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100 Newest Standards and Packages


AAMI TIR34:2014 (R2021)

Water for the reprocessing of medical devices

This technical information report covers the selection and maintenance of effective water quality suitable for reprocessing medical devices. It provides guidelines for selecting the water quality necessary for the reprocessing of categories of medical devices and addresses water treatment equipment, water distribution and storage, quality control procedures for monitoring water quality, strategies for bacterial control, and environmental and personnel considerations.


ASME A112.19.19-2016 (R2021)

Vitreous China Nonwater Urinals

This Standard establishes requirements and test methods pertaining to materials, significant dimensions, and functional performance for vitreous china nonwater urinals, including those with an optional drain-cleansing feature as defined in this Standard.


ASME A112.4.2-2021/ CSA B45.16:21

Personal Hygiene Devices for Water Closets

This Standard covers personal hygiene devices for water closets and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance, testing, and markings.


ASME B107.300-2021

Torque Instruments

This Standard provides performance and safety requirements for manually operated torque instruments, commonly used for mechanical measurement of torque for control of the tightness of threaded fasteners.


ASME B107.600-2016 (R2021)

Screwdrivers and Screwdriver Bits

This standard covers various types of screwdrivers including PHILLIPS« and POZIDRIV« designs. This standard provides performance and safety requirements for non-insulated hand-driven screwdrivers and hand-driven hexagonal shank screwdriver bits intended


ASME B20.1-2021

Safety Standard for Conveyors and Related Equipment

B20.1 applies to the design, construction, installation, maintenance, inspection, and operation of conveyors and conveying systems in relation to hazards. The conveyors may be of the bulk material, package, or unit handling types where the installation is


ASME B31T-2021

Standard Toughness Requirements for Piping

This Standard provides requirements for evaluating the suitability of materials used in piping systems for piping that may be subject to brittle failure due to low-temperature service conditions.


ASME B89.1.8-2011 (R2021)

Performance Evaluation of Displacement-Measuring Laser Interferometers

This Standard establishes requirements and methods for the specification, evaluation, setup, and use of laser interferometers. This Standard will explicitly discuss only single-pass optics and a single axis of linear displacement measurement. The Standar


ASME NTB-4-2021

Background Information for Addressing Adequacy or Optimization of ASME BPVC Section III, Division 5 Rules for Nonmetallic Core Components

The purpose of this document is to provide background information on the scope, development, and verification of elevated-temperature design and construction rules as defined in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (“BPVC”), Section III Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components, Division 5 High Temperature Reactors Subsection HH, Class A Nonmetallic Core Support Structures, Subpart A Graphite Materials, 2017 edition. The general requirements applicable to nonmetallic core components are discussed in BPVC Subsection HA General Requirements, Subpart B, Graphite Materials.


ASME PTC 47-2020

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Power Generation Plants

This Code covers a defined range of primary fuel characteristics, but is limited to combined-cycle, power-generation systems using gas and steam turbines. This Code defines the boundaries of the overall IGCC power plant to encompass three major plant sections--the air separation unit (ASU, for oxygen-blown gasifiers or plants that use nitrogen), the gasification process (including gas cleanup), and the power block. Tests conducted by this Code determine the quantity and quality of fuel gas by its flow rate, temperature, pressure, composition, heating value, and its content of contaminants. Contaminants are compounds that are potentially deleterious to the gas turbine and power block in general, or are precursors to stack emissions. Contaminants to be measured are sodium (Na), potassium (K), vanadium (V), lead (Pb), calcium (Ca), barium (Ba), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), sulfur compounds (H2S and COS), nitrogen compounds (HCN and NH3), chlorine compound (HCI), and particulate matter. Recommendations are included for the following in pretest agreements: testing procedures, types of instruments, methods of measurement, method of calculation, and contents of test report. Regulatory compliance testing of IGCC power plants is not covered by this Code.


ASME PTC.30-1991 (R2021)

Air Cooled Heat Exchangers (ACHE)

This Code provides instructions for the testing of air cooled heat exchangers.


ASME STP PT.091-2021

Automated External Pressure Chart Generation

This STP describes the development of a computer program for generating normalized stress-strain curves from raw data and development of a computer program for generating external pressure chart from normalized stress-strain curves. Part 1 of this research program is to develop a software program for plotting stress-strain diagrams for a given material from data furnished by users. The stress-strain diagram is then normalized based on the yield stress and modulus of elasticity published in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II, Part D. The stress-strain curve is then used to develop an external pressure curve. The software program for this project is Excel Visual Basic for Applications. The input sheet permits the user to enter furnished stress-strain data as well as published modulus of elasticity and yield stress. The program then generates a normalized stress-strain curve. Part 2 of this research program was to develop a software program for plotting External Pressure Charts (EPC) from normalized stress-strain curves obtained from Part 1 for ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1 applications. The External Pressure Charts are based on the yield stress and modulus of elasticity published in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II, Part D. The software program for this part of the project is Excel Visual Basic for Applications. The input sheet permits the user to enter furnished stress-strain data as well as published modulus of elasticity and yield stress. The program then generates an External Pressure Chart.


ASME STP PT.093-2021

Development Of B31.8 Code Content to Address Compressor Piping Vibration at the Design, Startup and Operational Stages

The objective of this project is to propose to ASME B31.8 design rules to prevent damaging vibration of reciprocating and centrifugal gas compressor station piping


ASME V V 20-2009 R(2021)

Standard for Verification and Validation in Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer

The objective of ASME V V 20 is the specification of a verification and validation approach that quantifies the degree of accuracy inferred from the comparison of solution and data for a specified variable at a specified validation point. The approach us


ASTM A1077/A1077M-21

Standard Specification for Structural Steel with Improved Yield Strength at High Temperature for Use in Buildings

1.1 This specification covers alloy steel in bars, plates up to and including 4 in. [100 mm] in thickness and shapes of structural quality with improved yield strength at high temperature. Two grades, 36 [250] and 50 [345] are available for use in bolted or welded buildings or for general structural purposes. Class 2 requires a maximum yield to tensile ratio "“ this ratio is not required for Class 1. 1.2 When the steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service is to be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability. 1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system is to be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way. 1.4 The text of this specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements. 1.5 For structural products produced from coil and furnished without heat treatment or with stress relieving only, the additional requirements, including additional testing requirements and the reporting of additional test results, of Specification A6/A6M apply. 1.6 Supplementary requirements are provided for use where additional testing or additional restrictions are required by the purchaser. Such requirements apply only when specified in the purchase order. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A216/A216M-21

Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High-Temperature Service

1.1 This specification 2 covers carbon steel castings for valves, flanges, fittings, or other pressure-containing parts for high-temperature service and of quality suitable for assembly with other castings or wrought steel parts by fusion welding. 1.2 Three grades, WCA, WCB, and WCC, are covered in this specification. Selection will depend upon design and service conditions, mechanical properties, and the high-temperature characteristics. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A48/A48M-03(2021)

Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings

1.1 This specification covers gray iron castings intended for general engineering use where tensile strength is a major consideration. Castings are classified on the basis of the tensile strength of the iron in separately cast test bars. 1.1.1 This specification subordinates chemical composition to tensile strength. 1.2 Castings produced to this specification are graded on the basis of minimum tensile strength obtained in special test coupons designed to standardize cooling rate. The tensile strength developed in certain casting sections may vary from test coupon values (see X1.2 ). 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A501/A501M-21

Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing

1.1 This specification covers black and hot-dipped galvanized hot-formed welded and seamless carbon steel square, round, rectangular, or special shape structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes. 1.2 Square and rectangular tubing is produced with flats of 1 to 16 in. [25 to 405 mm] and a specified wall thickness 0.095 to 1.0 in. [2.5 to 25 mm]. Round tubing is produced with diameters of 1 to 48 in. [25 to 1220 mm] and a specified wall thickness of 0.095 to 4.00 in. [2.5 to 100 mm]. 1.3 This specification covers three grades: A, B, and C. 1.4 The text of this specification contains notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements. 1.5 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A543/A543M-09(2021)

Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum

1.1 This specification 2 covers nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy steel plates for use in the quenched and tempered condition, intended for the fabrication of welded pressure vessels and other pressure equipment. These alloy compositions are normally considered for construction involving plate thicknesses of 2 in. [50 mm] or greater. 1.2 Material under this specification is available in two types, B and C. The material is also available in three classes as follows: 1.3 The maximum thickness of plates is limited only by the capacity of the chemical composition to meet the specified mechanical property requirements. 1.4 The minimum plate thickness is 3 / 16 in. [5 mm]. 1.5 These alloy steel plates in the as-rolled condition are sensitive to cracking during flame cutting, transit, and handling. They should be shipped in the as-rolled condition only with the mutual agreement of the manufacturer and the purchaser or fabricator. 1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the specification. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM A618/A618M-21

Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Tubing

1.1 This specification covers grades of hot-formed welded and seamless high-strength low-alloy square, rectangular, round, or special shape structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes. When the steel is used in welded construction, the welding procedure shall be suitable for the steel and the intended service. 1.2 Square and rectangular tubing is produced with flats of 1 in. to 16 in. [25 mm to 405 mm] and a specified wall thickness of 0.095 in. to 1.0 in. [2.5 mm to 25 mm]. Round tubing is produced with diameters of 1 in. to 48 in. [25 mm to 1220 mm] and a specified wall thickness of 0.095 in. to 2.50 in. [2.5 mm to 65 mm]. 1.3 This specification covers the following grades: Ia, Ib, II, III, IV, V, VI and VII. 1.4 The text of this specification contains notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements. 1.5 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A786/A786M-15(2021)

Standard Specification for Hot-Rolled Carbon, Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy, and Alloy Steel Floor Plates

1.1 This specification covers carbon, low-alloy, high-strength low-alloy, and alloy steel hot-rolled floor plates for flooring, stairways, transportation equipment, and general structural purposes. While it is generally provided in the as-rolled condition, floor plate also may be provided in the heat-treated condition, depending on the material specification. Rolled floor plates have raised figures at regular intervals on one surface of the plate. 1.2 Floor plate is available in dimensions that meet the classification size limits for sheet, heavy thickness sheet coil, or plate. Maximum thickness for product delivered under this specification is 1 in. [25 mm]. 1.3 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability. 1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and the values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A945/A945M-16(2021)

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plate with Low Carbon and Restricted Sulfur for Improved Weldability, Formability, and Toughness

1.1 This specification covers high-strength low-alloy structural steel plate intended for use in welded construction of naval ships where a savings in weight [mass] is important. Plates that conform to this specification offer improved weldability, formability, and toughness resulting from the specified alloying elements with limitations on carbon, sulfur, and residual element contents. Grades 50 and 65 may be provided as-rolled, control-rolled, thermo-mechanical control processed (including accelerated cooling), normalized, or quenched and tempered as required to meet the specified mechanical requirements. 1.2 The maximum thickness or weight [mass] of plates shall be as follows: 1.3 If the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. 1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1563-08(2021)

Standard Test Method for Gaskets for Use in Connection with Hub and Spigot Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary Drain, Waste, Vent, and Storm Piping Applications

1.1 Several different types of compression gaskets are available for use in connection with hub and spigot cast iron soil pipe and fittings. The purpose of this test method is to establish material criteria and test procedures for compression gaskets used in joining hub and spigot cast iron soil pipe and fittings for sanitary drain, waste, vent, and storm drain piping applications in accordance with the general needs of producers, distributors, and users. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1697-21

Standard Specification for Blended Supplementary Cementitious Materials

1.1 This specification covers blended supplementary cementitious materials that result from the blending or intergrinding of two or three ASTM compliant supplementary cementitious materials, for use in concrete or mortar where hydraulic or pozzolanic action, or both, is desired. The supplementary cementitious materials include slag cement conforming to Specification C989/C989M , natural pozzolans and coal fly ash conforming to Specification C618 and silica fume conforming to Specification C1240 . 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. Note 1: The incorporation of supplementary cementitious materials as separate additions or as a manufactured blend may significantly alter the properties of fresh and hardened concrete. The user should be aware of these changes and is referred to the ACI Manual of Concrete Practice 2 for information and guidelines. Specific reference is made to: 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1721-21

Standard Guide for Petrographic Examination of Dimension Stone

1.1 This guide outlines procedures for the petrographic examination of stone specimen material proposed for use as dimension stone used in construction. 1.2 This guide outlines the extent to which petrographic techniques should be used, the selection of petrographic related properties that should be looked for, and the manner in which such techniques may be employed in the examination of dimension stone. 1.3 The rock and mineral names given in Terminology C119 should be used, insofar as they are appropriate, in reports prepared in accordance with this guide. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C444/C444M-21

Standard Specification for Perforated Concrete Pipe

1.1 This specification covers perforated concrete pipe intended to be used for underdrainage. 1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values may result in nonconformance with the specification. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1418-21a

Standard Practice for Rubber and Rubber Latices - Nomenclature

1.1 This practice covers a system of general classification for the basic rubbers both in dry and latex forms determined from the chemical composition of the polymer chain. 1.2 The purpose of this practice is to provide a standardization of terms for use in industry, commerce, and government and is not intended to conflict with but rather to act as a supplement to existing trade names and trademarks. 1.3 In technical papers or presentations the name of the polymer should be used if possible. The symbols can follow the chemical name for use in later references. Note 1: For terms related to thermoplastic elastomers, see Practice D5538 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1882-17(2021)

Standard Test Method for Effect of Cooling System Chemical Solutions on Organic Finishes for Automotive Vehicles

1.1 This test method determines the effect of cooling system chemical solutions on organic finishes used on motor vehicles. Cooling system chemicals include: coolants or corrosion inhibitors, or both, cooling system cleaners or flushes, or both, and stop leak additives. Note 1: This test method is a modification of Method of Test D1540 . 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2643/D2643M-21

Standard Specification for Prefabricated Bituminous Geomembrane Used as Canal and Ditch Liner (Exposed Type)

1.1 This specification covers prefabricated bituminous geomembranes intended to provide a continuous, exposed lining for canals and ditches. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D5466-21

Standard Test Method for Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Atmospheres (Canister Sampling, Mass Spectrometry Analysis Methodology)

1.1 This test method describes a procedure for sampling and analysis of selected volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ambient, indoor, and workplace atmospheres. The test method is based on the collection of whole air samples in stainless steel canisters with specially treated (passivated) interior surfaces. 1.2 For sample analysis, a portion of the sample is subsequently removed from the canister and the collected VOCs are selectively concentrated by adsorption or condensation onto a trap, subsequently released by thermal desorption, separated by gas chromatography, and measured by a low resolution mass spectrometric detector. This test method describes procedures for sampling into canisters to final pressures both above and below atmospheric pressure (respectively referred to as pressurized and subatmospheric pressure sampling). 2 1.3 This test method is applicable to specific VOCs that have been determined to be stable when stored in canisters (see Table 1 ). Numerous compounds, many of which are chlorinated VOCs, have been successfully tested for storage stability in pressurized canisters ( 1- 4 ) . 3 Information on storage stability is also available for polar compounds ( 5- 7 ) . This test method has been documented for the compounds listed in Table 1 and performance results apply only to those compounds. A laboratory may determine other VOCs by this test method after completion of verification studies that include measurement of recovery as specified in 5.7 and that are as extensive as required to meet the performance needs of the customer and the given application. 1.4 The procedure for collecting the sample involves the use of inlet lines, air filters, flow rate regulators for obtaining time-integrated samples, and in the case of pressurized samples, an air pump. Typical long-term fixed location canister samplers have been designed to automatically start and stop the sample collection process using electronically actuated valves and timers ( 8- 10 ) . Temporary or short-term canister samplers may require the user to manually start and stop sample collection. A weatherproof shelter may be required if the sampler is used outdoors. For the purposes of this test method, refer to Practice D1357 for practices and planning ambient sampling events. 1.5 The organic compounds that have been successfully measured single-digit micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m 3 (or single digit parts-per-billion by volume (ppbv)) concentration with this test method are listed in order of approximate retention time in Table 1 . The test method is applicable to VOC concentrations ranging from the detection limit to approximately 1000 µg/m 3 (300 ppbv). Above this concentration, smaller sample aliquots of sample gas may be analyzed or samples can be diluted with dry ultra-high-purity nitrogen or air or equivalent. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Safety practices should be part of the user's SOP manual. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D6129-97(2021)

Standard Test Method for Silicon in Engine Coolant Concentrates by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

1.1 This test method covers the determination of silicon in the range from 200 ppm to 500 ppm in engine coolant concentrates by atomic absorption. This method is as accurate and precise as photometric methods, while requiring considerably less operator time and avoiding problems with reagent instability. 1.1.1 Coolants with silicon content outside of this range may be analyzed by this method by suitably adjusting the sample size. Care should be taken to ensure that the glycol content of the working standards corresponds to that of the sample solution being analyzed. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D6454/D6454M-99(2021)

Standard Test Method for Determining the Short-Term Compression Behavior of Turf Reinforcement Mats (TRMs)

1.1 This test method establishes the procedures for evaluation of the deformations of a turf reinforcement mat (TRM) under short-term compressive loading. This test method is strictly an index test method to be used to verify the compressive strength consistency of a given manufactured geosynthetic. Results from this test method should not be considered as an indication of actual or long-term performance of the TRM in field applications. 1.2 Since these TRMs experience multidirectional compressive loadings in the field, this test method will not show actual field performance and should not be used for this specific objective. The evaluation of the results also should recognize that the determination of the short-term single plane compressive behavior of geosynthetics does not reflect the installed performance of TRMs and, therefore, should not be used as the only method of product or performance specification. 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D653-21a

Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

1.1 These definitions apply to many terms found in the Terminology section of standards of ASTM Committee D18. 1.2 This terminology standard defines terms related to soil, rock, and contained fluids found in the various sections of standards under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D18. 1.3 Definitions of terms relating to frozen soils are contained in Terminology D7099 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D6706-01(2021)

Standard Test Method for Measuring Geosynthetic Pullout Resistance in Soil

1.1 Resistance of a geosynthetic to pullout from soil is determined using a laboratory pullout box. 1.2 The test method is intended to be a performance test conducted as closely as possible to replicate design or as-built conditions. It can also be used to compare different geosynthetics, soil types, etc., and thereby be used as a research and development test procedure. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values stated in parentheses are provided for information only. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D6792-21a

Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories

1.1 This practice covers the establishment and maintenance of the essentials of a quality management system in laboratories engaged in the analysis of petroleum products, liquid fuels, and lubricants. It is designed to be used in conjunction with Practice D6299 . Note 1: This practice is based on the quality management concepts and principles advocated in ANSI/ISO/ASQ Q9000 standards, ISO/IEC 17025, ASQ Manual, 2 and ASTM standards such as D3244 , D4182 , D4621 , D6299 , D6300 , D7372 , E29 , E177 , E456 , E548 , E882 , E994 , E1301 , E1323 , STP 15D, 3 and STP 1209. 4 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D7637-10(2021)

Standard Test Method for Determination of Glycerin Assay by Titration (Sodium Meta Periodate)

1.1 This test method provides the quantitative determination of glycerin by the titrimetric method. It is applicable to all glycerin or glycerin/water mixtures 75 %. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult the established and appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautions are listed in Section 8 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7638-10(2021)

Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acids and Esters in Glycerin

1.1 This test method provides the quantitative determination of the fatty acid and ester content in purified glycerin by the titrimetric method. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautions are listed in Section 8 . 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7640-16(2021)

Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade Glycerin

1.1 This specification covers engine coolant grade glycerine (1, 2, 3 Propanetriol, Glycerol). 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7714-11(2021)

Standard Specification for Glycerin Base Engine Coolant for Automobile and Light-Duty Service

1.1 This specification covers the requirements for glycerin base engine coolants used in automobiles or other light duty service cooling systems. When concentrates are used at 50 % to 60 % concentration by volume in water, or when prediluted glycerin base engine coolants (50 volume % minimum) are used without further dilution, they will function effectively to provide protection against freezing, boiling, and corrosion. 1.2 The coolants governed by this specification are categorized as follows: Note 1: This specification is based on the knowledge of the performance of engine coolants prepared from new or virgin ingredients that comply with Specification D7640 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See X1.5 and X3.1.3 for specific warning statements. Note 2: This specification applies to automobiles and light duty service. A glycerin based specification for heavy duty engine service is under development. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7715-12(2021)

Standard Specification for Fully-Formulated Glycerin Base Engine Coolant for Heavy-Duty Engines

1.1 This specification covers the requirements for fully-formulated glycerin base coolants for cooling systems of heavy-duty engines. When concentrates are used at 40 % to 60 % glycerin concentration by volume in water of suitable quality (see Appendix X1 ), or when prediluted glycerin base engine coolants (50 volume % min) are used without further dilution, they will function effectively during both winter and summer to provide protection against corrosion, cavitation, freezing, and boiling. 1.2 This specification is intended to cover the requirements for engine coolants prepared from virgin glycerin. Note 1: This specification is based on the knowledge of the performance of engine coolants prepared from new or virgin ingredients that comply with Specification D7714 . 1.3 The coolants governed by this specification are categorized as follows: 1.4 Coolant concentrates meeting this specification do not require addition of supplemental coolant additive (SCA) until the first maintenance interval when a maintenance dose of SCA is required to continue protection in certain heavy duty engine cooling systems, particularly those of the wet cylinder liner-in-block design. The SCA additions are defined by and are the primary responsibility of the engine manufacturer or vehicle manufacturer. If they provide no instructions, follow the SCA supplier's instructions. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D7748/D7748M-14(2021)

Standard Test Method for Flexural Rigidity of Geogrids, Geotextiles, and Related Products

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of stiffness properties of geogrids, geotextiles, and geogrid-geotextile composites, all of which are referred to as geosynthetics within this test method. Bending length is measured and flexural rigidity is calculated through use of the cantilever test procedure. 1.1.1 This test method employs the principle of cantilever bending of the geosynthetic under its own mass. 1.2 This test method applies to geogrids, geotextiles, and geogrid-geotextile composites. 1.3 This test method is for manufacturing quality control purposes only, to ensure uniformity and consistency of flexural rigidity for a specific product from roll to roll and lot to lot. 1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D8122-21

Standard Test Method for Determining Mass per Unit Area of Geohazard Nettings

1.1 This test method is an index test to determine the mass per unit area of geohazard nettings. The mass per unit area is a characteristic of a geohazard netting that contributes to its ability to stabilize and control the movement of loose rocks. There are many different types of geohazard nettings which necessitates a single standard by which all geohazard nettings may be measured. 1.2 Units - The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only and are not considered standard. Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.2.1 It is common practice in the engineering/construction profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and of force (lbf). This practice implicitly combines two separate systems of units; the absolute and the gravitational systems. It is scientifically undesirable to combine the use of two separate sets of inch-pound units within a single standard. As stated, this standard includes the gravitational system of inch-pound units and does not use/present the slug unit of mass. However, the use of balances and scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording density in lbm/ft 3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.2.2 The terms density and unit weight are often used interchangeably. Density is mass per unit volume, whereas, unit weight is force per unit volume. In this standard, density is given only in SI units. After the density has been determined, the unit weight is calculated in SI or inch-pound units, or both. 1.3 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 , unless superseded by this test method. 1.3.1 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in the standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user's objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of these test methods to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering data. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1180-08(2021)

Standard Practice for Preparing Sulfur Prints for Macrostructural Evaluation

1.1 This practice provides information required to prepare sulfur prints (also referred to as Baumann Prints) of most ferrous alloys to reveal the distribution of sulfide inclusions. 1.2 The sulfur print reveals the distribution of sulfides in steels with bulk sulfur contents between about 0.010 and 0.40 weight percent. 1.3 Certain steels contain complex sulfides that do not respond to the test solutions, for example, steels containing titanium sulfides or chromium sulfides. 1.4 The sulfur print test is a qualitative test. The density of the print image should not be used to assess the sulfur content of a steel. Under carefully controlled conditions, it is possible to compare print image intensities if the images are formed only by manganese sulfides. 1.5 The sulfur print image will reveal details of the solidification pattern or metal flow from hot or cold working on appropriately chosen and prepared test specimens. 1.6 This practice does not address acceptance criteria based on the use of the method. 1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Section 9 . 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1316-21c

Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

1.1 This standard defines the terminology used in the standards prepared by the E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing. These nondestructive testing (NDT) methods include: acoustic emission, electromagnetic testing, gamma- and X-radiology, leak testing, liquid penetrant testing, magnetic particle testing, neutron radiology and gauging, ultrasonic testing, and other technical methods. 1.2 Committee E07 recognizes that the terms examination, testing, and inspection are commonly used as synonyms in nondestructive testing. For uniformity and consistency in E07 nondestructive testing standards, Committee E07 encourages the use of the terms examination or inspection and their derivatives when describing the application of nondestructive test methods. In a specific standard, either examination or inspection shall be used consistently throughout the document. Similarly, E07 encourages the use of the term test and its derivatives when referring to the body of knowledge of a nondestructive testing method. There are, however, appropriate exceptions when the term test and its derivatives may be used to describe the application of a nondestructive test, such as measurements which produce a numeric result (for example, when using the leak testing method to perform a leak test on a component, or an ultrasonic measurement of velocity). Additionally, the term test should be used when referring to the NDT method, that is, Radiologic Testing (RT), Ultrasonic Testing (UT), and so forth. (Example: Radiologic Testing (RT) is often used to examine material to detect internal discontinuities.) Note 1: The following sentences clarify this policy and illustrate its use: (a) Nondestructive testing methods are used extensively for the examination or inspection of materials and components. (b) The E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing has prepared many documents to promote uniform usage of the nondestructive testing methods that are applied to examine or inspect materials and components. (c) Radiologic Testing (RT) is often used to inspect material to detect internal discontinuities. (d) Magnetic Particle Testing (MT), Liquid Penetrant Testing (PT), and Visual Testing (VT) are often used to examine the surface of a component. (e) The Bubble Leak Testing (BLT) method is sometimes used to leak test a pressure containing component to detect leaks. (f) A guide for Nondestructive Testing of additively manufactured materials will describe several methods but a practice will focus on a single inspection method. 1.3 Section A defines terms that are common to multiple NDT methods, whereas the subsequent sections define terms pertaining to specific NDT methods. 1.4 As shown on the chart below, when a nondestructive examination or inspection produces an indication, the indication is subject to interpretation as false, nonrelevant, or relevant. If it has been interpreted as relevant, the necessary subsequent evaluation will result in the decision to accept or reject the material. With the exception of accept and reject, which retain the meaning found in most dictionaries, all the words used in the chart are defined in Section A. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM E1421-99(2021)

Standard Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Fourier Transform Mid-Infrared (FT-MIR) Spectrometers: Level Zero and Level One Tests

1.1 This practice describes two levels of tests to measure the performance of laboratory Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectrometers equipped with a standard sample holder used for transmission measurements. 1.2 This practice is not directly applicable to Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometers equipped with various specialized sampling accessories such as flow cells or reflectance optics, nor to Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometers, nor to FT-IR spectrometers run in step scan mode. 1.2.1 If the specialized sampling accessory can be removed and replaced with a standard transmission sample holder, then this practice can be used. However, the user should recognize that the performance measured may not reflect that which is achieved when the specialized accessory is in use. 1.2.2 If the specialized sampling accessory cannot be removed, then it may be possible to employ a modified version of this practice to measure spectrometer performance. The user is referred to Guide E1866 for a discussion of how these tests may be modified. 1.2.3 Spectrometer performance tests for FT-NIR spectrometers are described in Practice E1944 . 1.2.4 Performance tests for dispersive MIR instruments are described in Practice E932 . 1.2.5 For FT-IR spectrometers run in a step scan mode, variations on this practice and information provided by the instrument vendor should be used. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3.1 Exception - Informational inch-pound units are provided in 5.4 . 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1614-94(2021)

Standard Guide for Procedure for Measuring Ionizing Radiation-Induced Attenuation in Silica-Based Optical Fibers and Cables for Use in Remote Fiber-Optic Spectroscopy and Broadband Systems

1.1 This guide covers a method for measuring the real time, in situ radiation-induced spectral attenuation of multimode, step index, silica optical fibers transmitting unpolarized light. This procedure specifically addresses steady-state ionizing radiation (that is, alpha, beta, gamma, protons, etc.) with appropriate changes in dosimetry, and shielding considerations, depending upon the irradiation source. 1.2 This test procedure is not intended to test the balance of the optical and non-optical components of an optical fiber-based system, but may be modified to test other components in a continuous irradiation environment. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1653-94(2021)

Standard Guide for Specifying Dynamic Characteristics of Optical Radiation Transmitting Fiber Waveguides

1.1 This guide covers the key parameters that determine the dynamic performance of an optical radiation transmitting fiber waveguide (see Note 1 ). For the purpose of this guide, optical radiation is electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths from about 200 nm to about 5000 nm (correspondingly, frequencies of 50 000 cm -1 to 2000 cm -1 , and photon energies of 6 eV to 0.25 eV). Note 1: Typical designations of radiation transmitting fiber waveguides include optical waveguide, fiber-optic, fiber-optic waveguide, and fiber-optic radiation guide. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1654-94(2021)

Standard Guide for Measuring Ionizing Radiation-Induced Spectral Changes in Optical Fibers and Cables for Use in Remote Raman FiberOptic Spectroscopy

1.1 This guide covers the method for measuring the real time, in situ radiation-induced alterations to the Raman spectral signal transmitted by a multimode, step index, silica optical fiber. This guide specifically addresses steady-state ionizing radiation (that is, alpha, beta, gamma, protons, etc.) with appropriate changes in dosimetry, and shielding considerations, depending upon the irradiation source. 1.2 The test procedure given in this guide is not intended to test the other optical and non-optical components of an optical fiber-based Raman sensor system, but may be modified to test other components in a continuous irradiation environment. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E1791-96(2021)

Standard Practice for Transfer Standards for Reflectance Factor for Near-Infrared Instruments Using Hemispherical Geometry

1.1 This practice covers procedures for the preparation and use of acceptable transfer standards for NIR spectrophotometers. Procedures for calibrating the reflectance factor of materials on an absolute basis are contained in CIE Publication No. 44 ( 9 ). Both the pressed powder samples and the sintered PTFE materials are used as transfer standards for such calibrations because they have very stable reflectance factors that are nearly constant with wavelength and because the distribution of flux resembles closely that from the perfect reflecting diffuser. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E2143-01(2021)

Standard Test Method for Using Field-Portable Fiber Optics Synchronous Fluorescence Spectrometer for Quantification of Field Samples for Aromatic and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

1.1 This test method covers a rapid method for the screening of environmental samples for aromatic hydrocarbons (AHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The screening takes place in the field and provides immediate feedback on limits of contamination by substances containing AHs and PAHs. Quantification is obtained by the use of appropriately characterized, site-specific calibration curves. Remote sensing by use of optical fibers is useful for accessing difficult to reach areas or potentially dangerous materials or situations. When contamination of field personnel by dangerous materials is a possibility, use of remote sensors may minimize or eliminate the likelihood of such contamination taking place. 1.2 This test method is applicable to AHs and PAHs present in samples extracted from soils or in water. This test method is applicable for field screening or, with an appropriate calibration, quantification of total AHs and PAHs. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E2642-09(2021)

Standard Terminology for Scientific Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) Detectors

1.1 This terminology brings together and clarifies the basic terms and definitions used with scientific grade cooled charge-coupled device (CCD) detectors, thus allowing end users and vendors to use common documented terminology when evaluating or discussing these instruments. CCD detectors are sensitive to light in the region from 200 nm to 1100 nm and the terminology outlined in the document is based on the detection technology developed around CCDs for this range of the spectrum. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM E2808-21a

Standard Guide for Microspectrophotometry in Forensic Paint Analysis

1.1 This guide is intended to assist forensic analysts who conduct UV, visible, NIR, or fluorescence emission spectral analyses on small fragments of paint or use Guide E1610 , as this guide is to be used in conjunction with a broader analytical scheme. 1.2 This guide deals primarily with color measurements within the visible spectral range but will also include some details concerning measurements in the UV and NIR spectral ranges. The particular method(s) employed by each analyst depends upon available equipment, examiner training (Practices E2917 , E3234 ), sample suitability, and sample size. 1.3 This guide provides basic recommendations and information about microspectrophotometers. 1.4 This guide does not address other areas of color evaluation such as colorimetric values, paint surface texture or pigment particle size, shape, or dispersion within a paint film that are evaluated by other forms of microscopy. 1.5 This guide is directed at the color analysis of commercially prepared paints and coatings. It does not address the analysis or determination of provenance of artistic, historical, or restorative paints, but it could be useful in those fields. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.7 This standard is intended for use by competent forensic science practitioners with the requisite formal education, discipline-specific training (see Practices E2917 , E3234 ), and demonstrated proficiency to perform forensic casework. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.





ASTM E797/E797M-21

Standard Practice for Measuring Thickness by Manual Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Contact Method

1.1 This practice 2 provides guidelines for measuring the thickness of materials using the contact pulse-echo method at temperatures not to exceed 93 °C [200 °F]. 1.2 This practice is applicable to any material in which ultrasonic waves will propagate at a constant velocity throughout the part, and from which back wall reflections can be obtained and resolved. 1.3 This practice is primarily for flat components with parallel surfaces and has limited applicability for components with non-parallel or concentric surfaces per 1.2 . 1.4 Units - The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F1199-21

Standard Specification for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers (150 psig and 150°F Maximum)

1.1 This specification covers all cast strainers and welded strainers in services up to 150 psig and 150°F (1 MPa and 65°C). For welded strainers used in services above 150 psig and 150°F, see Specification F1200 . 1.2 This standard provides the minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, rating, marking, and testing of cast and welded pipe line strainers for services above 0°F (-18°C). 1.3 Strainers manufactured to this specification are acceptable for use in the marine environment. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F1200-21a

Standard Specification for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150°F (1 MPa and 65°C))

1.1 This specification covers welded strainers in services above 150 psig or 150°F (1 MPa and 65°C). For welded strainers in services at or below these ratings and cast strainers, see Specification F1199 . 1.2 This specification provides the minimum requirements for the design fabrication, rating, marking, and testing of welded pipe line strainers for services above 150 psig or 150°F (1 MPa and 65°C). Note 1: Fabricated (welded) pipe line strainers meeting this standard may also be used at pressures of 150 psig (1 MPa) and below and 0°F ("“18°C) and above. 1.3 Strainers manufactured to this specification are acceptable for use in the marine environment. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F1781-21

Standard Specification for Elastomeric Flexible Hinge Finger Total Joint Implants

1.1 This specification covers elastomeric flexible hinge finger total joint implants, used with and without metal grommets, in the reconstruction of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints. 1.2 This specification excludes those implants that do not have an across-the-joint elastomeric linkage. This specification is limited to implants made from one material in a single, one-step molding procedure. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F1918-21

Standard Safety Performance Specification for Soft Contained Play Equipment

1.1 This safety performance specification provides safety and performance standards for soft contained play equipment. Its purpose is to reduce the potential for life-threatening and debilitating injuries. 1.2 The range of users encompassed by this safety performance specification is the 5 th percentile 2 year old to the 95 th percentile 12 year old. 1.3 Public playground equipment, home playground equipment, sports equipment, amusement rides, fitness equipment not part of the play system, water-related attractions and devices, and toys and juvenile products are not included in this specification. 1.4 This specification does not address accessibility, except as it pertains to safety issues not covered in The Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG). 2 1.5 This safety performance specification includes the following sections: 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F2152-07(2021)

Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Spilled Oil: Fire-Resistant Boom

1.1 This guide covers a set of criteria to evaluate the performance, material characteristics, and essential features of fire-resistant oil spill containment boom. 1.2 This guide covers two types of fire-resistant oil containment boom: those that are intrinsically fire-resistant through the use of fire-resistant materials, and those that provide fire-resistance through the use of coolants. This guide may not be fully applicable to other types of fire-resistant boom. 1.3 This guide is one of four related to in-situ burning of oil spills. Guide F1788 addresses environmental and operational considerations, Guide F1990 addresses ignition devices, and Guide F2230 addresses burning in ice conditions. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F2372-15(2021)

Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Shopping Carts

1.1 This consumer safety performance specification covers performance requirements, test methods, and labeling requirements for shopping carts and restraint systems. 1.2 This specification is intended to cover children who are at least six months of age and at least 15 lb (7 kg) up to children who are not more than four years of age and who weigh no more than 35 lb (16 kg). 1.3 This specification does not include any provisions nor is intended for use of infant carriers. 1.4 No shopping cart or restraint system produced after the approval date of this consumer safety performance specification shall, either by label or other means, indicate compliance with this specification unless it conforms to all requirements herein. 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 7 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F2753-21

Standard Practice to Evaluate the Effect of Dynamic Rolling Load over Resilient Floor Covering System

1.1 This practice covers the determination of the effect of dynamic rolling load over a resilient floor covering. 1.2 This practice is intended to be used by resilient, adhesive and underlayment manufacturers to measure the impact of a dynamic rolling load over a specific product or a combination of products. 1.3 This practice may be used to evaluate the performance of joints (sealed or welded) in the resilient floor covering. 1.4 This practice may be used to aid in the diagnosis of a specific assembly performance and provide comparative evaluation. 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F3050-21

Standard Guide for Conformity Assessment of Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment

1.1 This guide describes options for conformity assessment (CA) requirements relating to personal protective clothing and equipment (hereafter referred to as "PPE"). This guidance can optionally be used to define conformity assessment requirements in a PPE specification standard or in a companion ASTM conformity assessment Standard Practice document 2 associated with the PPE specification standard. It is understood that the former approach is not consistent with ISO Directive, Part 2, Section 6.7. 1.2 This guide is not intended to require additional conformity assessment requirements to any PPE specification standard or to the integral components of the PPE. 1.3 This guide defines conformity assessment principles and requirement options consistent with U.S. HHS NIOSH National Framework for Personal Protective Equipment Conformity Assessment "“ Infrastructure as a means to manage the risks to wearers to defined hazards from nonconforming PPE. 1.4 This guide identifies potential hazard and risk assessment outcomes for which a conformity assessment scheme (commonly referred to as a "program") can be developed to manage assessed risks. 1.5 It is not the intent of this guide to prescribe any particular model of conformity assessment requirements for PPE or its integral components. 1.6 The requirements and activities in a given conformity assessment scheme should be determined by a conformity assessment scheme owner or can be defined by the PPE specification standard writers, and should be based, at a minimum, on the criteria contained in Section 6 of this guide. 1.7 This guide is not intended to supersede any federal, state, or local laws or regulations. 1.8 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all PPE circumstances. This ASTM guide is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word "standard" in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM F3454-21

Standard Practice for Alerting Methods in Aircraft

1.1 This practice provides guidance for how an applicant can show compliance to the requirements for Warnings, Cautions, and Advisory Indications to the responsible crewmember. 1.2 An applicant intending to propose this information as Means of Compliance for a design approval must seek guidance from their respective oversight authority (for example, published guidance from applicable civil aviation authority (CAA)) concerning the acceptable use and application thereof. For information on which oversight authorities have accepted this practice (in whole or in part) as an acceptable Means of Compliance to their regulatory requirements (hereinafter "the Rules"), refer to the ASTM Committee F44 web page (www.astm.org/COMMITTEE/F44.htm). 1.3 Units - This document may present information in SI units, English Engineering units, or both; the values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F3491-21

Standard Practice for Enhanced Indication Methods in Aircraft

1.1 This practice provides methods for how Enhanced Indications are provided to the responsible crewmember when an applicant uses these indications in support of compliance with the requirements for Stall Characteristics, Stall Warning, and Spins applicable to Normal Category Aeroplanes, using Specification F3180/F3180M . 1.2 The specific types of enhanced indications identified in Specification F3180/F3180M are as follows: 1.3 An applicant intending to propose this information as Means of Compliance for a design approval must seek guidance from their respective oversight authority (for example, published guidance from applicable civil aviation authority (CAA) concerning the acceptable use and application thereof. For information on which oversight authorities have accepted this practice (in whole or in part) as an acceptable Means of Compliance to their regulatory requirements (hereinafter "the Rules"), refer to the ASTM Committee F44 web page (www.astm.org/COMMITTEE/F44.htm). 1.4 Units - This document may present information in SI units, English Engineering units, or both. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM F993-21

Standard Specification for Valve Locking Devices

1.1 This specification 2 covers the application, design, and materials for valve locking devices. 1.2 Locking devices Types I and II described in this specification are designed to secure the valve in a fully opened or completely closed position. 1.3 This specification does not apply to valves equipped with locking devices from the valve manufacturer, unless this standard is invoked in the procurement ordering data for the valve or its locking device, or both. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.














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