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ASTM D1230-22a

Standard Test Method for Flammability of Apparel Textiles

1.1This test method covers the evaluation of the flammability of textile fabrics as they reach the consumer for apparel. This test method sets forth a classification system for apparel textiles and identifies textiles which have burning characteristics that make them unsuitable for use in clothing, by using as the ignition source a 26-gauge hypodermic needle.

1.1.1This test method shall be used for the flammability of specific categories of tight fitting children's sleepwear in accordance with 16 CFR 1615 and 16 CFR 1616 which are accessed by the test procedure in 16 CFR 1610 (or ASTM D1230 equivalent).

1.1.2This test method shall not be used for the evaluation of the flammability of textiles used in children's sleepwear, to which 16 CFR 1615 and 16 CFR 1616 apply. These items are addressed in Test Method D6545.

1.1.3This test method shall not be used for the evaluation of the flammability of decorative fabrics or of textiles not intended for use as apparel. Suitable test methods for such applications include Test Method D6413/D6413M or NFPA 701.

1.1.4This test method shall not be used for the evaluation of the flammability of protective clothing, such as those worn by individuals in the fire service or in other occupations where exposure to heat, flame, or electric arc is likely. Suitable test methods for such applications have been developed by ASTM Committee F23, on Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment.

1.2This test method is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

1.3Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.

Note 1:This test method is not identical to 16 CFR Part 1610, Flammability of Clothing Textiles. Consumer Product Safety Commission regulations require that clothing fabrics introduced into commerce meet the requirements of 16 CFR Part 1610.

1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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