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100 Newest Standards and Packages


ANSI/ANS-8.23-2019

Nuclear Criticality Accident Emergency Planning and Response

This standard provides criteria for minimizing risks to personnel during emergency response to a nuclear criticality accident outside reactors. The criteria address management and technical staff responsibilities, planning, equipment, evacuation, rescue, reentry, stabilization, classroom training, drills, and exercises. This standard applies to facilities, locations, or activities judged to have credible and non-trivial consequences from a criticality accident. This standard does not apply to nuclear power plant sites or to licensed research reactor facilities, which are addressed by other standards.


ANSI/ASAE EP378.4 JUN2010 (R2019)

Floor and Suspended Loads on Agricultural Structures Due to Use

This Engineering Practice presents probable floor and suspended loads due to building use and methods of applying the loads in building design.


ANSI/ASAE EP559.1 AUG2010 (R2019)

Design Requirements and Bending Properties for Mechanically Laminated Wood Assemblies

The purpose of this Engineering Practice is to establish guidelines for designing and calculating allowable bending properties of mechanically laminated wood assemblies used as structural members.


ASAE D384.2 MAR2005 (R2019)

Manure production and Characteristics

This standard provides three types of information for estimating characteristics of livestock and poultry manure:Typical characteristics for manure “as-excreted” by livestock and poultry based on typical diets and animal performance levels in 2002 (Section 3); Equations for estimating manure excretion characteristics based on animal performance and dietary feed and nutrient intake specific to an individual situation (Sections 4 through 9); and Typical characteristics for manure “as-removed” from manure storage or animal housing (Section 10).


ASAE D535 MAR2005 (R2019)

Shelled Corn Storage Time for 0.5% Dry Matter Loss

These data allow estimation of the time required for normal oil content shelled corn to deteriorate to the point where 0.5% of the original corn dry matter has been lost. This corresponds to the maximum time shelled corn can be stored before storage fungi damage causes the USDA market grade of the corn to be lowered one grade level because of an increase in total damaged kernels.


ASAE EP405.1 APR1988 (R2019)

Design and Installation of Microirrigation Systems

The purpose of this Engineering Practice is to establish minimum recommendations for the design, installation and performance of microirrigation systems: including trickle, drip, subsurface, bubbler and spray irrigation systems. This Engineering Practice should encourage sound system design and operation and enhance communication among involved personnel.


ASAE EP463.2 NOV2009 (R2019)

Design, Construction and Maintenance of Subsurface Drains in Arid and Semiarid Areas

This Engineering Practice is intended as a guide to engineers in the design and construction of subsurface drains in arid and semiarid regions where irrigation is often used to provide adequate water for crops. It is not designed to serve as a complete set of specifications or standards. This Engineering Practice is intended to complement ASABE Engineering Practices, ASAE EP480 Design of Subsurface Drains in Humid Areas and ASAE EP481 Construction of Subsurface Drains in Humid Areas.


ASAE EP505.1 APR2015 (R2019)

Measurement and Reporting Practices of Automated Ag Weather Stations

This Engineering Practice applies to automatic weather stations installed individually, or as part of a network of stations, for the measurement and reporting of specific weather variables in agricultural environments. This Engineering Practice also addresses a recommended core set of measurements and general siting considerations for agricultural weather stations. It is recognized that special purpose agricultural weather stations may deviate from the recommendations herein, particularly with respect to sensor deployment and station siting conditions. This Engineering Practice does not specifically address these special purpose stations.


ASAE S575.2 NOV2019

Farm and Agricultural Injury Classification (FAIC) Code

The purpose of this Standard is to facilitate consistent and accurate classification of farm/ranch and agriculturally related fatalities and injuries as either occupational or non-occupational from a production agriculture perspective. (See Annex A, Commentary. This standard is applicable to all farm/ranch- and agriculturally-related injuries involving any of a wide range of hazards, for example, machinery, vehicles, animals, plants, structures, equipment, tools, dusts, chemicals, weather/environment, and products associated with production agriculture.


ASTM A106/A106M-19a

Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

1.1 This specification 2 covers seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service ( Note 1 ) in NPS 1 / 8 to NPS 48 [DN 6 to DN 1200] ( Note 2 ) inclusive, with nominal (average) wall thickness as given in ASME B 36.10M. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Pipe ordered under this specification shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for welding. When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable to the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. Note 1: It is suggested, consideration be given to possible graphitization. Note 2: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) [DN (diameter nominal)] has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as nominal diameter, size, and nominal size. 1.2 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided for seamless pipe intended for use in applications where a superior grade of pipe is required. These supplementary requirements call for additional tests to be made and when desired shall be so stated in the order. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 11 , 12 , and 13 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A134/A134M-19

Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over)

1.1 This specification covers electric-fusion (arc)-welded straight seam or spiral seam steel pipe NPS 16 and over in diameter (inside or outside as specified by purchaser), with wall thicknesses up to 3 / 4 in. [19 mm], inclusive. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. The pipe is available in various grades based on the ASTM specification ordered (Section 4 ). Note 1: Acceptability for many services may be controlled by codes or standards such as those published by the American National Standards Institute and American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Note 2: For testing methods not specifically covered in this specification, reference can be made to Test Methods and Definitions A370 , with particular reference to Annex A2 on Steel Tubular Products. Note 3: A comprehensive listing of standardized pipe dimensions is contained in ANSI B 36.10. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. In this specification hard or rationalized conversions apply to diameter, lengths, and tensile properties. Soft conversion applies to other SI measurements. Note 4: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as nominal diameter, size, and nominal size. 1.3 The following caveat pertains specifically to Section 5 of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A178/A178M-19

Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel and Carbon-Manganese Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

1.1 This specification 2 covers minimum-wall-thickness, electric-resistance-welded tubes made of carbon steel and carbon-manganese steel intended for use as boiler tubes, boiler flues, superheater flues, and safe ends. 1.2 This specification covers Grades A, C, and D with differing chemical requirements (Section 6 and Table 1 ), differing tensile requirements (Section 9 and Table 2 ), and differing crush and mechanical testing requirements (Sections 10 and 11 ). Note 1: Grades C and D tubes are not suitable for safe-ending for forge welding. 1.3 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to this specification are 1 / 2 to 5 in. [12.7 to 127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.035 to 0.360 in. [0.9 to 9.1 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness. Tubing having other dimensions may be furnished, provided such tubes comply with all other requirements of this specification. 1.4 Mechanical property requirements do not apply to tubing smaller than 1 / 8 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter or 0.015 in. [0.4 mm] in thickness. 1.5 Optional supplementary requirements are provided and when desired, shall be so stated in the order. 1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A234/A234M-19

Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service

1.1 This specification 2 covers wrought carbon steel and alloy steel fittings of seamless and welded construction covered by the latest revision of ASME B16.9, B16.11, MSS-SP-79, MSS-SP-83, MSS-SP-95, and MSS-SP-97. These fittings are for use in pressure piping and in pressure vessel fabrication for service at moderate and elevated temperatures. Fittings differing from these ASME and MSS standards shall be furnished in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S58 of Specification A960/A960M . 1.2 Optional supplementary requirements are provided for fittings where a greater degree of examination is desired. When desired, one or more of these supplementary requirements may be specified in the order. 1.3 This specification does not cover cast welding fittings or fittings machined from castings. Cast steel welding fittings are governed by Specifications A216/A216M and A217/A217M . 1.4 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A403/A403M-19a

Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings

1.1 This specification covers wrought stainless steel fittings for pressure piping applications. 2 1.2 Several grades of austenitic stainless steel alloys are included in this specification Grades are designated with a prefix, WP or CR, based on the applicable ASME or MSS dimensional and rating standards, respectively. 1.3 For each of the WP stainless grades, several classes of fittings are covered, to indicate whether seamless or welded construction was utilized. Class designations are also utilized to indicate the nondestructive test method and extent of nondestructive examination (NDE). Table 1 is a general summary of the fitting classes applicable to all WP grades of stainless steel covered by this specification. There are no classes for the CR grades. Specific requirements are covered elsewhere. 1.4 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.6 This specification does not apply to cast steel fittings. Austenitic stainless steel castings are covered in Specifications A351/A351M , A743/A743M , and A744/A744M . 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A409/A409M-19

Standard Specification for Welded Large Diameter Austenitic Steel Pipe for Corrosive or High-Temperature Service

1.1 This specification 2 covers straight seam or spiral seam electric-fusion-welded, light-wall, austenitic chromium-nickel alloy steel pipe for corrosive or high-temperature service. The sizes covered are NPS 14 to 30 with extra light (Schedule 5S) and light (Schedule 10S) wall thicknesses. Table X1.1 shows the wall thickness of Schedule 5S and 10S pipe. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. 1.2 Several grades of alloy steel are covered as indicated in Table 1 . 1.3 Optional supplementary requirements are provided. These call for additional tests to be made, and when desired shall be stated in the order, together with the number of such tests required. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. Note 1: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as nominal diameter , size , and nominal size . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A423/A423M-19

Standard Specification for Seamless and Electric-Welded Low-Alloy Steel Tubes

1.1 This specification 2 covers minimum-wall-thickness, low-alloy steel tubes for pressure containing parts such as economizers or other applications where corrosion resistance is important. 1.2 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to this specification are 1 / 2 to 5 in. [12.7 to 127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.035 to 0.500 in. [0.9 to 12.7 mm] inclusive, in minimum wall thickness. Tubing having other dimensions may be furnished, provided such tubes comply with all other requirements of this specification. 1.3 Mechanical property requirements do not apply to tubing smaller than 1 / 4 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter or 0.015 in. [0.4 mm] in thickness. 1.4 This specification covers three grades, two types, and two manufacture finishes: 1.4.1 Grades 1, 2, and 3 are identified in Table 1 (Chemical Requirements), and Table 3 (Tensile Requirements), 1.4.2 Type (seamless or electric-resistance welded), 1.4.3 Manufacture (hot finished or cold finished). 1.5 Optional supplementary requirements S1 and S2 are provided and, when desired, shall be so stated in the order. 1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A480/A480M-19a

Standard Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

1.1 This specification 2 covers a group of general requirements that, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order or in an individual specification, shall apply to rolled steel plate, sheet, and strip, under each of the following specifications issued by ASTM: Specifications A240/A240M , A263 , A264 , A265 , A666 , A693 , A793 , and A895 . 1.2 In the case of conflict between a requirement of a product specification and a requirement of this specification, the product specification shall prevail. In the case of conflict between a requirement of the product specification or a requirement of this specification and a more stringent requirement of the purchase order, the purchase order shall prevail. The purchase order requirements shall not take precedence if they, in any way, violate the requirements of the product specification or this specification; for example, by waiving a test requirement or by making a test requirement less stringent. 1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets, except that when A480M is specified, Annex A3 shall apply for the dimensional tolerances and not the bracketed SI values in Annex A2 . The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. 1.4 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation [SI units], the material shall be furnished in inch-pound units. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A568/A568M-19a

Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Carbon, Structural, and High-Strength, Low-Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for

1.1 This specification covers the general requirements for steel sheet in coils and cut lengths. It applies to the following specifications that describe carbon steel, structural steel, and high-strength, low-alloy steel (HSLA) furnished as hot-rolled sheet and cold-rolled sheet: Specifications A414/A414M , A424/A424M , A606/A606M , A659/A659M , A794/A794M , A1008/A1008M , A1011/A1011M , and A1039/A1039M . 1.2 This specification is not applicable to hot-rolled heavy-thickness carbon sheet coils (Specification A635/A635M ). 1.3 In case of any conflict in requirements, the requirements of the individual material specification shall prevail over those of this general specification. 1.4 For the purposes of determining conformance with this and the appropriate product specification referenced in 1.1 , measured values, calculated values, or observed values shall be rounded to the nearest unit in the right hand place of figures used in expressing the limiting values in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29 . 1.4.1 Ordered values, identified in tables, specified such as over 30 through 48 or 30 exclusive to 48 inclusive, covers all ordered values specified as 30.1, 30.01, 30.001, etc., up to and including 48.000 etc., but does not cover ordered values specified as 30.000 etc., or less, nor does it cover ordered values specified as 48.1, 48.01, 48.001, etc. 1.5 Annex A1 lists permissible variations in dimensions and mass (see Note 1 ) in SI [metric] units. The values listed are not exact conversions of the values listed in the inch-pound tables, but instead are rounded or rationalized values. Conformance to Annex A1 is mandatory when the M specification is used. Note 1: The term weight is used when inch-pound units are the standard. However, under SI the preferred term is mass . 1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.7 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A671/A671M-19

Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures

1.1 This specification 2 covers electric-fusion-welded steel pipe with filler metal added, fabricated from pressure vessel quality plate of several analyses and strength levels and suitable for high-pressure service at atmospheric and lower temperatures. Heat treatment may or may not be required to attain the desired properties or to comply with applicable code requirements. Supplementary requirements are provided for use when additional testing or examination is desired. 1.2 The specification nominally covers pipe 16 in. [400 mm] in outside diameter or larger and of 1 / 4 in. [6 mm] wall thickness or greater. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided it complies with all other requirements of this specification. 1.3 Several grades and classes of pipe are provided. 1.3.1 Grade designates the type of plate used as listed in 5.1 . 1.3.2 Class designates the type of heat treatment performed during manufacture of the pipe, whether the weld is radiographically examined, and whether the pipe has been pressure tested as listed in 1.3.3 . 1.3.3 Class designations are as follows ( Note 1 ): Note 1: Selection of materials should be made with attention to temperature of service. For such guidance, Specification A20/A20M may be consulted. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A672/A672M-19

Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Service at Moderate Temperatures

1.1 This specification 2 covers steel pipe: electric-fusion-welded with filler metal added, fabricated from pressure-vessel quality plate of any of several analyses and strength levels and suitable for high-pressure service at moderate temperatures. Heat treatment may or may not be required to attain the desired properties or to comply with applicable code requirements. Supplementary requirements are provided for use when additional testing or examination is desired. 1.2 The specification nominally covers pipe 16 in. [400 mm] in outside diameter or larger with wall thicknesses up to 3 in. [75 mm], inclusive. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided it complies with all other requirements of this specification. 1.3 Several grades and classes of pipe are provided. 1.3.1 Grade designates the type of plate used. 1.3.2 Class designates the type of heat treatment performed during manufacture of the pipe, whether the weld is radiographically examined, and whether the pipe has been pressure tested as listed in 1.3.3 . 1.3.3 Class designations are as follows ( Note 1 ): Note 1: Selection of materials should be made with attention to temperature of service. For such guidance, Specification A20/A20M may be consulted. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A691/A691M-19

Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-Fusion-Welded for High-Pressure Service at High Temperatures

1.1 This specification 2 covers carbon and alloy steel pipe, electric-fusion-welded with filler metal added, fabricated from pressure-vessel-quality plate of several analyses and strength levels and suitable for high-pressure service at high temperatures. Heat treatment may or may not be required to attain the desired mechanical properties or to comply with applicable code requirements. Supplementary requirements are provided for use when additional testing or examination is desired. 1.2 The specification nominally covers pipe 16 in. [400 mm] in outside diameter and larger with wall thicknesses up to 3 in. [75 mm] inclusive. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided it complies with all other requirements of this specification. 1.3 Several grades and classes of pipe are provided. 1.3.1 Grade designates the type of plate used as listed in Table 1 . 1.3.2 Class designates the type of heat treatment performed in the manufacture of the pipe, whether the weld is radiographically examined, and whether the pipe has been pressure tested as listed in 1.3.3 . 1.3.3 Class designations are as follows ( Note 1 ): Note 1: Selection of materials should be made with attention to temperature of service. For such guidance, Specification A20/A20M may be consulted. 1.4 Optional requirements of a supplementary nature are provided, calling for additional tests and control of repair welding, when desired. 1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A788/A788M-19a

Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements

1.1 This specification 2 covers a group of common requirements that, unless otherwise specified in the individual product specification, shall apply to steel forgings under any of the following specifications issued by ASTM: 1.2 In case of conflict in requirements, the requirements of the individual product specifications shall prevail over those of this specification. 1.3 The purchaser may specify additional requirements (see 4.2.3 ) that do not negate any of the provisions of either this specification or of the individual product specifications. The acceptance of any such additional requirements shall be dependent on negotiations with the supplier and must be included in the order. 1.4 If, by agreement, forgings are to be supplied in a partially completed condition, that is, all of the provisions of the product specification have not been filled, then the material marking (see Section 17 ) and certification (see Section 16 ) shall reflect the extent to which the product specification requirements have been met. 1.5 As noted in the Certification Section ( 16 ), the number and year date of this specification, as well as that of the product specification, are required to be included in the product certification. 1.6 When the SI version of a product specification is required by the purchase order, Specification A788/A788M shall be used in conjunction with Test Methods A1058 instead of Test Methods and Definitions A370 . 1.7 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A914/A914M-19

Standard Specification for Steel Bars Subject to Restricted End-Quench Hardenability Requirements

1.1 This specification covers hot-worked alloy and carbon-boron steels designed to attain restricted depth of hardening in the end-quench test. These steel compositions are identified by the suffix letter RH added to the conventional grade number. 1.2 In general, steels with restricted hardenability (RH steels) will exhibit a hardness range not greater than 5 HRC at the initial position on the end-quench hardenability bar and not greater than 65 % of the hardness range for standard H-band steels (Specification A304 ) in the inflection region. Generally the restricted hardenability band follows the middle of the corresponding standard H-band. An example of the RH band compared with the H band is given for Grade 4140 in Fig. 1 . FIG. 1 Comparison of H-Band and RH-Band for 4140 Steel A 1.2.1 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, the material will be supplied to inch-pound units unless the purchase order specifies the M specification designation. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A959-19

Standard Guide for Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for Wrought Stainless Steels

1.1 This guide provides a guide to ASTM Subcommittees A01.06, A01.10, A01.17, A01.22, and A01.28 for specifying chemical composition limits of wrought stainless steels. It is intended that these recommended grade composition limits be suitable for adoption by other standardization bodies that prepare standards for stainless steel products. 1.2 Included in this guide are the recommendations for determining the number of significant figures for specifying chemical composition from Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology A751 . 1.3 All stainless steel UNS numbers and the stainless steel grades in all standards overseen by the aforementioned ASTM subcommittees have been included, except those grades applicable to restricted special end uses and alloys containing less than 10.5 % minimum chromium. 1.4 Not addressed are minor composition modifications which a specific product subcommittee may find necessary to accommodate effects of normal processing or to enhance fabricability by the producer or user, or both. 1.5 Also not generally addressed (except when established by ASTM product subcommittees) is a complete rationalization of all limits, especially when such would conflict with long-standing practices and is not justified by special technical effect. 1.6 Excluded from this guide are cast material and welding filler metal. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B339-19

Standard Specification for Pig Tin

1.1 This specification covers refined tin in pig form recovered and cast from primary and secondary tin-bearing materials. One grade of tin metal is specified and is designated by the grade letter shown in Table 1 . 1.2 The percent values of tin contained are to be regarded as the standard. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B564-19

Standard Specification for Nickel Alloy Forgings

1.1 This specification 2 covers forgings of: 1.1.1 The nickel-iron-chromium alloys are UNS N08120, UNS N08800, UNS N08810, and UNS N08811. Alloy UNS N08800 is normally employed in service temperatures up to and including 1100 F (593 C). Alloys UNS N08810, N08120, and UNS N08811 are normally employed in service temperatures above 1100 F (593 C) where resistance to creep and rupture is required, and are annealed to develop controlled grain size for optimum properties in this temperature range. 1.1.2 Nickel-iron-chromium-tungsten alloy UNS N06674 is normally employed in service temperatures above 1100 F (593 C) where resistance to creep and rupture is required, and is annealed to develop optimum properties in this temperature range. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B861-19

Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Seamless Pipe

1.1 This specification covers the requirements for 34 grades of titanium and titanium alloy seamless pipe intended for general corrosion resisting and elevated temperature service as follows: 1.1.1 Grade 1 UNS R50250. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.2 Grade 2 UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.2.1 Grade 2H UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium (Grade 2 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.3 Grade 3 UNS R50550. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.4 Grade 5 UNS R56400. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium), 1.1.5 Grade 7 UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium, 1.1.5.1 Grade 7H UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium (Grade 7 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.6 Grade 9 UNS R56320. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium), 1.1.7 Grade 11 UNS R52250. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium, 1.1.8 Grade 12 UNS R53400. Titanium alloy (0.3 % molybdenum, 0.8 % nickel), 1.1.9 Grade 13 UNS R53413. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.10 Grade 14 UNS R53414. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.11 Grade 15 UNS R53415. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.12 Grade 16 UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.12.1 Grade 16H UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium (Grade 16 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.13 Grade 17 UNS R52252. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.14 Grade 18 UNS R56322. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium), 1.1.15 Grade 19 UNS R58640. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum), 1.1.16 Grade 20 UNS R58645. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.17 Grade 21 UNS R58210. Titanium alloy (15 % molybdenum, 3 % aluminum, 2.7 % niobium, 0.25 % silicon), 1.1.18 Grade 23 UNS R56407. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium, extra low interstitial, ELI), 1.1.19 Grade 24 UNS R56405. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.20 Grade 25 UNS R56403. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.3 to 0.8 % nickel and 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.21 Grade 26 UNS R52404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.21.1 Grade 26H UNS R52404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium (Grade 26 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.22 Grade 27 UNS R52254. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.23 Grade 28 UNS R56323. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium), 1.1.24 Grade 29 UNS R56404. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium, extra low interstitial, ELI plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium), 1.1.25 Grade 33 UNS R53442. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium), 1.1.26 Grade 34 UNS R53445. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium), 1.1.27 Grade 35 UNS R56340. Titanium alloy (4.5 % aluminum, 2 % molybdenum, 1.6 % vanadium, 0.5 % iron, 0.3 % silicon), 1.1.28 Grade 36 UNS R58450. Titanium alloy (45 % niobium), 1.1.29 Grade 37 UNS R52815. Titanium alloy (1.5 % aluminum), and 1.1.30 Grade 38 UNS R54250. Titanium alloy (4 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium, 1.5 % iron). Note 1: H grade material is identical to the corresponding numeric grade (that is, Grade 2H = Grade 2) except for the higher guaranteed minimum UTS, and may always be certified as meeting the requirements of its corresponding numeric grade. Grades 2H, 7H, 16H, and 26H are intended primarily for pressure vessel use. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B862-19

Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Welded Pipe

1.1 This specification covers the requirements for 33 grades of titanium and titanium alloy welded pipe intended for general corrosion resisting and elevated temperature service as follows: 1.1.1 Grade 1 UNS R50250. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.2 Grade 2 UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.2.1 Grade 2H UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium (Grade 2 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.3 Grade 3 UNS R50550. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.4 Grade 5 UNS R56400. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium), 1.1.5 Grade 7 UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium, 1.1.5.1 Grade 7H UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium (Grade 7 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.6 Grade 9 UNS R56320. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium), 1.1.7 Grade 11 UNS R52250. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium, 1.1.8 Grade 12 UNS R53400. Titanium alloy (0.3 % molybdenum, 0.8 % nickel), 1.1.9 Grade 13 UNS R53413. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.10 Grade 14 UNS R53414. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.11 Grade 15 UNS R53415. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.12 Grade 16 UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.12.1 Grade 16H UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium (Grade 16 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.13 Grade 17 UNS R52252. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.14 Grade 18 UNS R56322. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium), 1.1.15 Grade 19 UNS R58640. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum), 1.1.16 Grade 20 UNS R58645. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.17 Grade 21 UNS R58210. Titanium alloy (15 % molybdenum, 3 % aluminum, 2.7 % niobium, 0.25 % silicon), 1.1.18 Grade 23 UNS R56407. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium, extra low interstitial, ELI), 1.1.19 Grade 24 UNS R56405. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.20 Grade 25 UNS R56403. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.3 to 0.8 % nickel and 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.21 Grade 26 UNS R52404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.21.1 Grade 26H UNS R52404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium (Grade 26 with 58 ksi (400 MPa) minimum UTS), 1.1.22 Grade 27 UNS R52254. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.23 Grade 28 UNS R56323. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.24 Grade 29 UNS R56404. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium with extra low interstitial elements (ELI)) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.25 Grade 33 UNS R53442. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium), 1.1.26 Grade 34 UNS R53445. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium), 1.1.27 Grade 35 UNS R56340. Titanium alloy (4.5 % aluminum, 2 % molybdenum, 1.6 % vanadium, 0.5 % iron, 0.3 % silicon), 1.1.28 Grade 37 UNS R52815. Titanium alloy (1.5 % aluminum), 1.1.29 Grade 38 UNS R54250. Titanium alloy (4 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium, 1.5 % iron), and 1.1.30 Grade 39 UNS R53390. Titanium alloy (0.25 % iron, 0.4 % silicon). Note 1: H grade material is identical to the corresponding numeric grade (that is, Grade 2H = Grade 2) except for the higher guaranteed minimum UTS, and may always be certified as meeting the requirements of its corresponding numeric grade. Grades 2H, 7H, 16H, and 26H are intended primarily for pressure vessel use. 1.2 Pipe 8 in. NPS (nominal pipe size) and larger is most frequently custom made for an order. In such cases, the purchaser carefully should consider the applicability of this specification. Since the pipe is custom made, the purchaser may choose a wall thickness other than those in Table 1 to meet specific operating conditions. The purchaser may also be better served to specify only the portions of this specification that are required to meet the operating conditions (for example, annealing, flattening test, chemistry, properties, etc.). 1.3 Optional supplementary requirements are provided for pipe where a greater degree of testing is desired. These supplementary requirements may be invoked by the purchaser, when desired, by specifying in the order. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B872-19

Standard Specification for Precipitation-Hardening Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, and Strip

1.1 This specification covers rolled precipitation hardenable nickel-iron-chromium-niobium-titanium-aluminum alloy (N09908), nickel-chromium-molybdenum-copper-titanium-niobium alloy (N09925), nickel-chromium-molybdenum-niobium-titanium alloy (N07725) and nickel-chromium-cobalt-titanium-niobium alloy (N07740) plate, sheet, and strip in the annealed condition (temper). Alloy N09908 is used as sheathing for super conductor cables, as tooling for fabrication of such cables, and for other applications requiring a material with low coefficient-of-expansion properties. Alloys N09925 and N07725 are used in sour service conditions in oil and gas applications. Alloy N07740 is used in the construction of high temperature boilers, pressure vessels, and heat exchangers. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B977/B977M-19

Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Ingots

1.1 This specification covers titanium and titanium alloy ingots as follows: 1.1.1 Grade 1 UNS R50250. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.2 Grade 2 UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.3 Grade 3 UNS R50550. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.4 Grade 4 UNS R50700. Unalloyed titanium, 1.1.5 Grade 5 UNS R56400. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium), 1.1.6 Grade 6 UNS R54520. Titanium alloy (5 % aluminum, 2.5 % tin), 1.1.7 Grade 7 UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium, 1.1.8 Grade 9 UNS R56320. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium), 1.1.9 Grade 11 UNS R52250. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium, 1.1.10 Grade 12 UNS R53400. Titanium alloy (0.3 % molybdenum, 0.8 % nickel), 1.1.11 Grade 13 UNS R53413. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.12 Grade 14 UNS R53414. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.13 Grade 15 UNS R53415. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium), 1.1.14 Grade 16 UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.15 Grade 17 UNS R52252. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.16 Grade 18 UNS R56322. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.17 Grade 19 UNS R58640. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum), 1.1.18 Grade 20 UNS R58645. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.19 Grade 21 UNS R58210. Titanium alloy (15 % molybdenum, 3 % aluminum, 2.7 % niobium, 0.25 % silicon), 1.1.20 Grade 23 UNS R56407. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium with extra low interstitials, ELI), 1.1.21 Grade 24 UNS R56405. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.4 to 0.8 % palladium, 1.1.22 Grade 25 UNS R56403. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.3 to 0.8 % nickel and 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium, 1.1.23 Grade 26 UNS R56404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.24 Grade 27 UNS R52254. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.25 Grade 28 UNS R56323. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.26 Grade 29 UNS R56404. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium, extra low interstitial elements, ELI) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium, 1.1.27 Grade 30 UNS R53530. Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium), 1.1.28 Grade 31 UNS R53532. Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium), 1.1.29 Grade 32 UNS R55111. Titanium alloy (5 % aluminum, 1 % tin, 1 % zirconium, 1 % vanadium, 0.8 % molybdenum), 1.1.30 Grade 33 UNS R53442. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium), 1.1.31 Grade 34 UNS R53445. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium), 1.1.32 Grade 35 UNS R56340. Titanium alloy (4.5 % aluminum, 2 % molybdenum, 1.6 % vanadium, 0.5 % iron, 0.3 % silicon), 1.1.33 Grade 36 UNS R58450. Titanium alloy (45 % niobium), 1.1.34 Grade 37 UNS R52815. Titanium alloy (1.5 % aluminum), 1.1.35 Grade 38 UNS R54250. Titanium alloy (4 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium, 1.5 % iron), and 1.1.36 Grade 39 UNS R53390. Titanium alloy (0.25 % iron, 0.4 % silicon). 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 The following caveat pertains only to the test method portions of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1243-93(2015)e2

Standard Test Method for Relative Resistance to Deep Abrasive Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by Rotating Disc

1.1 This test method covers the deep abrasive wear by measuring the loss of volume resulting from abrasion of unglazed ceramic tile under given conditions by means of a rotating disc and the use of abrasive material. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1565-19

Standard Test Method for Determination of Pack-Set Index of Portland and Blended Hydraulic Cements

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the pack-set index, which provides an indication of the mechanical force needed to overcome the consolidation of portland and blended hydraulic cements. 1.2 The pack-set index number provides a numerical value useful for manufacturers who desire to measure and control the effect that vibration-induced consolidation has upon the manufactured cement. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Values stated in SI units shall be obtained by measurement in SI units or by appropriate conversion, using the rules of Conversion and rounding given in Standard IEEE/ASTM SI 10 , of measurements made in other units. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( WARNING Fresh hydraulic-cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.) 2 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C219-19a

Standard Terminology Relating to Hydraulic and Other Inorganic Cements

1.1 This terminology defines terms relating to hydraulic and other inorganic cements, their components, characteristics, properties, and the testing thereof. Some terms may have wider application than just to hydraulic cement. 1.2 See individual standards for terms applicable primarily therein, including meanings that may be more restrictive than those given here, and for explanations and descriptions of terms as they apply to those standards. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C348-19

Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Hydraulic-Cement Mortars

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the flexural strength of hydraulic-cement mortars. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 Values in SI units shall be obtained by measurement in SI units or by appropriate conversion, using the Rules for Conversion and rounding given in Standard IEEE/ASTM SI 10 , of measurements made in other units. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C563-19

Standard Guide for Approximation of Optimum SO3 in Hydraulic Cement

1.1 This guide describes the determination of approximate optimum SO 3 for maximum performance as a result of substituting calcium sulfate for a portion of the cement. 1.2 This guide refers to the sulfur trioxide (SO 3 ) content of the cement only. Slag cements and occasionally other hydraulic cements can contain sulfide or other forms of sulfur. The determination of SO 3 content by rapid methods may include these other forms, and may therefore produce a significant error. If a significant error occurs, analyze the cement for SO 3 content using the reference test method of Test Methods C114 for sulfur trioxide. 1.3 Values stated as SI units are to be regarded as standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C696-19

Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Uranium Dioxide Powders and Pellets

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade uranium dioxide powders and pellets to determine compliance with specifications. 1.2 Units The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C727-19

Standard Practice for Installation and Use of Reflective Insulation in Building Constructions

1.1 This practice has been prepared for use by the designer, specifier, and installer of reflective insulation for use in building construction. The scope is limited to recommendations relative to the use and installation of thermal insulation consisting of one or more surfaces, having an emittance of 0.1 or less such as metallic foil or metallic deposits unmounted or mounted on substrates and facing enclosed air spaces. The reflective insulation covered by this practice must meet the requirements of Specification C1224 . 1.2 This practice covers the installation process from pre-installation inspection through post-installation procedure. It does not cover the production of the insulation materials. 1.3 This practice is not intended to replace the manufacturer's installation instructions, but shall be used in conjunction with such instructions. This practice is not intended to supercede local, state, or federal codes. 1.4 This practice assumes that the installer possesses a good working knowledge of the applicable codes and regulations, safety practices, tools, equipment, and methods necessary for the installation of thermal insulation materials. It also assumes that the installer understands the fundamentals of construction that affect the installation of insulation. 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C755-19b

Standard Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

1.1 This practice outlines factors to be considered, describes design principles and procedures for water vapor retarder selection, and defines water vapor transmission values appropriate for established criteria. It is intended for the guidance of design engineers in preparing vapor retarder application specifications for control of water vapor flow through thermal insulation. It covers commercial and residential building construction and industrial applications in the service temperature range from 40 to +150 F ( 40 to +66 C). Emphasis is placed on the control of moisture penetration by choice of the most suitable components of the system. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1092-19

Standard Test Method for Measuring Apparent Viscosity of Lubricating Greases

1.1 This test method covers measurement, in poises, of the apparent viscosity of lubricating greases in the temperature range from 54 C to 38 C ( 65 F to 100 F). Measurements are limited to the range from 25 P to 100 000 P at 0.1 s 1 and 1 P to 100 P at 15 000 s 1 . Note 1: At very low temperatures the shear rate range may be reduced because of the great force required to force grease through the smaller capillaries. Precision has not been established below 10 s 1 . 1.2 This standard uses inch-pound units as well as SI (acceptable metric) units. The values stated first are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. The capillary dimensions in SI units in Fig. A1.1 and Fig. A1.2 are standard. 1.3 This test method uses mercury thermometers. WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. The responsible subcommittee, D02.G0, continues to explore alternatives to eventually replace the mercury thermometers. 1.3.1 In addition, temperature measuring devices such as liquid-in-glass thermometers (Specification E1 ), thermocouples, thermistors, or platinum resistance thermometers that provide equivalent or better accuracy and precision, that cover the temperature range for ASTM thermometer 49C, may be used. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1646-19a

Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Viscosity, Stress Relaxation, and Pre-Vulcanization Characteristics (Mooney Viscometer)

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for measuring a property called Mooney viscosity. Mooney viscosity is defined as the shearing torque resisting rotation of a cylindrical metal disk (or rotor) embedded in rubber within a cylindrical cavity. The dimensions of the shearing disk viscometer, test temperatures, and procedures for determining Mooney viscosity are defined in these test methods. 1.2 When disk rotation is abruptly stopped, the torque or stress on the rotor decreases at some rate depending on the rubber being tested and the temperature of the test. This is called stress relaxation and these test methods describe a test method for measuring this relaxation. Note 1: Viscosity as used in these test methods is not a true viscosity and should be interpreted to mean Mooney viscosity, a measure of shearing torque averaged over a range of shearing rates. Stress relaxation is also a function of the test configuration and for these test methods the results are unique to the Mooney viscometer. 1.3 When compounded rubber is placed in the Mooney viscometer at a temperature at which vulcanization may occur, the vulcanization reaction produces an increase in torque. These test methods include procedures for measuring the initial rate of rubber vulcanization. 1.4 ISO 289 Parts 1 and 2 also describes the determination of Mooney viscosity and pre-vulcanization characteristics. In addition to a few insignificant differences there are major technical differences between ISO 289 and this test method in that ISO 289 does not provide for sample preparation on a mill, while this test method allows milling sample preparation in some cases prior to running a Mooney viscosity test. This can result in different viscosity values for some rubbers. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1799-19

Standard Practice for Carbon Black—Sampling Packaged Shipments

1.1 This practice covers the sampling of packaged carbon blacks for shipment in bags, cartons, flexible intermediate bulk containers (FIBC), or other non-bulk packages. Note 1: The tests to be made on the samples obtained by this practice shall be determined by the producer and the consumer. The specific details of each test method are described in appropriate ASTM methods used for testing carbon black. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1831-19a

Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease

1.1 This test method covers determination of the changes in the consistency, as measured by cone penetration, of lubricating greases when worked in the roll stability test apparatus. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1900-19

Standard Practice for Carbon Black—Sampling Bulk Shipments

1.1 This practice covers procedures for the sampling and data reporting of bulk shipments of carbon black in three-compartment hopper rail cars and compartmented bulk hopper trailers. Note 1: The tests to be made on the samples obtained by this practice, how many samples are taken, where they are taken, and what statistical values (if any) to report shall be determined by agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer. This practice gives guidance for use in developing such agreements or for use when no formal agreement exists. The specific details of each procedure are described in appropriate ASTM test methods used for testing carbon black. Note 2: Some purchasers or manufacturers may consider Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBC) to be a bulk shipment. See Practice D1799 for guidance on sampling and reporting for this package. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2084-19a

Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Vulcanization Using Oscillating Disk Cure Meter

1.1 This test method covers the use of the oscillating disk cure meter for determining selected vulcanization characteristics of vulcanizable rubber compounds. 1.2 ISO 3417 is very similar to this test method. It has minor technical differences that are not considered to be significant. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D217-19b

Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease

1.1 These test methods cover four procedures for measuring the consistency of lubricating greases by the penetration of a cone of specified dimensions, mass, and finish. The penetration is measured in tenths of a millimetre. Note 1: The National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) 2 classified greases according to their consistency as measured by the worked penetration. The classification system is as follows: 1.1.1 The procedures for unworked, worked, and prolonged worked penetration are applicable to greases having penetrations between 85 and 475, that is, to greases with consistency numbers between NLGI 6 and NLGI 000. An undisturbed penetration test, described in Appendix X1 , is similar to the unworked penetration test. 1.1.2 The block penetration procedure is applicable to greases that are sufficiently hard to hold their shape. Such greases usually have penetrations below eighty-five tenths of a millimetre. 1.1.3 Unworked penetrations do not generally represent the consistency of greases in use as effectively as do worked penetrations. The latter are usually preferred for inspecting lubricating greases. 1.2 None of the four procedures is considered suitable for the measurement of the consistency of petrolatums by penetration. Test Method D937 should be used for such products. 1.3 The dimensions of the equipment described in these test methods are given in SI units as the primary unit of measure with equivalent imperial units as accetpable alternatives where applicable. In cases where equivalent SI conversions are not known, notes are added for clarification. Temperatures and other dimensions are given in the preferred SI units; the values shown in parentheses are provided for information. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2397/D2397M-19a

Standard Specification for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt

1.1 This specification covers seven grades of cationic emulsified asphalt for use in pavement construction in the manner designated. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2616-19

Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Visual Color Difference With a Gray Scale

1.1 This test method describes a painted gray scale and the procedure to be used in the visual evaluation of color differences of non-self luminous materials by comparison to this scale. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2885-19b

Standard Test Method for Determination of Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels by On-Line Direct Comparison Technique

1.1 This test method covers the quantitative online determination by direct comparison of the difference in knock rating or delta octane number of a stream sample of spark-ignition engine fuel from that of a comparison reference fuel. 1.2 This test method covers the methodology for obtaining an octane number using the measured delta octane number and the octane number of the comparison reference fuel. 1.3 The comparison reference fuel is required to be of essentially the same composition as the stream sample to be analyzed and can be a secondary fuel termed standard fuel or a tertiary fuel termed prototype fuel. 1.4 The test method utilizes a knock testing unit/automated analyzer system that incorporates computer control of a standardized single-cylinder, four-stroke cycle, variable compression ratio, carbureted, CFR engine with appropriate auxiliary equipment using either Test Method D2699 Research method or Test Method D2700 Motor method operating conditions. 1.4.1 Knock measurements are based on operation of both fuels at the fuel-air ratio that produces maximum knock intensity for that fuel. 1.4.2 Measured differences in knock intensity are scaled to provide a positive or negative delta octane number of the stream sample from the comparison reference fuel when the fuels are compared at the same compression ratio. 1.4.3 Measured differences in compression ratio are scaled from the appropriate guide table to provide a positive or negative delta octane number of the stream sample from the comparison reference fuel when the fuels are compared at the same knock intensity. 1.5 This test method is limited to testing 78 to 102 octane number spark-ignition engine fuels using either research or motor method conditions. 1.6 The octane number difference between the stream sample and the applicable comparison reference fuel is self-limiting by specifications imposed upon the standard and prototype fuels. 1.7 Specifications for selection, preparation, storage, and dispensing of standard and prototype fuels are provided. Detailed procedures for determination of an appropriate assigned octane number for both standard and prototype fuels are also incorporated. 1.8 The values of operating conditions are stated in SI units and are considered standard. The values in parentheses are historical inch-pound units. The standardized CFR engine measurements continue to be expressed in inch-pound units only because of the extensive and expensive tooling that has been created for this equipment. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific warning statements, see Section 8 and Annex A1 . 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2892-19

Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)

1.1 This test method covers the procedure for the distillation of stabilized crude petroleum (see Note 1 ) to a final cut temperature of 400 C Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET). This test method employs a fractionating column having an efficiency of 14 to 18 theoretical plates operated at a reflux ratio of 5:1. Performance criteria for the necessary equipment is specified. Some typical examples of acceptable apparatus are presented in schematic form. This test method offers a compromise between efficiency and time in order to facilitate the comparison of distillation data between laboratories. Note 1: Defined as having a Reid vapor pressure less than 82.7 kPa (12 psi). 1.2 This test method details procedures for the production of a liquefied gas, distillate fractions, and residuum of standardized quality on which analytical data can be obtained, and the determination of yields of the above fractions by both mass and volume. From the preceding information, a graph of temperature versus mass % distilled can be produced. This distillation curve corresponds to a laboratory technique, which is defined at 15/5 (15 theoretical plate column, 5:1 reflux ratio) or TBP (true boiling point). 1.3 This test method can also be applied to any petroleum mixture except liquefied petroleum gases, very light naphthas, and fractions having initial boiling points above 400 C. 1.4 This test method contains the following annexes and appendixes: 1.4.1 Annex A1 Test Method for the Determination of the Efficiency of a Distillation Column, 1.4.2 Annex A2 Test Method for the Determination of the Dynamic Holdup of a Distillation Column, 1.4.3 Annex A3 Test Method for the Determination of the Heat Loss in a Distillation Column (Static Conditions), 1.4.4 Annex A4 Test Method for the Verification of Temperature Sensor Location, 1.4.5 Annex A5 Test Method for Determination of the Temperature Response Time, 1.4.6 Annex A6 Practice for the Calibration of Sensors, 1.4.7 Annex A7 Test Method for the Verification of Reflux Dividing Valves, 1.4.8 Annex A8 Practice for Conversion of Observed Vapor Temperature to Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET), 1.4.9 Appendix X1 Test Method for Dehydration of a Sample of Wet Crude Oil, and 1.4.10 Appendix X2 Practice for Performance Check. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Section 10 . 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3228-19

Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Lubricating Oils and Fuel Oils by Modified Kjeldahl Method

1.1 This test method covers the determination of nitrogen in lubricating oils when present in the concentration from 0.03 % to 0.10 % by mass, and for the determination of nitrogen in fuel oils when present in the concentration from 0.015 % to 2.0 % by mass. This test method is also applicable to the analysis of additive concentrates and additive packages. Note 1: This test method may not be applicable to certain materials containing N O or N N linkage. However, the samples used in the cooperative program to establish the precision of the test method were compounded with currently available ashless additives containing nitrogen. Complete recovery of the nitrogen present in these additives was obtained. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 6.6 , 6.9 , and 8.8 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3265-19b

Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Tint Strength

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the tint strength of carbon black relative to an industry tint reference black (ITRB). 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4253-16e1

Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the maximum-index dry density/unit weight of cohesionless, free-draining soils using a vertically vibrating table. The adjective dry before density or unit weight is omitted in the title and remaining portions of this standard to be consistent with the applicable definition given in Section 3 on Terminology. 1.2 Systems of Units: 1.2.1 The testing apparatus described in this standard has been developed and manufactured using values in the gravimetric or inch-pound system. Therefore, test apparatus dimensions and mass given in inch-pound units are regarded as the standard. 1.2.2 It is common practice in the engineering profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and a unit of force (lbf). This implicitly combines two separate systems of units; that is, the absolute system and the gravitational system. It is scientifically undesirable to combine the use of two separate sets of inch-pound units within a single standard. This standard has been written using the gravitational system of units when dealing with the inch-pound system. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight). However, balances or scales measure mass; and weight must be calculated. In the inch-pound system, it is common to assume that 1 lbf is equal to 1 lbm. While reporting density is not regarded as nonconformance with this standard, unit weights should be calculated and reported since the results may be used to determine force or stress. 1.2.3 The terms density and unit weight are often used interchangeably. Density is mass per unit volume whereas unit weight is force per unit volume. In this standard density is given only in SI units. After the density has been determined, the unit weight is calculated in SI or inch-pound units, or both. 1.3 Four alternative methods are provided to determine the maximum index density/unit weight, as follows: 1.3.1 Method 1A Using oven-dried soil and an electromagnetic, vertically vibrating table. 1.3.2 Method 1B Using wet soil and an electromagnetic, vertically vibrating table. 1.3.3 Method 2A Using oven-dried soil and an eccentric or cam-driven, vertically vibrating table. 1.3.4 Method 2B Using wet soil and an eccentric or cam-driven vertically vibrating table. 1.4 The method to be used should be specified by the individual assigning the test. 1.4.1 The type of table to be used (Method 1 or 2) is likely to be decided based upon available equipment. Note 1: There is evidence to show that electromagnetic tables yield slightly higher values of maximum index density/unit weight than the eccentric or cam-driven tables. 1.4.2 It is recommended that both the dry and wet methods (Methods 1A and 1B or 2A and 2B) be performed when beginning a new job or encountering a change in soil types, as the wet method can yield significantly higher values of maximum index density/unit weight for some soils. Such a higher maximum index density, when considered along with the minimum index density/unit weight, Test Methods D4254 , will be found to significantly affect the value of the relative density ( 3.2.8 ) calculated for a soil encountered in the field. While the dry method is often preferred because results can usually be obtained more quickly, as a general rule the wet method should be used if it is established that it produces maximum index densities/unit weights that would significantly affect the use/application of the value of relative density. 1.5 These test methods are applicable to soils that may contain up to 15 %, by dry mass, of soil particles passing a No. 200 (75- m) sieve, provided they still have cohesionless, free-draining characteristics (nominal sieve dimensions are in accordance with Specification E11 ). Further, these test methods are applicable to soils in which 100 %, by dry mass, of soil particles pass a 3-in. (75-mm) sieve. 1.5.1 Soils, for the purpose of these test methods, shall be regarded as naturally occurring cohesionless soils, processed particles, or composites or mixtures of natural soils, or mixtures of natural and processed particles, provided they are free draining. 1.6 These test methods will typically produce a higher maximum dry density/unit weight for cohesionless, free-draining soils than that obtained by impact compaction in which a well-defined moisture-density relationship is not apparent. However, for some soils containing between 5 and 15 % fines, the use of impact compaction (Test Methods D698 or D1557 ) may be useful in evaluating what is an appropriate maximum index density/unit weight. 1.7 These test methods will typically produce a lower maximum dry density/unit weight than that obtained by vibrating hammer using Test Method D7382 . 1.8 For many types of free-draining, cohesionless soils, these test methods cause a moderate amount of degradation (particle breakdown) of the soil. When degradation occurs, typically there is an increase in the maximum index density/unit weight obtained, and comparable test results may not be obtained when different size molds are used to test a given soil. 1.9 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 . 1.9.1 For purposes of comparing a measured or calculated value(s) to specified limits, the measured or calculated value(s) shall be rounded to the nearest decimal or significant digits in the specified limits. 1.9.2 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded or calculated, in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design. 1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.11 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4516-19a

Standard Practice for Standardizing Reverse Osmosis Performance Data

1.1 This practice covers the standardization of permeate flow, salt passage, and coefficient of performance data for reverse osmosis (RO) systems. 1.2 This practice is applicable to waters including brackish waters and seawaters but is not necessarily applicable to waste waters. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4791-19

Standard Test Method for Flat Particles, Elongated Particles, or Flat and Elongated Particles in Coarse Aggregate

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the percentages of flat particles, elongated particles, or flat and elongated particles in coarse aggregates. Two procedures, Method A and Method B, are presented in this standard. Method A is a reflection of the original procedure as developed prior to Superpave and is intended for all non-Superpave applications. Method B is a comparison of the maximum particle dimension to the minimum particle dimension and is intended for use with Superpave specifications. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.2.1 Exception (regarding sieves, per Specification E11 ) The values stated in SI units shall be considered standard for the dimensions of the wire cloth openings and the diameter of the wires used in the wire cloth. When sieve mesh sizes are referenced, the alternate inch-pound designations are provided for information purposes and enclosed in parenthesis. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4950-19

Standard Classification and Specification for Automotive Service Greases

1.1 This specification covers lubricating greases suitable for the periodic relubrication of chassis systems and wheel bearings of passenger cars, trucks, and other vehicles. 1.2 This specification defines the requirements used to describe the properties and performance characteristics of chassis greases and wheel bearing greases for service-fill applications. 1.3 The test requirements (acceptance limits) given in this specification are, as the case may be, minimum or maximum acceptable values for valid duplicate test results. Apply no additional corrections for test precision, such as described in Practice D3244 , inasmuch as the precision of the test methods was taken into account in the determination of the requirements. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. 1.4.1 Exceptions Test Method D2596 reports test results in kgf units, and Test Method D4289 reports rubber hardness in Durometer Shore A units. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5133-19

Standard Test Method for Low Temperature, Low Shear Rate, Viscosity/Temperature Dependence of Lubricating Oils Using a Temperature-Scanning Technique

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the apparent viscosity of engine oil at low temperatures. 1.2 A shear rate of approximately 0.2 s -1 is produced at shear stresses below 100 Pa. Apparent viscosity is measured continuously as the sample is cooled at a rate of 1 C/h over the range 5 C to 40 C, or to the temperature at which the viscosity exceeds 40 000 mPa s (cP). 1.3 The measurements resulting from this test method are viscosity, the maximum rate of viscosity increase (Gelation Index), and the temperature at which the Gelation Index occurs. 1.4 Applicability to petroleum products other than engine oils has not been determined in preparing this test method. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



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