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100 Newest Standards and Packages


AAMI TIR9:1992 (R2019)

Evaluation of clinical systems for invasive blood pressure monitoring

This document reviews fundamental considerations regarding the evaluation of invasive blood pressure monitoring systems for use with patients. The goal of the evaluation is to determine which monitoring system (or kit) will, on the average, perform the best at any specific institution in the hands of those people who are responsible for assembling the system immediately before patient use


ANSI/AAMI/ISO 11607-1:2019

Packaging for terminally sterilized medical devices - Part 1: Requirements for materials, sterile barrier systems, and packaging systems.

Specifies requirements and test methods for materials, preformed sterile barrier systems, sterile barrier systems and packaging systems that are intended to maintain sterility of terminally sterilized medical devices until the point of use.


ANSI/AAMI/ISO 11607-2:2019

Packaging for terminally sterilized medical devices - Part 2: Validation requirements for forming, sealing and assembly processes

This standard specifies the requirements for development and validation of processes for packaging medical devices that are terminally sterilized and maintain sterility to the point of use. These processes include forming, sealing, and assembly of preformed sterile barrier systems, sterile barrier systems, and packaging systems.


ANSI/AGMA 2003-D19

Rating the Pitting Resistance and Bending Strength of Generated Straight Bevel, Zerol Bevel and Spiral Bevel Gear Teeth

This standard presents general formulas for rating pitting resistance and bending strength of generated straight bevel, zerol bevel and spiral bevel gear teeth, and supersedes the following previous standards: - AGMA 212.02, Standard for Surface Durability (Pitting) Formulas for Straight Bevel and Zerol Bevel Gear Teeth - AGMA 216.01, Standard for Surface Durability (Pitting) Formulas for Spiral Bevel Gear Teeth - AGMA 222.02, Standard for Rating The Strength of Straight Bevel and Zerol Bevel Gear Teeth - AGMA 223.01, Standard for Rating the Strength of Spiral Bevel Gear Teeth The purpose of standard 2003-A86 was to establish a common base for rating various types of bevel gears for differing applications and to encourage the maximum practical degree of uniformity and consistency between rating practices within the gear industry. The formulas presented in this standard contain numerous terms whose individual values can vary significantly depending on application, system effects, accuracy and manufacturing method. Proper evaluation of these terms is essential for realistic rating. The knowledge and judgment required to properly evaluate the various rating factors come primarily from years of accumulated experience in designing, testing, manufacturing and operating similar gear units. The detailed treatment of the general rating formulas for specific product applications is best accomplished by those experienced in the field. ANSI/AGMA 2003-A86 consolidated and updated previous standards to facilitate application by elimination of redundant material, and also to stress the importance of checking both pitting resistance and bending strength aspects to insure a reliable and well balanced design. The first draft of ANSI/AGMA 2003-A86 was made in May 1980. It was approved by the AGMA membership in June, 1985. It was approved as an American National Standard on May 2, 1986, but was not published until early 1987. The edition contained editorial items which were discovered after publication and corrected by the members of the AGMA Gear Rating Committee in the spring of 1988. AGMA 2003-B97 began as a proposal by the US Delegation to the International Standards Organization (ISO) in 1988 as an effort to reach a consensus. It contained revisions and updates which made it closer to ISO as follows: - The calculations for dynamic factor and geometry factors appeared in a draft of ISO 10300; - The table for load distribution factor was the same as appears in a draft of ISO 10300; - The material grade requirements were similar to those of ISO 6336-5; - Each symbol used in AGMA 2003-B97 had the ISO equivalent symbol adjacent to it in parentheses. Several significant changes were introduced in AGMA 2003-B97: - The introduction of material grade requirements to provide guidance in the selection of stress numbers; - The replacement of the external dynamic factor; - Replacing the internal dynamic factor with a new dynamic factor; - Equations for size factor for bending and pitting resistance were introduced; - An adjustment of the load distribution factor; - Revision of the allowable stress numbers; - Elimination of the stress correction factor; - The life factor curve for pitting resistance was adjusted to compensate for revisions to previously mentioned factors; - The fundamental contact stress formula was adjusted to remove the term accommodating light load conditions. The term zerol or Zerol is used to define a spiral bevel gear with a zero spiral angle. Zerol is a registered trademark of the Gleason Works. This standard, ANSI/AGMA 2003-C10, is a revision of its superseded version. The size factor for pitting resistance addressed in clause 11, was updated to incorporate experience which has been gained with use of the standard. Editorial changes were made to equations 10M, C103M and figure 3. All other material in the standard remains unchanged. The first draft of ANSI/AGMA 2003-C10 was made in November 2008. It was approved by the AGMA membership in March 4, 2010. It was approved as an American National Standard on March 17, 2010.


ANSI/ANS-8.15-2014 (R2019)

Nuclear Criticality Control of Special Actinide Elements

This standard is applicable to operations with the following: N, Pu, Pu, Pu, Pu, Am, Am, Am, Cm, Cm, Cm, Cm, Cf, and Cf. Subcritical mass limits are presented for isolated fissionable units. The limits are not applicable to interacting units.


ANSI/ANS-8.17-2004 (R2019)

Criticality Safety Criteria for the Handling, Storage, and Transportation of LWR Fuel Outside Reactors

This standard provides nuclear criticality safety criteria for the handling, storage, and transportation of light water reactor fuel rods and units outside reactor cores.


ANSI/ASABE AD730:2009 W/Amd. 1 MAR2019 Cor. 1

Agricultural wheeled tractors - Rear-mounted three-point linkage - Categories 1N, 1, 2N, 2, 3N, 3, 4N and 4.

Specifies the dimensions and requirements of the three-point linkage for the attachment of implements or equipment to the rear of agricultural wheeled tractors.


ANSI/ASHRAE 24-2019

Methods of Testing for Rating Liquid Coolers

Prescribes methods of testing the thermal performance and liquid-side pressure drop of evaporators that operate at subcritical pressures of the evaporating refrigerant. Dual units of measurement.


ASME A112.4.14-2004

Manually Operated, Quarter-Turn Shutoff Valves for Use in Plumbing Systems

This Standard establishes requirements for manually operated, quarter-turn valves in nominal sizes (NPS) 2. These valves are intended for indoor installation as potable water shutoff valves between the meter and the supply stop. Valves governed by this Standard are intended for service at temperatures between 34oF (1oC) and 180oF (82oC), with an allowable working pressure rating not less than 125 psi (862 kPa).


ASME A112.6.3-2001 (R2007)

Floor and Trench Drains

This Standard establishes design requirements for floor, area, adjustable floor, and trench drains that are used inside of, or outside and immediately adjacent to, building structures that are typically nonresidential. It includes definitions, nomenclature, outlet types and connections, grate-free area, top loading classifications, materials and finishes, and variations in product design.


ASME B1.20.5-1991 (R2019)

Gaging for Dryseal Pipe Threads-Inch

The scope of this Standard is to provide information regarding practical dryseal thread inspection methods and commonly used gages for production evaluation purposes. All dimensions are in inches unless otherwise specified. Federal Government use. When this standard is approved by the Department of Defense and the Federal agencies and is incorporated into Federal Standard-H28/8 [FED-STD-H28/8], Screw-Thread Standards for Federal Services Section 8, the use of this Standard by the Federal Government is subject to all requirements and limitations of Federal Standard-H28/8 [FED-STD-H28/8].


ASME B89.1.5-1998 (R2019)

Measurement of Plain External Diameters for use as Master Discs or Cylindrical Plug Gages

This Standard is intended to establish uniform practices for the measurement of master discs or cylindrical plug gages to a given tolerance using vertical or horizontal comparators and laser instruments. The Standard includes requirements for geometric qualities of master discs or cylindrical plugs, the important characteristics of the comparison equipment, environmental conditions, and the means to assure that measurements are made with an acceptable level of accuracy. This Standard does not address thread or gear measuring wires.


ASME B89.3.4-2010 (R2019)

Axes of Rotation: Methods for Specifying and Testing

This document is primarily intended for, but not limited to, the standardization of methods of specifying and testing the axes of rotation of spindles used in machine tools and measuring machines. This Standard does not include the subject of angular positioning accuracy. Appendices are attached which provide advisory information for the interpretation and use of the Standard. The Appendices are not part of this Standard.


ASME B89.7.2-2014 (R2019)

Dimensional Measurement Planning

The objective of this Standard is to ensure correctness and acceptability of dimensional measurements. This Standard specifies requirements for preparation and approval of dimensional measurement plans and for the use of approved plans in making dimensional measurements. This Standard considers that a dimensional measurement method is acceptable if its associated measurement uncertainty per the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) meets business needs, e.g., cost of measurements, consequences of pass and fail errors, liability, specific policies, and customer requirements. In assessing the acceptability of a stated measuring procedure, management should take into account the importance and difficulty of evaluating measurement uncertainty in such a way as to quantitatively capture the effects of all significant sources of measurement error.


ASME B89.7.3.1-2001 (R2019)

Guideline for Decision Rules: Considering Measurement Uncertainty in Determining Confirm to Specifications

These guidelines provide terminology and specify the content that must be addressed when stating a decision rule used for deciding the acceptance or rejection of a product according to specification.


ASME FE.1-2018

Rules for Construction of Fusion Energy Devices

Rules for the construction of fusion energy devices.These rules cover fusion-energy-related components such as vacuum vessels, cryostats, and superconducting magnet structures and the interactions of these components. Related support structures, including metallic and nonmetallic materials, containment or confinement structures, and in-vessel components such as fusion-system piping, vessels, valves, pumps, and supports, are also covered. The rules contain requirements for materials, design, fabrication, testing, examination, inspection, certification, and stamping.


ASME NML-1-2019

Rules for the Movement of Loads Using Overhead Handling Equipment in Nuclear Facilities

This Standard specifies requirements for the movement of loads using overhead handling systems at commercial nuclear facilities.


ASME OM-2009

Operation and Maintenance of Nuclear Power Plants (OM - 2009)

There is a newer edition of this document available. Establishes the requirements for preservice and inservice testing and examination of certain components to assess their operational readiness in light-water reactor power plants. It identifies the components subject to test or examination, responsibilities, methods, intervals, parameters to be measured and evaluated, criteria for evaluating the results, corrective action, personnel qualification, and record keeping. These requirements apply to: (a) pumps and valves that are required to perform a specific function in shutting down a reactor to the safe shutdown condition, in maintaining the safe shutdown condition, or in mitigating the consequences of an accident; (b) pressure relief devices that protect systems or portions of systems that perform one or more of these three functions; and (c) dynamic restraints (snubbers) used in systems that perform one or more of these three functions.


ASME PCC-1-2019

Guidelines for Pressure Boundary Bolted Flange Joint Assembly

The bolted flange joint assembly (BFJA) guidelines described in this document apply to pressure-boundary flanged joints with ring-type gaskets that are entirely within the circle enclosed by the bolt holes and with no contact outside the circle. By selection of those features suitable to the specific service or need, these guidelines may be used to develop effective joint assembly procedures for the broad range of sizes and service conditions normally encountered in industry. Guidance on troubleshooting BFJAs not providing leak-tight performance is also provided in this document (Appendix P). PCC-1-2013 replaces the first edition, published in 2000. These guidelines are unique in the world for addressing issues with the assembly of pressure vessel and piping bolted joints from a standards perspective. They address subsequent advances in gasket technology, bolting assembly procedures, and calculation methods that have enabled the improvement of both the integrity and efficiency of bolted-joint assembly. PCC-1-2013 assembles current industry best practice into one easily-referenced location. Appendix A, “Training and Qualification of Bolted Joint Assemblers”, for example, provides guidelines for establishing uniform criteria for training and qualifying bolted joint assembly personnel, as well as guidelines for quality control of the program. In addition, Appendix F, “Alternative Flange Bolt Assembly Patterns”, adds faster methods of assembly that will achieve equal or better joint integrity than legacy methods. Applying such lessons learned could offer significant benefits in BFJA safety, efficiency and cost-reduction. Intended for assemblers, designers, supervisors, inspectors and instructors in all industries that employ pressure boundary bolted flange joints.


ASME PTB-5-2019

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 3, Example Problem Manual

This document is the ASME B&PV Code, Section VIII, Division 3 example problem manual. The example problems in this manual follow the calculation procedures in ASME B&PV Code, Section VIII, Division 3. ASME B&PV Code, Section VIII, Division 3 contains mandatory requirements, specific prohibitions, and non-mandatory guidance for the design, materials, fabrication, examination, inspection, testing, and certification of high pressure vessels and their associated pressure relief devices. This manual is based on the 2019 edition of the code.


ASME PTC 12.4-1992 (R2019)

Moisture Separator Reheaters

This Code provides the procedures, direction, and guidance for the accurate testing of Moisture Separator Reheaters (MSRs) which includes moisture separating and steam reheating components located between the high pressure and low pressure steam turbine. The purpose of the Code is to determine the performance of the MSR and to provide guidance in the evaluation of its performance effect on the turbine cycle heat with regard to: (a) Moisture Separator Outlet Quality; (b) Reheater Terminal Temperature Difference (TTD) per stage; (c) Cycle Steam pressure drop across applicable component(s); and (d) Excess heating steam flow. Requirements are specified by this Code for application on MSR testing in the following areas: (a) Pretest arrangements and agreements; (b) Instrumentation types and accuracies; (c) Instrumentation applications and methods of measurement; (d) Testing and calculation techniques; (e) Information contained in the report.


ASME PTC 6S-1988 (R2019)

Procedures for Routine Performance Test of Steam Turbines

The test procedures of this Report are intended for periodic steam turbine tests. It may also be used for the analysis and supervision of relative performance throughout the life of the turbine. It does not supplant the Code (PTC 6) as the basic procedure for turbine acceptance tests and for the accurate testing of steam turbines to obtain performance level with minimum uncertainty. This Report provides general recommendations for instrumentation and test planning. These recommendations are based on current industry practice for the periodic determination of turbine cycle performance. This Report discusses interpretation of test results and shows typical plots of test data for analysis of turbine performance. It also presents test procedures for selected types of turbine cycles. Each of these procedures contains specific recommendations for instrumentation and method for testing a selected turbine type. Although all possible turbine types are not covered, some typical examples are presented. Combinations of the types presented may be used to cover other arrangements. For each recommended test procedure, the expected value of repeatability is estimated on the basis of current industry experience. This value of repeatability must be used to judge the significance of the indicated level of performance as compared to the chronological trend of past performances.




ANSI/ASSP Z10.0-2019

Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems

This standard defines requirements for an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) and provides flexibility in how to conform to the requirements of this standard in a manner appropriate to each organization and commensurate with its occupational health and safety (OHS) risks.


ASSE Standard 1023-2019

Performance Requirements for Electrically Heated or Cooled Water Dispensers

Water dispensers covered by this standard include an integral electrically powered heater or cooler. Products covered by ASSE 1023 include, but are not limited to, under-counter-mounted water dispensing systems, freestanding plumbed systems, freestanding bottled systems, and countertop systems.


ASTM A1035/A1035M-19

Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain, Low-Carbon, Chromium, Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

1.1 This specification covers deformed and plain low-carbon, chromium, steel bars, in cut lengths and coils for concrete reinforcement. These bars are furnished in three alloy types depending on the chromium range content. The standard sizes and dimensions of deformed bars and their number designations are given in Table 1 . 2 1.2 Bars are of two minimum yield strength levels as defined in 9.2 : namely, 100 000 psi [690 MPa], and 120 000 psi [830 MPa] designated as Grade 100 [690] and Grade 120 [830], respectively. 1.3 Bars are furnished to three different chemical compositions, designated as Alloy Type CL, CM, and CS. Chemical compositions are shown in Table 2 . 1.4 Plain bars, in sizes up to and including 2.25 in. [57.2 mm] 2 1 / 2 in. [63.5 mm] in diameter in coils and cut lengths, when ordered shall be furnished under this specification in Grade 100 [690] and Grade 120 [830]. For ductility properties (elongation and bending), test provisions of the nearest smaller nominal diameter deformed bar size shall apply. Requirements providing for deformations and marking shall not be applicable. Note 1: Welding of the material in this specification should be approached with caution since no specific provisions have been included to enhance its weldability. When this steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the chemical composition and intended use or service should be used. Note 2: Designers need to be aware that design codes and specifications may not recognize the use of the No. 20 [64] bar, the largest bar size included in this specification. Structural members reinforced with No. 20 [64] bars may require approval of the building official or other appropriate authority and require special detailing to ensure adequate performance at service and factored loads. 1.5 Requirements for alternate bar sizes are presented in Annex A1 . The requirements in Annex A1 only apply when specified by the purchaser (see 4.2.4 ). 1.6 A supplementary requirement (S1) is provided for use where bend testing of bar designation Nos. 14 and 18 [43, 57], and bar designation Nos. 40, 50, and 60 in Annex A1 , is required by the purchaser. The supplementary requirement applies only when specified in the purchase order. 1.7 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.8 This specification is applicable for orders in either inch-pound units (as Specification A1035 ) or in SI units (as Specification A1035M ). 1.9 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the specification. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A148/A148M-19

Standard Specification for Steel Castings, High Strength, for Structural Purposes

1.1 This specification covers carbon steel, alloy steel, and martensitic stainless steel castings that are to be subjected to higher mechanical stresses than those covered in Specification A27/A27M . 1.2 Several grades of steel castings are covered, having the chemical composition and mechanical properties prescribed in Tables 1 and 2 . 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.3.1 Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A230/A230M-19

Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Carbon Valve Spring Quality

1.1 This specification covers the highest quality of round and shaped carbon steel spring wire, uniform in quality and temper, intended especially for the manufacture of valve springs and other springs requiring high-fatigue properties. It is similar to the grade VD (referenced in EN 10270-2) intended for high fatigue levels. This wire shall be either in the annealed and cold-drawn or quenched and tempered condition as specified by purchaser. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A239-14(2019)

Standard Practice for Locating the Thinnest Spot in a Zinc (Galvanized) Coating on Iron or Steel Articles

1.1 This practice covers the procedure for locating, by the use of a solution of copper sulfate, the thinnest spot in a zinc coating (hot dipped, electroplated, or sprayed) on iron or steel articles that are coated after the shape is produced by casting, drawing, pressing, or other forming methods. Examples are: electrical metallic tubing and rigid conduit pipe, castings and forgings, and structural steel; on special hardware, such as poleline, builder's, and farm implement hardware; bolts, nuts, screws, and other miscellaneous general hardware. 1.2 The use of this practice with zinc coating deposited through different processes (such as hot dipped, electroplated, or sprayed) requires caution in interpretation since the end point may vary considerably between different zinc-coating systems. 1.3 Excluded from this practice is sheet steel from hot-dip or electrocoating lines as the sheet products are normally subject to additional forming after the coating process. Also excluded from this practice are all zinc-coated wire and wire products either continuously or batch coated before or after forming. Warning Past research (dating from around 1963) has indicated that this practice can be influenced by operator technique. Variations can be due to the difference in hand pressure used to wipe the sample or the inability of the operator to recognize the end point. 1.4 This technique removes the zinc coating on the surface of the part being examined. This coating removal makes the part or article unusable after testing. This technique may not be suitable for parts fabricated into their final configuration, since they will not be acceptable after testing. 1.5 The results of this practice should not be used to predict the service life of the galvanized coating. Other factors such as location of the thinnest spot, orientation of the part in service, and specific environmental conditions will also affect the service life. 1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A254/A254M-12(2019)

Standard Specification for Copper-Brazed Steel Tubing

1.1 This specification covers double-wall, copper-brazed steel tubing suitable for general engineering uses, particularly in the automotive, refrigeration, and stove industries for fuel lines, brake lines, oil lines, heating and cooling units, and the like. The tubing is available in either of two types, single strip or double strip as shown in Fig. 1 . FIG. 1 Brazed Tubing, Double-Wall, 360-deg Brazed Construction 1.2 Units This specification is expressed in both inch-pounds units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order or contract specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. In this specification hard or rationalized conversions apply to diameters, lengths, and tensile properties. Soft conversion applies to other SI measurements. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A27/A27M-19

Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, for General Application

1.1 This specification covers carbon steel castings for general applications that require up to 70 ksi (485 MPa) minimum tensile strength. Note 1: The grades covered by this specification represent materials that are suitable for assembly with other steel castings or wrought steel parts by fusion welding. It is not intended to imply that all these grades possess the same degree of weldability or that the same welding techniques can be used on all castings. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to establish for himself a suitable welding technique. 1.2 Several grades and two classes of steel castings are covered, as indicated below. The grade and class desired shall be specified by the purchaser. 1.2.1 Grade N-1 Chemical analysis only. 1.2.2 Grade N-2 Heat treated but not mechanically tested. 1.2.3 Grade U-60-30 [415-205] Mechanically tested but not heat treated. 1.2.4 Grades 60-30 [415-205], 65-35 [450-240], 70-36 [485-250], and 70-40 [485-275] Heat treated and mechanically tested. 1.2.5 Class 1 and Class 2 steel castings shall be specified in accordance with 9.2 . 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A335/A335M-19a

Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

1.1 This specification 2 covers nominal wall and minimum wall seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe intended for high-temperature service. Pipe ordered to this specification shall be suitable for bending, flanging (vanstoning), and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding. Selection will depend upon design, service conditions, mechanical properties, and high-temperature characteristics. 1.2 Several grades of ferritic steels (see Note 1 ) are covered. Their compositions are given in Table 1 . Note 1: Ferritic steels in this specification are defined as low- and intermediate-alloy steels containing up to and including 10 % chromium. 1.3 Supplementary requirements (S1 to S8) of an optional nature are provided. Supplementary requirements S1 through S6 call for additional tests to be made, and when desired, shall be so stated in the order together with the number of such tests required. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order. Note 2: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as nominal diameter, size, and nominal size. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A336/A336M-19

Standard Specification for Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure and High-Temperature Parts

1.1 This specification 2 covers ferritic steel forgings for boilers, pressure vessels, high-temperature parts, and associated equipment. 1.2 Forgings made of steel grades listed in Specification A335/A335M , may also be ordered under this specification. The chemical, tensile, heat treatment, and marking requirements of Specification A335/A335M shall apply, except the forging shall conform to the chemical requirements of Tables 1 and 2 of Specification A335/A335M only with respect to heat analysis. On product analysis they may deviate from these limits to the extent permitted in Table 1 of this specification. 1.3 Supplementary Requirements S1 to S9 are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired. These shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order. 1.4 Unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units. 1.5 Specification A336/A336M formerly included austenitic steel forgings, which are now found in Specification A965/A965M . 1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A370-19e1

Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

1.1 These test methods 2 cover procedures and definitions for the mechanical testing of steels, stainless steels, and related alloys. The various mechanical tests herein described are used to determine properties required in the product specifications. Variations in testing methods are to be avoided, and standard methods of testing are to be followed to obtain reproducible and comparable results. In those cases in which the testing requirements for certain products are unique or at variance with these general procedures, the product specification testing requirements shall control. 1.2 The following mechanical tests are described: 1.3 Annexes covering details peculiar to certain products are appended to these test methods as follows: 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. 1.5 When this document is referenced in a metric product specification, the yield and tensile values may be determined in inch-pound (ksi) units then converted into SI (MPa) units. The elongation determined in inch-pound gauge lengths of 2 or 8 in. may be reported in SI unit gauge lengths of 50 or 200 mm, respectively, as applicable. Conversely, when this document is referenced in an inch-pound product specification, the yield and tensile values may be determined in SI units then converted into inch-pound units. The elongation determined in SI unit gauge lengths of 50 or 200 mm may be reported in inch-pound gauge lengths of 2 or 8 in., respectively, as applicable. 1.5.1 The specimen used to determine the original units must conform to the applicable tolerances of the original unit system given in the dimension table not that of the converted tolerance dimensions. Note 1: This is due to the specimen SI dimensions and tolerances being hard conversions when this is not a dual standard. The user is directed to Test Methods A1058 if the tests are required in SI units. 1.6 Attention is directed to ISO/IEC 17025 when there may be a need for information on criteria for evaluation of testing laboratories. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A388/A388M-19

Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Forgings

1.1 This practice 2 covers the examination procedures for the contact, pulse-echo ultrasonic examination of steel forgings by the straight and angle-beam techniques. The straight beam techniques include utilization of the DGS (Distance Gain-Size) method. See Appendix X3 . 1.2 This practice is to be used whenever the inquiry, contract, order, or specification states that forgings are to be subject to ultrasonic examination in accordance with Practice A388/A388M . 1.3 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided for use at the option of the purchaser. The supplementary requirements shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the purchase order or contract. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation [SI units], the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A414/A414M-14(2019)

Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Carbon, and High-Strength, Low-Alloy for Pressure Vessels

1.1 This specification 2 covers hot-rolled carbon steel sheet for pressure vessels involving fusion welding or brazing. Welding and brazing technique is of fundamental importance and shall be in accordance with commercial practices. 1.2 The following grades are included in this specification: 1.3 Hot-rolled carbon steel sheet is generally furnished in cut lengths and to decimal thickness only. Coils may be furnished, provided tension test specimens are taken to represent the middle of the slab as required by 6.1.3 . The purchaser should recognize this may require cutting the coils to obtain test samples and results in half-size coils. The sheet is furnished to the following size limits: 1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. 1.5 Tolerances are found in General Requirements Specifications A568/A568M and A635/A635M . The appropriate General Requirements specification is applied based on the thickness and width of the product ordered. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A420/A420M-19

Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service

1.1 This specification 2 covers wrought carbon steel and alloy steel fittings of seamless and welded construction, covered by the latest revision of ASME B16.9, ASME B16.11, MSS SP-79, MSS SP-83, MSS SP-95, and MSS SP-97. Fittings differing from these ASME and MSS standards shall be furnished in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S58 of Specification A960/A960M . These fittings are for use in pressure piping and pressure vessel service at low temperatures. 1.2 Optional supplementary requirements are provided for fittings where a greater degree of examination is desired. When desired, one or more of these supplementary requirements shall be specified in the order. 1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A588/A588M-19

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

1.1 This specification covers high-strength low-alloy structural steel shapes, plates, and bars for welded, riveted, or bolted construction but intended primarily for use in welded bridges and buildings where savings in weight or added durability are important. The atmospheric corrosion resistance of this steel in most environments is substantially better than that of carbon structural steels with or without copper addition (see Note 1 ). When properly exposed to the atmosphere, this steel is suitable for many applications in the bare (unpainted) condition. This specification is limited to material up to 8 in. [200 mm] inclusive in thickness. Note 1: For methods of estimating the atmospheric corrosion resistance of low-alloy steels, see Guide G101 . 1.2 When the steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service is to be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability. 1.3 Units This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order or contract specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system is to be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformances with the standard. 1.4 The text of this specification contains notes, footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements. 1.5 For structural products produced from coil and furnished without heat treatment or with stress relieving only, the additional requirements, including additional testing requirements and the reporting of additional test results, of Specification A6/A6M apply. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A6/A6M-19

Standard Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling

1.1 This general requirements specification 2 covers a group of common requirements that, unless otherwise specified in the applicable product specification, apply to rolled structural steel bars, plates, shapes, and sheet piling covered by each of the following product specifications issued by ASTM: 1.2 Annex A1 lists permitted variations in dimensions and mass ( Note 1 ) in SI units. The values listed are not exact conversions of the values in Tables 1 to 31 inclusive but are, instead, rounded or rationalized values. Conformance to Annex A1 is mandatory when the M specification designation is used. Note 1: The term weight is used when inch-pound units are the standard; however, under SI, the preferred term is mass. 1.3 Annex A2 lists the dimensions of some shape profiles. 1.4 Appendix X1 provides information on coil as a source of structural products. 1.5 Appendix X2 provides information on the variability of tensile properties in plates and structural shapes. 1.6 Appendix X3 provides information on weldability. 1.7 Appendix X4 provides information on cold bending of plates, including suggested minimum inside radii for cold bending. 1.8 This general requirements specification also covers a group of supplementary requirements that are applicable to several of the above product specifications as indicated therein. Such requirements are provided for use where additional testing or additional restrictions are required by the purchaser, and apply only where specified individually in the purchase order. 1.9 In case of any conflict in requirements, the requirements of the applicable product specification prevail over those of this general requirements specification. 1.10 Additional requirements that are specified in the purchase order and accepted by the supplier are permitted, provided that such requirements do not negate any of the requirements of this general requirements specification or the applicable product specification. 1.11 For purposes of determining conformance with this general requirements specification and the applicable product specification, values are to be rounded to the nearest unit in the right-hand place of figures used in expressing the limiting values in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29 . 1.12 The text of this general requirements specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements. 1.13 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with this specification. 1.14 This general requirements specification and the applicable product specification are expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units; however, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the structural product is furnished to inch-pound units. 1.15 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.16 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A632-19

Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing (Small-Diameter) for General Service

1.1 This specification covers grades of stainless steel tubing in sizes under 1 / 2 down to 0.050 in. (12.7 to 1.27 mm) in outside diameter and wall thicknesses less than 0.065 in. down to 0.005 in. (1.65 to 0.13 mm) for general corrosion-resisting and low- or high-temperature service, as designated in Table 1 . Note 1: The grades of austenitic stainless steel tubing furnished in accordance with this specification have been found suitable for low-temperature service down to 325 F ( 200 C) in which Charpy notched-bar impact values of 15 ft lbf (20 J), minimum, are required and these grades need not be impact tested. 1.2 Optional supplementary requirements are provided and, when desired, shall be so stated in the order. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A640-97(2019)

Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated Steel Strand for Messenger Support of Figure 8 Cable

1.1 This specification covers two sizes of extra-high-strength grade of concentric-lay steel wire strand, composed of seven, zinc-coated steel wires, specifically intended for use as the supporting messenger in Figure 8-type communication and electrical cables. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A653/A653M-19a

Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

1.1 This specification covers steel sheet, zinc-coated (galvanized) or zinc-iron alloy-coated (galvannealed) by the hot-dip process in coils and cut lengths. 1.2 The product is produced in various zinc or zinc-iron alloy-coating weights [masses] or coating designations as shown in Table 1 and in Table S2.1 . 1.3 Product furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the latest issue of Specification A924/A924M , unless otherwise provided herein. 1.4 The product is available in a number of designations, grades, and classes in four general categories that are designed to be compatible with different application requirements. 1.4.1 Steels with mandatory chemical requirements and typical mechanical properties. 1.4.2 Steels with mandatory chemical requirements and mandatory mechanical properties. 1.4.3 Steels with mandatory chemical requirements and mandatory mechanical properties that are achieved through solid-solution or bake hardening. 1.5 This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as A653 ) or SI units (as A653M ). Values in inch-pound and SI units are not necessarily equivalent. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. Each system shall be used independently of the other. 1.6 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, shall not be considered as requirements of this specification. 1.7 Unless the order specifies the M designation (SI units), the product shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A668/A668M-19a

Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbon and Alloy, for General Industrial Use

1.1 This specification covers untreated and heat-treated carbon and alloy steel forgings for general industrial use. Other ASTM specifications for forgings are available for specific applications such as pressure vessels, railroad use, turbine generators, gearing, and others involving special temperature requirements. 1.2 Hot-rolled or cold finished bars are not within the scope of this specification. 1.3 Six classes of carbon steel and seven classes of alloy steel forgings are listed (see Section 7 ), which indicates their required heat treatments, as well as mechanical properties. 1.4 Provision, with the suffix H for certification and marking, for the supply of forgings after hardness testing only. 1.5 Supplementary requirements, including those in Specification A788/A788M , of an optional nature are provided. These shall apply only when specified by the purchaser. 1.6 Appendix X1 lists the current classes corresponding to the various classes of Specifications A235 , A237 , and A243 , which have been superseded by this specification. 1.7 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard; within the text and tables, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.8 Unless the order specifies the applicable M specification, the forgings shall be furnished to the inch-pound units. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A675/A675M-14(2019)

Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties

1.1 This specification 2 covers hot-wrought special quality carbon steel bars and bar size shapes produced to mechanical property requirements and intended for general constructional applications. 1.2 The bars are available in nine strength grades designated 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, and 90 [310, 345, 380, 415, 450, 485, 515, 550, and 620] corresponding to the minimum ultimate tensile strength in ksi [MPa]. The chemical composition is selected by the manufacturer to develop the required mechanical properties. 1.3 Hot-wrought special quality carbon steel bars subject to mechanical property requirements are hot wrought in straight lengths only. Sections and sizes available are covered in Specification A29/A29M . 1.4 Some applications may require one or more of the available designations shown under Supplementary Requirements. Note 1: Merchant-quality hot-wrought carbon steel bars subject to mechanical property requirements are covered in Specification A663/A663M . 1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A704/A704M-19

Standard Specification for Welded Steel Plain Bar or Rod Mats for Concrete Reinforcement

1.1 This specification covers material in mat (or sheet) form fabricated from hot-rolled, plain steel bars or rods to be used for the reinforcement of concrete. Mats are made from two layers of bars or rods that are assembled by welding the intersections at right angles to each other. 1.2 This specification is applicable for orders in either inch-pound units (as A704 ) or in SI units [as A704M ]. 1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with this specification. 1.4 This specification does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this specification to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A807/A807M-19

Standard Practice for Installing Corrugated Steel Structural Plate Pipe for Sewers and Other Applications

1.1 This practice primarily covers procedures, soils, and soil placement for the proper installation of corrugated steel structural plate pipe, pipe-arches, arches, and underpasses produced to Specification A761/A761M , in either trench or embankment installations. This practice also covers installation of structural plate for alternative uses that do not involve backfilling or soil-structure interaction. 1.2 A typical trench installation and a typical embankment (projection) installation are shown in Figs. 1 and 2 , respectively. Structural plate structures as described herein are those structures factory fabricated in plate form and bolted together on site to provide the required shape, size, and length of structure. This practice applies to structures designed in accordance with Practice A796/A796M . FIG. 1 Typical Trench Installation FIG. 2 Typical Embankment (Projection) Installation 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3.1 SI units are shown in brackets in the text for clarity, but they are the applicable values when the installation is to be performed using SI units. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A810-01(2019)

Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Pipe Winding Mesh

1.1 This specification covers various designs of welded wire mesh or twisted (woven) hexagonal wire mesh, zinc coated before fabrication, to be used as reinforcement for the concrete applied in the manufacture of negative buoyancy pipe needed for laying pipe in marshes or in water. The mesh is also used as reinforcement for concrete applied to pipe as a bendable or nonbendable mechanical protective coating when laying pipe in a harsh environment. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A913/A913M-19

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel Shapes of Structural Quality, Produced by Quenching and Self-Tempering Process (QST)

1.1 This specification covers high-strength low-alloy structural steel shapes in Grades 50 [345], 60 [415], 65 [450], 70 [485], and 80 [550], produced by the quenching and self-tempering process (QST). The shapes are intended for riveted, bolted or welded construction of bridges, buildings and other structures. 1.2 The QST process consists of in line heat treatment and cooling rate controls which result in mechanical properties in the finished condition that are equivalent to those attained using heat treating processes which entail reheating after rolling. A description of the QST process is given in Appendix X1 . 1.3 Due to the inherent characteristics of the QST process, Grade 50 [345], 60 [415], 65 [450], and 70 [485] shapes shall not be formed nor post weld heat treated at temperatures exceeding 1100 F [595 C] and Grade 80 [550] shapes shall not be formed nor post weld heat treated at temperatures exceeding 1000 F [540 C]. 1.4 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability. 1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this specification. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A920/A920M-14(2019)

Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Microalloy, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties

1.1 This specification covers hot-wrought, special quality microalloyed carbon steel bars intended for use in applications where as-rolled mechanical properties are desired. A typical end use is hydraulic cylinder shafts. 1.2 The bars shall be furnished to chemical composition and mechanical properties as provided herein. Chemical composition is based on standard carbon steel grades modified to include microalloying elements such as columbium (niobium), vanadium, or molybdenum. Three strength classes are available, designated 75 [520], 80 [550], and 100 [690], corresponding to the minimum yield strength in ksi. 1.3 Sections and sizes of bar steels available are covered in Specification A29/A29M . 1.4 Supplementary Requirements S1 to S5 are provided for use when additional controls or requirements are desired. These shall apply only when specified on the purchase order. 1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.6 Unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A924/A924M-19

Standard Specification for General Requirements for Steel Sheet, Metallic-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

1.1 This specification covers the general requirements that, unless otherwise specified in the product specification, apply to steel sheet in coils and cut lengths, metallic-coated on continuous lines by the hot-dip process. The product is intended for applications requiring corrosion resistance. The product specifications contain requirements for specific strength levels, heat resistance, paintability, or formability, or a combination thereof. 1.2 Subject to individual product specification provisions, steel sheet is available as Commercial Steel (CS) Types A, B, and C, Forming Steel (FS), Drawing Steel (DS), Deep Drawing Steel (DDS), Extra Deep Drawing Steel (EDDS), High Temperature Steel (HTS), Structural Steel (SS), and High Strength Low Alloy Steel (HSLAS). Steel sheet is produced with the following metallic coatings. Specific information on each of the following is contained in the individual product specification: 1.2.1 Zinc or zinc-iron alloy coated, 1.2.2 Zinc-5 % aluminum alloy coated, 1.2.3 55 % aluminum-zinc alloy coated, 1.2.4 Aluminum or aluminum-silicon alloy coated, 1.2.5 Zinc-aluminum-magnesium alloy coated. 1.3 Products covered by this general requirements specification are described in the following product standards: Specifications A463/A463M ; A653/A653M ; A755/A755M ; A792/A792M ; A875/A875M ; A929/A929M ; A1046/A1046M ; A1057/A1057M ; A1063/A1063M ; and A1079 . 1.4 Metallic-coated steel sheet is produced to various coating designations, as shown in the individual product specifications. Except for differentially coated sheet, the coating is always expressed as the total coating of both surfaces. 1.5 In case of any conflict in requirements, the requirements of the individual product specifications shall prevail over those of this general specification. 1.6 The purchaser is permitted to specify additional requirements that do not negate any of the provisions of this general specification or of the individual product specifications. Such additional requirements, the acceptance of which are subject to negotiation with the supplier, shall be included in the order information. 1.7 For purposes of determining conformance with this specification and the various product specifications referenced in 1.3 , measured values, calculated values, or observed values shall be rounded to the nearest unit in the right-hand place of figures used in expressing the limiting values (except to the nearest 5 MPa for SI strength values) in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29 . 1.7.1 Ordered values, identified in tables, specified such as over 30 through 48 or 30 exclusive to 48 inclusive, covers all ordered values specified as 30.1, 30.01, 30.001 etc., up to and including 48.000 etc., but does not cover ordered values specified as 30.000 etc., or less, nor does it cover ordered values specified as 48.1, 48.01, 48.001 etc. 1.8 Metallic-coated steel sheet covered by this specification is produced to thickness requirements expressed to 0.001 in. [0.01 mm] for both coils and cut lengths. The thickness is the total of the base steel and the coating. 1.9 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.10 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.11 This specification and some of the applicable product specifications are expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the product shall be furnished to inch-pound units. 1.12 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.13 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1104/C1104M-19

Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Vapor Sorption of Unfaced Mineral Fiber Insulation

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the amount of water vapor sorbed by mineral fiber insulation exposed to a high-humidity atmosphere. This test method is applicable only to fibrous base material and binder. The results obtained by this test method cannot be used in describing faced products, since the facing is not tested by using this test method. 1.2 The water vapor sorption characteristics of materials may be affected by conditions such as elevated temperatures or chemical exposures. Values obtained as a result of this test method may not adequately describe the water vapor sorption characteristics of materials subjected to these conditions. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1366-19

Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Monolithic Advanced Ceramics at Elevated Temperatures

1.1 This test method covers the determination of tensile strength under uniaxial loading of monolithic advanced ceramics at elevated temperatures. This test method addresses, but is not restricted to, various suggested test specimen geometries as listed in the appendix. In addition, test specimen fabrication methods, testing modes (force, displacement, or strain control), testing rates (force rate, stress rate, displacement rate, or strain rate), allowable bending, and data collection and reporting procedures are addressed. Tensile strength as used in this test method refers to the tensile strength obtained under uniaxial loading. 1.2 This test method applies primarily to advanced ceramics which macroscopically exhibit isotropic, homogeneous, continuous behavior. While this test method applies primarily to monolithic advanced ceramics, certain whisker- or particle-reinforced composite ceramics as well as certain discontinuous fiber-reinforced composite ceramics may also meet these macroscopic behavior assumptions. Generally, continuous fiber ceramic composites (CFCCs) do not macroscopically exhibit isotropic, homogeneous, continuous behavior and application of this test method to these materials is not recommended. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard and are in accordance with IEEE/ASTM SI 10 . 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Refer to Section 7 for specific precautions. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1729-19

Standard Specification for Aluminum Jacketing for Insulation

1.1 This specification covers aluminum jacketing for thermal and acoustical insulation operating at either above or below ambient temperatures and in both indoor and outdoor locations. It does not cover insulation jacketing made from other materials such as mastics, fiber reinforced plastic, PVC, or stainless steel nor does it cover the details of thermal or acoustical insulation systems. 1.2 This specification provides physical requirements for aluminum jacketing for thermal and acoustical insulation. Guide C1423 provides guidance in selecting jacketing materials and their safe use. 1.3 This is a material specification and does not imply any performance of the installed system using the materials specified herein. For information about installation of aluminum jacketing, see ( 1 ) . 2 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Note 1: A version of this specification in SI units is available as Specification C1729M . 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1729M-19

Standard Specification for Aluminum Jacketing for Insulation

1.1 This specification covers aluminum jacketing for thermal and acoustical insulation operating at either above or below ambient temperatures and in both indoor and outdoor locations. It does not cover insulation jacketing made from other materials such as mastics, fiber reinforced plastic, PVC, or stainless steel nor does it cover the details of thermal or acoustical insulation systems. 1.2 This specification provides physical requirements for aluminum jacketing for thermal and acoustical insulation. Guide C1423 provides guidance in selecting jacketing materials and their safe use. 1.3 This is a material specification and does not imply any performance of the installed system using the materials specified herein. For information about installation of aluminum jacketing, see ( 1 ) . 2 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Note 1: A version of this specification in inch-pound units is available as Specification C1729 . 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1767-19

Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Jacketing for Insulation

1.1 This specification covers stainless steel jacketing for thermal, acoustical, and fire protective insulation operating at either above or below ambient temperatures and in both indoor and outdoor locations. It does not cover insulation jacketing made from other materials such as mastics, fiber reinforced plastic, PVC, aluminum, or coated carbon steel (for example, aluminum-zinc, galvanized steel, or aluminized steel) nor does it cover the details of thermal, acoustical, or fire protective insulation systems. 1.2 While not intended to cover use inside the containment buildings of nuclear power plants, this standard does not preclude use of Class E material which does not have a moisture barrier in this containment building application. 1.3 This specification provides physical requirements for stainless steel jacketing for thermal and acoustical insulation. Guide C1423 provides guidance in selecting jacketing materials and their safe use. 1.4 This is a material specification and does not imply any performance of the installed system using the materials specified herein. For information about installation of stainless steel jacketing, see ( 1 ) . 2 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.6 A version of this standard in SI units is available as Specification C1767M . 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1767M-19

Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Jacketing for Insulation

1.1 This specification covers stainless steel jacketing for thermal, acoustical, and fire protective insulation operating at either above or below ambient temperatures and in both indoor and outdoor locations. It does not cover insulation jacketing made from other materials such as mastics, fiber reinforced plastic, PVC, aluminum, or coated carbon steel (for example, aluminum-zinc, galvanized steel, or aluminized steel) nor does it cover the details of thermal, acoustical, or fire protective insulation systems. 1.2 While not intended to cover use inside the containment buildings of nuclear power plants, this standard does not preclude use of Class E material which does not have a moisture barrier in this containment building application. 1.3 This specification provides physical requirements for stainless steel jacketing for thermal and acoustical insulation. Guide C1423 provides guidance in selecting jacketing materials and their safe use. 1.4 This is a material specification and does not imply any performance of the installed system using the materials specified herein. For information about installation of stainless steel jacketing, see ( 1 ) . 2 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Note 1: A version of this specification in IP units is available as Specification C1767 . 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C273/C273M-19

Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials

1.1 This test method covers the determination of shear properties of sandwich construction core materials associated with shear distortion of planes parallel to the facings. It covers the determination of shear strength parallel to the plane of the sandwich, and the shear modulus associated with strains in a plane normal to the facings. The test may be conducted on core materials bonded directly to the loading plates or the sandwich facings bonded to the plates. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb). 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.2.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C294-19

Standard Descriptive Nomenclature for Constituents of Concrete Aggregates

1.1 This descriptive nomenclature provides brief descriptions of some of the more commonly occurring, or more important, natural and artificial materials of which mineral aggregates are composed. The descriptions provide a basis for understanding these terms as applied to concrete aggregates. When appropriate, brief observations regarding the potential effects of using the natural and artificial materials in concrete are discussed. Note 1: These descriptions characterize minerals and rocks as they occur in nature and blast-furnace slag or lightweight aggregates that are prepared by the alteration of the structure and composition of natural material. Information about lightweight aggregates is given in Specifications C330 , C331 , and C332 . 1.2 This standard does not include descriptions of constituents of aggregates used in radiation shielding concrete. See Descriptive Nomenclature C638 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C764-19

Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Loose-Fill Thermal Insulation

1.1 This specification covers the composition and physical properties of nodulated mineral fiber thermal insulation for use in attics or enclosed spaces in housing and other framed buildings. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C796/C796M-19

Standard Test Method for Foaming Agents for Use in Producing Cellular Concrete Using Preformed Foam

1.1 This test method furnishes a way of measuring, in the laboratory, the performance of a foaming chemical to be used in producing foam (air cells) for making cellular concrete. 1.2 This test method includes the following: 1.2.1 Manufacture of laboratory quantities of cellular concrete. 1.2.2 Determination of the air content of the freshly prepared cellular concrete and of the hardened concrete after handling in conventional machinery. 1.2.3 Determination of the following properties of the hardened concrete: compressive strength, tensile splitting strength, density, and water absorption. It may not be necessary to study all of the above properties in all cases, depending on the proposed use of the material. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 If the required results obtained from another standard are not reported in the same system of units as used by this standard, it is permitted to convert those results using the conversion factors found in the SI Quick Reference Guide. 1.5 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C800-19

Standard Specification for Fibrous Glass Blanket Insulation (Aircraft Type)

1.1 This specification covers the composition, size, dimensions, and physical properties of glass fiber blanket thermal and acoustical insulation for use up to 700 F (370 C) in aircraft applications. For specific applications, the maximum temperature shall be agreed upon between the supplier and the purchaser. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C94/C94M-19a

Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete

1.1 This specification covers ready-mixed concrete as defined in 3.2.2 ( Note 1 ). Requirements for quality of ready-mixed concrete shall be either as stated in this specification or as ordered by the purchaser. When the purchaser s requirements, as stated in the order, differ from those in this specification, the purchaser s requirements shall govern. This specification does not cover the placement, consolidation, curing, or protection of the concrete after delivery to the purchaser. Note 1: Concrete produced by volumetric batching and continuous mixing is covered in Specification C685/C685M . Fiber-reinforced concrete is covered in Specification C1116/C1116M . 1.2 As used throughout this specification the manufacturer produces ready-mixed concrete. The purchaser buys ready-mixed concrete. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units, shown in brackets, or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.4 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged use. 2 ) 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C964-19

Standard Guide for Lock-Strip Gasket Glazing

1.1 This guide covers the use of lock-strip gaskets in compliance with Specification C542 in walls of buildings not over 15 from a vertical plane. The prime performance considerations are weathertightness against air and water infiltration, and structural integrity under wind loads. Included are terminology, design considerations, and fabrication tolerances when using lock-strip gaskets in glazing applications. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C968-19

Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Sintered Gadolinium Oxide-Uranium Dioxide Pellets

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the analysis of sintered gadolinium oxide-uranium dioxide pellets to determine compliance with specifications. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C990M-09(2019)

Standard Specification for Joints for Concrete Pipe, Manholes, and Precast Box Sections Using Preformed Flexible Joint Sealants (Metric)

1.1 This specification covers joints for precast concrete pipe and box and other sections using preformed flexible joint sealants for use in storm sewers and culverts which are not intended to operate under internal pressure, or are not subject to infiltration or exfiltration limits. Joint material used in horizontal applications is intended to prevent the flow of solids through the joint. 1.2 Precast concrete manhole sections and other vertical structures that are subject to internal or external pressure, infiltration, or exfiltration limits are not prohibited from being specified. Joints in vertical structures covered by this specification are intended mainly to prevent the flow of solids or fluids through the joint. 1.3 This specification is to be used with pipe and structures conforming in all respects to Specifications C14M , C76M , C478M , C506M , C507M , C655M , C985M , C1433M , C1504M , and C1577 , provided that if there is a conflict in permissible variations in dimensions, the requirements of this specification shall govern. 1.4 This specification is the metric companion of Specification C990 . Note 1: This specification covers the material and performance of the joint and sealant only. Infiltration and exfiltration quantities for installed sections are dependent on factors other than the joints which must be covered by other specifications and suitable testing of the installed pipeline. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1045-19

Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics

1.1 These test methods cover sampling and testing of liquid plasticizers used in compounding of plastics. Acid number, ester content, specific gravity, color, refractive index, and water content are determined. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards information is given in Section 5 . Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1319-19

Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption

1.1 This test method covers the determination of hydrocarbon types over the concentration ranges from 5 % to 99 % by volume aromatics, 0.3 % to 55 % by volume olefins, and 1 % to 95 % by volume saturates in petroleum fractions that distill below 315 C. This test method may apply to concentrations outside these ranges, but the precision has not been determined. Samples containing dark-colored components that interfere in reading the chromatographic bands cannot be analyzed. Note 1: For the determination of olefins below 0.3 % by volume, other test methods are available, such as Test Method D2710 . 1.2 This test method is intended for use with full boiling range products. Cooperative data have established that the precision statement does not apply to narrow boiling petroleum fractions near the 315 C limit. Such samples are not eluted properly, and results are erratic. 1.3 This test method includes a relative bias section based on Practice D6708 accuracy assessment between Test Method D1319 and Test Method D5769 for total aromatics in spark-ignition engine fuels as a possible Test Method D1319 alternative to Test Method D5769 for U.S. EPA spark-ignition engine fuel regulations reporting. The Practice D6708 derived correlation equation is only applicable for fuels in the total aromatic concentration range from 3.3 % to 34.4 % by volume as measured by Test Method D1319 and the distillation temperature T 95 , at which 95 % of the sample has evaporated, ranges from 149.1 C to 196.6 C (300.3 F to 385.8 F) when tested according to Test Method D86 . 1.3.1 The applicable Test Method D5769 range for total aromatics is 3.7 % to 29.4 % by volume as reported by Test Method D5769 and the distillation temperature T 95 values, at which 95 % of the sample has evaporated, when tested according to Test Method D86 is from 149.1 C to 196.6 C (300.3 F to 385.8 F). 1.4 The applicability of this test method to products derived from fossil fuels other than petroleum, such as coal, shale, or tar sands, has not been determined, and the precision statement may or may not apply to such products. 1.5 This test method has two precision statements depicted in tables. The first table is applicable to unleaded fuels that do not contain oxygenated blending components. It may or may not apply to automotive gasolines containing lead antiknock mixtures. The second table is applicable to oxygenate blended (for example, MTBE, ethanol) automotive spark ignition fuel samples with a concentration range of 13 % to 40 % by volume aromatics, 4 % to 33 % by volume olefins, and 45 % to 68 % by volume saturates. 1.6 The oxygenated blending components, methanol, ethanol, methyl- tert -butylether (MTBE), tert -amylmethylether (TAME), and ethyl- tert -butylether (ETBE), do not interfere with the determination of hydrocarbon types at concentrations normally found in commercial blends. These oxygenated components are not detected since they elute with the alcohol desorbent. Other oxygenated compounds shall be individually verified. When samples containing oxygenated blending components are analyzed, correct the results to a total-sample basis. 1.7 WARNING Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location. 1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Section 7 , 8.1 , and 10.5 . 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


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