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100 Newest Standards and Packages


ANSI ASA S12.75-2012 (R2020)

Methods for the Measurement of Noise Emissions from High Performance Military Jet Aircraft

This standard describes noise measurement procedures to characterize the noise emissions, including directivity and non-linearity, from high performance military (supersonic jet flow) aircraft during ground and airborne operations


ANSI ASA S12.9-2016/Part 7 (R2020)

Quantities and Procedures for Description and Measurement of Environmental Sound, Part 7: Measurement of Low-frequency Noise and Infrasound Outdoors in the Presence of Wind and Indoors in Occupied Spaces

Part 7 of the ANSI/ASA S12.9 series describes cautions and unique techniques for measuring low frequency noise (LFN) outdoors in the presence of wind. It is necessary to measure in wind for wind turbine projects and for countless other industrial power and facilities where environmental wind speed cannot be controlled or levels are specified under downwind conditions.



ANSI/ASA S12.57-2011/ISO 3747-2010 (R2020)

American National Standard Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Engineering/survey methods for use in situ n a reverberant environment (a nationally adopted international standard)

This American National Standard specifies a method for determining the sound power level or sound energy level of a noise source by comparing measured sound pressure levels emitted by a noise source (machinery or equipment) mounted in situ in a reverberant environment, with those from a calibrated reference sound source. The sound power level (or, in the case of noise bursts or transient noise emission, the sound energy level) produced by the noise source, in frequency bands of width one octave, is calculated using those measurements. The sound power level or sound energy level with frequency Aweighting applied is calculated using the octave-band levels.


ANSI/ASA S12.62-2012/ISO 9613-2:1996 (MOD) (R2020)

Acoustics - Attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors - Part 2: General method of calculation (a modified nationally adopted international standard)

Specifies an engineering method for calculating the attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors in order to predict the levels of environmental noise at a distance from a variety of sources. The method predicts the equivalent continuous A-weighted sound pressure level (as described in parts 1 to 3 of ISO 1996) under meteorological conditions favorable to propagation from sources of known sound emission.


ANSI/ASA S12.67-2008 (R2020)

Pre-Installation Airborne Sound Measurements and Acceptance Criteria of Shipboard Equipment

This standard describes instrumentation and procedures for the pre-installation measurement and analysis of airborne noise generated by shipboard equipment. Maximum noise level criteria are presented for several types of equipment. This standard may be used in the achievement of shipboard noise goals through the timely and affordable airborne noise testing of shipboard equipment before it is delivered and installed.


ANSI/ASA S12.68-2007 (R2020)

Methods of Estimating Effective A-Weighted Sound Pressure Levels When Hearing Protectors are Worn

This standard specifies three methods, in ascending order of complexity of use and potential accuracy, for the estimation of the sound pressure levels that are effective when a hearing protector is worn. The application of the procedures in turn requires an estimate of the real-ear attenuation of the device for groups of users and an estimate of the noise levels to which the users are exposed. The simplest method is the Noise Level Reduction Statistic for use with A-weighting (NRSA) that can be directly subtracted from an A-weighted sound level or sound exposure estimate. A more accurate procedure is the Noise Level Reduction Statistic, Graphical (NRSG) that requires measurements of both the A- and C-weighted sound levels or exposures, and the application of a set of graphical data. Potentially the most accurate approach is the octave-band method utilizing the octave-band real-ear attenuation and noise measurement data. Each of the simplified ratings, the NRSA and NRSG, is to be computed at both the 80th and 20th percentiles to reflect the range of performance to be expected based on the variation in the attenuation data.


ANSI/ASA S12.69-2010 (R2020)

Procedure for Testing Railroad Horns ex situ

This Standard specifies an alternative test procedure to produce horn sound level data equivalent to that produced by the in situ procedure in 49 CFR Part 229.129.


ANSI/ASA S12.70-2016 (R2020)

Evaluating Speech Privacy in Healthcare Facilities

Provides a relationship between speech privacy descriptors and speech privacy expectations for various enclosed and open-plan healthcare spaces. Descriptors used to characterize speech privacy expectation are the articulation index (AI)1 and the privacy index (PI).This standard also provides design criteria for achieving acceptable speech privacy in healthcare facilities including treatment rooms, clinicians’ offices, pharmacies, reception/waiting areas, etc.This standard provides covered entities, architectural design teams, acoustical consultants, and regulators guidelines and objective criteria for designing healthcare facilities that provide sufficient speech privacy to protect personal health information (PHI) as required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).The standard also provides general guidance on the relationship between expectations of speech privacy and objective descriptors used to evaluate speech privacy.


ANSI/ASA S12.72-2015 (R2020)

Measuring the Ambient Noise Level in a Room

This standard specifies requirements and procedures for the measurement of sound pressure levels in building spaces or rooms.


ANSI/ASA S12.76-2017 (R2020)

Measurement of Supersonic Jet Noise from Uninstalled Military Aircraft Engines

This standard describes procedures to measure jet noise from uninstalled military aircraft engines with supersonic exhaust flows. The methods pertain to propulsion systems mounted on outdoor test stands with appropriate inlets and representative nozzles. Detailed measurement procedures are described for near-field acoustical characterization. These data can be used to establish baseline noise levels, assess effectiveness of noise reduction technologies, estimate personnel noise exposure, and provide full-scale data for refinement of engine noise models. Far-field measurement procedures are described to provide data for estimates of community noise. This standard describes required measurement instrumentation, signal processing, data formatting, and measurement uncertainty. This standard does not apply to commercial engines, dual-use engines, or other engines covered by FAA/ICAO noise certification requirements.


ASME B107.110-2019

Socket Wrenches, Handles, and Attachments

This Standard provides performance and safety requirements for socket wrenches (sockets), handles used with these wrenches, nutdrivers, and attachments used with socket wrenches, hereinafter collectively referred to as tools. Inclusion of dimensional data in this Standard is not intended to imply that all of the products described herein are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning lists of stock production sizes and lengths Note: This Standard is a consolidation of ASME B107.1, B107.2, B107.10, B107.12, and B107.34.


ASME B107.500-2020

Pliers and Shears

This Standard provides performance and safety requirements for pliers, including long nose, long reach pliers, pliers suitable for inserting and removing internal and external retaining rings, pliers having gripping surfaces and/or cutting edges, adjustable joint and slip joint pliers, and pliers (also known as Cannon Plug Pliers) that are used primarily for connecting or disconnecting threaded lock collars of electrical connectors. Inclusion of dimensional and functional data in this Standard does not imply that all products described herein are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning lists of stock production sizes.


ASME B46.1-2019

Surface Texture (Surface Roughness, Waviness, and Lay)

This Standard is concerned with the geometric irregularities of surfaces. It defines surface texture and its constituents: roughness, waviness, and lay. It also defines parameters for specifying surface texture. The terms and ratings in this Standard relate to surfaces produced by such means as abrading, casting, coating, cutting, etching, plastic deformation, sintering, wear, erosion, etc. Intended for design, drafting, mechanical, manufacturing, production, tool/gage, quality, process and project engineers, CAD/CAM/CAE specialists, inspectors and educators across a broad range of global manufacturing. Special emphasis on aerospace, automotive, medical device, precision instrumentation and related industries.


ASME B89.7.6-2019

Guidelines for the Evaluation of Uncertainty of Test Values Associated with the Verification of Dimensional Measuring Instruments to Their Performance Specifications

The primary purpose of this Standard is to provide guidance for assessing the uncertainty of test values associated with the verification of dimensional instruments to their ASME B89 performance specifications. This guidance is fully consistent with the GUM methodology and philosophy. The particular case of verifying dimensional instruments is frequently misunderstood by practitioners. This confusion arises primarily because the measurand of the verification is the instrument's measurement error when measuring the calibrated reference quantity specified in the testing protocol. The test values produced during ASME B89 testing are estimates of these measurement errors. Hence, in verification testing, the performance of the instrument is the quantity being measure. The instrument is verified as complying with its ASME B89 performance specification if the test values are within the instrument's maximum permissible error (MPE) and satisfy the decision rule sated in teh testing protocol. To ensure that this verification is metrologicialy traceable, the uncertainty in the test values must be evaluated, i.e., the practitioner must determine how well each test value estimates the measurement error made by the instrument under verification when it is used to measure the reference quantity specified by the testing protocol. By distinguishing the instrument under verification form the measurement system performing the verification, the evaluation of uncertainty of the test values is shown to follow the GUM procedure. ASME B89.7.6 provides both detailed discussions and worked examples to clarify this issue and should prove valuable to both novice and experiences metrologists.


ASME NQA.TR-2020

Evolution of Quality Assurance Principles and Requirements in the U.S. Nuclear Industry

This Technical Report provides a historical summary of the principles, practices, and requirements of quality assurance standards across the nuclear industry from 1954 to the present. This Technical Report provides a thorough timeline of the evolution of quality assurance across the nuclear industry (primarily in the United States) and a discussion of today’s practices to ensure high integrity in the design, operation, and decommission of U.S. nuclear facilities.


ASME PTC 12.2-2010 (R2020)

Steam Surface Condensers

The long awaited revision of PTC 12.2 presents a more practical approach to the testing of Steam Surface Condensers, while being updated with current condenser test technology. Whereas the previous edition was mainly focused on conducting a rigorous full-scale acceptance test, the current edition includes a less rigorous test that would also be considered as an acceptance test. This will lead to more cost-effective testing that can be conducted on a regular basis to facilitate contractual and purchase agreements among all parties. This performance test code establishes equipment performance metrics with the philosophy of promoting testing. It also provides a slight relaxation of the allowable test conditions and requirements. For higher levels of accuracy, the Alternative Test, contained in the Appendix, can be performed in lieu of this new Test. PTC 12.2 has been the standard performance test code used world-wide wherever power plants are located. This code was developed by end-users, manufacturers, design engineers and general interest groups for both domestic and international companies. Intended for test engineers, operators of power plants, plant engineers, plant safety engineers, process engineers, A/E, condenser manufacturers, third-party testing agencies, and anyone who specifies condenser testing in commercial documents.


ASME PTC 19.2-2010 (R2020)

Pressure Measurement

This document provides instructions and guidance for the accurate determination of pressure values in support of the ASME Performance Test Codes. The choice of method, instruments, required calculations, and corrections to be applied de­pends on the purpose of the measurement, the allowable uncertainty, and the characteristics of the equipment being tested. It provides guidance for setting up the instrumentation and determining the uncertainty of the measurement. It also provides information regarding the instrument type, design, applicable pressure range, accuracy, output and relative cost.


ASME TES-1-2020

Safety Standard for Thermal Energy Storage Systems: Molten Salt

This Standard establishes requirements for the design, construction, installation, testing, commissioning, maintenance, operation, and decommissioning of molten salt thermal energy storage (TES) systems. Molten salt thermal energy systems include the storage medium and associated system components such as circulation pumps, valves, piping, and heat exchangers that are in contact with molten salt.


ASME TR A17.1-8.4-2020

Guide for Elevator Seismic Design

In conjunction with the publication of ASME A17.1-2013/CSA B44-13, this first edition of the Guide for Elevator Seismic Design is being released. The guide was prepared by the ASME A17.1/CSA B44 Earthquake Safety Committee. This guide is intended as an aid to the user to better understand the history behind the development of the latest building and elevator safety codes, the rationale behind the latest section 8.4 revisions, and the proper application of the section 8.4 requirements in conjunction with a jurisdiction’s adopted building code. The guide achieves this by detailing A17.1 harmonization efforts with all building codes and summarizes the harmonization impact on elevator design via force comparisons based on component, component mounting location, and building geographical location, and provides an IBC quick reference for seismic requirements and equivalent zone force levels


ASTM A1035/A1035M-20

Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain, Low-Carbon, Chromium, Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

1.1 This specification covers deformed and plain low-carbon, chromium, steel bars, in cut lengths and coils for concrete reinforcement. These bars are furnished in three alloy types depending on the chromium range content. The standard sizes and dimensions of deformed bars and their number designations are given in Table 1 . 2 1.2 Bars are of two minimum yield strength levels as defined in 9.2 : namely, 100 000 psi [690 MPa], and 120 000 psi [830 MPa] designated as Grade 100 [690] and Grade 120 [830], respectively. 1.3 Bars are furnished to three different chemical compositions, designated as Alloy Type CL, CM, and CS. Chemical compositions are shown in Table 2 . 1.4 Plain bars, in sizes up to and including 2.25 in. [57.2 mm] 2 1 / 2 in. [63.5 mm] in diameter in coils and cut lengths, when ordered shall be furnished under this specification in Grade 100 [690] and Grade 120 [830]. For ductility properties (elongation and bending), test provisions of the nearest smaller nominal diameter deformed bar size shall apply. Requirements providing for deformations and marking shall not be applicable. Note 1: Welding of the material in this specification should be approached with caution since no specific provisions have been included to enhance its weldability. When this steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the chemical composition and intended use or service should be used. Note 2: Designers need to be aware that design codes and specifications may not recognize the use of the No. 20 [64] bar, the largest bar size included in this specification. Structural members reinforced with No. 20 [64] bars may require approval of the building official or other appropriate authority and require special detailing to ensure adequate performance at service and factored loads. 1.5 Requirements for alternate bar sizes are presented in Annex A1 . The requirements in Annex A1 only apply when specified by the purchaser (see 4.2.4 ). 1.6 A supplementary requirement (S1) is provided for use where bend testing of bar designation Nos. 14 and 18 [43, 57], and bar designation Nos. 40, 50, and 60 in Annex A1 , is required by the purchaser. The supplementary requirement applies only when specified in the purchase order. 1.7 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.8 This specification is applicable for orders in either inch-pound units (as Specification A1035 ) or in SI units (as Specification A1035M ). 1.9 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the specification. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B187/B187M-20

Standard Specification for Copper, Bus Bar, Rod, and Shapes and General Purpose Rod, Bar, and Shapes

1.1 This specification 2 establishes the requirements for copper conductor bar, rod, and shapes for electrical (bus) applications and rod, bar, and shapes for general applications. 1.1.1 The products for electrical (bus) applications shall be made from the following coppers: 3 1.1.1.1 The product may be furnished from any copper listed unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order. 1.2 The product for general applications shall be made from any of the coppers in 1.1.1 or the following coppers: 1.2.1 The product may be furnished from any copper listed above unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order. Other coppers may be used upon agreement between the supplier and purchaser. 1.3 Units The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. Note 1: Material for hot forging will be found in Specification B124/B124M . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B197/B197M-20

Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Wire

1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for copper-beryllium alloy wire in coils, spools, or other than straight lengths, of any uniform cross section. Copper Alloy UNS Nos. C17200 and C17300 2 are included. 1.2 Unless otherwise required, Copper Alloy UNS No. C17200 shall be the alloy furnished whenever Specification B197/B197M is specified without any alloy designation. 1.3 The values stated in either inch-pounds units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 The following safety hazard caveat pertains only to the test methods described in this specification: 1.4.1 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C121/C121M-20

Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Slate

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the water absorption of slate. 1.2 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1534-20a

Standard Specification for Flexible Polymeric Foam Sheet Insulation Used as a Thermal and Sound Absorbing Liner for Duct Systems

1.1 This specification covers the composition, dimensions, and physical properties of flexible unfaced foam sheet, used to insulate interior surfaces of HVAC ducts, plenums and equipment used for the distribution of conditioned air with a temperature of up to 250 F (121 C). 1.2 HVAC ducts, plenums and equipment systems typically operate between a temperature range of 50 F to 150 F (10 C to 65 C) and are designed to meet building code requirements of maximum temperatures of 250 F (121 C). 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1861-20

Standard Specification for Lathing and Furring Accessories, and Fasteners, for Interior and Exterior Portland Cement-Based Plaster

1.1 This specification contains the minimum requirements for lathing and furring accessories, and fasteners, as components of interior and exterior portland cement-based plaster assemblies, used to facilitate lathing and furring installation (Specifications C1063 , C1787 ), cement plaster application (Specification C926 ), and functionality of the completed stucco cladding assembly 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C602-20

Standard Specification for Agricultural Liming Materials

1.1 This specification covers agricultural liming materials, such as quicklime (burnt lime), hydrated lime, limestone, (calcitic and dolomitic), marl, shells, and by-products including slag, lime kiln dust and other materials. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C840-20

Standard Specification for Application and Finishing of Gypsum Board

1.1 This specification covers the minimum requirements for the methods of application and finishing of gypsum board, including related items and accessories. 1.2 Details of construction for a specific assembly to achieve the required fire resistance shall be obtained from reports of fire-resistance tests, engineering evaluations, or listings from recognized fire testing laboratories. 1.2.1 Where this specification is more stringent (size or thickness of framing: size and spacing of fasteners) than the fire-rated construction, this specification shall govern. 1.3 Where sound control is required for a gypsum board assembly, details of construction shall be in accordance with reports of acoustical tests of assemblies that have met the required acoustical values. 1.4 Unheated spaces above gypsum board ceilings shall be properly ventilated (see Appendix X2 ). 1.5 The various application systems are located in the following sections: 1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.7 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.8 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to Sections 6 26 . This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see 4.1.1 , 4.1.2 , and 24.5 . 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1005-95(2020)

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of film thickness of dried films of paint, varnish, lacquer, and related products using micrometers. Procedures A and B utilize stationary micrometers and Procedures C and D, hand-held micrometers. Procedures A and C are not recommended for films less than 12.5 m (0.5 mils) in thickness. The minimum thickness required for Procedures B and D is a function of that required to enable removal of the sample as a free film. 1.2 The procedures appear as follows: 1.2.1 Procedure A Stationary micrometer for measuring coatings applied to plane rigid surfaces. 1.2.2 Procedure B Stationary micrometer for measuring free films. 1.2.3 Procedure C Hand-held micrometer for measuring coatings applied to plane rigid surfaces. 1.2.4 Procedure D Hand-held micrometer for measuring free films. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1076-15(2020)

Standard Specification for Rubber—Concentrated, Ammonia Preserved, Creamed, and Centrifuged Natural Latex

1.1 This specification covers requirements for first grade concentrated natural rubber latex (see Table 1 ) of the following categories: Category 1 Centrifuged Hevea natural latex preserved with ammonia only or by formaldehyde followed by ammonia. Category 2 Creamed Hevea natural latex preserved with ammonia only or by formaldehyde followed by ammonia. Category 3 Centrifuged Hevea natural latex preserved with low ammonia with other necessary preservatives. Category 4 Centrifuged, or centrifuged and creamed, guayule latex, or other natural rubber latex, containing less than 200 g total protein per gram dry weight of latex, with ammonia or other hydroxide, with other necessary preservatives and stabilizers. Category 5 Centrifuged Hevea natural latex treated with aluminum hydroxide or by other means, preserved with ammonia only or by formaldehyde followed by ammonia containing less than 0.5 % non-rubber content. 1.2 This specification is not necessarily applicable to latices prepared or preserved by other methods, and shall not be construed as limiting the desirability or usefulness of other categories of latices. It does apply to natural latex sources other than Hevea brasiliensis but does not apply to compounded latex concentrates. 1.3 The analytical procedures applicable to the specifications are included and appear in the following order: 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1135-86(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Blue Pigments

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical analysis of blue pigments known commercially as iron blue, copper phthalocyanine blue, and ultramarine blue. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1155-10(2020)

Standard Test Method for Roundness of Glass Spheres

1.1 This test method 2 covers the determination of the percent of true spheres in glass spheres used for retroreflective marking purposes and industrial uses. 1.2 This test method includes two procedures as follows: 1.2.1 Procedure A, in which the selected specimen is split into two size ranges or groups prior to separation into true spheres and irregular particles, and 1.2.2 Procedure B, in which the selected specimen is split into five size ranges or groups prior to separation. 1.2.3 In determining compliance with specification requirements, either Procedure A or Procedure B may be used. Where tests indicate failure to meet the specified percent of true spheres and irregular particles, the referee test shall be made in accordance with Procedure B. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1199-86(2020)

Standard Specification for Calcium Carbonate Pigments

1.1 This specification covers two types of high-content calcium carbonate pigments, as follows: 1.1.1 Type PC Calcium carbonate precipitate, prepared either by complete solution or by carbonation of lime. 1.1.2 Type GC Ground mineral product. 1.2 Six grades of pigments, based on particle size (see 3.3 ) are covered. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1212-91(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness of Organic Coatings

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of wet film thickness of organic coatings such as paint, varnish, and lacquer. Two methods are described as follows: 1.1.1 In Test Method A , the Wet Film Thickness Gage (English or Metric graduation (see 5.1 )) is used to measure wet film thicknesses up to 60 mils on the English scale series, and up to 700 m on the metric scale series (Sections 5 8 ). 1.1.2 In Test Method B , the Pfund Gage is used to measure wet film thicknesses up to 14.2 mils (360 m) (Sections 9 13 ). 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1214-10(2020)

Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Glass Spheres

1.1 This test method covers the sieve analysis of glass spheres used for retroreflective pavements markings and industrial uses. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1278-91a(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Rubber from Natural Sources—Chemical Analysis

1.1 These test methods cover the sampling and chemical analysis of solid natural rubber in the forms supplied to the rubber industry. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1301-91(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of White Lead Pigments

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical analysis of basic carbonate white lead and basic sulfate white lead. Note 1: If it is necessary to separate these pigments from others, refer to Practice D215 . 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1394-76(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of White Titanium Pigments

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical analysis of white titanium dioxide pigments. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific hazard statement is given in Section 19 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1478-20

Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Torque of Ball Bearing Grease

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the extent to which a grease retards the rotation of a slow-speed ball bearing by measuring starting and running torques at low temperatures (below 18 C (0 F)). 1.1.1 Torque measurements are limited by the capacity of the torque-measuring equipment. 1.1.2 This test method is not suitable for greases exhibiting torque values greater than 50 000 g cm at the selected test temperature. Note 1: When initially developed, the original dynamometer scale limited the torque capacity to approximately 30 000 g cm; the original dynamometer scale is obsolete, however. The suggested replacement scale has not been evaluated; it could extend the limit to approximately 50 000 g cm. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. 1.2.1 Exceptions The values given in parentheses are for information only. The exception is torque values that are given in cgs-metric units, which are widely used in grease specifications. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard and warning statements, see 6.1.1 , 7.2 , 7.4 , 8.7 , and 8.11 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1485-07(2020)

Standard Practice for Rubber from Natural Sources—Sampling and Sample Preparation

1.1 This practice, intended for referee purposes, covers a uniform procedure for sampling lots of solid natural rubber. Natural rubber generally is marketed in bales or packages of various sizes. 1.2 A procedure for determining the acceptability of lots of natural rubber is given. This procedure is based on a variable sampling plan. 1.3 The sample size is based on the assumption of a visually homogeneous material. If obvious heterogeneity exists, the number of samples shall be increased. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D153-84(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Pigments

1.1 These test methods cover three procedures for determining the specific gravity of pigments, as follows: Test Method A For Routine Testing of Several Samples Simultaneously. Test Method B For Tests Requiring Greater Accuracy than Test Method A. Test Method C For Rapid and Accurate Testing of Single Samples. 1.2 The specific gravity value obtained by these procedures may be used with the weight of a dry pigment to determine the volume occupied by the pigment in a coating formulation. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Sections 5 , 11 , and 15 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1585-15(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Fatty Acids Content of Pine Chemicals, Including Rosin, Tall Oil, and Related Products

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the fatty acids of pine chemicals, including rosin, tall oil, and related products. 1.2 These test methods may not be applicable to adducts or derivatives of rosin or other pine chemical products. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1742-20

Standard Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the tendency of a lubricating grease to separate oil during storage in both normally filled and partially filled containers. 1.2 This test method is not suitable for greases softer than NLGI No. 1 grade. FIG. 1 Pressure Bleeding Test Cell A 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard, except for the dimensions in Fig. 2 and Fig. 5 , where inch-pound units are standard. FIG. 2 Detailed Drawing of Pressure Bleeding Test Cell A Note 1: All dimensions are in millimeters (inches). Note 2: Tolerances are 0.51 mm (0.02 in.) for 2 place decimals, unless otherwise specified. Note 3: Tolerances are 0.127 mm (0.005 in.) for 3 place decimals, unless otherwise specified. FIG. 3 Pressure Bleeding Test Cell B FIG. 4 Pressure Bleeding Test Cell C FIG. 5 Detailed Drawing of Pressure Bleeding Test Cell C Strainer Assembly Note 1: All dimensions are in millimeters (inches). Note 2: Tolerances are 0.51 mm (0.02 in.) for 2 place decimals, unless otherwise specified. Note 3: Tolerances are 0.127 mm (0.005 in.) for 3 place decimals, unless otherwise specified. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement, see 7.1 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1909-13(2020)e1

Standard Tables of Commercial Moisture Regains and Commercial Allowances for Textile Fibers

1.1 These tables list the commercial moisture regains and commercial allowances commonly used for a number of textile fibers. Such moisture regain and allowance values are intended primarily for determining the commercial weight of a specific fiber when the fiber is bought or sold on this basis. These regain and allowance values also are used in calculating the linear density of yarn in procedures employing such factors and in the quantitative analysis of fiber blends. 1.2 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D20-20

Standard Test Method for Distillation of Road Tars

1.1 This test method covers the distillation of road tars. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2227-96(2020)

Standard Specification for Natural Rubber (NR) Technical Grades

1.1 This specification covers minimum physical and chemical quality requirements or specifications for five grades of raw natural rubber. 1.2 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2265-20

Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the dropping point of lubricating grease. 1.2 Warning The dropping point as measured by this test is an artificially corrected number that does not have any bearing on the performance of the grease at elevated temperature. The dropping point as defined by this test method may not correlate with a value of the dropping point as determined by Test Method D566 (ISO 2176). 1.3 This test method uses mercury thermometers. WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA s website http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law. The responsible subcommittee, D02.G0.03, continues to explore alternatives to eventually replace the mercury thermometers. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2509-20

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricating Grease (Timken Method)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the load-carrying capacity of lubricating greases by means of the Timken Extreme Pressure Tester. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 7.1 , 7.2 , and 9.4 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D267-82(2020)

Standard Specification for Gold Bronze Powder

1.1 This specification covers the materials commercially known as gold bronze, pale gold bronze, and rich gold bronze powders. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D269-97(2020)

Standard Test Method for Insoluble Matter in Rosin and Rosin Derivatives

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the amount of insoluble matter in rosin and rosin derivatives as described in Terminology D804 . 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D305-84(2020)

Standard Test Method for Solvent-Extractable Material in Black Pigments

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the solvent-extractable material in black pigments such as carbon black, lampblack, and bone black. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3053-20

Standard Terminology Relating to Carbon Black

1.1 This terminology covers a compilation of definitions of technical terms used in the carbon black and rubber industries. Terms that are generally understood or adequately defined in other readily available sources are not included. 1.2 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D332-87(2020)

Standard Test Method for Relative Tinting Strength of White Pigments by Visual Observation

1.1 This test method describes the procedure for determining the relative tinting strength of white pigments by visual assessment of blue tints. 1.2 This test method is applicable only for comparing the test pigment with a reference standard of the same type and grade. Note 1: Test Method D2745 describes a procedure for instrumental evaluation of black tinted samples. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3338/D3338M-20

Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels

1.1 This test method covers the estimation of the net heat of combustion (megajoules per kilogram or [Btu per pound]) of aviation gasolines and aircraft turbine and jet engine fuels in the range from 40.19 MJ/kg to 44.73 MJ/kg or [17 280 Btu/lb to 19 230 Btu/lb]. The precision for estimation of the net heat of combustion outside this range has not been determined for this test method. 1.2 This test method is purely empirical and is applicable to liquid hydrocarbon fuels that conform to the specifications for aviation gasolines or aircraft turbine and jet engine fuels of grades Jet A, Jet A-1, Jet B, JP-4, JP-5, JP-7, and JP-8. Note 1: The experimental data on heat of combustion from which the Test Method D3338 correlation was devised was obtained by a precision method similar to Test Method D4809 . Note 2: The estimation of the net heat of combustion of a hydrocarbon fuel is justifiable only when the fuel belongs to a well-defined class for which a relation between heat of combustion and aromatic and sulfur contents, density, and distillation range of the fuel has been derived from accurate experimental measurements on representative samples of that class. Even in this case, the possibility that the estimates may be in error by large amounts for individual fuels should be recognized. The fuels used to establish the correlation presented in this method are defined as follows: Note 3: The property ranges used in this correlation are as follows: 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3.1 Although the test method permits the calculation of net heat of combustion in either SI or inch-pound units, SI units are the preferred units. 1.3.2 The net heat of combustion can also be estimated in inch-pound units by Test Method D1405 or in SI units by Test Method D4529 . Test Method D1405 requires calculation of one of four equations dependent on the fuel type with a precision equivalent to that of this test method. Test Method D4529 requires calculation of a single equation for all aviation fuels with a precision equivalent to that of this test method. Unlike Test Method D1405 and D4529 , Test Method D3338/D3338M does not require the use of aniline point. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3852-20

Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling Phenol, Cresols, and Cresylic Acid

1.1 This practice covers procedures for sampling and handling phenol, cresols and cresylic acid in solid and liquid forms, including liquids at elevated temperatures, in a safe manner that represents and preserves quality. In general, this practice also applies to xylenols, and some other alkylated phenolic materials; however, specific information regarding these materials should be sought and used if available. 1.2 Any person sampling or handling these products should consult the applicable Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for specific first aid instructions and information on the proper equipment to have available for use in the event of personal contact or exposure. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Sections 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 and an appropriate SDS. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4104/D4104M-20

Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedures) Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Tests)

1.1 This practice covers the determination of transmissivity from the measurement of force-free (overdamped) response of a well-aquifer system to a sudden change of water level in a well. Force-free response of water level in a well to a sudden change in water level is characterized by recovery to initial water level in an approximate exponential manner with negligible inertial effects. 1.2 The analytical procedure in this practice is used in conjunction with the field procedure in Test Method D4044/D4044M for collection of test data. 1.3 Limitations Slug tests are considered to provide an estimate of transmissivity. Although the assumptions of this practice prescribe a fully penetrating well (a well open through the full thickness of the aquifer), the slug test is commonly conducted using a partially penetrating well. Such a practice may be acceptable for application under conditions in which the aquifer is stratified and horizontal hydraulic conductivity is much greater than vertical hydraulic conductivity. In such a case the test would be considered to be representative of the average hydraulic conductivity of the portion of the aquifer adjacent to the open interval of the well. 1.4 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 . 1.4.1 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in the standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this practice to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering data. 1.5 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Reporting of results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.6 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of the practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without the consideration of a project s many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4105/D4105M-20

Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by the Modified Theis Nonequilibrium Method

1.1 This practice covers an analytical procedure for determining transmissivity and storage coefficient of a nonleaky confined aquifer under conditions of radial flow to a fully penetrating well of constant flux. This practice is a shortcut procedure used to apply the Theis nonequilibrium method. The Theis method is described in Practice D4106 . 1.2 This practice, along with others, is used in conjunction with the field procedure given in Test Method D4050 . 1.3 Limitations The limitations of this practice are primarily related to the correspondence between the field situation and the simplifying assumptions of this practice (see 5.1 ). Furthermore, application is valid only for values of u less than 0.01 ( u is defined in Eq 2 , in 8.6 ). 1.4 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 . 1.4.1 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded or calculated, in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analytical methods for engineering design. 1.5 Units The values stated in either SI Units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Reporting of results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this practice. 1.6 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of the practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without the consideration of a project s many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4306-20

Standard Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination

1.1 This practice 2 covers the types of and preparation of containers found most suitable for the handling of aviation fuel samples for the determination of critical properties affected by trace contamination. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 5.1 , 5.2 , 5.3 , 5.4 , and 5.6 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D444-88(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Zinc Yellow Pigment (Zinc Chromate Yellow)

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical analysis of the pigment known commercially as zinc yellow or zinc chromate yellow. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be considered the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4493-20

Standard Test Method for Solidification Point of Bisphenol A(4,4-Isopropylidenediphenol)

1.1 This test method describes the procedure for determination of the solidification point of bisphenol A (4,4 -isopropylidene diphenol). 1.2 The test method has been found applicable for determination of the solidification point between 150 and 157 C. 1.3 In determining conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29 . 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 Warning Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 9 . 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D464-15(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Saponification Number of Pine Chemical Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the saponification number of tall oil and products obtained by the fractionation of tall oil such as rosin, fatty acids and distilled tall oil as defined in Terminology D804 . These test methods are also applicable to gum and wood rosin. Two test methods are covered as follows: 1.1.1 Test method using a potentiometric method, and 1.1.2 Test method using an internal indicator method. 1.2 The potentiometric method is suitable for use with both light- and dark-colored test samples. It should be considered the referee method. The internal indicator method is suitable for use only with light- and medium-colored test samples. It should be considered the alternate method. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D465-15(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Acid Number of Pine Chemical Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products

1.1 These test methods are intended for determining the acid number of pine chemical products as defined in Terminology D804 including tall oil products, wood and gum rosin, and other related materials. These test methods may not be applicable to all modified rosin products. Two test methods are covered, as follows: 1.1.1 Potentiometric method (referee), and 1.1.2 Internal indicator method (alternate). 1.2 The potentiometric method is suitable for use with both light- and dark-colored products. It should be considered the referee method. The internal indicator method is suitable for use only with light- and medium-colored products with a Gardner color of less than 12. It should be considered the alternate method. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D480-88(2020)

Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing of Flaked Aluminum Powders and Pastes

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling, qualitative analysis, and physical testing of flaked aluminum powders and pastes (leafing and nonleafing) for coatings. 1.2 These test methods apply equally to leafing and nonleafing flaked aluminum powders and pastes except where noted to the contrary. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement, see 7.3.1 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4893-20

Standard Test Method for Determination of Pitch Volatility

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the percent of pitch volatility. 1.2 Since this test method is empirical, strict adherence to the procedure is necessary. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are given for information only. 1.3.1 Exceptions The diameter of a special aluminum block is measured in inches. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5270/D5270M-20

Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedures) Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Bounded, Nonleaky, Confined Aquifers

1.1 This practice covers an analytical procedure for determining the transmissivity, storage coefficient, and possible location of boundaries for a confined aquifer with a linear boundary. This practice is used to analyze water-level or head data from one or more observation wells or piezometers during the pumping of water from a control well at a constant rate. This practice also applies to flowing artesian wells discharging at a constant rate. With appropriate changes in sign, this practice also can be used to analyze the effects of injecting water into a control well at a constant rate. 1.2 The analytical procedure in this practice is used in conjunction with the field procedure in Test Method D4050 . 1.3 Limitations The valid use of this practice is limited to determination of transmissivities and storage coefficients for aquifers in hydrogeologic settings with reasonable correspondence to the assumptions of the Theis nonequilibrium method (see Practice D4106 ) (see 5.1 ), except that the aquifer is limited in areal extent by a linear boundary that fully penetrates the aquifer. The boundary is assumed to be either a constant-head boundary (equivalent to a stream or lake that hydraulically fully penetrates the aquifer) or a no-flow (impermeable) boundary (equivalent to a contact with a significantly less permeable rock unit). The Theis nonequilibrium method is described in Practices D4105/D4105M and D4106 . 1.4 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Reporting of results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 . 1.6 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of the practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without the consideration of a project s many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5457-20

Standard Specification for Computing Reference Resistance of Wood-Based Materials and Structural Connections for Load and Resistance Factor Design

1.1 This specification covers procedures for computing the reference resistance of wood-based materials and structural connections for use in load and resistance factor design (LRFD). The format conversion procedure is outlined in Section 4 . The test-based derivation procedure is outlined in Annex A1 . The reference resistance derived from this specification applies to the design of structures addressed by the load combinations in ASCE 7-16. 1.2 A commentary to this specification is provided in Appendix X1 . 1.3 Units The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5472/D5472M-20

Standard Practice for Determining Specific Capacity and Estimating Transmissivity at the Control Well

1.1 This practice describes a procedure for conducting a specific capacity test, computing the specific capacity of a control well, and estimating the transmissivity in the vicinity of the control well. Specific capacity is the well yield per unit drawdown at an identified time after pumping started. 1.2 This practice is used in conjunction with Test Method D4050 for conducting withdrawal and injection well tests. 1.3 The method of determining transmissivity from specific capacity is a variation of the nonequilibrium method of Theis ( 1 ) 2 for determining transmissivity and storage coefficient of an aquifer. The Theis nonequilibrium method is given in Practice D4106 . 1.4 Limitations The limitations of the technique for determining transmissivity are primarily related to the correspondence between the field situation and the simplifying assumptions of the Theis method. 1.5 The scope of this practice is limited by the capabilities of the apparatus. 1.6 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 . 1.6.1 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in this practice are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that should generally be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this practice to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design. 1.7 Units The values stated in SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values for the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Reporting of results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as noncompliance with this standard. 1.8 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of the practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without the consideration of a project s many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D561-82(2020)

Standard Specification for Carbon Black Pigment for Paint

1.1 This specification covers the pigment commercially known as carbon black, which is suitable for use in the manufacture of protective or decorative coatings. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5722-20

Standard Practice for Performing Accelerated Outdoor Weathering of Factory-Coated Embossed Hardboard Using Concentrated Natural Sunlight and a Soak-Freeze-Thaw Procedure

1.1 This practice covers techniques to accelerate weathering effects of factory-coated embossed hardboard using Cycle 1 of Practice G90 (concentrated natural sunlight with periodic surface water spray) plus a soak-freeze thaw cycle (see Section 5 of this practice). 1.2 Testing by use of the methods described in this practice may be employed in the qualitative assessment of weathering effects. The relative durability of coated hardboards may be best determined by comparison of their test results with those of control specimens derived from real time exposure test experience. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5769-20

Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

1.1 This test method covers the determination of benzene, toluene, other specified individual aromatic compounds, and total aromatics in finished motor gasoline, including gasolines containing oxygenated blending components, by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). 1.2 This test method has been tested for the following concentration ranges, in liquid volume percent, for the following aromatics: benzene, 0.1 % to 4 %; toluene, 1 % to 13 %; and total (C6 to C12) aromatics, 10 % to 42 %. The round-robin study did not test the method for individual hydrocarbon process streams in a refinery, such as reformates, fluid catalytic cracked naphthas, and so forth, used in the blending of gasolines. 1.3 Results are reported to the nearest 0.01 % for benzene and 0.1 % for the other aromatics by liquid volume. 1.4 This test method includes a relative bias section for EPA spark-ignition engine fuel benzene regulations reporting based on Practice D6708 accuracy assessment between Test Method D5769 and Test Method D3606 as a possible Test Method D5769 alternative to Test Method D3606 . The Practice D6708 derived correlation equation is only applicable for blended fuels in the benzene concentration range from 0.0 % to 2.50 % by volume as measured by Test Method D5769 . The applicable Test Method D3606 range for benzene is from 0.0 % to 2.47 % by volume as reported by Test Method D3606 . 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to its use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5811-20

Standard Test Method for Strontium-90 in Water

1.1 This test method covers the determination of radioactive 90 Sr in environmental water samples (for example, non-process and effluent waters) in the range of 0.037 Bq/L (1.0 pCi/L) or greater. 1.2 This test method has been used successfully with tap water. It is the user s responsibility to ensure the validity of this test method for samples larger than 1 L and for waters of untested matrices. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 9 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5850-20

Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity, Storage Coefficient, and Anisotropy Ratio from a Network of Partially Penetrating Wells

1.1 This practice covers an analytical procedure for determining the transmissivity, storage coefficient, and ratio of vertical to horizontal hydraulic conductivity of a confined aquifer using observation well drawdown measurements from a constant-rate pumping test. This practice uses data from a minimum of four partially penetrating, recommended to be positioned observation wells around a partially penetrating control well. 1.2 The analytical procedure is used in conjunction with the field procedure in Test Method D4050 . 1.3 Limitations The limitations of the technique for determination of the horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivity of aquifers are primarily related to the correspondence between the field situation and the simplifying assumption of this practice. 1.4 Units The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI units given in parentheses are mathematical conversions, which are provided for information purposes only and are not considered standard. The reporting of results in units other than inch-pound shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 , unless superseded by this standard. 1.6 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded or calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objective; and it is common practice to increase or reduce the significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis method or engineering design. 1.7 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of the practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without the consideration of a project s many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



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