASSE Standard 1084-2018

Performance Requirements for Water Heaters with Temperature Limiting Capacity

Water heaters with precise output temperature control under varying flow conditions are used to provide tempered water to the user. As such, they need to limit maximum water temperature at the point of use in order to reduce and control the risks of scalding. ASSE 1084 is intended to provide a level of scald protection consistent with the current ASSE 1070 / ASME A112.1070 / CSA B125.70, Performance Requirements for Water Temperature Limiting Devices. These water heaters are not intended to limit thermal shock and are not substitutes for automatic compensative valves complying with ASSE 1016 / ASME A112.1016 / CSA B125.16, Performance Requirements for Automatic Compensating Valves for Individual Showers and Tub/Shower Combinations.


ASTM A314-19

Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Billets and Bars for Forging

1.1 This specification covers stainless steel billets and bars intended only for forging. 1.2 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B210/B210M-19

Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes

1.1 This specification 2 covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy drawn seamless tubes in straight lengths and coils for general purpose and pressure applications in alloys ( Note 2 ), tempers, and thicknesses shown in Table 2 [ Table 3 ] . Coiled tubes are generally available only as round tubes with a wall thickness not exceeding 0.083 in. [2.00 mm] and only in non-heat-treatable alloys. 1.2 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1M. The equivalent Unified Numbering System alloy designations are those of Table 1 preceded by A9, for example, A91100 for aluminum designation 1100 in accordance with Practice E527 . Note 1: See Specification B483/B483M for aluminum-alloy drawn tubes for general purpose applications; Specification B234 for aluminum-alloy drawn seamless tubes for condensers and heat exchangers; and Specification B241/B241M for aluminum-alloy seamless pipe and seamless extruded tube. Note 2: Throughout this specification, use of the term alloy in the general sense includes aluminum as well as aluminum alloy. 1.3 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys in this specification, see Annex A2 . 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B211/B211M-19

Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Rolled or Cold Finished Bar, Rod, and Wire

1.1 This specification 2 covers rolled or cold-finished bar, rod, and wire in alloys ( Note 1 ) and tempers as shown in Table 2 [ Table 3 ]. Note 1: Throughout this specification use of the term alloy in the general sense includes aluminum as well as aluminum alloy. Note 2: The term cold finished is used to indicate the type of surface finish, sharpness of angles, and dimensional tolerances produced by drawing through a die. Note 3: See Specification B221 [ B221M ] for aluminum and aluminum-alloy extruded bars, rods, wire, shapes, and tubes; and Specification B316/B316M for aluminum and aluminum-alloy rivet and cold-heading wire and rods. 1.2 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1M. The equivalent UNS alloy designations are those of Table 1 preceded by A9, for example, A91100 for aluminum 1100 in accordance with Practice E527 . 1.3 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys in this specification, see Annex A2 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1172-19

Standard Specification for Laminated Architectural Flat Glass

1.1 This specification covers the quality requirements of flat laminated glass consisting of two or more lites of glass bonded with an interlayer material for use in building and related applications. 1.2 Depending on the number, thickness, and treatment of lites, and the number and thickness of interlayers, the glass shall be laminated for applications including, but not limited to, safety, security, detention, hurricane/cyclic-wind resistance, blast resistance, bullet resistance, sound reduction, and decorative glazing. 1.3 Optical distortion and the evaluation thereof are not currently within the scope of the standard. Mockups are recommended as a method to evaluate glass. (See Appendix X1 .) 1.4 The dimensional values, except thickness designations, stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 7 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1203-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Quantitative Determination of Alkali Resistance of a Ceramic-Glass Enamel

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the resistance of a fired ceramic-glass enamel to a 10 % alkali solution held near its boiling point for 2 h. 1.2 This test method is not applicable to large tempered glass sheets or specimens larger than 9 by 9 cm. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 9 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1425-19

Standard Test Method for Interlaminar Shear Strength of 1D and 2D Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Elevated Temperatures

1.1 This test method addresses the uniaxial compression of a double-notched test specimen to determine interlaminar shear strength of continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites (CFCCs) at elevated temperatures. Failure of the test specimen occurs by interlaminar shear between two centrally located notches machined halfway through the thickness of the test specimen and spaced a fixed distance apart on opposing faces (see Fig. 1 ). Test specimen preparation methods and requirements, testing modes (force or displacement control), testing rates (force rate or displacement rate), data collection, and reporting procedures are addressed. FIG. 1 Schematic of Uniaxial Compression of Double-Notched Test Specimen for the Determination of Interlaminar Shear Strength of CFCCs 1.2 This test method is used for testing advanced ceramic or glass matrix composites with continuous fiber reinforcement having a laminated structure such as in unidirectional (1D) or bidirectional (2D) fiber architecture (lay-ups of unidirectional plies or stacked fabric). This test method does not address composites with nonlaminated structures, such as (3D) fiber architecture or discontinuous fiber-reinforced, whisker-reinforced, or particulate-reinforced ceramics. 1.3 Values expressed in this test method are in accordance with the International System of Units (SI) and IEEE/ASTM SI 10 . 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are noted in 8.1 and 8.2 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1447/C1447M-04(2019)

Standard Specification for Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Underdrain Pipe

1.1 This specification covers non-asbestos fiber-cement perforated and plain pipe intended for use in the conveyance of drainage water for the subsurface drainage of highways, airports, farms, foundations, and other similar drainage work. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1448/C1448M-05(2019)

Standard Specification for Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Conduit

1.1 This specification covers non-asbestos fiber-cement conduit for use in electric-power systems and communication systems. The service is for both underground and exposed conditions. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1449/C1449M-05a(2019)

Standard Specification for Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Nonpressure Sewer Pipe

1.1 This specification covers requirements relating to non-asbestos fiber-cement non-pressure sewer pipe, joints, and fittings suitable for use with gravity flow, intended for sewerage and drainage applications from point of use to point of treatment or disposal. It defines certain conditions of manufacture, classification, characteristics, and acceptance tests applicable to these products. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. Note 1: Rubber rings suitable for use with this pipe are covered in Specification D1869 . Note 2: This specification is issued for product standardization and purchasing purposes only, and does not include requirements for installation or the relationships between operating conditions and the strength characteristics of the various classifications of pipe. The purchaser is cautioned that he must correlate installation and operating conditions with the specified characteristics of the pipe. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1450/C1450M-04(2019)

Standard Specification for Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Storm Drain Pipe

1.1 This specification covers non-asbestos fiber-cement pipe intended for use in storm-water drainage of highways, airports, farms, foundations, and other similar drainage systems. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. Note 1: Experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the pipe strength, the type of bedding and backfill, care that the installation conforms to the construction specifications, and provision for adequate inspection at the construction site. This specification does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, the relationship between field load conditions and the strength designation of the pipe, or durability. These requirements should be included in the project specification. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1459-04(2019)

Standard Specification for Performance of Non-Asbestos Fiber-Reinforced Cement Shake, Shingle, and Slate Roofing Systems

1.1 This specification covers the performance of non-asbestos, fiber-reinforced cement shake, shingle, and slate roofing systems that are of uniform or nonuniform thickness and texture. 1.2 This specification does not include details of product installation and workmanship. The manufacturer's installation instructions shall be referred to for details such as slope, interlayment, underlayment, sheathing requirements, exposure, fasteners, and repair or replacement instructions. 1.3 This specification does not address requirements for individual shake, shingle, and slate products, which are covered in Specification C1225 and C1530/C1530M . 1.4 The tests contained in this specification are intended as qualification tests for a roofing system. Changes in product formulation, design, or manufacturing process beyond the ranges allowed in the manufacturer's quality control specifications, shall require subsequent system retesting or written concurrence by an independent testing agency that the changes in formulation, design, or manufacturing process will not be detrimental to system performance. 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1474-19

Standard Test Method for Analysis of Isotopic Composition of Uranium in Nuclear-Grade Fuel Material by Quadrupole Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry

1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of the isotopic composition of uranium (U) in nuclear-grade fuel material. The following isotopic weight percentages are determined using a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (Q-ICP-MS): 233 U, 234 U, 235 U, 236 U, and 238 U. The analysis can be performed on various material matrices after acid dissolution and sample dilution into water or dilute nitric (HNO 3 ) acid. These materials include: fuel product, uranium oxide, uranium oxide alloys, uranyl nitrate (UNH) crystals, and solutions. The sample preparation discussed in this test method focuses on fuel product material but may be used for uranium oxide or a uranium oxide alloy. Other preparation techniques may be used and some references are given. Purification of the uranium by anion-exchange extraction is not required for this test method, as it is required by other test methods such as radiochemistry and thermal ionization mass spectroscopy (TIMS). This test method is also described in ASTM STP 1344 2 . 1.2 The 233 U isotope is primarily measured as a qualitative measure of its presence by comparing the 233 U peak intensity to a background point since it is not normally found present in materials. The example data presented in this test method do not contain any 233 U data. A 233 U enriched standard is given in Section 8 , and it may be used as a quantitative spike addition to the other standard materials listed. 1.3 A single standard calibration technique is used. Optimal accuracy (or a low bias) is achieved through the use of a single standard that is closely matched to the enrichment of the samples. The intensity or concentration is also adjusted to within a certain tolerance range to provide good statistical counting precision for the low-abundance isotopes while maintaining a low bias for the high-abundance isotopes, resulting from high-intensity dead time effects. No blank subtraction or background correction is utilized. Depending upon the standards chosen, enrichments between depleted and 97 % can be quantified. The calibration and measurements are made by measuring the intensity ratios of each low-abundance isotope to the intensity sum of 233 U, 234 U, 235 U, 236 U, and 238 U. The high-abundance isotope is obtained by difference. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. The instrument is calibrated and the samples measured in units of isotopic weight percent (Wt %). For example, the 235 U enrichment may be stated as Wt % 235 U or as g 235 U/100 g of U. Statements regarding dilutions, particularly for g/g concentrations or lower, are given assuming a solution density of 1.0 since the uranium concentration of a solution is not important when making isotopic ratio measurements other than to maintain a reasonably consistent intensity within a tolerance range. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 9 . 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1530/C1530M-04(2019)

Standard Specification for Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Roofing Shakes, Shingles, and Slates with Designed Varying Profiles and Thicknesses

1.1 This specification covers non-asbestos fiber-cement roofing shakes, shingles, and slates that are of designed varying profiles and thicknesses manufactured to provide the weather-exposed surfaces on roofs of buildings. 1.2 This specification does not include details of product installation or system performance. Refer to the manufacturer's installation literature for proper installation instructions, to Specification C1459 for roofing systems performance, and to Test Method E108 for levels of fire resistance. 1.3 This specification is not applicable to asbestos-cement or fiber-cement products as specified in Specifications C222 and C1225 . 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1619-19

Standard Specification for Elastomeric Seals for Joining Concrete Structures

1.1 This specification covers the physical property requirements of elastomeric seals (gaskets) used to seal the joints of precast concrete structures conforming to Specifications C14 , C14M , C118 , C118M , C361 , C361M , C443 , C443M , C505 , or C505M used in gravity and low head pressure applications. 1.2 Requirements are given for natural or synthetic rubber gaskets, or a combination of both. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1718-10(2019)

Standard Test Method for Nondestructive Assay of Radioactive Material by Tomographic Gamma Scanning

1.1 This test method describes the nondestructive assay (NDA) of gamma ray emitting radionuclides inside containers using tomographic gamma scanning (TGS). High resolution gamma ray spectroscopy is used to detect and quantify the radionuclides of interest. The attenuation of an external gamma ray transmission source is used to correct the measurement of the emission gamma rays from radionuclides to arrive at a quantitative determination of the radionuclides present in the item. 1.2 The TGS technique covered by the test method may be used to assay scrap or waste material in cans or drums in the 1 to 500 litre volume range. Other items may be assayed as well. 1.3 The test method will cover two implementations of the TGS procedure: (1) Isotope Specific Calibration that uses standards of known radionuclide masses (or activities) to determine system response in a mass (or activity) versus corrected count rate calibration, that applies to only those specific radionuclides for which it is calibrated, and (2) Response Curve Calibration that uses gamma ray standards to determine system response as a function of gamma ray energy and thereby establishes calibration for all gamma emitting radionuclides of interest. 1.4 This test method will also include a technique to extend the range of calibration above and below the extremes of the measured calibration data. 1.5 The assay technique covered by the test method is applicable to a wide range of item sizes, and for a wide range of matrix attenuation. The matrix attenuation is a function of the matrix composition, photon energy, and the matrix density. The matrix types that can be assayed range from light combustibles to cemented sludge or concrete. It is particularly well suited for items that have heterogeneous matrix material and non-uniform radioisotope distributions. Measured transmission values should be available to permit valid attenuation corrections, but are not needed for all volume elements in the container, for example, if interpolation is justified. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1798/C1798M-19

Standard Specification for Returned Fresh Concrete for Use in a New Batch of Ready-Mixed Concrete

1.1 This specification covers returned fresh concrete for use in a new batch of ready-mixed concrete. Requirements for returned fresh concrete shall be either as hereinafter speci ed or as speci ed by the purchaser. In any case where the requirements of the purchaser differ from those in this speci cation, the purchaser s requirements shall govern. This speci cation does not cover the placement, consolidation, curing, or protection of the concrete after delivery to the purchaser. 1.2 This specification by itself shall not grant permission to the manufacturer to use returned fresh concrete in a new batch of concrete. Note 1: The permission to use returned fresh concrete may be addressed in purchase documents, which may reference this specification. 1.3 Returned fresh concrete in a quantity of less than 450 kg [1000 lb] or 0.2 m 3 [0.25 yd 3 ] shall not be subject to this specification. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.5 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes, which provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged use. 2 ) 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C676-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Detergent Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Glass Tableware

1.1 This qualitative test method is designed to provide a convenient and reproducible method of determining the detergent resistance of decorations applied to glass tableware. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C735-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Acid Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Returnable Beer and Beverage Glass Containers

1.1 This test method covers qualitative determination of the acid resistance of ceramic decorations on returnable beer and beverage containers, to assure the necessary durability of the decoration. 1.2 This test provides an indication of performance when and if the decoration is to be exposed to the acid solutions used in reclaiming bottles, and it also covers those instances where the beverages themselves have acidic properties. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C777-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Sulfide Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Glass

1.1 This test method covers the qualitative determination of the sulfide resistance of ceramic decorations on glass to assure the necessary durability of the decoration. 1.2 This test method provides an indication of performance when and if the decorations are exposed to sulfide attack. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This test method generates hydrogen sulfide gas which is highly poisonous. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C803/C803M-18

Standard Test Method for Penetration Resistance of Hardened Concrete

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the resistance of hardened concrete to penetration by either a steel probe or pin. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.





ASTM C927-80(2019)e1

Standard Test Method for Lead and Cadmium Extracted from the Lip and Rim Area of Glass Tumblers Externally Decorated with Ceramic Glass Enamels

1.1 This test method covers the determination of lead and cadmium extracted by acetic acid from the lip and rim area of glassware used for drinking and which is exteriorly decorated with ceramic glass enamels. The procedure of extraction may be expected to accelerate the release of lead and cadmium from the decorated area and to serve, therefore, as a severe test that is unlikely to be matched under the actual conditions of usage of such glassware. This test method is specific for lead and cadmium. Note 1: For additional information see Test Method C738 . 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C978-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Photoelastic Determination of Residual Stress in a Transparent Glass Matrix Using a Polarizing Microscope and Optical Retardation Compensation Procedures

1.1 This test method covers the determination of residual stresses in a transparent glass matrix by means of a polarizing microscope using null or retardation compensation procedures. 1.2 Such residual stress determinations are of importance in evaluating the nature and degree of residual stresses present in glass matrixes due to cord, or the degree of fit, or suitability of a particular combination of glass matrix and enamel, or applied color label (ACL). 1.3 The retardation compensation method of optically determining and evaluating enamel or ACL residual stress systems offers distinct advantages over methods requiring physical property measurements or ware performance tests due to its simplicity, reproducibility, and precision. 1.4 Limitations This test method is based on the stress-optical retardation compensation principle, and is therefore applicable only to transparent glass substrates, and not to opaque glass systems. 1.5 Due to the possibility of additional residual stresses produced by ion exchange between glasses of different compositions, some uncertainty may be introduced in the value of the stress optical coefficient in the point of interest due to a lack of accurate knowledge of chemical composition in the areas of interest. 1.6 This test method is quantitatively applicable to and valid only for those applications where such significant ion exchange is not a factor, and stress optical coefficients are known or determinable. 1.7 The extent of the ion exchange process, and hence the magnitudes of the residual stresses produced due to ion exchange will depend on the exchange process parameters. The residual stress determinations made on systems in which ion exchange has occurred should be interpreted with those dependencies in mind. 1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C989/C989M-18a

Standard Specification for Slag Cement for Use in Concrete and Mortars

1.1 This specification covers slag cement for use as a cementitious material in concrete and mortar. Note 1: The material described in this specification may be used for blending with portland cement to produce a cement meeting the requirements of Specification C595/C595M or as a separate ingredient in concrete or mortar mixtures. The material may also be useful in a variety of special grouts and mortars, and when used with an appropriate activator, as the principal cementitious material in some applications. Note 2: Information on technical aspects of the use of the material described in this specification is contained in Appendix X1 , Appendix X2 , and Appendix X3 . More detailed information on that subject is contained in ACI 233R-17. 2 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Values are stated in only SI units when inch-pound units are not used in practice. 1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard. 1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods described in this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2014/D2014M-19

Standard Test Method for Expansion or Contraction of Coal by the Sole-Heated Oven

1.1 This test method covers a large-scale laboratory test for obtaining information on the expansion or contraction of coal or coal blends during carbonization under specified conditions. This test method is applicable in the examination of coals or coal blends intended for use in the manufacture of coke. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4052-18a

Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density, relative density, and API Gravity of petroleum distillates and viscous oils that can be handled in a normal fashion as liquids at the temperature of test, utilizing either manual or automated sample injection equipment. Its application is restricted to liquids with total vapor pressures (see Test Method D5191 ) typically below 100 kPa and viscosities (see Test Method D445 or D7042 ) typically below about 15 000 mm 2 /s at the temperature of test. The total vapor pressure limitation however can be extended to 100 kPa provided that it is first ascertained that no bubbles form in the U-tube, which can affect the density determination. Some examples of products that may be tested by this procedure include: gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends, diesel, jet, basestocks, waxes, and lubricating oils. 1.1.1 Waxes and highly viscous samples were not included in the 1999 interlaboratory study (ILS) sample set that was used to determine the current precision statements of the method, since all samples evaluated at the time were analyzed at a test temperature of 15 C. Wax and highly viscous samples require a temperature cell operated at elevated temperatures necessary to ensure a liquid test specimen is introduced for analysis. Consult instrument manufacturer instructions for appropriate guidance and precautions when attempting to analyze wax or highly viscous samples. Refer to the Precision and Bias section of the method and Note 9 for more detailed information about the 1999 ILS that was conducted. 1.2 In cases of dispute, the referee method is the one where samples are introduced manually as in 6.2 or 6.3 , as appropriate for sample type. 1.3 When testing opaque samples, and when not using equipment that is capable of automatic bubble detection, proper procedure shall be established so that the absence of air bubbles in the U-tube can be established with certainty. For the determination of density in crude oil samples use Test Method D5002 . 1.4 The values stated in SI units are regarded as the standard, unless stated otherwise. The accepted units of measure for density are grams per millilitre (g/mL) or kilograms per cubic metre (kg/m 3 ). 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 3.2.1 , Section 7 , 9.1 , 10.2 , and Appendix X1 . 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4208-18

Standard Test Method for Total Chlorine in Coal by the Oxygen Vessel Combustion/Ion Selective Electrode Method

1.1 This test method covers the analysis of total chlorine in coal. 1.2 Units The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4422-19

Standard Test Method for Ash in Analysis of Petroleum Coke

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the ash content of petroleum coke. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4448-01(2019)

Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells

1.1 This guide covers sampling equipment and procedures and in the field preservation, and it does not include well location, depth, well development, design and construction, screening, or analytical procedures that also have a significant bearing on sampling results. This guide is intended to assist a knowledgeable professional in the selection of equipment for obtaining representative samples from ground-water monitoring wells that are compatible with the formations being sampled, the site hydrogeology, and the end use of the data. 1.2 This guide is only intended to provide a review of many of the most commonly used methods for collecting ground-water quality samples from monitoring wells and is not intended to serve as a ground-water monitoring plan for any specific application. Because of the large and ever increasing number of options available, no single guide can be viewed as comprehensive. The practitioner must make every effort to ensure that the methods used, whether or not they are addressed in this guide, are adequate to satisfy the monitoring objectives at each site. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4486-18

Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Volatile and Reactive Liquids

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of kinematic viscosity of transparent, Newtonian liquids which because of their reactivity, instability, or volatility cannot be used in conventional capillary kinematic viscometers. This test method is applicable up to 2 10 5 N/m 2 (2 atm) pressure and temperature range from 53 C to +135 C ( 65 F to +275 F). 1.1.1 For the measurement of the kinematic viscosity of other liquids, see Test Method D445 . The difference between the two methods is in the viscometers. The viscometers specified in used Specification D446 are open to the atmosphere, while the viscometers in this method are sealed. When volatile liquids are measured in sealed viscometers, the density of the vapor may not be negligible compared with the density of the liquid and the working equation of the viscometer has to account for that. See Section 11 for details. 1.2 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 7.2 , 7.3 , 7.4 , and Annex A1 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4771-19

Standard Performance Specification for Knitted Upholstery Fabrics for Indoor Furniture

1.1 This performance specification covers the performance requirements for knitted upholstery fabrics as used in the manufacture of new indoor furniture for general domestic use. These requirements apply to both the wale and course directions for those factors where each fabric direction is pertinent. 1.2 This performance specification is not applicable to fabrics used in contract, porch, deck, or lawn furniture; nor for woven fabrics, bonded or laminated fabrics, or surface-coated fabrics (such as vinyls and urethanes). 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Note 2 . See 6.4.1 for a specific warning. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4981-19

Standard Practice for Screening of Oxidizers in Waste

1.1 This practice is intended for use prior to preparation of waste samples for organic analysis. Waste samples that have oxidizing compounds may react with certain reagents in the laboratory (for example, organic solvents). 1.2 This practice is applicable to the analysis of waste liquids, sludges, and solids. 1.3 This practice can neither identify specific oxidizing compounds nor measure concentrations. Since no acid or base is added in this practice, potential oxidizers that require the presence of acid or base will not be detected by this practice. 1.4 It is recommended that, prior to this test, waste samples be screened for water compatibility; see Practices D5058 . 1.5 This practice is designed and intended as a preliminary test to complement quantitative analytical techniques that may be used to determine the presence of oxidizers in wastes. This practice offers the ability to screen waste for potentially hazardous reactions due to oxidizer content when the more sophisticated techniques are not available or the total waste composition is unknown. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5002-18

Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Oils by Digital Density Analyzer

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density, relative density, and API gravity of crude oils that can be handled in a normal fashion as liquids at test temperatures between 15 C and 35 C utilizing either manual or automated sample injection equipment. This test method applies to crude oils with high vapor pressures provided appropriate precautions are taken to prevent vapor loss during transfer of the sample to the density analyzer. 1.2 This test method was evaluated in round robin testing using crude oils in the 0.75 g/mL to 0.95 g/mL range. Lighter crude oil can require special handling to prevent vapor losses. Heavier crudes can require measurements at higher temperatures to eliminate air bubbles in the sample. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. The accepted units of measurement of density are grams per millilitre and kilograms per cubic metre. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in 7.4 , 7.5 , and 7.6 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5191-19

Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)

1.1 This test method covers the use of automated vapor pressure instruments to determine the total vapor pressure exerted in vacuum by air-containing, volatile, liquid petroleum products and liquid fuels, including automotive spark-ignition fuels with or without oxygenates and with ethanol blends up to 85 % (volume fraction) (see Note 1 ). This test method is suitable for testing samples with boiling points above 0 C (32 F) that exert a vapor pressure between 7 kPa and 130 kPa (1.0 psi and 18.6 psi) at 37.8 C (100 F) at a vapor-to-liquid ratio of 4:1. Measurements are made on liquid sample sizes in the range from 1 mL to 10 mL. No account is made for dissolved water in the sample. Note 1: The precision (see Section 16 ) using 1 L containers was determined in a 2003 interlaboratory study (ILS); 2 the precision using 250 mL containers was determined in a 2016 ILS. 3 Note 2: Samples can also be tested at other vapor-to-liquid ratios, temperatures, and pressures, but the precision and bias statements need not apply. Note 3: The ILS conducted in 1988, 1991, 2003, and 2016 to determine the precision statements in Test Method D5191 did not include any crude oil in the sample sets. Test Method D6377 , as well as IP 481, have been shown to be suitable for vapor pressure measurements of crude oils. 1.1.1 Some gasoline-oxygenate blends may show a haze when cooled to 0 C to 1 C. If a haze is observed in 8.5 , it shall be indicated in the reporting of results. The precision and bias statements for hazy samples have not been determined (see Note 15 ). 1.2 This test method is suitable for calculation of the dry vapor pressure equivalent (DVPE) of gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends by means of a correlation equation (see Eq 1 in 14.2 ). The calculated DVPE very closely approximates the dry vapor pressure that would be obtained on the same material when tested by Test Method D4953 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific safety warning statements, see 7.2 through 7.8 . 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5297-95(2019)

Standard Test Methods for Rubber Chemical Accelerator—Purity by High Performance Liquid Chromatography

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the purity of present commercially available rubber chemical accelerators in the range from 80 to 100 % by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using ultraviolet detection and external standard calculations. 1.2 Expertise in HPLC is necessary to the successful application of these test methods. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5358-93(2019)

Standard Practice for Sampling With a Dipper or Pond Sampler

1.1 This practice describes the procedure and equipment for taking surface samples of water or other liquids using a dipper. A pond sampler or dipper with extension handle allows the operator to sample streams, ponds, waste pits, and lagoons as far as 15 ft from the bank or other secure footing. The dipper is useful in filling a sample bottle without contaminating the outside of the bottle. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5378-12(2019)

Standard Performance Specification for Woven and Knitted Shower Curtains for Institutional and Household Use

1.1 This specification covers the evaluation of specific performance characteristics of importance in woven and knitted shower curtains for use in institutional and household environments. 1.2 This specification may be used by mutual agreement between purchaser and supplier to establish purchasing specification requirements. 1.3 The requirements in Table 1 apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent. 1.4 This specification is not applicable for coated, laminated or vinyl product. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5431-08(2019)

Standard Performance Specification for Woven and Knitted Sheeting Products for Institutional and Household Use

1.1 This specification covers the evaluation of specific performance characteristics of importance in woven and knit flat, fitted, and waterbed sheet products for use in institutional and household environments. 1.2 This specification may be used by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier to establish purchasing specification requirements. 1.3 The requirements in Table 1 apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent. 1.4 This specification is not applicable to woven and knit products used for sheet blankets or to woven and knitted sheet products used for apparel. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5666-95(2019)

Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemical Antidegradants—Purity of p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) Antidegradants by High Performance Liquid Chromatography

1.1 This test method covers the purity of Type I, II, and III p -phenylenediamine (PPD) antidegradants as described in Classification D4676 by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using ultraviolet detection and external standard calculations. 1.2 Expertise in HPLC is necessary to the successful application of this test method. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5670-95(2019)

Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Residual Unsaturation in Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR) by Infrared Spectrophotometry

1.1 This test method covers the percentage of residual unsaturation (double bonds in unhydrogenated butadiene) in hydrogenated nitrile rubber and is based on infrared examination of rubber films cast from solution. 1.2 This test method is applicable to all grades of hydrogenated nitrile rubber in the raw state. 1.3 This test method assumes that specimens and infrared spectra are prepared and analyzed by experienced personnel and that the equipment is operated according to the manufacturer's direction for optimum performance. No details for operation of infrared spectrophotometers are included in this test method. 1.4 Since it is customary in infrared spectrophotometry to use wavenumbers (cm 1 ) rather than Hertz (Hz), the unit for frequency in the SI system, the former is employed throughout this test method. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5774-95(2019)

Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Chemical Analysis of Extractables

1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of extractables from synthetic rubbers and are intended for general use on solid uncompounded styrene-butadiene copolymers commonly referred to as SBR. Analysis of other synthetic rubbers is also possible with some of these test methods. The test methods and the sections in which they are covered are as follows: Note 1: The nomenclature used in these test methods is in accordance with Practice D1418 . 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5775-95(2019)

Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Bound Styrene in Styrene Butadiene Rubber by Refractive Index

1.1 This test method covers the determination of styrene content, and is intended for general use on solid uncompounded styrene-butadiene copolymers, commonly referred to as SBR, prepared by the emulsion process. SBR polymers prepared in solution will require the use of different refractive index tables because the vinyl content of the butadiene differs from that in the emulsion polymers. It is applicable to polymers having less than 55 % bound styrene. Note 1: The nomenclature used in this test method is in accordance with Practice D1418 . 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5805-00(2019)

Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Determination of Carbon Black in Masterbatches

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the amount of carbon black in a masterbatch and cover emulsion SBR-carbon black mixtures, but may be applicable to other polymers. Three test methods are included: Note 1: The nomenclature used in these test methods is in accordance with Practice D1418 . 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D6307-19

Standard Test Method for Asphalt Content of Asphalt Mixture by Ignition Method

1.1 This test method covers the determination of asphalt content of asphalt mixture and asphalt pavement samples by removing the asphalt cement in an ignition furnace. The means of sample heating may be the convection method or direct irradiation method. Note 1: Aggregate obtained by this test method may be used for sieve analysis. Particle size degradation may occur with some aggregates. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D6323-19

Standard Guide for Laboratory Subsampling of Media Related to Waste Management Activities

1.1 This guide covers common techniques for obtaining representative subsamples from a sample received at a laboratory for analysis. These samples may include solids, sludges, liquids, or multilayered liquids (with or without solids). 1.2 The procedures and techniques discussed in this guide depend upon the sample matrix, the type of sample preparation and analysis performed, the characteristic(s) of interest, and the project-specific instructions or data quality objectives. 1.3 This guide includes several sample homogenization techniques, including mixing and grinding, as well as information on how to obtain a specimen or split laboratory samples. 1.4 This guide does not apply to air or gas sampling. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7157-18

Standard Test Method for Determination of Intrinsic Stability of Asphaltene-Containing Residues, Heavy Fuel Oils, and Crude Oils (n-Heptane Phase Separation; Optical Detection)

1.1 This test method covers a procedure for quantifying the intrinsic stability of the asphaltenes in an oil by an automatic instrument using an optical device. 1.2 This test method is applicable to residual products from thermal and hydrocracking processes, to products typical of Specifications D396 Grades No. 5L, 5H, and 6, and D2880 Grades No. 3-GT and 4-GT, and to crude oils, providing these products contain 0.5 % by mass or greater concentration of asphaltenes (see Test Method D6560 ). 1.3 This test method quantifies asphaltene stability in terms of state of peptization of the asphaltenes ( S -value), intrinsic stability of the oily medium ( So ) and the solvency requirements of the peptized asphaltenes ( Sa ). 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D7467-18b

Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)

1.1 This specification covers fuel blend grades of 6 volume percent to 20 volume percent (%) biodiesel with the remainder being a light middle or middle distillate diesel fuel, collectively designated as B6 to B20. These grades are suitable for various types of diesel engines. 1.1.1 The biodiesel component of the blend shall conform to the requirements of Specification D6751 . The remainder of the fuel shall be a light middle or middle distillate grade diesel fuel conforming to Specification D975 grades No. 1-D and No. 2-D of any sulfur level specified with the following exceptions. The light middle or middle distillate grade diesel fuel whose sulfur level, aromatic level, cetane, or lubricity falls outside of Specification D975 may be blended with biodiesel meeting Specification D6751 , provided the finished mixtures meets this specification. 1.1.2 The fuel sulfur grades are described as follows: 1.1.2.1 Grade B6 to B20 S15 A fuel with a maximum of 15 ppm sulfur. 1.1.2.2 Grade B6 to B20 S500 A fuel with a maximum of 500 ppm sulfur. 1.1.2.3 Grade B6 to B20 S5000 A fuel with a maximum of 5000 ppm sulfur. 1.2 This specification prescribes the required properties of B6 to B20 biodiesel blends at the time and place of delivery. The specification requirements may be applied at other points in the production and distribution system when provided by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier. 1.2.1 Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of federal, state, or local regulations that may be more restrictive. Note 1: The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of distillate diesel fuel oils. For more information on this subject, see Guide D4865 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D7495-12(2019)

Standard Specification for Minimum Requirements for Accreditation Bodies That Accredit Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

1.1 This document contains minimum requirements for establishing and implementing an accreditation program for agencies testing and inspecting road and paving materials. 1.2 The criteria in this document are applicable to accreditation programs which accredit agencies testing and inspecting road and paving materials. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7566-18a

Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons

1.1 This specification covers the manufacture of aviation turbine fuel that consists of conventional and synthetic blending components. 1.2 This specification applies only at the point of batch origination, as follows: 1.2.1 Aviation turbine fuel manufactured, certified, and released to all the requirements of Table 1 of this specification ( D7566 ), meets the requirements of Specification D1655 and shall be regarded as Specification D1655 turbine fuel. Duplicate testing is not necessary; the same data may be used for both D7566 and D1655 compliance. Once the fuel is released to this specification ( D7566 ) the unique requirements of this specification are no longer applicable: any recertification shall be done in accordance with Table 1 of Specification D1655 . 1.2.2 Field blending of synthesized paraffinic kerosine (SPK) blendstocks, as described in Annex A1 (FT SPK), Annex A2 (HEFA SPK), Annex A3 (SIP), Annex A4 synthesized paraffinic kerosine plus aromatics (SPK/A), or Annex A5 (ATJ) with D1655 fuel (which may on the whole or in part have originated as D7566 fuel) shall be considered batch origination in which case all of the requirements of Table 1 of this specification ( D7566 ) apply and shall be evaluated. Short form conformance test programs commonly used to ensure transportation quality are not sufficient. The fuel shall be regarded as D1655 turbine fuel after certification and release as described in 1.2.1 . 1.2.3 Once a fuel is redesignated as D1655 aviation turbine fuel, it can be handled in the same fashion as the equivalent refined D1655 aviation turbine fuel. 1.3 This specification defines the minimum property requirements for aviation turbine fuel that contain synthesized hydrocarbons and lists acceptable additives for use in civil operated engines and aircrafts. Specification D7566 is directed at civil applications, and maintained as such, but may be adopted for military, government, or other specialized uses. 1.4 This specification can be used as a standard in describing the quality of aviation turbine fuel from production to the aircraft. However, this specification does not define the quality assurance testing and procedures necessary to ensure that fuel in the distribution system continues to comply with this specification after batch certification. Such procedures are defined elsewhere, for example in ICAO 9977, EI/JIG Standard 1530, JIG 1, JIG 2, API 1543, API 1595, and ATA-103. 1.5 This specification does not include all fuels satisfactory for aviation turbine engines. Certain equipment or conditions of use may permit a wider, or require a narrower, range of characteristics than is shown by this specification. 1.6 While aviation turbine fuels defined by Table 1 of this specification can be used in applications other than aviation turbine engines, requirements for such other applications have not been considered in the development of this specification. 1.7 Synthetic blending components, synthetic fuels, and blends of synthetic fuels with conventional petroleum-derived fuels in this specification have been evaluated and approved in accordance with the principles established in Practice D4054 . 1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D7653-18

Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Gaseous Contaminants in Hydrogen Fuel by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy

1.1 This test method employs an FTIR gas analysis system for the determination of trace impurities in gaseous hydrogen fuels relative to the hydrogen fuel quality limits described in SAE TIR J2719 (April 2008) or in hydrogen fuel quality standards from other governing bodies. This FTIR method is used to quantify gas phase concentrations of multiple target contaminants in hydrogen fuel either directly at the fueling station or on an extracted sample that is sent to be analyzed elsewhere. Multiple contaminants can be measured simultaneously as long as they are in the gaseous phase and absorb in the infrared wavelength region. The detection limits as well as specific target contaminants for this standard were selected based upon those set forth in SAE TIR J2719. 1.2 This test method allows the tester to determine which specific contaminants for hydrogen fuel impurities that are in the gaseous phase and are active infrared absorbers which meet or exceed the detection limits set by SAE TIR J2719 for their particular FTIR instrument. Specific target contaminants include, but are not limited to, ammonia, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, formic acid, methane, ethane, ethylene, propane, and water. This test method may be extended to other impurities provided that they are in the gaseous phase or can be vaporized and are active infrared absorbers. 1.3 This test method is intended for analysis of hydrogen fuels used for fuel cell feed gases or for internal combustion engine fuels. This method may also be extended to the analysis of high purity hydrogen gas used for other applications including industrial applications, provided that target impurities and required limits are also identified. 1.4 This test method can be used to analyze hydrogen fuel sampled directly at the point-of-use from fueling station nozzles or other feed gas sources. The sampling apparatus includes a pressure regulator and metering valve to provide an appropriate gas stream for direct analysis by the FTIR spectrometer. 1.5 This test method can also be used to analyze samples captured in storage vessels from point-of-use or other sources. Analysis of the stored samples can be performed either in a mobile laboratory near the sample source or in a standard analytical laboratory. 1.6 A test plan should be prepared that includes (1) the specific impurity species to be measured, (2) the concentration limits for each impurity species, and (3) the determination of the minimum detectable concentration for each impurity species as measured on the apparatus before testing. 1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.7.1 Exception All values are based upon common terms used in the industry of those particular values and when not consistent with SI units, the appropriate SI unit will be included in parentheses after the common value usage ( 4.4 , 7.8 , 7.9 , 10.5 , and 11.6 ). 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



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