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Chemical Safety Standards

Safety standards for chemical production facilities, refineries, petroleum, and related industries are grouped below as an overview of standards commonly used in chemical plants, oil platforms, refineries, and other chemical production and processing sites. Health and safety professionals working in these industries as well as those workers and managers responsible for operations, facility management, testing, and production or R&D as well those providing goods or services to these industries should familiarize themselves with these standards and be operating in accordance with them.

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NFPA 2-2016

NFPA 2 Hydrogen Technologies Code, 2016 edition

1.1 Scope. This guide is intended to provide assistance, primarily to authorities having jurisdiction (AHJs), in evaluating the appropriateness and execution of a fire risk assessment (FRA) for a given fire safety problem. While this guide primarily addresses regulatory officials, it also is intended for others who review FRAs, such as insurance company representatives and building owners.


NACE Standard RP0391-2001

Materials for the Handling of Concentrat

This standard practice provides information for use in the design and selection of materials used in the handling and storage of commercial concentrated sulfuric acid (H2SO4) at ambient temperatures. The term ambient is intended to include temperatures up to 50C (120F). THis standard is maintained by Task Group 372.


NACE SP0273-2016

Handling and Proper Usage of Inhibited Oilfield Acids

This standard practice outlines methods and procedures for the handling and use of inhibited hydrochloric acid for oilfield applications. This standard presents guidelines for minimizing acid corrosion, including general corrosion, pitting, and stress corrosion cracking (SCC), in the oil field. Topics covered include preparation of the well, preparation of the acid solution, acid solution pumping and injection, and return fluids handling. This standard is maintained by Task Goup 496.


CGA G-14-2017

Nitrogen Trifluoride - 3rd Edition

Because of its widespread use and its potential for mishandling, this publication has been written and is intended for suppliers, distributors, and users of nitrogen trifluoride and its handling equipment. This publication provides a description of the potential hazards involved in handling nitrogen trifluoride and the guidelines to be taken to minimize risk potential.


CGA G-15-2018

Fluorine and Fluorine Mixtures with Inert Gases - Second Edition

This publication is for gaseous fluorine and mixtures of fluorine with inert gases where the resulting fluorine concentrations of equal to and greater than 0.5% fluorine are considered to present a risk of reaction due to the oxidizing potential. It is intended for the suppliers, distributors, and users of fluorine and fluorine mixtures and the associated handling equipment. It sets out to provide a good understanding of the potential hazards involved in storage, use and transportation of compressed fluorine and its mixtures with inert gases and the approach to be taken to minimize the risk of incidents. This publication does not cover the manufacture, purification, liquefaction, or analysis of fluorine or its mixtures with inert gases, although the general guidance given is also relevant to these processes. Within Appendix 2 of this publication is an audit checklist.


CGA G-16-2018

Arsine - 2nd Edition

This publication is intended for the suppliers, distributors, and users of arsine and its handling equipment. The publication includes guidance for design of equipment, selection of cylinders and valves, and handling controls and safety practices. Guidelines on the operational steps associated with the use of arsine and arsine mixtures as well as fire protection, gas detection, ventilation, and related safeguards are also included.


CGA G-4-2015

Oxygen - 11th edition

This publication provides information regarding the characteristics and safe handling of oxygen. Requests for specialized technical information should be directed to any one of the manufacturers of this gas. This publication is intended primarily for users of oxygen and some of the requirements do not apply to manufacturers or distributors of this gas.


CGA G-6.4-2015

Safe Transfer of Liquefied Carbon Dioxide in Insulated Cargo Tanks, Tank Cars, and Portable Containers - Fourth Edition

The information contained in this publication is provided as a guide for personnel involved in transferring liquid carbon dioxide or in safety and training.


CGA G-6.8-2016

Transfilling and Safe Handling of Small Carbon Dioxide Cylinders

This publication covers the filling of small carbon dioxide cylinders having a maximum capacity of 110 in3 (1.80 L) of water. Its primary purpose is to provide information to personnel engaged in transfilling, handling, and transporting small carbon dioxide cylinders that have been transfilled from another uninsulated cylinder.


CGA G-6-2009

Carbon Dioxide

Includes the physical and chemical properties, physiology, toxicity, special hazards, production, regulations, storage, handling, and applications of carbon dioxide.


CGA P-1-2015

Standard for Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers - 12th Edition

Users of compressed gas shall become familiar with the properties and inherent hazards of the products they use.áValuable information about each specific gas is contained in its product labeling and safety data sheet (SDS). Read this information and inform others of the importance of understanding and applying the precautions established within the available safety literature.


CGA P-12-2017

Safe Handling of Cryogenic Liquids - Sixth Edition

This publication provides general information about the properties, transportation, storage, safe handling, and safe use of the cryogenic liquids commonly used by industry and institutions.


CGA P-9 (fifth edition)

The Inert Gases: Argon, Nitrogen, and Helium

The purpose of this publication is to present information regarding the characteristics and handling of the three major inert gases - argon, nitrogen, and helium.


CGA P-71-2017

Standard for the Safe Movement of Portable Cylinder Banks - First Edition

(Formerly CGA SB-32). This standard provides requirements for the safe movement of portable cylinder banks


CGA TB-14-2010

Torque Guidelines for Sealing CGA Valve Outlet Connections

The purpose of this publication is to provide fillers and users of compressed gases with torque guidelines for sealing various CGA cylinder valve outlet connections except for the 630/710 connections covered in CGA TB-9, Guidelines for the Proper Handling and Use of the CGA 630/710 Series Ultra High Integrity Service Connections, medical yoke connections, medical DISS connections, and scuba connections [1]. By following these guidelines, users can expect to reduce leaks and damage to the connections.


CGA G-5-2017

Hydrogen - 8th Edition

This publication provides information on the physical and chemical properties of hydrogen and proper handling and use. It is intended to provide background information for personnel involved in the manufacture, distribution, and use of hydrogen. Additional technical information can be obtained from hydrogen gas manufacturers.


CGA G-12-2018

Hydrogen Sulfide - 5th Edition

This publication provides information regarding the properties, manufacture, shipping, storage, handling, and use of hydrogen sulfide. It also describes many of the related regulatory requirements and safe practices in the United States and Canada. This information is intended to complement but not supplant national, state, provincial, territorial, municipal, and insurance company codes and requirements.


CGA G-6.9-2011

Dry Ice

This publication provides information on dry ice (including physical and chemical properties, physiology, toxicity, special hazards, production, regulations, storage, handling, and applications) to users, producers, and distributors. More information on the various aspects of dry ice and its transportation and use may be found in the references cited in this publication, which are listed in Section 11.


AGA X08614

Introduction to LNG for Personnel Safety

A guide for operators, supervisors and plant-safety personnel for basic training in safety at LNG plants. Also provides guidance for planning and implementing basic safety programs at LNG facilities. 53 pages. 1986.


AGA X09608

Introduction to LPG Safety for Propane-Air Plant Operators

Offers safety guidelines in LPG storage and handling for propane-air plant owners and operators. Also useful to make safety professionals familiar with LPG safety in propane-air plants. Softbound, 64 pages.


ANSI/ISA 12.27.01-2011

Requirements for Process Sealing Between Electrical Systems and Flammable or Combustible Process Fluids

This document provides specific requirements for process sealing between electrical systems and flammable or combustible process fluids where a failure could allow the migration of process fluids directly into the electrical system. This document contains requirements for construction and testing of single seal equipment, dual seal equipment, and add-on secondary seals.


AS/NZS 2243.10:2004

Safety in laboratories - Storage of chemicals (FOREIGN STANDARD)

Specifies procedures and requirements for the segregation and storage of chemicals in laboratories and stores associated with laboratories.


NFPA 91-2015

NFPA 91 Standard for Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Vapors, Gases, Mists, and Particulate Solids, 2015 edition

1.1* Scope. A.1.1 NFPA13D is appropriate for protection against fire hazards only in one- and two-family dwellings and manufactured homes. Residential portions of any other type of building or occupancy should be protected with residential sprinklers in accordance with NFPA 13 or in accordance with NFPA 13R. Other portions of such buildings should be protected in accordance with NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R as appropriate for areas outside the dwelling unit. The criteria in this standard are based on full-scale fire tests of rooms containing typical furnishings found in residential living rooms, kitchens, and bedrooms. The furnishings were arranged as typically found in dwelling units in a manner similar to that shown in Figure A.1.1(a), Figure A.1.1(b), and Figure A.1.1(c). Sixty full-scale fire tests were conducted in a two-story dwelling in Los Angeles, California, and 16 tests were conducted in a 14 ft (4.3 m) wide mobile home in Charlotte, North Carolina. Sprinkler systems designed and installed according to this standard are expected to prevent flashover within the compartment of origin where sprinklers are installed in the compartment. A sprinkler system designed and installed according to this standard cannot, however, be expected to completely control a fire involving fuel loads that are significantly higher than average for dwelling units [10 lb/ft2 (49 kg/m2)] and where the interior finish has an unusually high flame spread index (greater than 225) when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84, Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, or ANSI/UL 723, Standard for Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials. (For protection of multifamily dwellings, see NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R.) ****INSERT FIGURE HERE**** FIGURE A.1.1(a) Bedroom. ****INSERT FIGURE HERE**** FIGURE A.1.1(b) Manufactured Home Bedroom. ****INSERT FIGURE HERE**** FIGURE A.1.1(c) Living Room. 1.1.1 This standard shall cover the design, installation, and maintenance of automatic sprinkler systems for protection against the fire hazards in one- and two-family dwellings and manufactured homes. 1.1.2 This standard shall not provide requirements for the design or installation of water mist fire protection systems, which are not considered fire sprinkler systems and are addressed by NFPA 750. 1.1.3 This standard shall be based on the concept that the sprinkler system is designed to protect against a fire originating from a single ignition location.


ASME B20.1-2018

Safety Standard for Conveyors and Related Equipment

B20.1 applies to the design, construction, installation, maintenance, inspection, and operation of conveyors and conveying systems in relation to hazards. The conveyors may be of the bulk material, package, or unit handling types where the installation is designed for permanent, temporary, or portable operation. This Standard shall apply, with the exceptions noted below, to all conveyor installations. This Standard specifically excludes any conveyor designed for, installed for, or used primarily for the movement of human beings. This Standard does, however, apply to certain conveying devices that incorporate within their supporting structure work stations or operatorÆs stations specifically designed for authorized operating personnel.



ASTM E50-17

Standard Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

1.1 These practices cover laboratory apparatus and reagents that are required for the chemical analysis of metals, ores and related materials by standard methods of ASTM. Detailed descriptions of recommended apparatus and detailed instructions for the preparation of standard solutions and certain nonstandardized reagents will be found listed or specified in the individual methods of analysis. Included here are general recommendations on the purity of reagents and protective measures for the use of hazardous reagents. 1.2 These recommendations are intended to apply to the ASTM methods of chemical analysis of metals when definite reference is made to these practices, as covered in Section 4 . 1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards are given in Section 8 . Note 1: The use of the verb shall (with its obligatory third person meaning) in this standard has been confined to those aspects of laboratory safety where regulatory requirements are known to exist. Such regulations, however, are beyond the scope of these practices. 1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


DIN EN 14470-1:2004

Fire safety storage cabinets - Part 1: Safety storage cabinets for flammable liquids (FOREIGN STANDARD) (FOREIGN STANDARD)

The European Standard specifies classification, safety requirements and their testing, marking and requirements to the user information of safety cupboards up to 1 cubicmeter volume for the storage of flammabe liquids in laboratories and other working rooms.


DIN EN 14470-2:2006

Fire safety storage cabinets - Part 2: Safety cabinets for pressurised gas cylinders; German version EN 14470-2:2006 (FOREIGN STANDARD)

The standard specifies requirements and test methods for fire safe cabinets for the storage of gas cylinders in laboratory and working rooms. Based on a fire test, a classification of the cabinets can be performed.


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