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100 Newest Standards and Packages


AAMI TIR100:2021

End-to-end microbiological quality and sterility assurance

This technical information report (TIR) provides guidance for a comprehensive framework that integrates and connects Microbiological Quality and Sterility Assurance (MQ and SA) into an organization’s end-to-end process for the development, validation, and routine control of sterile health care products.


ANSI/ASABE S640 JUL2017 (R2022)

Quantities and Units of Electromagnetic Radiation for Plants (Photosynthetic Organisms)

This document provides definitions and descriptions of metrics used for radiation measurements for plant (photosynthetic organisms) growth and development. This document does not cover display aspects and human visualization.


ASABE/ISO 3767-1:2016 APR2017 (R2022)

Tractors, machinery for agriculture and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment - Symbols for operator controls and other displays - Part 1: Common symbols

Standardizes symbols for use on operator controls and other displays applicable to multiple types of agricultural tractors and machinery, forestry machinery, and powered lawn and garden equipment. NOTE 1: ISO 3767-2 covers symbols for agricultural tractors and machinery. ISO 3767-3 covers symbols for powered lawn and garden equipment. ISO 3767-4 covers symbols for forestry machinery. ISO 3767-5 covers symbols for manual portable forestry machines.


ASABE/ISO 3767-2:2016 APR2017 (R2022)

Tractors, machinery for agriculture and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment - Symbols for operator controls and other displays - Part 2: Symbols for agricultural tractors and machinery

Standardizes symbols for use on operator controls and other displays on agricultural tractors and machinery. NOTE 1: ISO 3767-1 covers common symbols that apply to multiple types of agricultural tractors and machinery, forestry machinery, and powered lawn and garden equipment. ISO 3767-3 covers symbols for powered lawn and garden equipment. ISO 3767-4 covers symbols for forestry machinery. ISO 3767-5 covers symbols for manual portable forestry machines.


ASABE/ISO 3776-1:2006 MAY2012 (R2022)

Tractors and machinery for agriculture - Seat belts - Part 1: Anchorage location requirements

Specifies the location, relative position and threaded hole dimensions of the anchorages for pelvic restraint (seat) belt assemblies intended to be used by the operators of agricultural tractors and self-propelled machinery.


ASAE EP402 DEC1980 (R2022)

Radiation Quantities and Units

This Engineering Practice provides the SI units of measurement associated with quantities useful in describing all types of radiation for agricultural engineering applications. As an aid in establishing uniformity in the agricultural engineering literature, it also provides the generally accepted symbols which represent those quantities and the approved symbols for the units of the SI system applicable to those radiation quantities. The principal customary units that have been used for radiation quantities are also listed and factors are provided for conversion of those customary units to SI units.


ASAE EP552.2 MAY2017ED (R2022)

Reporting of Fuel Properties When Testing Diesel Engines with Alternative Fuels Derived from Plant Oils and Animal Fats

This Engineering Practice establishes a minimum set of fuel properties that shall be included with the report of diesel engine performance on alternative fuels derived from plant oils, animal fats and other bio-based feedstocks including blends of these bio-based fuels with petroleum-derived diesel fuel. While this Engineering Practice focuses on methyl and ethyl esters (biodiesel), various other alternative fuels from many plant and animal sources may have applications as diesel engine fuels, including straight vegetable oil (not transesterified), algal biofuels, thermochemical biofuels, and various other advanced biofuels. These alternative fuels are collected and processed using a variety of methods, which can influence their physical and chemical properties. In addition, they are tested in diesel engines using a range of procedures. To facilitate comparison of test data, it is essential that some reference point or baseline be established. This Engineering Practice is designed to provide a consistent set of data for these alternative fuels when used as diesel fuel replacements, and it will help to identify deviations from normal expected fuel characteristics that have been established for petroleum-derived fuels.


ASAE EP566.2 JUN2012 (R2022)

Guidelines for Selection of Energy Efficient Agricultural Ventilation Fans

Ventilation in many agricultural livestock and crop buildings and structures is crucial to maintain animal health or crop quality. Agricultural operations may have large numbers of ventilation fans operating for extended time periods making ventilation a large electrical consumption end use. Unlike other electrical energy-consuming equipment, there is little opportunity to manage operational schedules and electrical use of ventilation fans on a daily or seasonal basis without severely affecting operational management and having adverse effects. Improving the energy efficiency of an agricultural fan is the only practical way to reduce electrical energy use for ventilation. Energy efficient ventilation fans use less electrical power to move equivalent amounts of air, resulting in energy savings. This Engineering Practice is intended to provide information helpful in making decisions involving selection of energy efficient ventilation fans in agricultural operations.


ASAE EP568.1 MAR2017 (R2022)

Installation of Electric Fence Controllers

This Engineering Practice is intended as a guide to manufacturers and suppliers preparing installation instructions for fence controllers and to engineers providing suitable instructions to users. It is not intended to cover every possible situation but presents major considerations.


ANSI X9.58-2022

Financial transaction messages - Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and cash benefit programs

This standard provides all parties involved in Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) processing for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Cash benefit programs with technical specifications for exchanging financial transaction messages between an Acquirer and an EBT card issuer processor. It specifies message structure, format and content, data elements and values for data elements used in the SNAP and Cash benefit programs. Cash benefits provided on pre-paid cards or on co-branded cards are outside the scope of this standard. The method by which settlement takes place is also not within the scope of this standard. Data representation used in individual systems is subject to the commercial relationships between the parties contracting to each system. The message formats specified in this standard are designed to ensure that compatibility between systems conforming to this standard is always feasible. This standard shall only be used with EBT transactions that comply with the Quest® Operating Rules, dated December 2014, Version 2.2 including any subsequent updates to said rules or similar rules that are approved by FNS and compliant with FNS policy.


ANSI/ASSP A10.12-2022

Safety Requirements for Excavation

This standard applies to all open excavations made in the earth’s surface that require worker and/or property protection.


ANSI/ASSP A10.24-2022

Roofing - Safety Requirements for Low-Sloped Roofs

This standard establishes safe operating practices for the installation, maintenance and removal of all roofing systems on low-sloped roofs, which means the roof has a slope that is less than or equal to 4 in 12 (18°).


ASTM A1066/A1066M-22

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plate Produced by Thermo-Mechanical Controlled Process (TMCP)

1.1 This specification covers steel plates produced by the thermo-mechanical controlled process (TMCP). Five grades are defined by the yield strength: 50 [345], 60 [415], 65 [450], 70 [485], and 80 [550]. The plates are intended primarily for use in welded steel structures. 1.2 The TMCP method consists of rolling reductions and cooling rate controls that result in mechanical properties in the finished plate that are equivalent to those attained using conventional rolling and heat treatment processes, which entail reheating after rolling. A description of the TMCP method is given in Appendix X1 . 1.3 The maximum thicknesses available in the grades covered by this specification are shown in Table 1 . 1.4 Due to the special combination of mechanical and thermal treatment inducing lower rolling temperatures than for conventional hot rolling the plates cannot be formed at elevated temperatures without sustaining significant losses in strength and toughness. The plates may be formed and post-weld heat-treated at temperatures not exceeding 1050°F [560°C]. Higher temperatures may be possible if proven that minimum mechanical characteristics are retained after tests with specimens in the post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) condition. For flame straightening higher temperatures can be used in accordance with the steel manufacturer's recommendations. 1.5 If the steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service is to be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability. 1.6 Supplementary requirements are available but shall apply only if specified in the purchase order. 1.7 Units - This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units; however, unless the purchase order or contract specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system is to be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformances with the standard. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A181/A181M-22

Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings, for General-Purpose Piping

1.1 This specification 2 covers nonstandard as-forged fittings, valve components, and parts for general service. Forgings made to this specification are limited to a maximum weight of 10 000 lb [4540 kg]. Larger forgings may be ordered to Specification A266/A266M . 1.2 Two classes of material are covered, designated as Classes 60 and 70, respectively, and are classified in accordance with their mechanical properties as specified in 6.1 . 1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A194/A194M-22

Standard Specification for Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or Both

1.1 This specification 2 covers a variety of carbon, alloy, and martensitic stainless steel nuts in the size range 1 / 4 through 4 in. and metric M12 through M100 nominal. It also covers austenitic stainless steel nuts in the size range 1 / 4 in. and M12 nominal and above. These nuts are intended for high-pressure or high-temperature service, or both. Grade substitutions without the purchaser's permission are not allowed. 1.2 Bars from which the nuts are made shall be hot-wrought. The material may be further processed by centerless grinding or by cold drawing. Austenitic stainless steel may be solution annealed or annealed and strain-hardened. When annealed and strain hardened austenitic stainless steel is ordered in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S1, the purchaser should take special care to ensure that 8.2.2 , Supplementary Requirement S1, and Appendix X1 are thoroughly understood. 1.3 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided. These shall apply only when specified in the inquiry, contract, and order. 1.4 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A213/A213M-22

Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes

1.1 This specification 2 covers seamless ferritic and austenitic steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes, designated Grades T5, TP304, etc. These steels are listed in Tables 1 and 2 . 1.2 Grades containing the letter, H, in their designation, have requirements different from those of similar grades not containing the letter, H. These different requirements provide higher creep-rupture strength than normally achievable in similar grades without these different requirements. 1.3 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to this specification are 1 / 8 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter to 5 in. [127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.015 to 0.500 in. [0.4 to 12.7 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness or, if specified in the order, average wall thickness. Tubing having other diameters may be furnished, provided such tubes comply with all other requirements of this specification. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the "M" designation of this specification is specified in the order. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A240/A240M-22

Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications

1.1 This specification 2 covers chromium, chromium-nickel, and chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet, and strip for pressure vessels and for general applications including architectural, building, construction, and aesthetic applications. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished in inch-pound units. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A411-08(2022)

Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Low-Carbon Steel Armor Wire

1.1 This specification covers zinc-coated low-carbon steel wire for use in armoring for protection against damage of submarine and underground cables used for communication, control, or power purposes. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A48/A48M-22

Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings

1.1 This specification covers gray iron castings intended for general engineering use where tensile strength is a major consideration. Castings are classified on the basis of the tensile strength of the iron in separately cast test bars. 1.1.1 This specification subordinates chemical composition to tensile strength. 1.2 Castings produced to this specification are graded on the basis of minimum tensile strength obtained in special test coupons designed to standardize cooling rate. The tensile strength developed in certain casting sections may vary from test coupon values (see X1.2 ). 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A480/A480M-22

Standard Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

1.1 This specification 2 covers a group of general requirements that, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order or in an individual specification, shall apply to rolled steel plate, sheet, and strip, under each of the following specifications issued by ASTM: Specifications A240/A240M , A263 , A264 , A265 , A666 , A693 , A793 , and A895 . 1.2 In the case of conflict between a requirement of a product specification and a requirement of this specification, the product specification shall prevail. In the case of conflict between a requirement of the product specification or a requirement of this specification and a more stringent requirement of the purchase order, the purchase order shall prevail. The purchase order requirements shall not take precedence if they, in any way, violate the requirements of the product specification or this specification; for example, by waiving a test requirement or by making a test requirement less stringent. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The SI units are shown in brackets, except that when A480M is specified, Annex A3 shall apply for the dimensional tolerances and not the bracketed SI values in Annex A2 . The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation [SI units], the material shall be furnished in inch-pound units. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.




ASTM A702-22

Standard Specification for Steel Fence Posts, Hot Wrought

1.1 This specification covers steel fence posts manufactured from hot-wrought sections and intended for use in field and line fencing. 1.2 The posts are available as studded tee and are furnished painted or galvanized, unless otherwise specified. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A854/A854M-08(2022)

Standard Specification for Metallic-Coated Steel Smooth High-Tensile Fence and Trellis Wire

1.1 This specification covers 12 1 / 2 -gage (0.099-in.) [2.5-mm] Class 3 metallic-coated steel wire suitable for use in parallel"“wire fence, trellis, and similar structures that are typically nonelectrified. Two types of coatings are covered, as follows: 1.1.1 Type 1 - Zinc-coated (galvanized), and 1.1.2 Type II - Zinc-5 % aluminum mischmetal (Zn-5Al-MM) alloy coated. 1.2 This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as A854 ) or acceptable SI units (as A854M ). Inch-pound units and SI units are not necessarily equivalent. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A941-22a

Standard Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys

1.1 This standard is a compilation of definitions of terms related to steel, stainless steel, related alloys, and ferroalloys. 1.2 When a term is used in an ASTM document for which Committee A01 is responsible, it is included herein only when judged, after review by Subcommittee A01.92, to be a generally usable term. 1.3 Some definitions include a discussion section, which is a mandatory part of the definition and contains additional information that is relevant to the meaning of the defined term. 1.4 Definitions of terms specific to a particular standard will appear in that standard and will supersede any definitions of identical terms in this standard. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A991/A991M-22

Standard Test Method for Conducting Temperature Uniformity Surveys of Furnaces Used to Heat Treat Steel Products

1.1 This test method covers the procedures used to conduct a temperature uniformity survey on a furnace used to heat treat steel products. This method is used to determine the capability of the furnace to meet the permissible temperature variation specified in the applicable product specification, or as agreed to by the purchaser and supplier of heat treat services. Survey documentation requirements, and the procedure used to subsequently establish the furnace working zone, are defined in this test method. 1.2 This test method covers heat treat furnaces in any of the following categories: 1.2.1 Continuous or semi-continuous conveyance furnaces, 1.2.2 Batch furnaces, and 1.2.3 Salt or liquid baths and fluidized beds. 1.3 This test method only applies when specified in the product specification or the purchase order. 1.4 Controlling a heat treatment of steel products using thermocouples attached to the extremities of each load is an alternative to performing a furnace survey. The producer shall adhere to Annex A1 . 1.5 By mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier of heat treat services, more stringent and/or additional requirements may be specified. The acceptance of any such additional requirements shall be dependent on negotiations with the supplier and must be included in the order as agreed upon by the purchaser and supplier. 1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B140/B140M-12(2022)

Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead (Red Brass or Hardware Bronze) Rod, Bar, and Shapes

1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for copper-zinc-lead (leaded red brass or hardware bronze) rod, bar, and shapes of UNS Copper Alloy Nos. C31400, C31600, and C32000 available for general and screw machine applications. 1.2 Units - The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B153-22

Standard Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing

1.1 This test method establishes the requirements for the expansion pin test for copper and copper-alloy pipe and tubing with an inside diameter of 0.125 in. (3.2 mm) and greater or an outside diameter up to and including 4 in. (102 mm). Note 1: For tubes of sizes with an inside diameter less than 0.125 in. (3.2 mm), a substitute test method must be agreed upon between the manufacturer and purchaser. Note 2: For tubes of sizes greater than 4 in. (102 mm) in outside diameter, refer to B968/B968M for a test method. 1.2 Units - The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B154-16(2022)

Standard Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys

1.1 This test method describes the technique for conducting the mercurous nitrate test for residual stresses in wrought copper alloy mill products. Note 1: For any particular copper alloy, reference should be made to the material specification. Note 2: Test Method B858 may be considered as a possible alternative test method which does not involve the use of mercury. Note 3: This test method is considered historically reliable for determining the potential state of residual stress in copper alloys, but not promoted for use due to the hazards relating to mercury use and environmentally appropriate disposal. 1.2 Units - The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determines the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary and hazard statements see Sections 1 , 6 , and 7 . ( Warning - Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products, or both. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.) 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B372-22

Standard Specification for Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Rectangular Waveguide Tube

1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless copper and copper-alloy rectangular tube intended for use as transmission lines in electronic equipment. Five types of material are specified having the following nominal compositions: 2 1.2 Units - The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 The following safety hazard caveat pertains only to the test method(s) described in this specification. 1.3.1 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B500/B500M-22

Standard Specification for Metallic Coated or Aluminum Clad Stranded Steel Core for Use in Overhead Electrical Conductors

1.1 This specification covers 7-wire, 19-wire, 37-wire, and 61-wire zinc-coated (galvanized), zinc-5 % aluminum-mischmetal alloy-coated or aluminum clad stranded steel core intended for use in overhead electrical conductors. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B584-14(2022)

Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications

1.1 This specification covers requirements for copper alloy sand castings for general applications. Nominal compositions of the alloys defined by this specification are shown in Table 1 . 2 This is a composite specification replacing former documents as shown in Table 1 . Note 1: Other copper alloy castings are included in the following ASTM Specifications: B22/B22M , B61 , B62 , B66 , B67 , B148 , B176 , B271/B271M , B369/B369M , B427 , B505/B505M , B763/B763M , B770 , and B806 . 1.2 Component part castings produced to this specification may be manufactured in advance and supplied from stock. In such cases the manufacturer shall maintain a general quality certification of all castings without specific record or date of casting for a specific casting. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B67-14(2022)

Standard Specification for Car and Tender Journal Bearings, Lined

1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements for lined journal bearings for use on locomotive tenders, passenger cars, and freight equipment cars. The alloy specified is UNS No. C94100. 2 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B733-22

Standard Specification for Autocatalytic (Electroless) Nickel-Phosphorus Coatings on Metal

1.1 This specification covers requirements for autocatalytic (electroless) nickel-phosphorus coatings applied from aqueous solutions to metallic products for engineering (functional) uses. 1.2 The coatings are alloys of nickel and phosphorus produced by autocatalytic chemical reduction with hypophosphite. Because the deposited nickel alloy is a catalyst for the reaction, the process is self-sustaining. The chemical and physical properties of the deposit vary primarily with its phosphorus content and subsequent heat treatment. The chemical makeup of the plating solution and the use of the solution can affect the porosity and corrosion resistance of the deposit. For more details, see ASTM STP 265 ( 1 ) 2 and Refs ( 2 ), ( 3 ), ( 4 ), and ( 5 ) . 1.3 The coatings are generally deposited from acidic solutions operating at elevated temperatures. 1.4 The process produces coatings of uniform thickness on irregularly shaped parts, provided the plating solution circulates freely over their surfaces. 1.5 The coatings have multifunctional properties, such as hardness, heat hardenability, abrasion, wear and corrosion resistance, magnetics, electrical conductivity provide diffusion barrier, and solderability. They are also used for the salvage of worn or mismachined parts. 1.6 The low phosphorus (2 to 4 % P) coatings are microcrystalline and possess high as-plated hardness (620 to 750 HK 100). These coatings are used in applications requiring abrasion and wear resistance. 1.7 Lower phosphorus deposits in the range between 1 % and 3 % phosphorus are also microcrystalline. These coatings are used in electronic applications providing solderability, bondability, increased electrical conductivity, and resistance to strong alkali solutions. 1.8 The medium phosphorous coatings (5 to 9 % P) are most widely used to meet the general purpose requirements of wear and corrosion resistance. 1.9 The high phosphorous (more than 10 % P) coatings have superior salt-spray and acid resistance in a wide range of applications. They are used on beryllium and titanium parts for low stress properties. Coatings with phosphorus contents greater than 11.2 % P are not considered to be ferromagnetic. 1.10 Units - The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. 1.11 The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test method portion, Section 9 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.12 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B746/B746M-22

Standard Specification for Corrugated Aluminum Alloy Structural Plate for Field-Bolted Pipe, Pipe-Arches, and Arches

1.1 This specification covers corrugated aluminum alloy structural plate used in the construction of pipe, pipe-arches, arches, underpasses, box culverts, and special shapes for field assembly. Appropriate fasteners are also described. The pipe, arches, and other shapes are generally used for drainage purposes, pedestrian and vehicular underpasses, and utility tunnels. Aluminum box culvert shapes are covered in Specification B864/B864M . 1.2 This specification does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between earth cover load and plate thickness of the pipe. Experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of plate thickness, type of bedding and backfill, controlled manufacture in the plant, and care in the installation. The purchaser must correlate the above factors and also the corrosion and abrasion requirements of the field installation with the plate thickness. The structural design of corrugated aluminum structural plate pipe and the proper installation procedures are given in Practices B790/B790M and B789/B789M , respectively. A procedure for using life-cycle cost analysis techniques to evaluate alternate drainage system designs using corrugated metal pipe is given in Practice A930 . 1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B750-22

Standard Specification for GALFAN (Zinc-5 % Aluminum-Mischmetal) Alloy in Ingot Form for Hot-Dip Coatings

1.1 This specification covers GALFAN, zinc-5 % aluminum-mischmetal (Zn-5Al-MM) alloy (UNS Z38510) 3 in ingot form for remelting for use in the production of hot-dip coatings on steel. Alloy composition is specified in Table 1 . 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B763/B763M-15(2022)

Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for Valve Applications

1.1 This specification establishes requirements for copper alloy sand castings for valve applications. Nominal compositions of the alloys defined by this specification are shown in Table 1 . 2 Note 1: This specification does not cover Copper Alloy UNS Nos. C83600, C92200, C96200, and C96400. These alloys are also used in valve applications. They are covered by the following specifications: 1.2 The castings produced under this specification are used in products which may be manufactured in advance and supplied for sale from stock by the manufacturer. 1.3 Units - The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B806-14(2022)

Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Permanent Mold Castings for General Applications

1.1 This specification establishes requirements for copper alloy 2 permanent mold castings for general applications. Nominal compositions of the alloys under this specification are shown in Table 1 . 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B903-15(2022)

Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Heat Exchanger Tubes With Internal Enhancement

1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless, internally enhanced copper tube, in straight lengths or coils, suitable for use in refrigeration and air-conditioning products or other heat exchangers. 1.2 Units - The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 Tubes for this application are manufactured from the following copper: 1.4 The following pertains to the test method described in 15.2.4 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B908-22

Standard Practice for the Use of Color Codes for Zinc Casting Alloy Ingot

1.1 This standard is published with the following objectives: 1.2 To establish standard color codes for the Zinc Die Casting and Foundry industry, and 1.3 To standardize the use and application of these color codes. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B915-22

Standard Test Method for Measuring Static Heat Resistance of Self-Cleaning Oven Coating

1.1 This test method covers the procedure for the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of static heat effects on porcelain enamel coatings. 1.2 This test method is adaptable to various temperatures and times, since the requirements in the porcelain enameling industry differ between manufacturers. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B968/B968M-16(2022)

Standard Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube

1.1 This test method establishes the requirements for the flattening test for copper and copper alloy pipe and tube of all sizes. The method addresses both inch-pound and metric considerations, and both seamless and welded product. 1.2 Units - The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM B989-22

Standard Specification for High Fluidity (HF) Zinc-Aluminum Alloy in Ingot Form for Thin Wall Die Castings

1.1 This specification covers a commercial zinc-aluminum alloy in ingot form for remelting for the manufacture of thin wall pressure die castings as designated and specified in Table 1 . 1.2 Systems of nomenclature used to designate zinc and zinc-aluminum (ZA) alloys used for casting are described in Appendix X1 . 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B994/B994M-22

Standard Specification for Nickel-Cobalt Alloy Coating

1.1 This specification describes the requirements for corrosion-resistant coatings of electrodeposited nickel-cobalt on metallic substrates and electrodeposited nickel-cobalt used for electroforming. Note 1: The nickel-cobalt alloy is principally deposited as a coating on steel products. It can also be electrodeposited on iron, stainless steel, aluminum, titanium, and any other metal substrate. Note 2: The nickel-cobalt alloy coating has a low coefficient of friction of 0.08 that provides a dry lubricant on part surfaces that are in contact with each other and are subject to galling. 1.2 This specification incorporates an accelerated exposure test method to evaluate the effects of corrosion and galling on the coating, and incorporates a means of reporting the results to the purchaser. 1.3 The specification incorporates a classification scheme that establishes service conditions for thickness, classes of deposits based on the level of monitoring, and type based on supplemental coatings used after deposition. 1.4 The coating thickness ranges from 5 to 30 μm, and it can be applied to machined parts, springs, latches, threaded parts, fasteners, etc. The deposit can also be used to electroform parts requiring high strength with the alloy being maintained at 50 % nickel-cobalt. 1.5 The nickel-cobalt alloy is used to protect ferrous metals in contact with corrosive environments such as: oil and gas production facilities, coastal marine, and ACQ (Alkaline Copper Quaternary) treatments for wood treatments. 1.6 Units - The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This standard has been revised to comply with the Restriction of Hazardous Substances RoHS Requirements that seek to limit the exposure of workers and the public to toxic metals. The nickel-cobalt alloy does not contain any of the six Restricted Hazardous Substances. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1057-22

Standard Practice for Determination of Skin Contact Temperature from Heated Surfaces Using a Mathematical Model and Thermesthesiometer

1.1 This practice covers a procedure for evaluating the skin contact temperature for heated surfaces. Two complimentary procedures are presented. The first is a purely mathematical approximation that is used during design or for worst case evaluation. The second method describes the thermesthesiometer, an instrument that analogues the human sensory mechanism and is only used on operating systems. Note 1: Both procedures listed herein are intended for use with Guide C1055 . When used in conjunction with that guide, these procedures can determine the burn hazard potential for a heated surface. 1.2 A bibliography of human burn evaluation studies and surface hazard measurement is provided in the References at the end of Guide C1055 . Thermesthesiometer and mathematical modeling references are provided in the References at the end of this practice ( 1- 5 ) . 2 1.3 This practice addresses the skin contact temperature determination for passive heated surfaces only. The analysis procedures contained herein are not applicable to chemical, electrical, or other similar hazards that provide a heat generation source at the location of contact. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1069-09(2022)

Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the specific surface area of aluminas and silicas used in the manufacture of ceramics. The test method is a general one, permitting the use of any modern commercial nitrogen adsorption apparatus but strictly defining the outgassing procedure. Calculations are based on the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) equation. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1202-22

Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete's Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the electrical conductance of concrete to provide a rapid indication of its resistance to the penetration of chloride ions. This test method is applicable to types of concrete where correlations have been established between this test procedure and long-term chloride ponding procedures such as those described in AASHTO T 259. Examples of such correlations are discussed in Refs ( 1- 5 ). 2 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1471/C1471M-22

Standard Guide for the Use of High Solids Content Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane on Vertical Surfaces

1.1 This guide describes the use of a high solids content, cold liquid-applied elastomeric waterproofing membrane that meets the performance criteria specified in Specification C836/C836M , subject to intermittent hydrostatic pressure in a waterproofing system intended for installation on vertical cast-in-place concrete surfaces. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C168-22

Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

1.1 This standard provides definitions, symbols, units, and abbreviations of terms used in ASTM standards pertaining to thermal insulating materials, and to materials associated with them. 1.2 This terminology is not intended to be used to classify insulation materials as having particular properties. Rather, classification of insulation materials is to be done by the material standards themselves. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1776/C1776M-17(2022)

Standard Specification for Wet-Cast Precast Modular Retaining Wall Units

1.1 This specification covers wet-cast precast modular retaining wall units cast from first-purpose concrete with or without the inclusion of steel reinforcement. The precast units covered by this specification are machine-placed units intended for use in the construction of dry stacked modular retaining wall systems. 1.2 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.3 Units - The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text of the specification, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents. Therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C271/C271M-16(2022)e1

Standard Test Method for Density of Sandwich Core Materials

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density of sandwich construction core materials. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb). 1.2 Units - The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.2.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C324-01(2022)

Standard Test Method for Free Moisture in Ceramic Whiteware Clays

1.1 This test method covers the determination of free moisture in ceramic whiteware clays. Whiteware clays may be shipped as a bulk shipment in lumps, a bulk shipment of shredded or coarsely ground clay, or in bagged lots of ground or airfloated clay. Directions are given in this test method for obtaining representative samples of the clay shipment to be used in subsequent tests for the properties of the clay in the shipment. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C356-22

Standard Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the amount of linear shrinkage and other changes that occur when a preformed thermal insulating material is exposed to soaking heat. This test method is limited to preformed high-temperature insulation that is applicable to hot-side temperatures in excess of 150°F (66°C), with the exception of insulating fire brick which is covered by Test Method C210 . 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C365/C365M-22

Standard Test Method for Flatwise Compressive Properties of Sandwich Cores

1.1 This test method covers the determination of compressive strength and modulus of sandwich cores. These properties are usually determined for design purposes in a direction normal to the plane of the face sheets (also referred to as the facing plane) as the core would be placed in a structural sandwich construction. The test procedures pertain to compression in this direction in particular, but also can be applied with possible minor variations to determining compressive properties in other directions. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb). 1.2 This test method does not cover the determination of compressive core crush properties. Reference Test Method D7336/D7336M for determination of static energy absorption properties of honeycomb sandwich core materials. 1.3 Units - The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C366/C366M-16(2022)e1

Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Thickness of Sandwich Cores

1.1 These test methods cover plant manufacturing procedures for measuring the thickness of flat sandwich cores. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb). The two test methods covered include the following: 1.1.1 Test Method A - Roller-Type Thickness Tester. 1.1.2 Test Method B - Disk-Type Thickness Tester. Note 1: These test methods are designed for measuring thickness of core as it is produced and are not intended for use in determining dimensions of core specimens for other tests. 1.2 Units - The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.2.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C867-94(2022)

Standard Test Method for Soluble Sulfate in Ceramic Whiteware Clays (Photometric Method)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of soluble sulfate ions present in water or a filtrate by means of a photometer measuring the turbidity of precipitated barium sulfate. A method of standardizing the photometer for this test method is also given. 1.2 Soluble sulfate ions may be removed from clays or clay-water slurries by leaching with water during mixing and subsequent filter pressing. To remove all the sulfate ions would require an impractical number of washings; therefore, this test method should be considered a control test and not a quantitative analysis for SO 4 ions. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C958-92(2022)

Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Alumina or Quartz by X-Ray Monitoring of Gravity Sedimentation

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the particle size distribution of alumina or quartz powders in the range from 0.5 μm to 50 μm and having a median particle diameter from 2.5 μm to 10 μm using a sedimentation method. This test method is one of several found valuable for the measurement of particle size. Instruments used for this test method employ a constant intensity X-ray beam that is passed through a sedimenting dispersion of particles. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1039-16(2022)

Standard Test Methods for Glass-Bonded Mica Used as Electrical Insulation

1.1 These test methods cover the evaluation of the characteristics of glass-bonded, natural, or synthetic mica materials intended for use as electrical insulation. 1.2 Glass bonded mica materials are commercially available in both injection molded and compression molded types. These test methods are applicable to both types except for tensile strength methods. (See Section 41 .) 1.3 The test methods appear in the following sections: 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See also Sections 45 , 49 , 54 , and 58 . 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1305-16(2022)

Standard Specification for Electrical Insulating Paper and Paperboard - Sulfate (Kraft) Layer Type

1.1 This specification covers electrical grade unsized, unbleached sulfate paper and paperboard for use as layer insulation in coils, transformers, and similar apparatus. Other applications include, but are not limited to, turn insulation, slot liners, wedges, phase insulation, and separator papers in stranded wire/cable constructions. Tissue for the manufacture of capacitors is not included in this specification. Other commonly used designations include: 1.1.1 Soft Coil Wrap, 1.1.2 Dense Coil Wrap, 1.1.3 Kraft Coil Insulation, 1.1.4 Dry-Finished Kraft, and 1.1.5 Water-Finished Kraft. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2036-09(2022)

Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of cyanides in water. The following test methods are included: 1.2 Cyanogen halides may be determined separately. Note 1: Cyanogen chloride is the most common of the cyanogen halide complexes as it is a reaction product and is usually present when chlorinating cyanide-containing industrial waste water. For the presence or absence of CNCl, the spot test method given in Annex A1 can be used. 1.3 These test methods do not distinguish between cyanide ions and metallocyanide compounds and complexes. Furthermore, they do not detect the cyanates. Cyanates can be determined using ion chromatography without digestion. Note 2: The cyanate complexes are decomposed when the sample is acidified in the distillation procedure. 1.4 The cyanide in cyanocomplexes of gold, platinum, cobalt and some other transition metals is not completely recovered by these test methods. Refer to Test Method D6994 for the determination of cyanometal complexes. 1.5 Cyanide from only a few organic cyanides are recovered, and those only to a minor extent. 1.6 Part or all of these test methods have been used successfully with reagent water and various waste waters. It is the user's responsibility to assure the validity of the test method for the water matrix being tested. 1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in 5.1 , 8.8 , 8.18 , Section 9 , 11.3 , and 16.1.9 . 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2106-07(2022)

Standard Test Methods for Determination of Amine Acid Acceptance (Alkalinity) of Halogenated Organic Solvents

1.1 These test methods, where applicable, cover the determination of the acid acceptance of halogenated organic solvents due to the presence therein of an organic amine titratable by standard acid. These test methods are suitable for samples of 0.001 to 0.02 weight percent (10 ppm to 200 ppm) alkalinity as NaOH. Two test methods are covered as follows: 1.1.1 Test Method A - pH Method, and 1.1.2 Test Method B - Indicator Method. 1.1.3 Test Method C - GC Method. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2109-01(2022)

Standard Test Methods for Nonvolatile Matter in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of nonvolatile matter in halogenated organic solvents and admixtures. 1.2 Five test methods are covered, as follows: 1.2.1 Test Method A - For halogenated organic solvents or admixtures having less than 50 ppm nonvolatile matter; or where precision better than ±10 ppm is required. 1.2.2 Test Method B - For halogenated organic solvents or admixtures having more than 50 ppm nonvolatile matter or where precision of ±0.001 % (10 ppm) is satisfactory. 1.2.3 Test Method C - For low-boiling halogenated organic solvents or their admixtures (for example, methylene chloride, trichlorotrifluoroethane) that may superheat and cause bumping while evaporating to dryness with steam. A precision of greater than ±10 ppm can be attained. 1.2.4 Test Method D - For rapid measurement of nonvolatile matter in halogenated organic solvents and their admixtures and where precision better than ±10 ppm is required. 1.2.5 Test Method E - For halogenated organic solvents or admixtures and where precision better than ±10 ppm is required. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2110-00(2022)

Standard Test Method for pH of Water Extractions of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the pH of water extractions of halogenated organic solvents and admixtures thereof. This test method is applicable for the determination of the pH of water extractions of virgin, reclaimed, or used solvents. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2131-22

Standard Classification for Natural Muscovite Mica Splittings

1.1 This classification covers the determination of muscovite mica splittings of standard commercial grades and specifies the maximum allowable physical defects for each grade. It is applicable to commercially available natural muscovite mica splittings regardless of the basic color of the mica or its source. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard is very similar to ISO 6386. It is expected that materials would be classified identically using the criteria of either standard. The grades shown under "ASTM Grade No." in Table 1 and Table 2 are shown under "Old Grade No." in ISO 6386-1981. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2413-16(2022)

Standard Practice for Preparation of Insulating Paper and Board Impregnated with a Liquid Dielectric

1.1 This practice covers the preparation of insulating paper and board impregnated with a liquid dielectric. Where this practice states only "paper," the same procedure shall apply to board. 1.2 This practice has been found practicable for papers having nominal thickness of 0.05 mm (2 mil) and above. It has been used successfully for insulating board as thick as 6 mm ( 1 / 4 in.) when care is taken to ensure the specimen geometry necessary for valid measurement of dielectric properties. Suitable geometry depends on the electrode system used. Rigid solid opposing electrodes require flat specimens that have essentially parallel surfaces. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2989-01(2022)

Standard Test Method for Acidity-Alkalinity of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

1.1 This test method covers the determination of acidity in halogenated organic solvents and admixtures thereof. The alkalinity may be determined utilizing Test Methods D2106 , by substituting the end point measured at pH 7 by bromothymol blue or pH meter. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 7 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3162-21

Standard Test Method for Carbon Monoxide in the Atmosphere (Continuous Measurement by Nondispersive Infrared Spectrometry)

1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration of the atmosphere between 0.6 mg/m 3 (0.5 ppm(v)) and 115 mg/m 3 (100 ppm(v)). The measuring principle is based on the absorption of infrared radiation by CO in the 4.7 μm region ( 1 ) . 2 1.2 The test method has a limit of detection of about 0.6 mg/m 3 (0.5 ppm(v)) carbon monoxide in air. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values and units in parentheses are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Section 9 for additional precautions. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3240-22

Standard Test Method for Undissolved Water In Aviation Turbine Fuels

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of undissolved water in aviation turbine fuels in flowing fuel streams without exposing the fuel sample to the atmosphere or to a sample container. The usual range of test readings covers from 1 ppm to 60 ppm of free water. This test method does not detect water dissolved in the fuel, and thus test results for comparable fuel streams can vary with fuel temperature and the degree of water solubility in the fuel. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3308-12(2022)

Standard Specification for PTFE Resin Skived Tape

1.1 This specification covers skived tape in thicknesses from 0.013 to 6.35 mm (0.0005 to 0.250 in.) manufactured by skiving ( Note 1 ) from PTFE resin molding and extrusion materials. Note 1: Skiving is the process of continuously shaving a film on a lathe from the outer surface to the core of a molded cylindrical tube of material. Note 2: Abbreviations have been approved from Terminology D1600 . 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 The following hazard caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 3: This specification and ISO 13000-1 and ISO 13000-2 differ in approach or detail, and data obtained using either may not be technically equivalent. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3316-06(2022)

Standard Test Method for Stability of Perchloroethylene with Copper

1.1 This test method covers the evaluation of the corrosiveness to copper metal by perchloroethylene. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3394-16(2022)

Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Electrical Insulating Board

1.1 These test methods cover the sampling and testing of electrical insulating boards. These boards are porous, usually fibrous sheets used for dielectric and structural purposes in electrical apparatus. 1.2 These test methods are not intended for testing vulcanized fibre or molded laminated sheets. 1.3 These test methods are applicable to board materials having a nominal thickness of at least 0.030 in. (0.76 mm). Note 1: For materials thinner than 0.030 in. (0.76 mm) see Test Methods D202 . 1.4 The test methods appear in the following sections: 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3401-97(2022)

Standard Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

1.1 These test methods describe the use of the Karl Fischer (KF) titration for determination of water in halogenated organic solvents and mixtures thereof. Water concentrations from 2 ppm to 1000 ppm can be determined in these solvents. Two test methods are covered as follows: 1.1.1 Test Method A, Water Determination Using a Coulometric KF Titrator - The coulometric test method is known for its high degree of sensitivity (typically 10 μg H 2 O) and should be the test method of choice if water concentrations are typically below 50 ppm or if only small amounts of sample are available for water determinations. This test method requires the use of equipment specifically designed for coulometric titrations. 1.1.2 Test Method B, Water Determination Using a Volumetric KF Titrator - The volumetric test method is a more traditional approach to KF water determinations. Although titrators are specifically designed for KF volumetric determinations, many automatic titrators on the market can be adapted to perform KF titrations. 1.2 Either of these test methods can be used to determine typical water concentrations (15 ppm to 500 ppm) found in halogenated solvents. 1.3 These test methods recommend the use of commercially available Karl Fischer titrators and reagents. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Sections 11 and 15 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


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