Terminology and Definitions

General fastener standards include dictionaries of terminology, abbreviations, and designations applicable to multiple types of fasteners, across multiple applications and industries, serving as a foundation for more nuanced standards that are then free to delve into the specifics of a specific type of fastener to be used in a specific application. Additionally, standards have been developed for quality assurance to promote both thoroughness and fairness in assessments. This list outlines the terminology used by professionals in the field.

ISO 1891:2009

Fasteners - Terminology

ISO 1891:2009 provides translation guidance for terms commonly used to describe fasteners. ISO 1891:2009 lays down the terminology of fasteners in English, French and Russian, recommended for use unless otherwise specified in the appropriate product standard. At present, not all of the fasteners listed are covered by ISO documents. For the main part, the items have been selected from existing national standards. Also included are obsolescent types (those being used up from stock) in order that their terminology may be standardized at the same time. The drawings are essentially diagrammatic, in particular those showing bolts and screws having special characteristics. In addition to terms used in the three official ISO languages (English, French and Russian), ISO 1891:2009 gives the equivalent terms in Chinese, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, and Swedish; these are published under the responsibility of the member bodies for China (SAC), Germany (DIN), Italy (UNI), Japan (JISC), Spain (AENOR), and Sweden (SIS), respectively, and are given for information only. Only the terms given in the official languages can be considered as ISO terms.


Manual of Terminology and Abbreviations

This Manual of Terminology and Abbreviations for order-entry and in-plant use by both fastener manufacturers and end users expands/updates earlier versions developed by the Industrial Fasteners Institute. This new edition covers a basic listing of standard terms, some specials, along with descriptive call-outs for raw materials, platings and popular manufacturing processes.

ISO 225:2010

Fasteners - Bolts, screws, studs and nuts - Symbols and descriptions of dimensions

ISO 225:2010 defines the symbols and gives descriptions of the dimensions of bolts, screws, studs and nuts in English, French and Russian, for use in the appropriate product standards and drawings. The figures of the fasteners in ISO 225:2010 are given only as examples. In addition to terms used in the three official ISO languages (English, French and Russian), ISO 225:2010 gives the equivalent terms in Chinese, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish and Swedish.

ISO 8991:1986

Designation system for fasteners

Specifies and describes a system for use in product standards; gives examples for hexagon head bolts, screws, and nuts, tapping screws, parallel pins, and washers.

ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008

Guide for specification of product properties and classes - Part 3: Experience gained

ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008 provides general advice and guidance for the description of products and their characteristics by the use of ISO 13584 and IEC 61360 for the creation of computer processable product libraries, catalogues and reference dictionaries. This description will provide the details of the products and their properties in an unambiguous manner, capable of computer communication in a form that is independent of any proprietary application software. The term product is taken to include devices, processes, systems, installations, etc. ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008 is intended to assist in the objective of enabling the flow of technical information between internal and external business partners in a cost effective and timely manner. The guidance in ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008 is intended to assist the following groups: convenors and members of ISO technical committees; technical experts contributing their knowledge to the development of reference dictionaries, data bases and product libraries; information experts responsible for the generation of applications of ISO 13584, particularly related to standardized reference dictionaries; managers and technical experts in the manufacturing industry. ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008 is intended to provide practical information of the experience gained in the creation of product reference dictionaries within ISO and IEC. ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008 is intended for information only, in areas such as education. The following are within the scope of ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008: experience of developing a reference dictionary for cutting tools; experience of developing a reference dictionary for electronic components; experience of creating a system for the maintenance of a reference dictionary for measuring instruments; experience of developing a reference dictionary for fasteners. The following are outside the scope of ISO/IEC Guide 77-3:2008: an overview for ISO technical committees and industrial managers for the development of computer-processable product libraries, reference dictionaries and catalogues; technical guidance for the creation of product libraries and dictionaries.


Glossary of Terms Relating to Plastic Fasteners

This glossary presents preferred nomenclature and definitions of terms relating to plastic fasteners, their product classifications, materials, physical characteristics, manufacturing characteristics, testing and inspection.

ISO 13584-511:2006

Industrial automation systems and integration - Parts library - Part 511: Mechanical systems and components for general use - Reference dictionary for fasteners

ISO 13584-511:2006 specifies a reference dictionary for representing fasteners with their properties and domains of values, as they are described in the various ISO mechanical fastener standards. These fasteners include bolts, screws, nuts, rivets, pins, washers etc. The reference dictionaries series of parts of ISO 13584 specify ontologies for representing the entities of an application domain, together with their descriptive properties and domains of values. Each entity, property or domain of values constitutes an entry of a dictionary that is the formal and computer sensible representation of the specified ontology. It is associated with a computer sensible and human readable definition, and with a computer sensible identification. Identification of a dictionary entry allows for unambiguous reference from any application. Definitions and identifications of dictionary entries consist of instances of the EXPRESS entity data types defined in the common dictionary schema, or in its extensions defined in the logical series of parts of ISO 13584.

ISO 5845-1:1995

Technical drawings - Simplified representation of the assembly of parts with fasteners - Part 1: General principles

Establishes general principles for the simplified representation of holes, bolts (screws), rivets, etc. on technical drawings.

ISO 5968:1981

Circular screwing dies - Terminology

This International Standard lays down the terminology of circular screwing dies intended for production of threads to ISO Standards, and gives the corresponding terms in the three official ISO languages.