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Arc Welding Safety Standards

In addition to arc welding safety standards published by national standards bodies and the American Welding Society (AWS), a 13-part series has been published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), with each part looking closely at a single component of arc welding, setting forth requirements for both performance and safety, highlighting the ever-present attention to safety necessary in arc welding.

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AWS D16.3M/D16.3:2017

Risk Assessment Guide for Robotic Arc Welding

The purpose of D16.3M/D16.3:2017, Risk Assessment Guide for Robotic Arc Welding, is to identify hazards associated with robotic arc welding. This will help protect personnel. It is not intended to be a guideline for other industrial robotic applications. This guide is intended for persons performing risk assessment and applies to arc welding robots and robot arc welding systems performing the gas metal arc welding (GMAW) or flux cored arc welding (FCAW) process.


AWS D16.1M/D16.1:2018

Specification for Robotic Arc Welding Safety

This standard establishes safety requirements with respect to the design, manufacture, maintenance, and operation of arc welding robot systems and ancillary equipment. It also helps to identify and minimize hazards involved in maintaining, operating, integrating, and setting up of arc welding robot systems.


AS 1674.2-2007 (R2018)

Safety in welding and allied processes - Electrical

Specifies safety requirements for arc welding and allied processes, to prevent electric shock and minimize associated hazards, describes practices and safeguards that should be adopted by welders (including requirements for cable connections for alternating and direct current power sources, and requirements for any ancillary equipment) and gives examples of ways that shocks have been received and actions that may be taken in the event of a welder receiving an electric shock. RECONFIRMATION NOTICE Technical Committee EL-019 has reviewed the content of this publication and in accordance with Standards Australia procedures for reconfirmation, it has been determined that the publication is still valid and does not require change. Certain documents referenced in the publication may have been amended since the original date of publication. Users are advised to ensure that they are using the latest versions of such documents as appropriate, unless advised otherwise in this Reconfirmation Notice. Approved for reconfirmation in accordance with Standards Australia procedures for reconfirmation on 16 March 2018. The following are represented on Technical Committee EL-019: Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Manufacturing Workers Union Electrical Regulatory Authorities Council Welding Technology Institute of Australia


IEC 60974-1 Ed. 5.0 b:2017

Arc welding equipment - Part 1: Welding power sources

This part of IEC 60974 is applicable to power sources for arc welding and allied processes designed for industrial and professional use , and supplied by a voltage not exceeding 1?000 V, battery supplied or driven by mechanical means. This document specifies safety and performance requirements of welding power sources and plasma cutting systems . This document is not applicable to limited duty arc welding and cutting power sources which are designed mainly for use by laymen and designed in accordance with IEC 60974-6. This document includes requirements for battery-powered welding power sources and battery packs, which are given in Annex O. This document is not applicable to testing of power sources during periodic maintenance or after repair. This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2012 and constitutes a technical revision. The significant changes with respect to the previous edition are the following: improvement of Figure 1 (6.1.1); modification of Table 3 (6.1.4); description of energy efficiency measurements in Annex M; inclusion of battery supplied welding power sources in the scope. Requirements therefore are described in Annex O.


IEC 60974-2 Ed. 4.0 b:2019

Arc welding equipment - Part 2: Liquid cooling systems

IEC 60974-2:2019 specifies safety and construction requirements for industrial and professional liquid cooling systems used in arc welding and allied processes to cool torches. This document is applicable to liquid cooling systems which are stand-alone (separate from the welding equipment) or built-in (housed in a single enclosure with other welding equipment). This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) changes induced by the publication of IEC 60974-1:2017; b) reference in 11.1 changed.


IEC 60974-3 Ed. 4.0 b:2019

Arc welding equipment - Part 3: Arc striking and stabilizing devices

IEC 60974-3:2019 specifies safety requirements for industrial and professional arc striking and arc stabilizing devices used in arc welding and allied processes. This document is applicable to arc striking and stabilizing devices which are stand-alone (separate from the welding equipment) or built in (housed in a single enclosure with other arc welding equipment). This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - changes induced by the publication of IEC 60974-1:2017; - reference to IEC 60974-1:2017/AMD1:2019 in Clause 2; - Figure 2 is updated where a subtraction of the proportion of the no-load voltage is shown; - requirement for safe operation of the arc striking and stabilising devices in the event of failure, in 11.5; - requirements for the rating plate as in IEC 60974-1:2017, Clause 15.


IEC 60974-4 Ed. 3.0 b:2016

Arc welding equipment - Part 4: Periodic inspection and testing

IEC 60974-4:2016 specifies test procedures for periodic inspection and, after repair, to ensure electrical safety. These test procedures are also applicable for maintenance. This standard is applicable to power sources for arc welding and allied processes designed in accordance with IEC 60974-1 or IEC 60974-6. Stand-alone ancillary equipment designed in accordance with other parts of IEC 60974 may be tested in accordance with relevant requirements of this part of IEC 60974. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2010. It constitutes a technical revision. The main significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition are the following: - With regard to basic standards the term "leakage current" has been replaced by "touch current" and "protective conductor current". - Measurements of circuits connected in a non-galvanic way shall be tested according to the information of the manufacturer. - The order of the chapters dealing with measurements to be carried out has been changed. - The example test report in Annex B has been adapted.


IEC 60974-5 Ed. 4.0 b:2019

Arc welding equipment - Part 5: Wire feeders

IEC 60974-5:2019 specifies safety and performance requirements for industrial and professional equipment used in arc welding and allied processes to feed filler wire. This document is applicable to wire feeders and to wire-feed controls that are stand-alone (separate from the welding equipment), housed together in a single enclosure or housed in a single enclosure with other welding equipment. The wire feeder can be suitable for manually or mechanically guided torches. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - changes induced by the publication of IEC 60974-1:2017; - addition of requirements for welding circuit connections in 6.9; - clarification of requirements and conformity in 6.3.1; - clarification of thermal requirements in Clause 9; - addition of requirements in relation to abnormal operation in Clause 10. This International Standard is to be used in conjunction with IEC 60974-1:2017.


IEC 60974-6 Ed. 3.0 b:2015

Arc welding equipment - Part 6: Limited duty equipment

IEC 60974-6:2015 specifies safety and performance requirements applicable to limited duty arc welding and cutting power sources and auxiliaries designed for use by laymen. Electrically powered equipment is intended to be connected to the single phase public low-voltage supply system. Engine driven power sources cannot exceed output power of 7,5 kVA. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2010. It constitutes a technical revision. The main significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition are the following: - modified measurement conditions (see 7.3.1); - improved values for temperature limits according to the class of insulation (see Table 1); - improved maximum temperature limits (see Table 2); - deleted overload test. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60974-1:2012 .


IEC 60974-7 Ed. 4.0 b:2019

Arc welding equipment - Part 7: Torches

IEC 60974-7:2019 specifies safety and construction requirements for torches used for arc welding and allied processes. This document is applicable to manual, mechanically guided, air-cooled, liquid-cooled, motorized, spool-on and fume extraction torches. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) definitions 3.11 and 3.20 were revised; b) requirements for arc striking and stabilizing voltage rating have been added to the sequence of type tests (see 6.2); c) the AC test voltage requirement for torches that utilize arc striking and stabilizing voltageshas been revised (see 7.5.2); d) the test configuration of isolated circuits for torches that utilize arc striking and stabilizing voltages has been revised (see 7.5.2); e) the metal tube used for the heating tests has additional allowable means of cooling methods (see 8.3.2 and 8.3.5); f) for fume extraction torches, the instructions for use include additional information (see Clause 13, item i)). This document is to be used in conjunction with IEC 60974-1:2017.


IEC 60974-8 Ed. 2.0 b:2009

Arc welding equipment - Part 8: Gas consoles for welding and plasma cutting systems

"IEC 60974-8:2009 specifies safety and performance requirements for gas consoles intended to be used with combustible gases or oxygen. These gas consoles are designed to supply gases for use in arc welding, plasma cutting, gouging and allied processes in non-explosive atmospheres. The significant changes with respect to the previous edition are the following: - removal of intrinsically safe design; - introduction of gas mixing function; - new informative rating plate layout; - induced changes due to publication of IEC 60974-1, edition 3."


IEC 60974-9 Ed. 2.0 b:2018

Arc welding equipment - Part 9: Installation and use

60974-9:2018 is applicable to requirements for installation and instructions for use of equipment for arc welding and allied processes designed in accordance with safety requirements of IEC 60974-1, IEC 60974-6 or equivalent. This standard cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2010. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - addition of a new Clause 8; - addition of interpolation details in Table 1.


IEC 60974-10 Ed. 3.0 b:2014

Arc welding equipment - Part 10: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements

IEC 60974-10:2014 specifies a) applicable standards and test methods for radio-frequency (RF) emissions; b) applicable standards and test methods for harmonic current emission, voltage fluctuations and flicker; c) immunity requirements and test methods for continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances including electrostatic discharges. This standard is applicable to equipment for arc welding and allied processes, including power sources and ancillary equipment, for example wire feeders, liquid cooling systems and arc striking and stabilizing devices. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - inclusion of optional use of a decoupling network and a load outside the test chamber; - inclusion of an alternative test setup for portable equipment; - inclusion of test conditions for complex controls, liquid cooling systems and arc striking and stabilizing devices; - update of the applicable limits related to the updated reference to CISPR 11; - exclusion of the use of narrow band relaxations for RF emission limits; - update of the applicable limits for harmonics and flicker and inclusion of flow-charts related to the updated reference to IEC 61000-3-11 and IEC 61000-3-12; - update of the requirements for voltage dips related to the updated reference to IEC 61000-4-11 and IEC 61000-4-34; - update of the informative annex for installation and use; - inclusion of symbols to indicate the RF equipment class and restrictions for use.


IEC 60974-11 Ed. 3.0 b:2010

Arc welding equipment - Part 11: Electrode holders

"IEC 60974-11:2010 is applicable to electrode holders for manual metal arc welding with electrodes up to 10 mm in diameter. It is not applicable to electrode holders for underwater welding. This part of IEC 60974 specifies safety and performance requirements of electrode holders. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2004. This edition constitutes a technical revision. The significant changes with respect to the previous edition are the following: - change of the environmental condition in accordance with IEC 60974-1 (see Clause 4); - change of electrical measuring instruments accuracy to Class 1 (see 5.1); - correction of sphere diameter to 12,5 mm (see 8.1); - alternative dielectric strength test (see 8.3). This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60974-1:2005 ."


IEC 60974-12 Ed. 3.0 b:2011

Arc welding equipment - Part 12: Coupling devices for welding cables

"IEC 60974-12:2011 is applicable to coupling devices for cables used in arc welding and allied processes, designed for connection and disconnection without using tools. This part of IEC 60974 specifies safety and performance requirements of coupling devices. This part of IEC 60974 is not applicable to coupling devices for underwater welding. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2005. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - dimensions given in Annex A become normative, - designation is based on the range of cross-sectional area of the welding cable intended to be connected. "


IEC 60974-13 Ed. 1.0 b:2011

Arc welding equipment - Part 13: Welding clamp

"IEC 60974-13:2011 is applicable to clamps for arc welding processes, designed to make an electrical connection to the workpiece without using tools. This part of IEC 60974 is not applicable to clamps for underwater welding and plasma cutting. This part of IEC 60974 specifies safety and performance requirements of welding clamps. This part of IEC 60974 does not specify requirements for welding cables. "


ISO 17846:2004

Welding and allied processes - Health and safety - Wordless precautionary labels for equipment and consumables used in arc welding and cutting

ISO 17846:2004 specifies the format and symbols for wordless precautionary labels placed by manufacturers on their equipment and consumables used in arc welding, plasma arc cutting, and thermal/flame cutting processes. It addresses neither workplace safety signs (as might be specified by ISO 3864) nor operator training. In addition, the wordless precautionary labels specified in ISO 17846:2004 are not intended to replace other mandatory labels or signs (e.g. material safety data sheets) required by certain countries or regions.


AWS AWN-79

AWS AWN ARC WELDING AND CUTTING NOISE

Measurements of the noise produced by four arc welding processes and one arc cutting process were evaluated under standardized measurement conditions.


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