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100 Newest Standards and Packages


ANSI/ANS-1-2000 (R2019)

Conduct of Critical Experiments

This standard provides for the safe conduct of critical experiments. Such experiments study neutron behavior in a fission device where the energy produced is insufficient to require auxiliary cooling, and the power history is such that the inventory of long-lived fission products is insignificant.


ANSI/ANS-14.1-2004 (R2019)

Operation of Fast Pulse Reactors

This standard is for those involved in the design, operation, and review of fast pulse reactors. It has been formulated in general terms to be applicable to all current fast pulse reactors. This standard does not apply to periodically pulsed reactors or booster assemblies.



ANSI/ITSDF B56.11.8-2019

Safety Standard for Seat Belt (Lap-Type) Anchorage Systems for Powered Industrial Trucks

This procedure provides the performance and testing requirements for anchorage systems of lap-type belts (seat belts) provided with counterbalanced, center control, high lift trucks that have a sit-down, non-elevating operator.



ANSI/APSP/ICC/NPC 12a-2019

American National Standard for the Plastering of Swimming Pools and Spas + Supplement A

This standard covers the material and application for the plastering of cementitous finish coatings for in-groud swimming pools or other cementitious water-containment vessels.


ANSI X9.100-189-2019

Savings Bond Paying Agent Virtual Stamp

This standard defines requirements for a virtual stamp for U.S. Savings Bond that are eligible for electronic redemption. Paying agents with a signed agreement with the U.S. Treasury’s Bureau of Fiscal Service, may use this virtual stamp in lieu of a physical stamp. This specification includes the content and proper placement of the virtual stamp only and does not supersede requirements for other information required on the back of savings bond items.


ASME B1.10M-2004 (R2019)

Unified Miniature Screw Threads

This Standard specifies the thread form, series, tolerance, and designation for the Unified Miniature Screw Threads. The series covers a diameter range of 0.30 mm to 1.40 mm, extending the metric M-Profile and unified thread series that begin at 1.6 mm.


ASME B16.36-2006

Orifice Flanges

This Standard covers flanges (similar to those covered in ASME B16.5) that have orifice pressure differential connections. Coverage is limited to the following: (a) welding neck flanges Classes 300, 400, 600, 900, 1500, and 2500 (b) slip-on and threaded Class 300.


ASME B29.10M-1997 (R2019)

Heavy Duty Offset Sidebar Power Transmission RollerChains and Sprocket Teeth

This Standard includes the following information for Heavy Duty Offset Sidebar Power Transmission Roller Chains: A series of identical offset links in which the pins articulate inside the bushings and the rollers are free to turn on the bushings. The main topics are General Chain Designators; (b) Chain Assembly; and (c) Sprocket Tooth Form. There are also Tables for (a) General Chain Dimensions, Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength, Strand Length and Measuring Load; (b) Maximum and Minimum Controlling Link Dimensions for Interchangeable Chain Links; (c) Chain Clearance Dimensions; (d) Maximum Eccentricity and Face Runout Tolerance; and (e) Sprocket Tooth Form Factors.


ASME B31.3-2018

Process Piping

ASME has been defining piping safety since 1922. ASME B31.3 contains requirements for piping typically found in petroleum refineries; chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, paper, semiconductor, and cryogenic plants; and related processing plants and terminals. It covers materials and components, design, fabrication, assembly, erection, examination, inspection, and testing of piping. This Code applies to piping for all fluids including: (1) raw, intermediate, and finished chemicals; (2) petroleum products; (3) gas, steam, air and water; (4) fluidized solids; (5) refrigerants; and (6) cryogenic fluids. Also included is piping that interconnects pieces or stages within a packaged equipment assembly. Key changes to this revision include: • Severe Cyclic Conditions • MPa Allowable Stresses • Expansion Joints • Flange Joint Assembly • Ultrasonic Examination Acceptance Criteria • Category M Fluid Service Examination • Leak Testing of Instrument Connections • Leak Testing of Vacuum Systems • Leak Testing of Insulated Systems • Leak Testing of Assembled Piping B31.3 is one of ASME’s most requested codes. It serves as a companion to ASME’s B31.1 Code on Power Piping as well as to the other codes in ASME’s B31 series. Together, they remain essential references for anyone engaged with piping. Careful application of these B31 codes will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational, cost and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed within these volumes. Intended for manufacturers, users, constructors, designers, and others concerned with the design, fabrication, assembly, erection, examination, inspection, and testing of piping, plus all potential governing entities.


ASME B31Q-2006

Pipeline Personnel Qualification

ASME B31Q establishes the requirements for developing and implementing an effective Pipeline Personnel Qualification Program. It specifies the requirements for identifying covered tasks that impact the safety or integrity of pipelines, for qualifying individuals to perform those tasks, and for managing the qualifications of pipeline personnel. With the following exceptions, this Standard applies to tasks that impact the safety or integrity of pipelines: design or engineering tasks and tasks that are primarily intended to ensure personnel safety. Key changes to this revision include the enhancement of the qualification standards to provide more in-depth evaluation criteria for the balance of the task list; addition of seven new tasks to the task list; removal of nine tasks specific to diving that are covered sufficiently by NDT, welding, and other land-based tasks; removal of one task that is being combined with a similar task; addition of a Nonmandatory Appendix that provides guidance for implementing ASME B31Q and the nonmandatory Task List; and clarification on the following issues: construction documentation clarified in the definition of documentation in the nonmandatory Task List, and redesignating sections and appendices to follow ASME guidelines. B31Q joins with ASME’s other B31 codes on piping systems. Together, they remain essential references for anyone engaged with piping.


ASME B5.52-2003 (R2019)

Power Presses: General Purpose, Single-Point Gap Type

This Standard applies to hydraulic and mechanical power presses having a one-piece frame that guides the slide and supports the bolster, adjustable bed, or horn. The frame is configured to provide unrestricted access to the front and sides of the die space. By means of dies or tooling attached to the slide and bolster or horn, these machines are used to shear, punch, form, or assemble metal or other materials. This Standard includes only the following types of presses: (a) bench; (b) open back inclinable (OBI); (c) open back stationary (OBS); (d) adjustable bed/horn. See Fig. 1 for examples of press types.


ASME B5.56M-1994 (R2019)

Specification and Performance Standard Power Shears

The requirements of this Standard apply to power shears used to cut metal by shearing, utilizing a fixed lower knife(s) and a non-rotary, moving upper knife(s). This Standard applies to those shears commonly referred to as squaring, guillotine, gap, plate, pivot blade (swing beam), and slitting (non rotary). This Standard specifically excludes machines referred to as right angle, alligator, cut to length, crop, slitting (rotary), nibblers, portable hand tools, coil slitters, rotary blade slitters, iron workers, angle, bar, beam, channel, notching, rotary drum, flying, and billet shears.


ASME B5.60-2014 (R2019)

Workholding Chucks: Jaw-Type Chucks

This Standard establishes technical requirements for workholding chucks used primarily in turning operations. It covers jaw type chucks, whether manual or power operated. This Standard covers spindle noses for use on turning machines, the interface of two-piece chuck jaws, the geometric test procedures for measuring accuracy of self-centering jaw-type chucks, and the safety requirements for jaw-type workholding chucks.


ASME B5.61-2003 (R2019)

Power Presses: General Purpose, Single-Action, Straight Side Type

This Standard applies to hydraulic and mechanical power presses commonly referred to by the metal-working industry as General Purpose, Single Action, Straight Side Type Power Presses that, by means of dies or tooling attached to the slide and bolster, are used to shear, punch, form or assemble metal or other materials.


ASME B94.19-1997 (R2019)

Milling Cutters and End Mills

This Standard covers high speed steel milling cutters and end mills of one piece construction as listed in Tables 1 through 62. It also includes general definitions, sizes, and tolerances.


ASME B94.21-1968 (R2019)

Gear Shaper Cutters

This standard covers types, sizes, tolerances, marking and nomenclature for ground, finishing type gear shaper cutters for generating involute spur and helical gears, splines, and serrations. It also covers ground, finishing type involute herringbone gear shaper cutters for generating herringbone gears. The purpose of this Standard is to provide the above information to encourage uniformity in specifications.


ASME B94.55M-1985 (R2019)

Tool Life Testing with Single - Point Turning Tools

This Standard establishes specifications for the following factors of tool life testing with single-point turning tools: workpiece, tool, cutting fluid, cutting conditions, tool wear and tool life, equipment, test procedures, recording and reporting and presentation of results. Further general information is given in Appendix A.


ASME HST-2-2018

Performance Standard for Hand Chain Manually Operated Chain Hoists

ASME has been defining hoist performance since 1983. ASME HST-2-2014 is a newly-revised Standard which establishes performance requirements for hand chain, manually-operated chain hoists for vertical lifting service involving material handling of freely suspended (unguided) loads. These hoists use welded link type load chain as a lifting medium with one of the following types of suspension: (1) hook or clevis; (2) trolley. HST-2 contains an appendix which, in conjunction with ASME HST-3-1999, Performance Standard for Manually Lever-Operated Chain Hoists, replaces the requirements of MIL-H-904 for Hand Operated Chain Hoists This Standard is not applicable to: (1) damaged or malfunctioning hoists; (2) hoists that have been misused or abused (3) hoists that have been altered without authorization of the manufacturer or a qualified person; (4) hoists used for lifting or supporting people; (5) hoists used for the purpose of drawing both the load and the hoist up or down the hoist's own load chain; and (6) hoists used for marine and other applications as required by the Department of Defense (DOD). HST-2 includes an appendix on Hand Chain Manually Operated Chain Hoists used in marine and other applications as required by the Department of Defense (DOD). Both HST-2 and ASME HST-5-2014, Performance Standard for Air Chain Hoists serve as companion standards to ASME B30.16-2012, Overhead Hoists (Underhung). Intended for manufacturers, owners, inspectors, chief and principal engineers, users and others concerned with performance requirements for hand chain manually operated chain hoists plus all potential governing entities.


ASME PTC 12.3-1997 (R2019)

Deaerators

This Code provides rules and test procedures that are to be used to determine the performance of deaerators with regard to residual dissolved oxygen in the deaerated water and terminal temperature difference (TTD), if any, between the deaerated water and the saturated steam temperature corresponding to the pressure in the steam zone adjacent to the interface between the steam and the collected deaerated water. This Code applies to deaerating heaters and deaerators equipped with either shell-and-tube or direct contact, vent-condensing sections. It describes the test method for the determination of dissolved oxygen in water for deaerating equipment at concentrations up to 75 µg/L (ppb).


ASME PTC 19.1-2018

Test Uncertainty

The object of this Standard is to define, describe, and illustrate the terms and methods used to provide meaningful estimates of the uncertainty in test measurements, parameters, and methods, and the effects of those uncertainties on derived test results.


ASME PTC 25-2018

Pressure Relief Devices

The object ofthe testis to determine the performance of pressure relief devices. These tests determine one or more of the following: (a) dimensional, operational, and mechanical characteristics (b) relieving pressure (c) relieving flow capacity at test pressure (d) individual flow resistance Procedures for conducting the tests, calculating the results, and making corrections are defined.


ASME PTC 50-2002 (R2019)

Fuel Cell Power Systems Performance

This Code provides test procedures, methods and definitions for the performance characterization of fuel cell power systems. Fuel cell power systems include all components required in the conversion of input fuel and oxidizer into output electrical and thermal energy. Performance characterization of fuel systems includes evaluating system energy inputs and electrical and thermal outputs to determine fuel-to-electrical energy conversion efficiency and where applicable the overall thermal effectiveness. These efficiencies will be determined to an absolute uncertainty of less than ± 2% at a 95% confidence level. (For example, for a calculated efficiency of 40%, the true value lies between 38% and 42%.) This Code applies to all fuel cell power systems regardless of the electrical power output, thermal output, fuel cell type, fuel type, or system application. Fuel cell power systems contain an assembly of electrochemical cells, which oxidize a fuel to generate direct current electricity. Balance-of- plant subsystems may include controls, thermal management, a fuel processor and a power conditioner. Some fuel cell power systems may contain additional power generating equipment such as steam generators, gas turbine generators, or micro-turbine generators. The net power output and all the fuel input to the system shall be taken into account in the performance test calculations. This Code applies to the performance of overall fuel cell power systems. The Code addresses combined heat and power systems, that is, the generation of electricity and usable heat at specific thermal conditions. It does not address the performance of specific subsystems nor does it apply to energy storage systems, such as regenerative fuel cells or batteries. It also does not address emissions, reliability, safety issues, or endurance. This Code contains methods and procedures for conducting and reporting fuel cell system testing, including instrumentation to be used, testing techniques, and methods for calculating and reporting results. The Code defines the test boundary for fuel and oxidant input, secondary energy input and net electrical and thermal energy output. At these boundaries, this Code provides procedures for measuring temperature, pressure, input fuel flow and composition, electrical power, and thermal output. The Code provides procedures for determination of electrical efficiency or heat rate and overall thermal effectiveness at rated or any other steady state condition. The Code also provides the method to correct results from the test to reference conditions.


ASME PTC 70-2009 (R2019)

Ramp Rates

This code provides the procedures, direction, and guidance for the accurate determination, via testing, of the maximum repeatable load change ramp rate, startup load change rate or shutdown load change rate of a power plant. It is applicable to all electrical generating facilities, independent of fuel source or prime movers. The load change rate is distinguished by starting from one operating point at steady state condition and transitioning to another. Startup commences at a shutdown condition, or intermediary startup condition, and proceeds to a defined running condition. Shutdown begins at a running condition and proceeds to a shutdown condition or intermediary shutdown condition. Measurements of actual net generation as a function of time are the primary test parameters. Additional data and information will be collected as part of this analysis to determine the long and short term effects of various ramp rates on the equipment and systems in the power plant of interest. This information includes and is not limited to design specifications and actual operating conditions.


ASME Y14.100-2004 (R2009)

Engineering Drawing Practices

This Standard establishes the essential requirements and reference documents applicable to the preparation and revision of manual or computer generated engineering drawings and associated lists unless tailored by a specialty Standard. It is essential that this Standard be used in close conjunction with ASME Y14.24, ASME Y14.34, ASME Y14.35M, and ASME Y14.41. Incorporated into Y14.100-2013 is Y14.42 on Digital Approval Systems.


ASME Y14.37-2019

Composite Part Drawings

This Standard establishes the definition of composite parts that are not covered within the existing ASME Y14 series of Standards on geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T). ASME Y14.37 defines exceptions and additional requirements to existing ASME standards for defining composite parts. Composite parts as addressed by this standard are inseparable assemblies of composite materials that may include non-composite material(s). When no exception or additional requirements are stated, existing ASME Standards shall apply. ASME Y14.37: Enables engineering practices for the definition of composite parts. Offers flexibility in implementation and can be tailored to meet any specific need. Affords common engineering delineation standards to aid the increasing interchange of drawing among industry, government, and other users. Intended for design, drafting, mechanical, manufacturing, production, tool/gage, quality, process and project engineers, CAD/CAM/CAE specialists, inspectors and educators across a broad range of global manufacturing. Special emphasis on aerospace, automotive, medical device, precision instrumentation and related industries.


ASTM A1102-19

Standard Specification for Sintered Samarium Cobalt (SmCo) Permanent Magnets

1.1 This specification covers technically important, commercially available, magnetically hard sintered (fully dense) permanent magnets commonly known as samarium cobalt. These materials are available in two general composition families abbreviated SmCo 1:5 and SmCo 2:17. The numbers indicate the approximate atomic ratio of samarium to the sum of other constituents. (Refer to Appendix X3 for additional composition information.) 1.2 Samarium cobalt magnets have approximate magnetic properties of residual magnetic induction, B r , from 0.78 T (7800 G) to 1.18 T (11 800 G) and intrinsic coercivity, H cJ , typically greater than 800 kA/m (10 000 Oe). Special grades and isotropic (un-aligned) magnets can have properties outside these ranges (see Appendix X4 ). Specific magnetic hysteresis behavior (demagnetization curve) can be characterized using Test Method A977/A977M . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) units which are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM A867-19

Standard Specification for Iron-Silicon Relay Steels

1.1 This specification covers wrought iron-silicon (Fe-Si) steels that are generally used in the manufacture of electromechanical devices, such as relays and solenoids, requiring higher electrical resistivity, higher permeability, and lower coercivity and residual magnetism than provided by either carbon steels or soft magnetic low-carbon irons. The steels covered in this specification are: 1.2 This specification covers steels in the form and condition required for fabrication into parts. The fabricated parts typically require a final heat treatment to obtain the desired magnetic performance. The term mill annealed as used in this specification applies to a heat treatment, typically applied by the producer, intended to improve formability. The mill anneal does not provide the optimum magnetic performance and is not intended to replace the need for the finish annealing of parts. 1.3 This specification covers steels in the form of forging billets, hot-rolled bar and strip, cold-finished bar, wire, and cold-rolled strip in thicknesses up to 6.35 mm (0.250 in.). 1.4 This specification does not cover electrical sheet steels used in transformer and motor laminations. Please refer to Specifications A677 , A683 , A726 , A876 , and A1086 for standards pertaining to these material types. 1.5 This specification does not cover powder metallurgy materials capable of being processed into magnetic core components having similar silicon contents. 1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) units which are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6.1 There are selected values presented in two units, both of which are in acceptable SI units. These are differentiated by the word or, as in -cm, or, -m. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B29-19

Standard Specification for Refined Lead

1.1 This specification covers refined lead in pig, block, or hog form. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM B536-19

Standard Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Silicon Alloys Plate, Sheet, and Strip

1.1 This specification covers nickel-iron-chromium silicon alloys (UNS N08330 and UNS N08332) 2 plate, sheet, and strip intended for heat resisting applications and general corrosive service. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1256-93(2019)

Standard Practice for Interpreting Glass Fracture Surface Features

1.1 Fracture features on the surface of a crack reflect the nature and course of the fracture event associated with the breakage of a glass object. This practice is a guide to the identification and interpretation of these fracture surface features. 1.2 The practice describes the various fracture surface features as to their appearance, the process of formation and their significance. 1.3 The practice does not provide the procedural information necessary for a complete fractographic analysis. Such information is available in the general literature. (See Glossary for suggested literature). 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1279-13(2019)

Standard Test Method for Non-Destructive Photoelastic Measurement of Edge and Surface Stresses in Annealed, Heat-Strengthened, and Fully Tempered Flat Glass

1.1 This test method covers the determination of edge stresses and surface stresses in annealed, heat-strengthened, and fully tempered flat glass products. 1.2 This test method is non-destructive. 1.3 This test method uses transmitted light and is, therefore, applicable to light-transmitting glasses. 1.4 The test method is not applicable to chemically-tempered glass. 1.5 Using the procedure described, surface stresses can be measured only on the tin side of float glass. 1.6 Surface-stress measuring instruments are designed for a specific range of surface index of refraction. 1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1325-19

Standard Specification for Fiber-Mat Reinforced Cementitious Backer Units

1.1 This specification covers non-asbestos fiber-mat reinforced cementitious backer units manufactured to be dimensionally stable and suitable as either an unfinished substrate (see Note 1 ) or as a substrate for decoration such as natural stone or tile on walls, floors, or decks in wet and dry areas. It is also suitable to be used as a substrate in the Application of Class PB Exterior Insulation Finish Systems (Practice C1397 ), the Application of Direct-Applied Finish Systems (Practice C1516 ), and the Application of Exterior Insulation Finish Systems Class PI (Practice C1535 ). Note 1: When used as an unfinished substrate, consult the manufacturer's written installation literature for proper application details. 1.2 This specification is not applicable to asbestos-cement flat sheets (Specification C220 ); non-asbestos fiber cement flat sheets for exterior applications such as claddings, facades, curtain walls, and soffits (Specification C1186 ); gypsum backing board, coreboard, and shaftliner (Specification C1396/C1396M ); water-resistant gypsum backing board (Specification C1396/C1396M ); glass mat gypsum backing board (Specification C1178/C1178M ); particle boards (Definitions D1554 ); and discrete non-asbestos fiber cement interior substrate sheets (Specification C1288 ). 1.3 Units The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1350M-96(2019)

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Viscosity of Glass Between Softening Point and Annealing Range (Approximately 108 Pa·s to Approximately 1013 Pa·s) by Beam Bending (Metric)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of glass viscosity from approximately 10 8 Pa s to approximately 10 13 Pa s by measuring the rate of viscous bending of a simply loaded glass beam. 2 Due to the thermal history of the glass, the viscosity may not represent conditions of thermal equilibrium at the high end of the measured viscosity range. Measurements carried out over extended periods of time at any temperature or thermal preconditioning will minimize these effects by allowing the glass to approach equilibrium structural conditions. Conversely, the method also may be used in experimental programs that focus on nonequilibrium conditions. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1378-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Determination of Resistance to Staining

1.1 This test method is intended to determine the resistance to staining of ceramic tile surfaces. 1.2 The resistance to staining is determined by maintaining test solutions in contact with ceramic tile surfaces for a specified period of time. After exposure, the surface is cleaned in a defined manner, and the test specimens are inspected visually for change. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1521-19

Standard Practice for Evaluating Adhesion of Installed Weatherproofing Sealant Joints

1.1 This practice describes destructive and non-destructive procedures. 1.2 The destructive procedure stresses the sealant in such a way as to cause either cohesive or adhesive failure of the sealant or cohesive failure of the substrate where deficient substrate conditions exist. The objective is to characterize the adhesive/cohesive performance of the sealant on the specific substrate by applying a strain that correlates to the strain that the sealant bead may experience when subjected to its maximum published movement capability, when known; or a reasonable strain when the movement capability is unknown. It is possible that the strain applied to the sealant bead may result in no failure of the sealant or the substrate, failure of a deficient substrate before effecting a failure in the sealant, or a failure of the sealant. Note 1: The destructive procedure requires immediate repair of the sealant bead. Appropriate materials and equipment should be available for this purpose. Note 2: Sealant formulations may fail in cohesion or adhesion when properly installed, and evaluated by this method. The sealant manufacturer should be consulted to determine the appropriate guidelines for using this method. 1.3 The non-destructive procedure places strain on the sealant and a stress on the adhesive bond. Though termed non-destructive, this procedure may result in an adhesive failure of a deficient sealant bead, but should not cause a cohesive failure in the sealant. The results of this procedure should be either adhesive failure or no failure. Note 3: The non-destructive procedure may require immediate repair of the sealant bead, if sealant failure is experienced. Appropriate materials and equipment should be available for this purpose. 1.4 The non-destructive procedure can be used for continuous inspection of 100 % of the sealant bead(s), or for any areas where deficient conditions, which are inconsistent with the practices of Guide C1193 , are suspected. 1.5 The committee with jurisdiction over this practice is not aware of any comparable practices published by other organizations or committees. 1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1620-16e1

Standard Specification for Aerosol Polyurethane and Aerosol Latex Foam Sealants

1.1 This specification covers the types, grades, and physical properties of aerosol polyurethane and aerosol latex foams extruded from pressurized containers and intended for building envelope air barrier sealant applications in building construction. 1.2 For specific aerosol foam sealant applications, operational temperature limit criteria shall be as agreed upon between the aerosol sealant manufacturer and the purchaser. 1.3 The values in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values shown in parentheses are for information and approximation only. 1.4 The committee with jurisdiction over this standard is not aware of any comparable standards published by other organizations. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C1778-19a

Standard Guide for Reducing the Risk of Deleterious Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete

1.1 This guide provides guidance on how to address the potential for deleterious alkali aggregate reaction (AAR) in concrete construction. This guide addresses the process of identifying both potentially alkali-silica reactive (ASR) and alkali-carbonate reactive (ACR) aggregates through standardized testing procedures and the selection of mitigation options to minimize the risk of expansion when ASR aggregates are used in concrete construction. Mitigation methods for ASR aggregates are selected using either prescriptive or performance-based alternatives. Preventive measures for ACR aggregates are limited to avoidance of use. Because the potential for deleterious reactions depends not only on the concrete mixture but also the in-service exposure, guidance is provided on the type of structures and exposure environments where AAR may be of concern. 1.2 Units The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C1876-19

Standard Test Method for Bulk Electrical Resistivity or Bulk Conductivity of Concrete

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the bulk electrical resistivity or conductivity of molded specimens or cored sections of hardened concrete after immersion in water saturated with a simulated pore solution in order to provide a rapid indication of its resistance to the penetration of fluids and dissolved aggressive ions. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. If required results obtained from another standard are not reported in the same system of units as used by this standard, it is permitted to convert those results using the conversion factors found in the SI Quick Reference Guide. 2 1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ( Warning Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.) 3 For specific warning statement see 8.1.2 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C191-19

Standard Test Methods for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle

1.1 These test methods determine the time of setting of hydraulic cement by means of the Vicat needle. Two test methods are given; Method A is the Reference Test Method using the manually operated standard Vicat apparatus, while Method B permits the use of an automatic Vicat machine that has, in accordance with the qualification requirements of this method, demonstrated acceptable performance. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Warning: Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 1.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. Note 1: For the method for determining the time of setting by Gillmore needles, see Test Method C266 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C309-19

Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete

1.1 This specification covers liquid membrane-forming compounds suitable for application to concrete surfaces to reduce the loss of water during the early-hardening period. White-pigmented membrane-forming compounds serve the additional purpose of reducing the temperature rise in concrete exposed to radiation from the sun. The membrane-forming compounds covered by this specification are suitable for use as curing media for fresh concrete, and may also be used for further curing of concrete after removal of forms or after initial moist curing. Note 1: This specification addresses only those properties listed in Sections 6 through 9 . Membrane-forming compounds with special properties including better water retention, minimum solids content, resistance to ultraviolet radiation, acid and alkali resistance and non-interference with adhesives are described in Specification C1315 . Note 2: Solutions of silicate salts are chemically reactive in concrete rather than membrane-forming; therefore, they do not meet the intent of this specification. 1.2 This is a performance specification. The allowable composition of products covered by this specification is limited by various local, regional, and national regulations. Issues related to air quality (solvent emission), worker exposure, and other hazards are not addressed here. It is the responsibility of the producers and users of these materials to comply with pertinent regulations. 1.3 Warning Some VOC exempt solvents used to meet the regulations are extremely flammable with low auto ignition temperatures and rapid evaporation rates. Consult the manufacturer's product information sheet for important application and safety information. 1.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for informational purposes only. 1.6 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 11 , of this specification : This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C338-93(2019)

Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Glass

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the softening point of a glass by determining the temperature at which a round fiber of the glass, nominally 0.65 mm in diameter and 235 mm long with specified tolerances, elongates under its own weight at a rate of 1 mm/min when the upper 100 mm of its length is heated in a specified furnace at the rate of 5 1 C/min. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C451-19

Standard Test Method for Early Stiffening of Hydraulic Cement (Paste Method)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of early stiffening in hydraulic-cement paste. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Warning: Fresh hydraulic-cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. 2 1.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C499-09(2019)

Standard Test Method for Facial Dimensions and Thickness of Flat, Rectangular Ceramic Wall and Floor Tile

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the facial dimensions and thickness of flat, rectangular ceramic wall and floor tile. This test method covers tile as defined in Terminology C242 . 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C586-11(2019)

Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Carbonate Rocks as Concrete Aggregates (Rock-Cylinder Method)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the expansion of a specimen of carbonate rock while immersed in a solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at room temperature. The length changes occurring during such immersion indicate the general level of reactivity of the rock and whether tests should be made to determine the effect of aggregate prepared from the rock upon the volume change in concrete. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C598-93(2019)

Standard Test Method for Annealing Point and Strain Point of Glass by Beam Bending

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the annealing point and the strain point of a glass by measuring the rate of midpoint viscous bending of a simply loaded glass beam. 2 However, at temperatures corresponding to the annealing and strain points, the viscosity of glass is highly time-dependent. Hence, any viscosities that might be derived or inferred from measurements by this procedure cannot be assumed to represent equilibrium structural conditions. 1.2 The annealing and strain points shall be obtained following a specified procedure after direct calibration of the apparatus using beams of standard glasses having known annealing and strain points such as those supplied and certified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 3 1.3 This test method, as an alternative to Test Method C336 is particularly well suited for glasses that for one reason or another are not adaptable for flame working. It also has the advantages that thermal expansion and effective length corrections, common to the fiber elongation method, are eliminated. 1.4 The values stated in metric units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C609-07(2019)

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Light Reflectance Value and Small Color Differences Between Pieces of Ceramic Tile

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of Light Reflectance Value (LRV) and visually small color difference between pieces of glazed or unglazed ceramic tile, using any spectrophotometer that meets the requirements specified in the test method. LRV and the magnitude and direction of the color difference are expressed numerically, with sufficient accuracy for use in product specification. 1.2 LRV may be measured for either solid-colored tile or tile having a multicolored, speckled, or textured surface. For tile that are not solid-colored, an average reading should be obtained from multiple measurements taken in a pattern representative of the overall sample as described in 9.2 of this test method. Small color difference between tiles should only be measured for solid-color tiles. Small color difference between tile that have a multicolored, speckled, or textured surface, are not valid. 1.3 For solid colored tile, a comparison of the test specimen and reference specimen should be made under incandescent, fluorescent and daylight illuminant conditions. The use of multiple illuminants allows the color difference measurement to be made without the risk of wrongly accepting a match when the tiles being compared are metamers. (See 3.1.4 .) 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C650-04(2019)

Standard Test Method for Resistance of Ceramic Tile to Chemical Substances

1.1 This test method covers a procedure for determining whether, and to what degree, ceramic tiles are affected by prolonged exposure to chemical substances that are commonly used in the household or for cleaning purposes as well as other more severe conditions. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.2.1 The units used for concentration in this standard are v/v which refers to the volume of reagent/1 L of solution and g/L which refers to the weight of reagent, in g, to be dissolved in 1 L of water. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C652-19a

Standard Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)

1.1 This specification covers hollow building brick and hollow facing brick made from clay, shale, fire clay, or mixtures thereof, and fired to incipient fusion. Four types of hollow brick in each of two grades and two classes are covered. In this specification, the term hollow brick shall be understood to mean hollow clay masonry units whose net cross-sectional area (solid area) in any plane parallel to the surface, containing the cores, cells, or deep frogs, is less than 75 % of its gross cross-sectional area measured in the same plane (see 4.3 ). This specification does not cover brick intended for use as paving brick (see Specification C902 ). 1.2 The property requirements of this specification apply at the time of purchase. The use of results from testing of brick extracted from masonry structures for determining conformance or nonconformance to the property requirements (Section 7 ) of this standard is beyond the scope of this specification. 1.3 Brick covered by this specification are ceramic products manufactured primarily from clay, shale, or similar naturally occurring substances and subjected to a heat treatment at elevated temperatures (firing). The heat treatment shall develop sufficient fired bond between the particulate constituents to provide the strength and durability requirements of this specification. Additives or recycled materials are permitted to be included at the option of the manufacturer. (See firing and firing bond in Terminology C1232 .) 1.3.1 This specification and its individual requirements shall not be used to qualify or corroborate the performance of a masonry unit made from other materials, or made with other forming methods, or other means of binding the materials. 1.4 Hollow brick differ from unglazed structural clay tile (Specifications C34 and C212 ) and solid brick (Specifications C62 and C216 ). Hollow brick require greater shell and web thicknesses and higher minimum compressive strength than structural clay tile, but permit greater void area and lesser distance from exposed edge to core hole than solid brick. Therefore, environmental and structural performance may be different in elements constructed of hollow brick from those constructed of structural clay tile or solid brick. 1.5 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM C693-93(2019)

Standard Test Method for Density of Glass by Buoyancy

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density of glasses at or near 25 C, by buoyancy. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM C895-87(2019)

Standard Test Method for Lead and Cadmium Extracted from Glazed Ceramic Tile

1.1 This test method covers the precise determination of lead and cadmium extracted by acetic acid from glazed ceramic tile that are intended for use in areas of food preparation. The procedure of extraction may be expected to accelerate the release of lead from the glaze and to serve, therefore, as a severe test that is unlikely to be matched under the actual conditions of usage of such ceramic tile. This test method is specific for lead and cadmium. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D1051-19

Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Sleeves

1.1 This specification covers manufacturing and testing of rubber insulating sleeves for protection of workers from electrical shock. 1.2 Two types of sleeves are provided and are designated as Type I, nonresistant to ozone, and Type II, resistant to ozone. 1.3 Five classes of sleeves, differing in electrical characteristics, are provided and are designated as Class 0, Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, and Class 4. 1.4 Two styles of sleeves, differing in configuration, are provided and are designated as Style A, straight taper, and Style B, curved elbow. 1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. See IEEE/ASTM SI 10 . 1.6 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Sections 16 19 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazards statements are given in 18.2 . 1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D1777-96(2019)

Standard Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the thickness of most textile materials. 1.2 This test method applies to most fabrics including woven fabrics, air bag fabrics, blankets, napped fabrics, knitted fabrics, layered fabrics, and pile fabrics. The fabrics may be untreated, heavily sized, coated, resin-treated, or otherwise treated. Instructions are provided for testing thickness, except as provided for in another standard such as listed in Section 2 . 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in inch-pound may be approximate. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2148-19

Standard Test Methods for Bondable Silicone Rubber Tapes Used for Electrical Insulation

1.1 These test methods cover tests for bondable silicone rubber tapes which form a sealed structure either with the application of heat (and pressure if needed) or by the process of auto-adhesion (self-fusing). 1.2 The methods appear in the following sections: 1.3 Units The values stated in SI units are the standard. The inch-pound units in parentheses are for information only. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement see 23.1.1 . 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D229-19e1

Standard Test Methods for Rigid Sheet and Plate Materials Used for Electrical Insulation

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for testing rigid electrical insulation normally manufactured in flat sheet or plate form. They are generally used as terminal boards, spacers, voltage barriers, and circuit boards. 1.2 Use Test Methods D619 (withdrawn) or Specification D710 for tests applying to vulcanized fibre. 1.3 Some of the test methods contained in this standard are similar to those contained in IEC 60893-2 , which applies to rigid industrial laminated sheets based on thermosetting resins for electrical purposes. 1.4 The test methods appear in the following sections: 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This is a fire-test-response standard. See Sections 61 through 74 , which are the procedures for assessing ignitability and burning time under specific test conditions 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in 31.1 and 1.8 . 1.8 This standard measures and describes the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.9 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D2414-19

Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number (OAN)

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the oil absorption number of carbon black. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2513-19

Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings

1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methods for material dimensions and tolerances, hydrostatic burst strength, chemical resistance, and rapid crack resistance of polyethylene pipe, tubing, and fittings for use in fuel gas pipelines for direct burial and reliner applications. The pipe and fittings covered by this specification are intended for use in the transmission and distribution of natural gas. Requirements for the qualifying of polyethylene systems for use with liquefied petroleum gas are also covered. 1.1.1 This specification does not cover threaded pipe. Design considerations are discussed in Appendix X1 . In-plant quality control programs are specified in Annex A1 and Annex A2 . 1.1.2 See Specification F2619/F2619M for polyethylene piping for pressure or non-pressure oil and gas producing applications to convey fluids such as oil, dry or wet gas, multiphase fluids, and non-potable oilfield water. 1.2 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes, and appendixes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 The following is an index of the annexes and appendix in this specification: 1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 6 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D2925-14(2019)

Standard Test Method for Beam Deflection of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pipe Under Full Bore Flow

1.1 This test method covers measurement of the deflection as a function of time of a specimen of fiberglass pipe supported on a flat non-arced support as a simple beam under full bore flow of water at elevated temperatures. Both glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting-resin pipe (RTRP) and glass-fiber-reinforced polymer mortar pipe (RPMP) are fiberglass pipes. Note 1: For the purposes of this standard, polymer does not include natural polymers. 1.2 This test method can be used to determine deflection at varying conditions by substituting other test media. 1.3 Deflections observed using this test method are representative only of piping supported as a simple beam under full bore flow which has one diameter of pipe overhanging at each support. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only. Note 2: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3014-19

Standard Test Method for Flame Height, Time of Burning, and Loss of Mass of Rigid Thermoset Cellular Plastics in a Vertical Position

1.1 This is a fire-test-response standard. This test method covers a small-scale laboratory screening procedure for comparing relative extent and time of burning and loss of mass of rigid thermoset cellular plastics. This test method is to be used solely to establish relative burning characteristics. 1.1.1 This test method shall not be used for materials that drip or melt under the test conditions. 1.2 During the course of combustion, gases or vapors, or both, are evolved which are potentially hazardous to personnel. Adequate precautions shall be taken to protect the operator. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific precautionary statement is given in 1.2 . 1.4 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.5 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3265-19a

Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Tint Strength

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the tint strength of carbon black relative to an industry tint reference black (ITRB). 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3493-19

Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number of Compressed Sample (COAN)

1.1 This test method covers the procedure for the mechanical compression of a carbon black sample and the determination of the oil absorption number of the compressed sample. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3517-19

Standard Specification for “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pressure Pipe

1.1 This specification covers machine-made fiberglass pipe, 8 in. (200 mm) through 156 in. (4000 mm), intended for use in water conveyance systems which operate at internal gage pressures of 450 psi (3103 kPa) or less. Both glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting-resin pipe (RTRP) and glass-fiber-reinforced polymer mortar pipe (RPMP) are fiberglass pipes. The standard is suited primarily for pipes to be installed in buried applications, although it may be used to the extent applicable for other installations such as, but not limited to, jacking, tunnel lining and slip-lining rehabilitation of existing pipelines. Note 1: For the purposes of this standard, polymer does not include natural polymers. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only. Note 2: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3654/D3654M-06(2019)

Standard Test Methods for Shear Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes

1.1 This test method covers procedures for determining the ability of pressure-sensitive tapes and labels to remain adhered under constant load applied parallel to the surface of the tape and substrate. 1.1.1 Procedure A measures the shear adhesion when applied to a vertical standard steel panel. 1.1.2 Procedure B measures the shear adhesion when applied to vertical panel covered with NIST SRM 1810A standard fiberboard. 1.1.3 Procedure C measures the shear adhesion when applied to a vertical panel covered with a fiberboard as defined by Comite Europeen de Normalisation (CEN). 1.1.4 Procedure D measures shear adhesion when applied to a vertical panel covered with a fiberboard agreed upon by the buyer and seller. 1.1.5 Procedure E measures shear adhesion of filament reinforced tape when applied to a horizontal standard steel panel. 1.1.6 Procedure F measures shear adhesion of a filament reinforced tape when applied to a horizontal panel covered with NIST SRM 1810A standard fiberboard. 1.1.7 Procedure G measures the shear adhesion of a filament reinforced tape when applied to a horizontal panel covered with a standard fiberboard defined by CEN. 1.1.8 Procedure H measures the shear adhesion the same as Procedure A except the test is conducted at an elevated temperature and after a 10-min dwell time at the elevated temperature. 1.2 These procedures provide a means of assessing the uniformity of the adhesive of a given type of pressure-sensitive tape, usually tapes used for packaging applications. The assessment may be within a roll of tape, between rolls or production lots. 1.2.1 Variations in the tape backing and adhesive affect the response; therefore, these procedures cannot be used to pinpoint the specific cause(s) of nonuniformity. 1.2.2 This test method is intended to replace AFERA 4012, CEN 1943, and PSTC (see 7.2 ). 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems will result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3675-19

Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

1.1 This is a fire test response standard. 1.2 This test method describes the measurement of surface flammability of flexible cellular materials. 1.3 This standard measures and describes the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not, by itself, incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. 1.6 Specific information about hazards is given in Section 7 . Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in inch-pound units, in parentheses, are for information only and are approximations (see also IEEE/ASTM SI-10 ). 1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D3759/D3759M-05(2019)

Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Pressure-Sensitive Tape

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of tensile strength at break (breaking strength) and stretch properties (elongation) for pressure-sensitive tapes and labels. It includes procedures for machine direction and cross direction, for high-strength filament reinforced backings and for high stretch backings. It also includes a procedure for obtaining force ( F value) in conjunction with a specified elongation. These procedures employ a constant-rate-of-extension (CRE)-type testing machine. 1.2 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; conversions between measurement systems must be conducted carefully. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3833/D3833M-96(2019)

Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes

1.1 This test method covers one procedure for measuring the water vapor transmission rate of pressure-sensitive tape. 1.2 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently, without combining values in any way. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3839-14(2019)

Standard Guide for Underground Installation of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe

1.1 This practice establishes procedures for the burial of pressure and nonpressure fiberglass (glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting-resin) pipe in many typically encountered soil conditions. Included are recommendations for trenching, placing pipe, joining pipe, placing and compacting backfill, and monitoring deflection levels. Guidance for installation of fiberglass pipe in subaqueous conditions is not included. 1.2 Product standards for fiberglass pipe encompass a wide range of product variables. Diameters range from 1 in. to 13 ft (25 mm to 4000 mm) and pipe stiffnesses range from 9 to over 72 psi (60 to 500 kPa) with internal pressure ratings up to several thousand pound force per square inch. This standard does not purport to consider all of the possible combinations of pipe, soil types, and natural ground conditions that may occur. The recommendations in this practice may need to be modified or expanded to meet the needs of some installation conditions. In particular, fiberglass pipe with diameters of a few inches are generally so stiff that they are frequently installed in accordance with different guidelines. Consult with the pipe manufacturer for guidance on which practices are applicable to these particular pipes. 1.3 The scope of this practice excludes product-performance criteria such as a minimum pipe stiffness, maximum service deflection, or long-term strength. Such parameters may be contained in product standards or design specifications, or both, for fiberglass pipe. It is incumbent upon the specified product manufacturer or project engineer to verify and ensure that the pipe specified for an intended application, when installed in accordance with procedures outlined in this practice, will provide a long-term, satisfactory performance in accordance with criteria established for that application. Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. Note 2: A discussion of the importance of deflection and a presentation of a simplified method to approximate field deflections are given in AWWA Manual of Practice M45 Fiberglass Pipe Design. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D3840-19

Standard Specification for “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe Fittings for Nonpressure Applications

1.1 This specification covers fiberglass pipe fittings intended for use in gravity flow systems for conveying sanitary sewage, storm water, and those industrial wastes for which the fittings are determined to be suitable. Elbows, tees, laterals, crosses, reducers, and adapters are included. Both glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting-resin pipe (RTRP) and glass-fiber-reinforced polymer mortar pipe (RPMP) are fiberglass pipes. Note 1: For the purposes of this standard, polymer does not include natural polymers. 1.2 This specification is intended to cover only dimensions, material properties, and workmanship rather than the structural design of the fittings. The structural design of the fittings shall be as agreed upon between purchaser and supplier, and needs to take into consideration the anticipated conditions of installation and service. 1.3 This specification covers only fittings fabricated from cut sections of pipe, or from a combination of pipe sections and contact molded (hand layup), or machine fabricated components. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only. 1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 11 , of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 2: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4003-98(2019)e1

Standard Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems

1.1 These test methods are intended to determine the ability of a package or product to withstand laboratory simulated horizontal impact forces. 1.2 The horizontal impacts used in these test methods are programmed shock inputs that represent the hazards as they occur in the shipping and handling environments. The environmental hazards may include rail switching impacts, lift truck marshalling impacts, and so forth. The following test methods apply: 1.2.1 Method A, Rail Car Switching Impact This test method simulates the types of shock pulses experienced by lading in rail car switching, with the use of a rigid bulkhead on the leading edge of the test carriage, to simulate the end wall of a railcar and shock programming devices to produce representative shock pulses. With the use of backloading, this test method may also be used to simulate compressive forces experienced by lading loads during rail car switching. It is suitable for tests of individual containers or systems as they are shipped in rail cars. It may also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of pallet patterns to determine the effect of interaction between containers during rail switching operation impacts. 1.2.2 Method B, Marshalling Impact Tests of Unit Loads This test method assesses the ability of unit loads to withstand the forces encountered during marshalling or loading operations. 1.3 The test levels may be varied to represent the mode on shipping and handling used for the item under test. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4097-19

Standard Specification for Contact-Molded Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermoset Resin Corrosion-Resistant Tanks

1.1 This specification covers cylindrical tanks fabricated by contact molding for above-ground vertical installation, to contain aggressive chemicals at atmospheric pressure, and made of a commercial-grade polyester or vinyl ester, resin. Included are requirements for materials, properties, design, construction, dimensions, tolerances, workmanship, and appearance. 1.2 This specification does not cover the design of vessels intended for pressure above atmospheric or under vacuum conditions, except as classified herein, or vessels intended for use with liquids heated above their flash points. 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only. 1.4 Special design consideration shall be given to tanks subject to environmental and/or mechanical forces such seismic, wind, ice, agitation, or fluid dynamic forces, to operational service temperatures greater than 180 F (82 C) and to tanks with unsupported bottoms. 1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 11 , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D452/D452M-19

Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Surfacing for Asphalt Roofing Products

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the particle size distribution of surfacing material, other than mineral granules, such as sand, mica, talc, or other powdered or flaky mineral particles, used on both sides of smooth roll roofing and on the reverse side of asphalt shingles and mineral-surfaced roll roofing. 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4543-19

Standard Practices for Preparing Rock Core as Cylindrical Test Specimens and Verifying Conformance to Dimensional and Shape Tolerances

1.1 These practices specify procedures for preparing rock test specimen of rock core from drill core obtained in the field or from block samples for strength and deformation testing and for determining the conformance of the test specimen dimensions with tolerances established by this practice. Cubical, rectangular, or other shapes are not covered by this practice. However, some of the information contained within this practice and in standard Test Method C170 may still be of use to preparing other test specimen shapes. 1.2 Rock is a complex engineering material that can vary greatly as a function of lithology, stress history, weathering, moisture content and chemistry, and other natural geologic processes. As such, it is not always possible to obtain or prepare rock core specimens that satisfy the desirable tolerances given in this practice. Most commonly, this situation presents itself with weaker, more porous, and poorly cemented rock types and rock types containing significant or weak (or both) structural features. For rock types which are difficult to prepare, all reasonable efforts should be made to prepare a specimen in accordance with this practice and for the intended test procedure. However, when it has been determined by trial and error that this is not possible, prepare the rock specimen to the closest tolerances practicable and consider this to be the best effort ( Note 1 ) and report it as such and if allowable or necessary for the intended test, capping the ends of the specimen as discussed in this practice is permitted. Note 1: Best effort in surface preparation refers to the use of a well-maintained, suitable surface grinder, lathe or lapping machine and any required ancillary equipment are utilized by an experienced operator and in which a reasonable number of attempts has been made to meet the tolerances required in this procedure. 1.3 This practices covers some, but not all of the curatorial issues that should be implemented. For curatorial issues that should be followed before and during specimen preparation refer to Practices D5079 and to the specific test standards in 2.1 for which the specimens are being prepared. 1.4 This practice also prescribes tolerance checks on the length-to-diameter ratio, straightness of the elements on the cylindrical surface, the flatness of the end bearing surfaces, and the perpendicularity of the end surfaces with the axis of the core. Note 2: This practice does not purport to cover all the issues that will or could be encountered that may control the quality of the specimen preparation required. Each laboratory may have their own issues, especially for different compression load frames or rock types. For example, stiff testing frames versus traditional load frames and loading platens with or without spherical seating. Specimens for a stiff testing load frame with no spherical seat may need to have more stringent requirements depending on the type of rock being tested. This procedure has tried to show the methods and QA that may be involved while keeping in mind those materials that are difficult to work with and for which the specimens will still be suitable to be tested. The available literature and input on this subject from D18.12 members were considered as much as possible for this standard. 2 1.5 The requirement for specifying the moisture condition and volume of the test specimen is also stated. However, the requirements in the specific test standards in 2.1 should be followed too. 1.6 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 , unless superseded by this standard. 1.6.1 The practices/procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design. 1.7 Units The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. Add if appropriate, Reporting of test results in units other than inch-pound shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.7.1 The slug unit of mass is typically not used in commercial practice; that is, density, balances, and so on. Therefore, the standard unit for mass in this standard is either kilogram (kg) or gram (g) or both. Also, the equivalent inch-pound unit (slug) is not given/presented in parentheses. 1.7.2 It is common practice in the engineering/construction profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and of force (lbf). This practice implicitly combines two separate systems of units; the absolute and the gravitational systems. It is scientifically undesirable to combine the use of two separate sets of inch-pound units within a single standard. As stated, this standard includes the gravitational system of inch-pound units and does not use/present the slug unit for mass. However, the use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording density in lbm/ft 3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.9 These practices offer a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgement. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process. 1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


ASTM D4567-19

Standard Test Method for Single-Point Determination of Specific Surface Area of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers Using Nitrogen Adsorption by Continuous Flow Method

1.1 This test method covers the single-point determination of the surface area of catalysts and catalyst carriers that exhibit Type II or Type IV nitrogen adsorption isotherms using a nitrogen-helium flowing gas mixture. This test method is applicable for the determination of total surface areas from 0.1 to 300 m 2 , where rapid surface area determinations are desired. 1.2 Because the single-point method uses an approximation of the BET equation, the multipoint BET method (Test Method D3663 ) is preferred to the single-point method. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



ASTM D4659-19

Standard Test Methods for Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Specific Gravity of Isocyanates

1.1 These test methods determine the specific gravity of toluenediisocyanate, polymeric (methylene phenylisocyanate), and liquid methylene di(phenylisocyanate). These test methods also are applicable to many other liquids. (See Note 1 .) 1.1.1 Test Method A Specific gravity by pycnometer, for high-accuracy determination. 1.1.2 Test Method B Specific gravity by hydrometer, for a less accurate, but rapid, determination. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



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