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General IT Security Standards

General IT security standards are published by ISO, INCITS, and IEC. They include the ISO.IEC 27032 series and cover vulnerability disclosure, guidelines for IT readiness and business continuity, guidelines for cybersecurity, securing communications between networks using security gateways, application security, selection, deployment and operations of intrusion detection systems (IDPS), storage security, Vulnerability handling processes, Security requirements for cryptographic modules, Guidance for the production of protection profiles and security targets, Guidelines for the use and management of Trusted Third Party services, Security information objects for access control, Test requirements for cryptographic modules, and Protection Profile registration procedures.

ISO/IEC 29147:2018

Information technology - Security techniques - Vulnerability disclosure

This document provides requirements and recommendations to vendors on the disclosure of vulnerabilities in products and services. Vulnerability disclosure enables users to perform technical vulnerability management as specified in ISO/IEC 27002:2013, 12.6.1[1]. Vulnerability disclosure helps users protect their systems and data, prioritize defensive investments, and better assess risk. The goal of vulnerability disclosure is to reduce the risk associated with exploiting vulnerabilities. Coordinated vulnerability disclosure is especially important when multiple vendors are affected. This document provides:

— guidelines on receiving reports about potential vulnerabilities;

— guidelines on disclosing vulnerability remediation information;

— terms and definitions that are specific to vulnerability disclosure;

— an overview of vulnerability disclosure concepts;

— techniques and policy considerations for vulnerability disclosure;

— examples of techniques, policies (Annex A), and communications (Annex B).

Other related activities that take place between receiving and disclosing vulnerability reports are described in ISO/IEC 30111.

This document is applicable to vendors who choose to practice vulnerability disclosure to reduce risk to users of vendors' products and services.

ISO/IEC 27031:2011

Information technology - Security techniques - Guidelines for information and communication technology readiness for business continuity

ISO/IEC 27031:2011 describes the concepts and principles of information and comunication technology (ICT) readiness for business continuity, and provides a framework of methods and processes to identify and specify all aspects (such as performance criteria, design, and implementation) for improving an organization's ICT readiness to ensure business continuity. It applies to any organization (private, governmental, and non-governmental, irrespective of size) developing its ICT readiness for business continuity program (IRBC), and requiring its ICT services/infrastructures to be ready to support business operations in the event of emerging events and incidents, and related disruptions, that could affect continuity (including security) of critical business functions. It also enables an organization to measure performance parameters that correlate to its IRBC in a consistent and recognized manner. The scope of ISO/IEC 27031:2011 encompasses all events and incidents (including security related) that could have an impact on ICT infrastructure and systems. It includes and extends the practices of information security incident handling and management and ICT readiness planning and services.

ISO/IEC 27032:2012

Information technology - Security techniques - Guidelines for cybersecurity

ISO/IEC 27032:2012 provides guidance for improving the state of Cybersecurity, drawing out the unique aspects of that activity and its dependencies on other security domains, in particular: information security, network security, internet security, and critical information infrastructure protection (CIIP). It covers the baseline security practices for stakeholders in the Cyberspace. This International Standard provides: an overview of Cybersecurity, an explanation of the relationship between Cybersecurity and other types of security, a definition of stakeholders and a description of their roles in Cybersecurity, guidance for addressing common Cybersecurity issues, and a framework to enable stakeholders to collaborate on resolving Cybersecurity issues.

ISO/IEC 27033-4:2014

Information technology - Security techniques - Network security - Part 4: Securing communications between networks using security gateways

ISO/IEC 27033-4:2014 gives guidance for securing communications between networks using security gateways (firewall, application firewall, Intrusion Protection System, etc.) in accordance with a documented information security policy of the security gateways, including: identifying and analysing network security threats associated with security gateways; defining network security requirements for security gateways based on threat analysis; using techniques for design and implementation to address the threats and control aspects associated with typical network scenarios; and addressing issues associated with implementing, operating, monitoring and reviewing network security gateway controls.

ISO/IEC 27034-1:2011

Information technology - Security techniques - Application security - Part 1: Overview and concepts

ISO/IEC 27034 provides guidance to assist organizations in integrating security into the processes used for managing their applications. ISO/IEC 27034-1:2011 presents an overview of application security. It introduces definitions, concepts, principles and processes involved in application security. ISO/IEC 27034 is applicable to in-house developed applications, applications acquired from third parties, and where the development or the operation of the application is outsourced.

ISO/IEC 27034-2:2015

Information technology - Security techniques - Application security - Part 2: Organization normative framework

ISO/IEC 27034-2:2015 provides a detailed description of the Organization Normative Framework and provides guidance to organizations for its implementation.

ISO/IEC 27034-6:2016

Information technology - Security techniques - Application security - Part 6: Case studies

ISO/IEC 27034-6:2016 provides usage examples of ASCs for specific applications. NOTE Herein specified ASCs are provided for explanation purposes only and the audience is encouraged to create their own ASCs to assure the application security.

ISO/IEC 27039:2015

Information technology - Security techniques - Selection, deployment and operations of intrusion detection systems (IDPS)

ISO/IEC 27039:2015 provides guidelines to assist organizations in preparing to deploy intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS). In particular, it addresses the selection, deployment, and operations of IDPS. It also provides background information from which these guidelines are derived.

ISO/IEC 27040:2015

Information technology - Security techniques - Storage security

ISO/IEC 27040:2015 provides detailed technical guidance on how organizations can define an appropriate level of risk mitigation by employing a well-proven and consistent approach to the planning, design, documentation, and implementation of data storage security. Storage security applies to the protection (security) of information where it is stored and to the security of the information being transferred across the communication links associated with storage. Storage security includes the security of devices and media, the security of management activities related to the devices and media, the security of applications and services, and security relevant to end-users during the lifetime of devices and media and after end of use. Storage security is relevant to anyone involved in owning, operating, or using data storage devices, media, and networks. This includes senior managers, acquirers of storage product and service, and other non-technical managers or users, in addition to managers and administrators who have specific responsibilities for information security or storage security, storage operation, or who are responsible for an organization's overall security program and security policy development. It is also relevant to anyone involved in the planning, design, and implementation of the architectural aspects of storage network security. ISO/IEC 27040:2015 provides an overview of storage security concepts and related definitions. It includes guidance on the threat, design, and control aspects associated with typical storage scenarios and storage technology areas. In addition, it provides references to other International Standards and technical reports that address existing practices and techniques that can be applied to storage security.

ISO/IEC TR 15443-1:2012

Information technology - Security techniques - Security assurance framework - Part 1: Introduction and concepts

ISO/IEC TR 15443-1:2012 defines terms and establishes an extensive and organised set of concepts and their relationships for understanding IT security assurance, thereby establishing a basis for shared understanding of the concepts and principles central to ISO/IEC TR 15443 across its user communities. It provides information fundamental to users of ISO/IEC TR 15443-2.

ISO/IEC TR 15443-2:2012

Information technology - Security techniques - Security assurance framework - Part 2: Analysis

ISO/IEC TR 15443-2:2012 builds on the concepts presented in ISO/IEC TR 15443-1. It provides a discussion of the attributes of security assurance conformity assessment methods that contribute towards making assurance claims and providing assurance evidence to fulfil meeting the assurance requirements for a deliverable. ISO/IEC TR 15443-2:2012 proposes criteria for comparing and analysing different SACA methods. The reader is cautioned that the methods used as examples in ISO/IEC TR 15443-2:2012 are considered to represent popularly used methods at the time of its writing. New methods may appear, and modification or withdrawal of the methods cited may occur. It is intended that the criteria can be used to describe and compare any SACA method whatever its provenance.

ISO/IEC 30111:2019

Information technology - Security techniques - Vulnerability handling processes

This document provides requirements and recommendations for how to process and remediate reported potential vulnerabilities in a product or service. This document is applicable to vendors involved in handling vulnerabilities.

ISO/IEC 19790:2012

Information technology - Security techniques - Security requirements for cryptographic modules

ISO/IEC 19790:2012 specifies the security requirements for a cryptographic module utilised within a security system protecting sensitive information in computer and telecommunication systems. ISO/IEC 19790:2012 defines four security levels for cryptographic modules to provide for a wide spectrum of data sensitivity (e.g. low value administrative data, million dollar funds transfers, life protecting data, personal identity information, and sensitive information used by government) and a diversity of application environments (e.g. a guarded facility, an office, removable media, and a completely unprotected location). ISO/IEC 19790:2012 specifies four security levels for each of 11 requirement areas with each security level increasing security over the preceding level. ISO/IEC 19790:2012 specifies security requirements specified intended to maintain the security provided by a cryptographic module and compliance to this ISO/IEC 19790:2012 is not sufficient to ensure that a particular module is secure or that the security provided by the module is sufficient and acceptable to the owner of the information that is being protected.

ISO/IEC TR 15446:2017

Information technology - Security techniques - Guidance for the production of protection profiles and security targets

ISO/IEC TR 15446 provides guidance relating to the construction of Protection Profiles (PPs) and Security Targets (STs) that are intended to be compliant with the third edition of ISO/IEC 15408 (all parts). It is also applicable to PPs and STs compliant with Common Criteria Version 3.1 Revision 4 [6] , a technically identical standard published by the Common Criteria Management Board, a consortium of governmental organizations involved in IT security evaluation and certification. NOTE ISO/IEC TR 15446 is not intended as an introduction to evaluation using ISO/IEC 15408 (all parts). Readers who seek such an introduction can read ISO/IEC 15408 1. ISO/IEC TR 15446 does not deal with associated tasks beyond PP and ST specification such as PP registration and the handling of protected intellectual property.

ISO/IEC TR 14516:2002

Information technology - Security techniques - Guidelines for the use and management of Trusted Third Party services

Associated with the provision and operation of a Trusted Third Party (TTP) are a number of security-related issues for which general guidance is necessary to assist business entities, developers and providers of systems and services, etc. This includes guidance on issues regarding the roles, positions and relationships of TTPs and the entities using TTP services, the generic security requirements, who should provide what type of security, what the possible security solutions are, and the operational use and management of TTP service security. This Recommendation | Technical Report provides guidance for the use and management of TTPs, a clear definition of the basic duties and services provided, their description and their purpose, and the roles and liabilities of TTPs and entities using their services. It is intended primarily for system managers, developers, TTP operators and enterprise users to select those TTP services needed for particular requirements, their subsequent management, use and operational deployment, and the establishment of a Security Policy within a TTP. It is not intended to be used as a basis for a formal assessment of a TTP or a comparison of TTPs. This Recommendation | Technical Report identifies different major categories of TTP services including: time stamping, non-repudiation, key management, certificate management, and electronic notary public. Each of these major categories consists of several services which logically belong together.

ISO/IEC 15816:2002

Information technology - Security techniques - Security information objects for access control

The scope of this Recommendation | International Standard is: the definition of guidelines for specifying the abstract syntax of generic and specific Security Information Objects (SIOs) for Access Control; the specification of generic SIOs for Access Control; the specification of specific SIOs for Access Control. The scope of this Recommendation | International Standard covers only the statics of SIOs through syntactic definitions in terms of ASN.1 descriptions and additional semantic explanations. It does not cover the dynamics of SIOs, for example rules relating to their creation and deletion. The dynamics of SIOs are a local implementation issue.

ISO/IEC 24759:2017

Information technology - Security techniques - Test requirements for cryptographic modules

ISO/IEC 24759:2017 specifies the methods to be used by testing laboratories to test whether the cryptographic module conforms to the requirements specified in ISO/IEC 19790:2012. The methods are developed to provide a high degree of objectivity during the testing process and to ensure consistency across the testing laboratories. This document also specifies the requirements for information that vendors provide to testing laboratories as supporting evidence to demonstrate their cryptographic modules' conformity to the requirements specified in ISO/IEC 19790:2012. Vendors can use this document as guidance in trying to verify whether their cryptographic modules satisfy the requirements specified in ISO/IEC 19790:2012 before they apply to the testing laboratory for testing.

INCITS/ISO/IEC 15292:2001 (R2007)

Information technology - Security techniques - Protection Profile registration procedures

This International Standard defines the procedures to be applied by the JTC 1 Registration Authority appointed by the ISO and IEC councils to maintain a register of Protection Profiles and packages for the purposes of IT security evaluation. These Protection Profiles and packages are specified in accordance with criteria given in ISO/IEC 15408.


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