Customer Service:
Mon - Fri: 8:30 am - 6 pm EST

100 Newest Standards and Packages


ANSI/AAMI/IEC 62304:2006 and A1:2016

CONSOLIDATED TEXT - Medical device software - Software life cycle processes

Includes Amendment 1. This standard applies to the development and maintenance of Medical Device Software when software is itself a medical device or when software is an embedded or integral part of the final Medical Device. This standard describes processes that are intended to be applied to software which executes on a processor or which is executed by other software (for example an interpreter) which executes on a processor.


ANSI/AGMA 9009-E20

Flexible Couplings - Nomenclature for Flexible Couplings

ABSTRACT This standard presents the nomenclature common to flexible couplings as used in mechanical power transmission drives. It does not address nomenclature for flexible shafts, quill shafts, universal joints or devices that exhibit slip such as clutches, fluid couplings, magnetic couplings or torque converters. The standard was prepared to reduce the language barriers that arise between designers, manufacturers and users when attempting to designate or describe various types of flexible couplings and their elements. SCOPE Applicability This standard provides nomenclature common to flexible couplings and their application as used in mechanical power transmission drives. Exceptions The following coupling types are not included in this standard: — flexible shaft; — quill shaft; — universal joint; — devices that exhibit slip such as clutches, fluid couplings, magnetic couplings and torque converters. FOREWORD This Standard was prepared to reduce the language barriers that arise between designers, manufacturers, and users when attempting to designate or describe various types of flexible couplings and their elements. The first draft copy of AGMA 510.01 was prepared by the Flexible Coupling Nomenclature Committee in October, 1963. It was accepted as an AGMA Standard on July 9, 1965. AGMA 510.01 was editorially changed and approved as AGMA 510.02 in August 1969. AGMA 510.03 was approved in October, 1983. The revised standard contained an improved clarity in definitions, simplification of nomenclature, addition of coupling physical property terms and units including SI Units, and introduction of an axial travel term for couplings. ANSI/AGMA 9009-D02 is a revision of AGMA 510.03, and was approved by the AGMA membership in May 2001. It was approved as an American National Standard on June 27, 2002. This revision includes additional nomenclature from standards developed since the previous revision. ANSI/AGMA 9009-E20 replaces ANSI/AGMA 9009-D02. This revision includes additional nomenclature from standards developed since the previous revision and only has metric units. It aligns and updates definitions from all of the other AGMA flexible couplings standards. The first draft of ANSI/AGMA 9009-E20 was created in October 2013. It was approved by the AGMA membership in April 2020. It was approved as an American National Standard on June 8, 2020.


ASCE MOP 74-2020

Guidelines for Electrical Transmission Line Structural Loading

Prepared by the Task Committee on Electrical Transmission Line Structural Loading of the Electrical Transmission Structures Committee of the Special Design Issues Technical Administrative Committee of the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE Fully revised and updated, Guidelines for Electrical Transmission Line Structural Loading, Fourth Edition, MOP 74, provides the most current and relevant loading concepts and applications specific to transmission line design. A valuable resource for the development of a loading philosophy for electrical transmission structures, the information presented can be applied to an individual project or at a regional level. Key topics addressed in this manual are Uniform procedures and definitions used in the industry for the calculation of loads, Design procedures addressing uniform levels of reliability for transmission lines, Up-to-date techniques for quantifying weather-related loads, Procedures for calculating design loads and determining their corresponding load factors, Updated techniques for quantifying wire system and other non-weather-related loads, Failure containment philosophy, and Practical examples providing more detail on the application of load recommendations. This Manual of Practice will be an important guide to engineers involved in electrical utility and structural engineering.


vANSI/ASCE/EWRI 44-20-2020

Standard Practice for the Design, Operation, and Evaluation of Supercooled Fog Dispersal Projects

Prepared by the Atmospheric Water Management Standards Committee of the Standards Development Council of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE Standard Practice for the Design, Operation, and Evaluation of Supercooled Fog Dispersal Projects , ANSI/ASCE/EWRI 44-20, presents guidelines for programs aimed at dispersing supercooled fog. Extended periods of fog can have large economic impacts on aviation, tourism, transportation, and mining industries, as well as a negative effect on agriculture. These problems can be reduced using state-of-the-art supercooled fog dispersal technologies to increase visibility. This updated standard describes the process through which supercooled fog dispersal operations should be designed, conducted, and evaluated, and includes new material dealing with recent technological improvements. A review of supercooled fog dispersal technology is followed by an overview of fog characteristics. The design of these projects encompasses such topics as project scope, delivery methods, seeding agent selection, targeting and delivery considerations, and seeding suspension criteria. Aspects of conducting a dispersal project include the operational manual, personnel requirements, decision making, communications, and public information and safety considerations. Methods of evaluating a project are described. Standard 44-20 is particularly useful to hydrologists, hydrometeorologists, environmental and water resources engineers, airport and mining operations managers, water managers with governmental agencies, surface transportation managers, and others who deal with the limitations posed by supercooled fog.


ASSP TR-31010-2020

Risk Management - Techniques for Safety Practitioners

This technical report provides guidance on the selection and application of techniques for assessing and managing risk within the risk management process. The techniques can be applied to a range of occupational settings, situations and operational stages as part of the risk management process. The purpose of this technical report is to assist decision makers and stakeholders in applying risk assessment techniques in an effort to gain an understanding of risk, reduce related uncertainty, and obtain risk-based information that will enable the organization to achieve its objectives. The technical report is designed to align with the principles, framework and process found in ANSI/ASSP/ISO 31000 Risk Management, and complement ANSI/ASSP/ISO 31010 Risk Management - Risk Assessment, ISO 31070 Core Concepts of Risk, ANSI/ASIS/RIMS RA.1 Risk Assessment, ANSI/ASSP/ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems, ANSI/ASSP Z10.0 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems and ANSI/ASSP Z590.3 Prevention through Design standards.


ASTM A1063/A1063M-20

Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Twin-Roll Cast, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process

1.1 This specification covers steel sheet, produced by the Twin-Roll Cast process (see Appendix X2 ) and zinc-coated (galvanized) by the hot-dip process in coils and cut lengths. Note 1: See Appendix X2 for a description of the Twin-Roll Cast process. 1.2 The product is produced in various zinc coating weights [masses] or coating designations as shown in Table 1 . 1.3 Product furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the latest issue of Specification A924/A924M unless otherwise provided herein. 1.4 The product is available in a number of designations, grades, and classes and in the two following general categories that are designed to be compatible with different application requirements. 1.4.1 Steels with mandatory chemical requirements and typical mechanical properties. 1.4.2 Steels with mandatory chemical requirements and mandatory mechanical properties. 1.5 This material is available in the following sizes: 1.5.1 Thickness up to 0.078 in. [2.0 mm]. 1.5.2 Width up to 79 in. [2000 mm]. 1.6 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, shall not be considered as requirements of this specification. 1.7 Units This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as A1063 ) or SI units (as A1063M ). Values in inch-pound and SI units are not necessarily equivalent. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. Each system shall be used independently of the other. 1.8 Unless the order specifies the M designation (SI units), the product shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A1094/A1094M-20

Standard Specification for Continuous Hot-Dip Galvanized Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

1.1 This specification covers steel reinforcing bars, with protective zinc or zinc-alloy coatings applied by the continuous hot-dip process. Note 1: The galvanizer is identified throughout this specification as the manufacturer. 1.2 Guidelines for construction practices at the job-site are presented in Appendix X1 . 1.3 Guidelines for use of continuous hot-dip galvanized reinforcing bars with non-galvanized steel forms are presented in Appendix X2 . 1.4 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes shall not be considered requirements of the specification. 1.5 This specification is applicable for orders in either inch-pound units (as Specification A1094 ) or SI units (as Specification A1094M ). 1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with this specification. 1.7 This specification does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this specification to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1419-14(2020)

Standard Test Method for Sonic Velocity in Refractory Materials at Room Temperature and Its Use in Obtaining an Approximate Young's Modulus

1.1 This test method describes a procedure for measuring the sonic velocity in refractory materials at room temperature. The sonic velocity can be used to obtain an approximate value for Young's modulus. 1.2 The sonic velocity may be measured through the length, thickness, and width of the specimen. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1426-14(2020)

Standard Practices for Verification and Calibration of Polarimeters

1.1 Polarimeters and polariscopes used for measuring stress in glass are described in Test Methods F218 , C148 , and C978 . These instruments include a light source and several optical elements (polarizers, optical retarders, filters, and so forth) that require occasional cleaning, realigning, and calibration. The objective of these practices is to describe the calibration and verification procedures required to maintain these instruments in calibration and ensure that the optical setup is within specification for satisfactory measurements. 1.2 It is mandatory throughout these practices that both verification and calibration are carried out by qualified personnel who fully understand the concepts used in measurements of stress retardation and are experienced in the practices of measuring procedures described in Test Methods F218 , C148 , and C978 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1478/C1478M-20

Standard Specification for Storm Drain Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced Concrete Storm Sewer Structures, Pipes, and Laterals

1.1 This specification covers the minimum performance and material requirements for resilient connectors used for connections between precast reinforced concrete storm sewer structures conforming to Specification C478/C478M and pipes, and between precast reinforced concrete pipe and laterals for storm drainage systems. 1.1.1 These connectors are designed to prevent soil migration between the pipe and storm sewer structure, and between the pipe and lateral. 1.2 The values stated in inch pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Note 1: This specification covers the design, material, and performance of the resilient connection only. Connections covered by this specification are adequate for hydrostatic pressures up to 6 psi (14 ft) [41 kPa (4.3 m)] without leakage when tested in accordance with Section 7 . Infiltration quantities for an installed system are dependent upon many factors other than the connections between storm sewer structures and pipe, and allowable quantities must be covered by other specifications and suitable testing of the installed pipeline and system. Note 2: For installations that exceed 6 psi (14 ft) [41 kPa (4.3 m)], the user is cautioned to verify the amount of hydrostatic head pressure the connector will experience. If the total pressure applied to the connector exceeds the 6 psi [41 kPa] limits of the specification, the user is advised to contact the connector manufacturer for alternative methods of connecting the pipe, or applicable alternative standards. 1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 7 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific warning statement, see 7.2.4 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1548-02(2020)

Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson’s Ratio of Refractory Materials by Impulse Excitation of Vibration

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the fundamental resonant frequencies for the purpose of calculating the dynamic Young s modulus, the dynamic shear modulus (also known as the modulus of rigidity), and the dynamic Poisson s ratio of refractory materials at ambient temperatures. Specimens of these materials possess specific mechanical resonant frequencies, which are determined by the elastic modulus, mass, and geometry of the test specimen. Therefore, the dynamic elastic properties can be computed if the geometry, mass, and mechanical resonant frequencies of a suitable specimen can be measured. The dynamic Young s modulus is determined using the resonant frequency in the flexural mode of vibration and the dynamic shear modulus is determined using the resonant frequency in the torsional mode of vibration. Poisson s ratio is computed from the dynamic Young s modulus and the dynamic shear modulus. 1.2 Although not specifically described herein, this method can also be performed at high temperatures with suitable equipment modifications and appropriate modifications to the calculations to compensate for thermal expansion. 1.3 The values are stated in SI units and are to be regarded as the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1619-20

Standard Specification for Elastomeric Seals for Joining Concrete Structures

1.1 This specification covers the physical property requirements of elastomeric seals (gaskets) used to seal the joints of precast concrete structures conforming to Specifications C14 , C14M , C118 , C118M , C361 , C361M , C443 , C443M , C505 , C505M , or C1628 used in gravity and low head pressure applications. 1.2 Requirements are given for natural or synthetic rubber gaskets, or a combination of both. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C240-20

Standard Test Methods for Testing Cellular Glass Insulation Block

1.1 These test methods cover the testing of cellular glass insulation block for density, water absorption, compressive strength, flexural strength at ambient temperature; preparation for chemical analysis; and thermal conductivity measurements. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C288-20

Standard Test Method for Disintegration of Refractories in an Atmosphere of Carbon Monoxide

1.1 This test method covers the comparative behavior of refractories under the disintegrating action of carbon monoxide (CO). The test method is an accelerated exposure to CO to determine potential material behavior in a relatively short time. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C478/C478M-20

Standard Specification for Circular Precast Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections

1.1 This specification covers the manufacture and purchase requirements of products used for the assembly and construction of circular vertical precast reinforced concrete manholes and structures used in sewer, drainage, and water works. 1.2 Part I, Sections 1 11 , of this specification presents general requirements and requirements that are common to each precast concrete product covered by this specification. 1.3 Part II of this specification presents specific requirements for each manhole product in the following sections: Note 1: Future products will be included in Part II in a future revision of this specification. 1.4 The values stated in either inch pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Note 2: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only and does not include requirements for backfill, or the relationship between field load conditions and the strength requirements of the manhole products and appurtenances. Experience has shown, however, that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the product strength, type of foundation and backfill, and care in the field installation of the manhole products and connecting pipes. The owner of the project for which these products are specified herein is cautioned to require inspection at the construction site. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C506-20

Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Arch Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe

1.1 This specification covers reinforced arch-shaped concrete pipe to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, storm water, and for the construction of culverts. 1.2 This specification is the inch-pound companion to C506M ; therefore, no SI equivalents are presented in the specification. Reinforced concrete pipe that conform to the requirements of C506M are acceptable under this Specification C506 unless prohibited by the owner. Note 1: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only, and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load condition and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, and care that the installation conforms to the construction specifications. The owner of the reinforced concrete pipe specified herein is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide inspection at the construction site. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C506M-20

Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Arch Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe (Metric)

1.1 This specification covers reinforced arch-shaped concrete pipe to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, storm water, and for the construction of culverts. 1.2 This specification is the SI companion to Specification C506 ; therefore, no inch-pound equivalents are presented in this specification. Reinforced concrete pipe that conform to the requirements of Specification C506 are acceptable under this Specification C506M unless prohibited by the owner. Note 1: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only, and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load condition and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, and care that the installation conforms to the construction specifications. The owner of the reinforced concrete pipe specified herein is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide inspection at the construction site. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C507-20

Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Elliptical Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe

1.1 This specification covers reinforced elliptically shaped concrete pipe to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, and storm water, and for the construction of culverts. 1.2 Pipe designed for placement with the major axis horizontal shall be designated as Horizontal Elliptical Pipe. Pipe designed for placement with the major axis vertical shall be designated as Vertical Elliptical Pipe. 1.3 This specification is the inch-pound companion to Specification C507M ; therefore, no SI equivalents are presented in the specification. Reinforced concrete pipe that conforms to the requirements of C507M are acceptable under this Specification C507 unless prohibited by the owner. Note 1: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only, and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load condition and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, and care that the installation conforms to the construction specifications. The owner of the reinforced concrete pipe specified herein is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide inspection at the construction site. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C507M-20

Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Elliptical Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe (Metric)

1.1 This specification covers reinforced elliptically shaped concrete pipe to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, storm water, and for the construction of culverts. 1.2 Pipe designed for placement with the major axis horizontal shall be designated as Horizontal Elliptical Pipe. Pipe designed for placement with the major axis vertical shall be designated as Vertical Elliptical Pipe. 1.3 This specification is the SI companion to Specification C507 ; therefore, no inch-pound equivalents are presented in this specification. Reinforced concrete pipe that conforms to the requirements of C507 are acceptable under this Specification C507M unless prohibited by the owner. Note 1: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only, and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load condition and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, and care that the installation conforms to construction specifications. The owner of the reinforced concrete pipe specified herein is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide inspection at the construction site. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C724-91(2020)

Standard Test Method for Acid Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Architectural-Type Glass

1.1 This test method covers qualitative determination of the acid resistance of the ceramic decoration on architectural glass. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C76-20

Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe

1.1 This specification covers reinforced concrete pipe intended to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, and storm water, and for the construction of culverts. 1.2 This specification is the inch-pound companion to Specification C76M ; therefore, no SI equivalents are presented in this specification. Reinforced concrete pipe that conform to the requirements of C76M , are acceptable under this Specification C76 unless prohibited by the Owner. Note 1: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only, and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load condition and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, and care that installation conforms to the construction specifications. The owner of the reinforced concrete pipe specified herein is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide inspection at the construction site. Note 2: Attention is called to the specification for reinforced concrete D-load culvert, storm drain, and sewer pipe (Specification C655 ). 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C76M-20

Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe (Metric)

1.1 This specification covers reinforced concrete pipe intended to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, and storm water, and for the construction of culverts. 1.2 This specification is the SI companion to Specification C76 ; therefore, no inch-pound equivalents are presented in this specification. Reinforced concrete pipe that conform to the requirements of C76 are acceptable under this Specification C76M unless prohibited by the Owner. Note 1: This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only, and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load condition and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, controlled manufacture in the plant, and care and installation conforms to the construction specifications. The owner of the reinforced concrete pipe specified herein is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide inspection at the construction site. Note 2: Attention is called to the specification for reinforced concrete D-load culvert, storm drain, and sewer pipe (ASTM Designation C655M ). 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C770-16(2020)

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Glass Stress—Optical Coefficient

1.1 This test method covers procedures for determining the stress-optical coefficient of glass, which is used in photoelastic analyses. In Procedure A the optical retardation is determined for a glass fiber subjected to uniaxial tension. In Procedure B the optical retardation is determined for a beam of glass of rectangular cross section when subjected to four-point bending. In Procedure C, the optical retardation is measured for a beam of glass of rectangular cross-section when subjected to uniaxial compression. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.




ASTM C824-91(2020)

Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation for Determination of Linear Thermal Expansion of Vitreous Glass Enamels and Glass Enamel Frits by Dilatometer Method

1.1 This practice covers the preparation of vitreous glass enamels and glass enamel frit specimens for the measurement of linear thermal expansion using Test Method E228 . 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 6 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C885-87(2020)

Standard Test Method for Young’s Modulus of Refractory Shapes by Sonic Resonance

1.1 This test method covers a procedure for measuring the resonance frequency in the flexural (transverse) mode of vibration of rectangular refractory brick or rectangularly shaped monoliths at room temperature. Young's modulus is calculated from the resonance frequency of the shape, its mass (weight), and dimensions. 1.2 Units The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.2.1 Although the Hertz (Hz) is an SI unit, it is derived from seconds which is also an inch-pound unit. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C923/C923M-20

Standard Specification for Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced Concrete Manhole Structures, Pipes, and Laterals

1.1 This specification covers the minimum performance and material requirements for resilient connectors used for connections between reinforced concrete manholes conforming to Specification C478/C478M and pipes, between wastewater structures and pipes, and between precast reinforced concrete pipe and laterals. 1.1.1 These connectors are designed to minimize leakage between the pipe and manhole, and between the pipe and lateral. 1.2 The values stated in inch pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Note 1: This specification covers the design, material, and performance of the resilient connection only. Connections covered by this specification are adequate for hydrostatic pressures up to 13 psi (30 ft) [90 kPa (9.1 m)] without leakage when tested in accordance with Section 7 . Infiltration or exfiltration quantities for an installed system are dependent upon many factors other than the connections between manhole structures and pipe, and allowable quantities must be covered by other specifications and suitable testing of the installed pipeline and system. 1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 7 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific precaution statement, see 7.2.5 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1319-20a

Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption

1.1 This test method covers the determination of hydrocarbon types of total aromatics, total olefins, and total saturates in petroleum fractions that distill below 315 C. Samples containing dark-colored components that interfere in reading the chromatographic bands cannot be analyzed. Note 1: For the determination of olefins below 0.3 % by volume, other test methods are available, such as Test Method D2710 . 1.2 This test method is intended for use with full boiling range products. Cooperative data have established that the precision statement does not apply to narrow boiling petroleum fractions near the 315 C limit. Such samples are not eluted properly, and results are erratic. 1.3 This test method is also applicable to automotive spark-ignition engine fuels which are gasolines with and without blended oxygenates, such as alcohols and ethers (for example MTBE, ethanol) and where gasoline is the primary component by volume in the blend. 1.4 The applicability of this test method to products derived from fossil fuels other than petroleum, such as coal, shale, or tar sands, has not been determined, and the precision statement may or may not apply to such products. 1.5 This test method has two precision statements depicted in Table 3 and Table 4. 1.5.1 Table 3 is applicable to fuels that do not contain oxygenated blending components over the test method concentration working ranges from 5 % to 99 % by volume aromatics, 1 % to 55 % by volume olefins, and 1 % to 95 % by volume saturates in petroleum fractions and with a final boiling point of 315 C. It may or may not apply to automotive gasolines containing lead antiknock mixtures. 1.5.2 Table 4 precision was derived from an ILS containing only blended oxygenated (for example, MTBE, ethanol) and non-oxygenated automotive spark-ignition engine fuels (gasolines) and is applicable only in the test method concentration working range of 13 % to 40 % by volume aromatics, 4 % to 33 % by volume olefins, and 45 % to 68 % by volume saturates. 1.5.3 Non-oxygenated automotive spark-ignition engine fuels (gasolines) outside the inclusive valid test result reporting concentration ranges of Table 4 may use the precision in Table 3 and its applicable concentration ranges. 1.6 The oxygenated blending components, methanol, ethanol, methyl- tert -butylether (MTBE), tert -amylmethylether (TAME), and ethyl- tert -butylether (ETBE), do not interfere with the determination of hydrocarbon types at concentrations normally found in commercial blends. These oxygenated components are not detected since they elute with the alcohol desorbent. Other oxygenated compounds shall be individually verified. When samples containing oxygenated blending components are analyzed, correct the results to a total-sample basis. 1.7 This test method includes a relative bias section based on Practice D6708 accuracy assessment between Test Method D1319 and Test Method D5769 for total aromatics in spark-ignition engine fuels as a possible Test Method D1319 alternative to Test Method D5769 for U.S. EPA spark-ignition engine fuel regulations reporting. The Practice D6708 derived correlation equation is only applicable for fuels in the total aromatic concentration range from 3.3 % to 34.4 % by volume as measured by Test Method D1319 and the distillation temperature T 95 , at which 95 % of the sample has evaporated, ranges from 149.1 C to 196.6 C (300.3 F to 385.8 F) when tested according to Test Method D86 . 1.7.1 The applicable Test Method D5769 range for total aromatics is 3.7 % to 29.4 % by volume as reported by Test Method D5769 and the distillation temperature T 95 values, at which 95 % of the sample has evaporated, when tested according to Test Method D86 is from 149.1 C to 196.6 C (300.3 F to 385.8 F). 1.7.2 Regulations may change over time and the user is advised to verify current regulatory requirements. 1.8 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.9 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Section 7 , 8.1 , and 10.5 . 1.11 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2308-07(2020)

Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Polyethylene Jacket for Electrical Wire and Cable

1.1 This specification covers a thermoplastic jacketing compound for 2 to 35 kV wire and cable, of at least 0.030 in. (0.76 mm) nominal thickness, consisting substantially of pigmented polyethylene. 1.2 In many instances the jacket material cannot be tested unless it has been formed around a conductor or cable. Therefore, tests done on jacketed wire and cable in this specification are solely to determine the relevant property of the jacket material and not to test the jacketed conductor or completed cable. 1.3 Whenever two sets of values are presented, in different units, the values in the rst set are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2680-20

Standard Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) and Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Composite Sewer Piping

1.1 This specification covers thermoplastic composite pipe, fittings and a joining system for use in gravity flow, nonpressure sanitary sewer, and storm drain installations. The pipe and fittings are made of ABS or PVC plastic material. Recommended installation practices are referenced in Appendix X1 . 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 10 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2913-20

Standard Test Method for Mercaptan Content of the Atmosphere

1.1 This test method is for the measurement of mercaptans (organic thiols) in the atmosphere at concentrations below 100 parts per billion (ppb(v) = 195 g/m 3 ). For concentrations above 100 ppb(v), the sampling period can be reduced or the trapping liquid volume increased either before or after aspirating. (See Practice D1357 for sampling guidance.) The minimum detectable amount of methyl mercaptan is 0.04 g/mL ( 1 ) 2 in a final liquid volume of 25 mL. When sampling air at the maximum recommended rate of 2 L/min for 2 h, the minimum detectable mercaptan concentration is 1.0 ppb(v) (1.95 g methyl mercaptan/m 3 at 101.3 kPa (760 mm Hg) and 25 C). This test method determines total mercaptans and does not differentiate among individual mercaptans, although it is most sensitive to the lower molecular weight alkanethiols. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in 8.7 , 8.8 , and Section 9 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3004-08(2020)

Standard Specification for Crosslinked and Thermoplastic Extruded Semi-Conducting, Conductor, and Insulation Shielding Materials

1.1 This specification covers crosslinked and thermoplastic extruded semi-conducting, conductor, and insulation shielding materials for electrical wires and cables. 1.2 In many instances, the electrical properties of the shielding material are strongly dependent on processing conditions. For this reason, in this specification the material is sampled from cable. Therefore, tests are done on shielded wire in this standard solely to determine the relevant property of the shielding material and not to test the conductor or completed cable. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3363-20

Standard Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test

1.1 This test method covers a procedure for rapid, inexpensive determination of the film hardness of an organic coating on a substrate in terms of drawing leads or pencil leads of known hardness. 1.2 This test method is similar in content (but not technically equivalent) to ISO 15184. Note 1: Other procedures are available to measure permanent deformation of organic coatings under the action of a single point (stylus tip) including but not limited to Test Methods D2197 , D5178 , and G171 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3453-20

Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials—Urethane for Furniture and Automotive Cushioning, Bedding, and Similar Applications

1.1 This specification covers flexible cellular urethane materials intended for such uses as inserts for furniture cushions, mattresses, and similar applications. 1.2 This specification provides material and dimensional requirements and methods of tests for specific properties of load bearing, compression set, humid age resistance, pounding fatigue resistance, support factor and resilience. 1.3 This specification includes references to government regulations for burning characteristics of flexible cellular material used in specified applications. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1: There is no equivalent ISO standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3801-20a

Standard Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position

1.1 This fire-test-response standard covers a small-scale laboratory procedure for determining comparative burning characteristics of solid-plastic material, using a 20-mm (50W) premixed flame applied to the base of specimens held in a vertical position. Note 1: This test method and the 20 mm (50W) Vertical Burning Test (V-0, V-1, or V-2) of ANSI/UL 94 are equivalent. Note 2: This test method and Test Method B of IEC 60695 11 10 are equivalent. IEC 60695 11 10 has replaced ISO 1210. Note 3: For additional information on materials that burn up to the holding clamp by this test method, see Test Method D635 . For test methods of flexible plastics in the form of thin sheets and film, see Test Method D4804 . For additional information on comparative burning characteristics and resistance to burn-through, see Test Method D5048 . 1.2 This test method was developed for polymeric materials used for parts in devices and appliances. The results are intended to serve as a preliminary indication of their acceptability with respect to flammability for a particular application. The final acceptance of the material is dependent upon its use in complete equipment that conforms with the standards applicable to such equipment. 1.3 The classification system described in the appendix is intended for quality assurance and the preselection of component materials for products. 1.4 It is possible that this test is applicable to nonmetallic materials other than plastics. Such application is outside the scope of this technical committee. 1.5 This test method does not cover plastics when used for building construction, finishing or contents such as wall and floor coverings, furnishings, decorative objects etc. In addition, the fire resistance (in terms of an hourly rating), flame spread, smoke characterization and heat release rate are not evaluated by this test. Other fire tests exist and shall be used to evaluate the flammability of materials in these intended end use product configuration. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.7 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4491/D4491M-20e1

Standard Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for determining the hydraulic conductivity (water permeability) of geotextiles in terms of permittivity under standard testing conditions, in the uncompressed state. Included are three procedures: the constant head and falling head methods using a water flow apparatus, and the air flow method using an air flow apparatus. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4547-20

Standard Guide for Sampling Waste and Soils for Volatile Organic Compounds

1.1 This guide describes recommended procedures for the collection, handling, and preparation of solid waste, soil, and sediment samples for subsequent determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This class of compounds includes low molecular weight aromatics, hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, acetates, nitriles, acrylates, ethers, and sulfides with boiling points below 200 Celsius (C) that are insoluble or slightly soluble in water. 1.2 Methods of sample collection, handling, storage, and preparation for analysis are described. 1.3 This guide does not cover the details of sampling design, laboratory preparation of containers, and the analysis of the samples. 1.4 It is recommended that this guide be used in conjunction with Guide D4687 . 1.5 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project s many unique aspects. The word standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4731-13(2020)

Standard Specification for Hot-Application Filling Compounds for Telecommunications Wire and Cable

1.1 This specification covers a variety of petroleum-based and other compounds used for filling the air spaces in telecommunications wires and cables (both electrical and fiber optic) for the purpose of preventing water and other undesirable fluids from entering or migrating through the cable structure. (For related standards see Specifications D4730 and D4732 ). 1.2 A hot-application compound is a material that requires melting in order to be applied as a liquid and its melting point affects its performance in the finished cable product. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4732-13(2020)

Standard Specification for Cool-Application Filling Compounds for Telecommunications Wire and Cable

1.1 This specification covers a variety of compounds used for filling the air spaces in telecommunications wires and cables (both electrical and fiber optic) for the purpose of preventing water and other undesirable fluids from entering or migrating through the cable structure. (For related standards see Specifications D4730 and D4731 .) 1.2 A cool-application compound is a material that has sufficiently low viscosity that it does not require heating. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5012-20

Standard Practice for Preparation of Materials Used for the Collection and Preservation of Atmospheric Wet Deposition

1.1 This practice presents recommendations for the cleaning of plastic or glass materials used for collection of atmospheric wet deposition (AWD). This practice also presents recommendations for the preservation of samples collected for chemical analysis. 1.2 The materials used to collect AWD for the analysis of its inorganic constituents and trace elements should be plastic. High density polyethylene (HDPE) is most widely used and is acceptable for most samples including samples for the determination of the anions of acetic, citric, and formic acids. Borosilicate glass is a collection alternative for the determination of the anions from acetic, citric, and formic acid; it is recommended for samples for the determination of other organic compounds. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5048-20a

Standard Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics and Resistance to Burn-Through of Solid Plastics Using a 125-mm Flame

1.1 This fire-test-response standard contains a test method for small-scale laboratory procedures to be used to determine the relative burning characteristics and the resistance to burn-through of plastics using small bar and plaque specimens exposed to a 125-mm (500-W nominal) flame. 1.1.1 Use Test Method D3801 for assessing comparative burning characteristics of solid plastics in a vertical position. Note 1: This test method is equivalent to IEC 60695-11-20 and UL 94 (Section 9). 1.2 The results are intended to serve as a preliminary indication of their acceptability with respect to flammability for a particular application. The final acceptance of the material is dependent upon its use in the end-product that conforms with the standards applicable to such end-product. 1.3 The classification system described in Appendix X1 is intended for quality assurance and the preselection of component materials for products. 1.4 If found to be appropriate, it is suitable to apply the requirements to other nonmetallic materials. Such application is outside the scope of this technical committee. 1.5 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. 1.6 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazards or fire risk assessment of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See 6.1.1 for a specific hazard statement. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5618-20

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Barnacle Adhesion Strength in Shear

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of barnacle adhesion in shear to surfaces exposed in the marine environment. It is used to establish the ability of a surface to reduce biofouling adhesion. Surfaces with known barnacle adhesion strengths are included to serve as controls. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D5885/D5885M-20

Standard Test Method for Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefin Geosynthetics by High-Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry

1.1 This test method covers a procedure for the determination of the oxidative induction time (OIT) of polyolefin geosynthetics using high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry. 1.2 The focus of the test is on geomembranes, but geogrids, geonets, geotextiles, and other polyolefin-related geosynthetics are also suitable for such evaluation. 1.3 This test method measures the oxidative induction time associated with a given test specimen at a specified temperature and pressure. 1.4 This is an accelerated test for highly stabilized materials. It is applicable only to material whose OIT values under 3.4 MPa of oxygen are greater than 30 min at 150 C. 1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8 . 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5990-20a

Standard Classification System and Basis for Polyketone Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials (PK)

1.1 This classification system covers polyketone materials suitable for injection molding and extrusion. This classification system does not address recycled polyketone materials. 1.2 The properties included in this classification system are those required to identify the compositions covered. Other requirements necessary to identify particular characteristics important to specialized applications are to be specified by using suffixes as given in Section 5 . 1.3 This classification system and subsequent line call out (specification) are intended to provide a means of calling out plastic materials used in the fabrication of end items or parts. It is not intended for the selection of materials. Material selection should be made by those having expertise in the plastic field after careful consideration of the design and the performance required of the part, the environment to which it will be exposed, the fabrication process to be employed, the costs involved, and the inherent properties of the material other than those covered by this classification system. 1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 11 , of this classification system: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1: This classification system and ISO 21970-1 and ISO 21970-2 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical content. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D6234-13(2020)

Standard Test Method for Shake Extraction of Mining Waste by the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure

1.1 This test method covers a procedure for the shake leaching of mining waste containing at least 80 % dry solids ( 20 % moisture) in order to generate a solution to be used to determine the inorganic constituents leached under the specified testing conditions that conform to the synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP). 1.2 This test method calls for the shaking of a known weight of mining waste with acidic extraction fluid of a specified composition, as well as the separation of the liquid phase for analysis. The pH of the extraction fluid is to reflect the pH of acidic precipitation in the geographic region in which the waste being tested is to be disposed. Note 1: Possible sources of information concerning the pH of the precipitation in the geographic region of interest include state and federal environmental agencies, state universities, libraries, etc. pH values given in USEPA Method 1312, that are 4.2 east of the Mississippi River and 5.0 west of the Mississippi River and are based on acid precipitation maps, are examples of values that can be used. If the pH of the laboratory water is less than the desired pH for the site, do not use this test method; use Practice D3987 or Test Method E2242 . Note 2: The method may also be suitable for use in testing of mineral processing waste from metal mining process operations for jurisdictions that do not require the use of Test Method E2242 . 1.3 This test method is intended to describe the procedure for performing single batch extractions only. It does not describe all types of sampling, sample preservation, and analytical requirements that may be associated with its application. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D6363-20

Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrogen Peroxide and Combined Organic Peroxides in Atmospheric Water Samples by Peroxidase Enzyme Fluorescence Method

1.1 This test method covers the determination of hydroperoxides, which include hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) and combined organic peroxides, in samples of atmospheric water by the method of horseradish peroxidase derivatization and fluorescence analysis of the derived dimer. 2 , 3 1.2 The range of applicable hydrogen peroxide concentrations was determined to be 0.6 176.0 10 6 M from independent laboratory tests of the test method. 1.3 The primary use of the test method is for hydrogen peroxide, but it may also be used to quantitate organic hydroperoxides. Determinations of organic hydroperoxide concentration levels up to 30 10 6 M may be adequately obtained by calibration with hydrogen peroxide. 2 , 3 While organic hydroperoxides have not been detected at significant concentration levels in rain or cloud water, their presence may be tested by operation of the test method with the addition of catalase for destruction of H 2 O 2 . 3 1.4 Because of the instability of hydroperoxides in atmospheric water samples, proper sample collection, at-collection derivatization, and stringent quality control are essential aspects of the analytical process. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D6990-20

Standard Practice for Evaluating Biofouling Resistance and Physical Performance of Marine Coating Systems

1.1 This practice establishes a practice for evaluating degree of biofouling settlement on and physical performance of marine coating systems when panels coated with such coating systems are subjected to immersion conditions in a marine environment. Guidance for preparation or exposure and handling of test specimens can be found in related ASTM standards as noted below (see Section 2 ). 1.2 This practice and related exposure methodologies are designed as tools for the relative assessment of coating performance, and in no way are to be used as an absolute indicator of long-term performance under all conditions and in all environments. There can be high variability among and within exposure sites with respect to water quality and population or species of fouling organisms, and coating performance may vary with these and other properties. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific hazard statement is given in Section 6 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7016/D7016M-20

Standard Test Method to Evaluate Edge Binding Components Used in Mattresses After Exposure to An Open Flame

1.1 This test method measures the flammability characteristics of mattress edge bindings and sewing threads during and after exposure to an open flame ignition source. 1.1.1 This test method is used to evaluate these components either independently or in combination for use in mattresses designed with a fire barrier fabric. 1.1.1.1 The test method is used to evaluate mattress edge binding and sewing thread when the design requires the use of these components. 1.1.2 This test method can be used as a screening test method to determine how sewing thread and mattress edge binding component combinations will perform. 1.2 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.3 Fire testing of products and materials is inherently hazardous, and adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D8-20a

Standard Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements

1.1 This standard incorporates generic terms and generic definitions of terms specifically associated with road and paving materials. These generic terms and definitions are used within the standards developed by Committee D04 on Road and Paving Materials. 1.2 Only terms that appear in more than one standard under the jurisdiction of Committee D04 will be included in Section 3 of Terminology D8 . Terms that were historically part of this terminology but never appeared, or no longer appear, in more than one standard under the jurisdiction of Committee D04 are listed in Appendix X1 . The terms in Appendix X1 are not maintained and updated by Subcommittee D04.91. The terms in Appendix X1 are available for reference purposes only. The terminology in Appendix X1 may not reflect current practices, standards, and technology used in materials for roads and pavements. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D8318-20

Standard Specification for Low-Density Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) Based Material Intended for Use in Wire and Cable Jacketing

1.1 This specification covers a low-density material based on poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), intended for use as jacketing material for wire and cable. 1.1.1 The material has a closed cell foam structure. 1.2 The jacketing material covered in this specification is intended for use in wires and cables in power-limited applications, such as optical fiber cables, communications cables, coaxial cables, or power limited fire alarm cables. The material is not intended for use in power cables. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1237-20

Standard Guide for Installing Bonded Resistance Strain Gages

1.1 This guide provides guidelines for installing bonded resistance strain gages. It is not intended to be used for bulk or diffused semiconductor gages. This guide pertains only to adhesively bonded strain gages. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM E1316-20a

Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

1.1 This standard defines the terminology used in the standards prepared by the E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing. These nondestructive testing (NDT) methods include: acoustic emission, electromagnetic testing, gamma- and X-radiology, leak testing, liquid penetrant testing, magnetic particle testing, neutron radiology and gauging, ultrasonic testing, and other technical methods. 1.2 Committee E07 recognizes that the terms examination, testing, and inspection are commonly used as synonyms in nondestructive testing. For uniformity and consistency in E07 nondestructive testing standards, Committee E07 encourages the use of the term examination and its derivatives when describing the application of nondestructive test methods. There are, however, appropriate exceptions when the term test and its derivatives may be used to describe the application of a nondestructive test, such as measurements which produce a numeric result (for example, when using the leak testing method to perform a leak test on a component, or an ultrasonic measurement of velocity). Additionally, the term test should be used when referring to the NDT method, that is, Radiologic Testing (RT), Ultrasonic Testing (UT), and so forth. (Example: Radiologic Testing (RT) is often used to examine material to detect internal discontinuities.) 1.3 Section A defines terms that are common to multiple NDT methods, whereas the subsequent sections define terms pertaining to specific NDT methods. 1.4 As shown on the chart below, when nondestructive testing produces an indication, the indication is subject to interpretation as false, nonrelevant, or relevant. If it has been interpreted as relevant, the necessary subsequent evaluation will result in the decision to accept or reject the material. With the exception of accept and reject, which retain the meaning found in most dictionaries, all the words used in the chart are defined in Section A. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM E1551-16(2020)

Standard Specification for a Size 4.00-8 Smooth Tread Friction Test Tire

1.1 This specification covers the general requirements for a special purpose, smooth tread standard tire for measuring tire-pavement friction forces. The tire is utilized on fixed braking slip continuous friction measuring equipment such as the Runway Friction Tester, Surface Friction Tester, or BV-11 Skiddometer Trailer. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1689-20

Standard Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites

1.1 This guide is intended to assist in the development of conceptual site models to be used for the following: ( 1 ) integration of technical information from various sources, ( 2 ) support the selection of sample locations for establishing background concentrations of substances, ( 3 ) identify data needs and guide data collection activities, and ( 4 ) evaluate the risk to human health and the environment posed by a contaminated site. This guide generally describes the major components of conceptual site models, provides an outline for developing models, and presents an example of the parts of a model. This guide does not provide a detailed description of a site-specific conceptual site model because conditions at contaminated sites can vary greatly from one site to another. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This guide is intended to apply to any contaminated site. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM E1844-08(2020)

Standard Specification for a Size 10 × 4–5 Smooth-Tread Friction Test Tire

1.1 This specification covers the general requirements for a smooth-tread standard tire for measuring tire-pavement friction forces. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1996-20

Standard Specification for Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, Doors, and Impact Protective Systems Impacted by Windborne Debris in Hurricanes

1.1 This specification covers exterior windows, glazed curtain walls, doors, and impact protective systems used in buildings located in geographic regions that are prone to hurricanes. 1.1.1 Exception Exterior garage doors and rolling doors are governed by ANSI/DASMA 115 and are beyond the scope of this specification. 1.2 This specification provides the information required to conduct Test Method E1886 . 1.3 Qualification under this specification provides a basis for judgment of the ability of applicable elements of the building envelope to remain unbreached during a hurricane; thereby minimizing the damaging effects of hurricanes on the building interior and reducing the magnitude of internal pressurization. While this standard was developed for hurricanes, it may be used for other types of similar windstorms capable of generating windborne debris. 1.4 This specification provides a uniform set of guidelines based upon currently available information and research. 2 As new information and research becomes available it will be considered. 1.5 All values are stated in SI units and are to be regarded as standard. Values given in parentheses are for information only. Where certain values contained in reference documents cited and quoted herein are stated in inch-pound units, they must be converted by the user. 1.6 The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test method portion, Section 5 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F2201-20

Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Utility Lighters

1.1 This consumer safety specification covers all flame-producing consumer products commonly known as utility lighters (also known as grill lighters, fireplace lighters, lighting rods, or gas matches) and such similar devices as defined in 3.1.14 . Matches are specifically excluded from this specification; flame-producing products intended for igniting cigars, pipes, and cigarettes are also specifically excluded from this safety specification and are covered in Consumer Safety Specification F400 . 1.2 This specification establishes requirements for utility lighters to ensure a reasonable degree of safety for normal use and reasonably foreseeable misuse of such utility lighters by users. 1.3 Utility lighters, being flame-producing devices, as do all flame sources, present a potential hazard to the user. This specification cannot eliminate all hazards, but it is intended to minimize potential hazards of utility lighters to users. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8 , of this specification This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F2720/F2720M-20

Standard Specification for Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyethylene (PE-GF) Spiral Wound Large Diameter Pipe

1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methods for materials, dimensions, workmanship, joining systems, and marking for large diameter, 12 in. [300 mm] and larger, inside diameter controlled glass fiber reinforced polyethylene (PE-GF) spiral wound pipe with electrofusion joints. The piping is intended for new construction and renewal of existing piping systems used for the transport of water, slurries, municipal sewage, domestic sewage, effluents, etc., in pressure systems. Note 1: Pipe produced to this specification should be installed in accordance with Practice D2774 or F1668 , where applicable, and with the manufacturer s recommendations. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents: therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 All pipes produced under this specification are pressure-rated. 1.4 This specification includes criteria for choice of raw material and test methods for evaluation of raw material, together with performance requirements and test methods for determining conformance with the requirements. 1.5 In referee decisions, the SI units shall be used for metric-sized pipe and inch-pound units for pipe sized per ANSI (ANSI B 36.10). 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F2778-09(2020)

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Percent Crystallinity of Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Polymers by Means of Specular Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (R-FTIR)

1.1 This test method describes the collection of absorption spectra of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) polymer in filled and unfilled grades, as supplied by a vendor, and the subsequent calculation of the percent crystallinity. The material is evaluated by infrared spectroscopy. The intensity (height) of the absorbance peaks is related to the amount of crystalline regions present in the material. 1.2 This test method can be used for PEEK consolidated forms, such as injection molded parts, as long as the samples are optically flat and smooth. 1.3 The applicability of the infrared method to industrial and medical grade PEEK materials has been demonstrated by scientific studies. 2, 3 Percentage of crystallinity is related to R-FTIR measurement by calibration through wide-angle x-ray scattering (WAXS) crystallinity measurements. 2, 3 It is anticipated that this test method, involving the peak heights near 1305 cm -1 and 1280 cm -1 , will be evaluated in an Interlaboratory Study (ILS) conducted according to Test Method E691 . 1.4 This test method does not suggest a desired range of crystallinity for specific applications. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F3120/F3120M-20

Standard Specification for Ice Protection for General Aviation Aircraft

1.1 This specification covers international standards for ice protection aspects of airworthiness and design for general aviation aircraft. 1.2 The applicant for a design approval must seek the individual guidance of their respective civil aviation authority (CAA) body concerning the use of this specification as part of a certification plan. For information on which CAA regulatory bodies have accepted this specification (in whole or in part) as a means of compliance to their Small Aircraft Airworthiness regulations (hereinafter referred to as the Rules ), refer to ASTM F44 webpage (www.ASTM.org/COMMITTEE/F44.htm) which includes CAA website links. 1.3 Units The values are stated in units common to the field of aircraft icing. Typically SI or inch-pound units are used, but in some cases this has resulted in the use of mixed units due to the historical development of these values. In cases where values are given in one system with the other system following in brackets, the values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F3429/F3429M-20

Standard Specification for Performance of Flame Mitigation Devices Installed in Disposable and Pre-Filled Flammable Liquid Containers

1.1 This specification establishes performance requirements for the performance of flame mitigation devices (FMDs) installed in disposable and pre-filled liquid containers, intended for consumer use where the liquid flashpoint is below 60 C [140 F]. 1.1.1 Uses of disposable and pre-filled flammable liquid containers include but are not limited to fuels, fire starters, and additives for internal combustion engines. 1.1.2 An FMD that complies with this specification minimizes the potential of flame jetting or container rupture from occurring. 1.1.3 Containers without a significant area reduction at the container opening are not covered because there is no hazard of a flame jet or container rupture because an internal pressure rise does not result from an internal ignition. (See Appendix X1 .) 1.2 This specification does not apply to the following containers: 1.2.1 Containers greater than 20 L [5.3 gal] or smaller than 100 mL [3.4 oz] in volume. 1.2.2 Containers intended for beverages. 1.2.3 Portable fuel containers as defined in Specification F852/F852M . 1.2.4 One-time use portable emergency fuel containers for use by consumers as defined in Specification F2874 . 1.2.5 Containers not intended to be open to ambient conditions such as those for liquefied petroleum gas. 1.3 This specification does not address hazards caused by fire and explosion nor hazards from vapors external to the container when the fuel in the container does not ignite. Further, this specification does not consider scenarios where confinement, obstructions, or preheating cause flame acceleration prior to the flame front reaching the interior of the container. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Information on specific hazards associated with the test methods in this specification is shown in Section 4.4 . 1.6 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire-hazard or fire-risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.7 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F3470-20

Standard Guide for A-UGV Capabilities

1.1 This guide categorizes the autonomous capabilities of an automatic through autonomous-unmanned ground vehicle (A-UGV) based on the following list of capability categories: (a) Goal Navigation: Pre-Programmed ; (b) Goal Navigation: In situ ; (c) Localization ; (d) Docking Infrastructure Dependence; (e) Obstacle Avoidance Types of objects that can be avoided and are within the A-UGV envelope, and types of objects that can be avoided and are outside of the A-UGV envelope; (f) Changing Contour Area or Envelope ; (g) Changing Payload ; (h) Impaired Communication Behavior ; (i) Lost Communication Behavior ; (j) Environmental Conditions ; (k) Fleet Makeup Fleet Task Assignment, Information Sharing/Updating, Fleet Navigation Coordination, and Fleet Task Coordination. 1.2 This guide provides a basis for A-UGV manufacturers and users to compare the intended task to the A-UGV capability. This guide does not purport to cover all relevant capabilities or categories that an A-UGV can perform. Instead, this guide provides a method for defining A-UGV capabilities and limits of A-UGV capabilities within specified categories listed in 1.1 . 1.3 One or more capabilities may be used to define the A-UGV capability and not all categories are required to be used for defining the capability of an A-UGV. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are not precise mathematical conversions to imperial units. They are close approximate equivalents for the purpose of specifying material dimensions or quantities that are readily available to avoid excessive fabrication costs of test apparatuses while maintaining repeatability and reproducibility of the test method results. These values given in parentheses are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F400-20

Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Lighters

1.1 This consumer safety specification covers all flame-producing consumer products commonly known as cigarette lighters, pipe lighters, and cigar lighters and such similar devices as defined in 3.1.9 . Matches are specifically excluded from this safety specification; flame-producing products intended solely for igniting apparatus other than cigars, pipes, and cigarettes, including products covered by Specification F2201 , are also specifically excluded from this safety specification. Lighters are specifically not intended for use as a candle, flashlight, or for other uses requiring an extended burn time. 1.2 This specification establishes requirements for lighters to ensure a reasonable degree of safety for normal use or reasonably foreseeable misuse of such lighters by users. 1.3 Lighters, being flame-producing devices, as do all flame sources, present a potential hazard to the consumer. This specification cannot eliminate all hazards, but is intended to minimize potential hazards of lighters to users. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM G193-20a

Standard Terminology and Acronyms Relating to Corrosion

1.1 This terminology and acronyms standard covers and defines commonly used terms and acronyms in the field of corrosion. Related terms may be found in Terminologies D16 , D4538 , G40 , or other ASTM terminology standards. 1.2 This terminology and acronyms standard is a result of an agreement between NACE International and ASTM International Committee G01 on Corrosion of Metals and may not reflect the opinions of other ASTM committees. 1.3 In this terminology and acronyms standard, brackets are used for directives that follow a definition and are obviously not part of it, such as, [see XXX] and [also known as XXX]. Brackets can also indicate the field of application or context of the definition or acronym. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ANSI Logo

As the voice of the U.S. standards and conformity assessment system, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) empowers its members and constituents to strengthen the U.S. marketplace position in the global economy while helping to assure the safety and health of consumers and the protection of the environment.

CUSTOMER SERVICE
NEW YORK OFFICE
ANSI HEADQUARTERS