General Ergonomics Standards

General Ergonomics Standards apply in a wide range of situations, providing procedures, practices, and design considerations that assure consumer and worker productivity, safety, and health. Furthermore, they serve as the baseline for the ergonomics standards for environments and industries with more specialized needs.

ISO 10075-1:2017

Ergonomic principles related to mental workload - Part 1: General issues and concepts, terms and definitions

ISO 10075-1:2017 defines terms in the field of mental workload, covering mental stress and mental strain, and short- and long-term, positive and negative consequences of mental strain. It also specifies the relations between these concepts involved. In this document, mental workload is regarded as an umbrella or generic term, referring to all the concepts and constructs mentioned in the document and does not have a specified or standardized meaning of its own within the document. This is consistent with the use of the term in ergonomics and its applications, where it can refer to mental stress, mental strain and their effects, i.e. both to the causes and the effects. In this document, the term mental workload will thus not be treated as a technical term but only as a reference to the domain of mental workload. NOTE Annex A gives additional explanations of terms and concepts. ISO 10075-1:2017 applies to the design of working conditions with respect to mental workload and is intended to promote a common usage of terminology between experts and practitioners in the field of ergonomics as well as in general. ISO 10075-1:2017 does not address methods of measurement and principles of task design, which are dealt with in ISO 10075 2 and ISO 10075 3.

ISO 10075-2:1996

Ergonomic principles related to mental workload - Part 2: Design principles

Gives guidance on the design of work systems, including task and equipment and design of the workplace, as well as working conditions. Relates to the adequate design of work and use of human capacities.

ISO 10075-3:2004

Ergonomic principles related to mental workload - Part 3: Principles and requirements concerning methods for measuring and assessing mental workload

ISO 10075-3:2004 establishes principles and requirements for the measurement and assessment of mental workload and specifies the requirements for measurement instruments. ISO 10075-3:2004 provides information for choosing appropriate methods and provides information on aspects of assessing and measuring mental workload to improve communication among the parties involved. ISO 10075-3:2004 is intended for use mainly by ergonomic experts, for example, psychologists, occupational health specialists, and/or physiologists, with appropriate training in the theoretical background and usage of such methods, as well as in the interpretation of the results. They will find the information needed when developing or evaluating methods of mental-workload assessment.

BS EN 13921:2007

Personal protective equipment. Ergonomic principles (British Standard)

This European Standard provides guidance on the generic ergonomic characteristics related to personal protective equipment (PPE). It specifies for the writers of PPE product standards, principles relating to: ? anthropometric characteristics related to PPE; ? the biomechanical interaction between PPE and the human body; ? the thermal interaction between PPE and the human body; ? the interaction between PPE and the human senses: vision; hearing; smell and taste; and skin contact. This European Standard does not cover requirements related to the specific hazard for which PPE is designed.

ISO 11226:2000

Ergonomics -- Evaluation of static working postures

This International Standard establishes ergonomic recommendations for different work tasks. This standard provides information to those involved in design, or redesign, of work, jobs and products who are familiar with the basic concepts of ergonomics in general, and working postures in particular. It specifies recommended limits for static working postures without any or only with minimal external force exertion, while taking into account body angles and time aspects. It is designed to provide guidance on the assessment of several task variables, allowing the health risks for the working population to be evaluated. It applies to the adult working population. The recommendations will give reasonable protection for nearly all healthy adults. The recommendations concerning health risks and protection are mainly based on experimental studies regarding the musculoskeletal load, discomfort/pain, and endurance/fatigue related to static working postures.

ISO 11228-1:2021

Ergonomics - Manual handling - Part 1: Lifting, lowering and carrying

This document specifies recommended limits for manual lifting, lowering and carrying while taking into account the intensity, the frequency and the duration of the task. It is designed to provide requirements and recommendations on the assessment of several task variables, allowing the health risks for the working population to be evaluated. This document applies to manual handling of objects with a mass of 3 kg or more and to moderate walking speed, i.e. 0,5 m/s to 1,0 m/s on a horizontal level surface. This document is based on an 8 h working day, but also covers more prolonged working times, up to 12 h. It also addresses the analysis of combined lifting, lowering and carrying tasks in a shift during a day. This document does not cover the holding of objects (without walking), the pushing or pulling of objects or manual handling while seated. The pushing and pulling of objects are covered in the other parts of the ISO 11228 series. This document does not cover handling people or animals. (For further information on handling people, refer to ISO/TR 12296.) This document does not address the manual lifting of objects while using lift-assistive devices such as exoskeletons and does not address the needs of pregnant women or persons with disabilities.

ISO 11228-2:2007

Ergonomics - Manual handling - Part 2: Pushing and pulling

ISO 11228-2:2007 gives the recommended limits for whole-body pushing and pulling. It provides guidance on the assessment of risk factors considered important to manual pushing and pulling, allowing the health risks for the working population to be evaluated. The recommendations apply to the healthy adult working population and provide reasonable protection to the majority of this population. These guidelines are based on experimental studies of push-pull tasks and associated levels of musculoskeletal loading, discomfort/pain, and endurance/fatigue. Pushing and pulling, as defined in ISO 11228-2:2007, is restricted to the following: whole-body force exertions (i.e. while standing/walking); actions performed by one person; forces applied by two hands; forces used to move or restrain an object; forces applied in a smooth and controlled way; forces applied without the use of external support(s); forces applied on objects located in front of the operator; forces applied in an upright position (not sitting). ISO 11228-2:2007 is intended to provide information for designers, employers, employees and others involved in the design or redesign of work, tasks, products and work organization.

ISO 11228-3:2007

Ergonomics - Manual handling - Part 3: Handling of low loads at high frequency

ISO 11228-3:2006 establishes ergonomic recommendations for repetitive work tasks involving the manual handling of low loads at high frequency. It provides guidance on the identification and assessment of risk factors commonly associated with handling low loads at high frequency, thereby allowing evaluation of the related health risks to the working population. The recommendations apply to the adult working population and are intended to give reasonable protection for nearly all healthy adults. Those recommendations concerning health risks and control measures are mainly based on experimental studies regarding musculoskeletal loading, discomfort/pain and endurance/fatigue related to methods of working. ISO 11228-3:2006 is intended to provide information for all those involved in the design or redesign of work, jobs and products.

ISO 11428:1996

Ergonomics - Visual danger signals - General requirements, design and testing

Describes criteria for the perception of visual danger signals in the area in which people are intended to perceive and to react to such a signal. Specifies the safety and ergonomic requirements and the corresponding physical measurements.

ISO 11429:1996

Ergonomics - System of auditory and visual danger and information signals

Specifies a system of danger and information signals taking into account the different degrees of urgency. Applicable to all danger and information signals which have to be clearly perceived and differentiated as specified in ISO/TR 12100-2. Does not apply to certain fields covered by specific standards.

AIAG OHS-5:2007

OHS-5: Ergonomics Guidelines for the Small Lot Delivery System (Secured file - cannot be printed)

This easy-to use guideline provides not only a systematic process for analyzing and evaluating musculoskeletal injury (or disorder) risk factors in Small Lot Delivery Systems (SLDS) but also recommendations for the design of material handling tasks and material handling systems. This guideline contains recommendations, not mandates, which are applicaple during material handlilng system ' design and redesign' activities. Version 1 - 6/2007